SUPPORT US. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. Please help!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Xiaorequanzi Mine, Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.), Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture), Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 16' 50'' North , 89° 31' 21'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.28056,89.52250
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate
Name(s) in local language(s):小热泉子铜( 锌) 矿, 鄯善县 (پىچان ناھىيىسى), 吐鲁番地区 (تۇرپان ۋىلايىتى), 新疆维吾尔自治区, 中国

Hydrothermal vein-type Cu-Zn deposit, located at the westernmost end of the Dananhu-Tousuquan arc. Although stratabound in Lower Carboniferous siltstone, fine-grained sandstone, tuff, and andesite of the Xiaorequanzi Formation, the orebodies mainly developed along a discordant NE- and ENE-trending zone. A NW-trending dome and a S dipping monocline define the structure of the deposit area. The major faults in the area are NE- to N-trending, but minor faults are trending NW. Several albite porphyry and dacite porphyry stocks and dikes are exposed in the mine area, and a gravity survey indicates that a granitic pluton may exist beneath. The present mine area is 2.5 km long by 2 km wide, and contains 22 orebodies, with the largest being 520 m long by 1 to 30 m wide, averaging 12.5 m. They are generally ENE-trending, dip to the SE at 30º-80º, and occur as lenticular and banded veins that formed along an anticlinal axis. The mineralization generally exhibits zoning, with copper ore in the shallower parts and zinc enrichment at depth. The major orebody is hosted by dark, carbon-rich, fine-grained sandstone along an array of shallowly-dipping fractures that are subsidiary to the more significant, steeply-dipping ore veins.

Galena from this deposit is strongly enriched in selenium (Liu et al., 2012).

Mineral List

39 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Permian - Carboniferous
252.17 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 1379029
Carboniferous-Permian mixed volcanic, volcaniclastic and sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (252.17 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: This designation includes Precambrian iron-formation-bearing sedimentary and volcanic sequences, as well as mixed sedimentary and volcanic or volcaniclastic sequences.

Lithology: Mixed volcanic, volcaniclastic and sedimentary rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Guanghai Liu, Demei Sun, and Daming Bai (2000): Effects of geophysical and geochemical exploration in the Xiaorequanzi copper deposit and the integrated ore-prospecting model. Mineral Deposits 19(1), 68-75 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Chunqi Wen, Xinhuang Xu, and Yanshi Mao (2002): A study on ore-forming process of the Xiaorequanzi copper deposit, Xinjiang. Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 32(9), 29-32 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Lianchang Zhang, Wenjiao Xiao, Kezhang Qin, Jinsheng Ji, and Xingke Yang (2004): Types, geological features and geodynamic significances of gold-copper deposits in the Kanggurtag metallogenic belt, eastern Tianshan, NW China. International Journal of Earth Sciences 93, 224-240.
Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Yitian Wang, Hart, C.J., Zhiliang Wang, and Jianmin Yang (2005): Late Paleozoic base and precious metal deposits, East Tianshan, Xinjiang, China: Characteristics and geodynamic setting. Episodes 28(1), 23-36.
Zongshe Wang and Xinbiao Lu (2006): Genetic analysis of Xiaorequanzi copper deposit, Xinjiang. Geological Science and Technology Information 25(3), 68-72 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Shentai Liu, Xinbiao Lü, Xiaofeng Cao, Ping Zhang, Jie Deng, and Zhi Liu (2011): Isotopic geochemistry of the Xiaorequanzi copper-(zinc) deposit in Xinjiang and its significance. Geology and Exploration 47(4), 624-632 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Min Liu, Wengmin Chen, Wei Hong, Zongsheng Jiang, Fugui Yao, and Chenghe Wu (2012): Occurrence states of Se and S/Se ratios study of Xiaorequanzi copper, zinc (selenium) deposit in East Tianshan, Xinjiang. Mineral Deposits 31(5), 1101-1110 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Han, C., Xiao, W., Zhao, G., Su, B., Sakyi, P. A., Ao, S., ... & Zhang, Z. (2014). Late Paleozoic metallogenesis and evolution of the East Tianshan Orogenic Belt (NW China, Central Asia Orogenic Belt). Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(6), 493-512.

Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2021, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us - Report a bug/vulnerability Current server date and time: April 12, 2021 13:55:29 Page generated: January 28, 2018 18:15:34
Go to top of page