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Cihai iron mine, Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.), Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture), Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China

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Name(s) in local language(s): 磁海铁矿, 哈密市 (قۇمۇل شەھىرى), 哈密地区 (قۇمۇل ۋىلايىتى), 新疆维吾尔自治区, 中国
Early Permian skarn iron deposit of subvolcanic magmatic-hydrothermal filling (alteration) style, occurring in a rift on the southern margin of the Eastern Tianshan Mountains. The magnetite-rich garnet-diopside ore bodies are products of hydrothermal alteration. They occur in steeply dipping cracks in a diabase unit that contacts felsic schists to the north and gabbro to the south. Opencut mining has revealed that the ore bodies are intersected by multiperiodic diabase dykes trending in different directions.

Mineral List

38 entries listed. 32 valid minerals.

The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Shuying Qin (1983): On the study of clinopyroxenes from Cihai iron ore deposits and a triangular diagram for a system with three new end-members of monoclinic pyroxenes. Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica 2(4), 272-281 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Chunji Xue, Jinsheng Ji, and Qianjin Yang (2000): Subvolcanic hydrothermal metallogeny of the Cihai Iron(Cobalt) deposit, Xinjiang. Mineral Deposits 19(2), 156-164 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Amphiboles in skarn deposits of China. Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Guochao Zuo, Shaoxiong Li, Shounan Yu, and Qiulin Li (2004): The Occurrence Characteristics and Metallotectonic Evolution of Cihai Iron Ore Deposit in Xinjiang. Northwestern Geology [Xibei Dizhi] 37(2), 53-61.

Pingzhi Tang, Yuwang Wang, Jingbin Wang, Lingli Long, Huiqiong Zhang, and Zhen Liao (2011): Finding and Significance of Ilvaite in the Cihai Iron Deposit, Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 31(1), 9-16.

Jiahao Zheng, Qingpeng Meng, Hailong Liu, Bin Wu, Feng Liu, Qiang Li, and Wenqing Han (2014): Geochronology of intrusive rocks and their constraint on formation age of Cihai iron deposit, eastern Tianshan mountains, Xinjiang. Mineral Deposits 33(2), 271-285 (in Chinese with English abstract).

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