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Tonglüshan Mine (Tonglushan Mine), Daye Co., Huangshi Prefecture, Hubei Province, China

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 5' 2'' North , 114° 56' 5'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 30.08389,114.93472
GeoHash:G#: wt3epksgm
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


Skarn-type Cu-Fe deposit, occurring in the northern end of the Majiao-Tonglüshan anticline. The deposit includes 12 ore bodies, associated with an Early Yanshanian hornblende quartz monzodiorite intrusion that forms the northwestern part of the Yangxin batholith. Mineralization is associated with shallow intrusive rocks where contact metamorphism and alteration are extensive. At greater depths, gold-bearing cryptoexplosive breccias were discovered recently. Magnesian and calcic-magnesian skarns, which are particularly well developed at contacts with dolomitic marbles, are the main host rocks of the Cu-Fe mineralization, whereas calcic skarns related to marbles are poorly mineralized.


Note:
Although referred to as "Tonglushan" occasionally, the Chinese name of the deposit transliterates to "Tonglüshan" (or, "Tonglvshan", which is an alternative spelling).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


56 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.; Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Jordi Fabre specimen
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Yanbing Tang (2005): Nonferrous Metals 27(5), 44-46, 38
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.; Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536; Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Reference: Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.; Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.; Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Yanbing Tang (2005): Nonferrous Metals 27(5), 44-46, 38
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169; Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Yanbing Tang (2005): Nonferrous Metals 27(5), 44-46, 38
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Fuxian Chen
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
'Scapolite'
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244; Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.; Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.; Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.; Jingqu Yao (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Electrum1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Aikinite'2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zeolite Group9.G0.
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Chlorite Group-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hornblende-
K Feldspar-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Melnikovite-
Scapolite-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Seligmannite3.4.3.1PbCuAsS3
Wittichenite3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Humite52.3.2c.1(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
-(Fe,Co)S2
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Silver
var: Küstelite
-Ag
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O TenoriteCuO
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
FFluorine
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
PPhosphorus
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S RealgarAs4S4
S SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CoCobalt
Co Pyrite (var: Cobaltoan Pyrite)(Fe,Co)S2
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
As SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag Silver (var: Küstelite)Ag
Ag SilverAg
SbAntimony
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
BiBismuth
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Paleozoic
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 3192473
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jingqu Yao (1981): Associated gold in the Edong Cu-Fe deposits. Geology and Prospecting 17(7), 35-40 (in Chinese).
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Geology of gold-bearing skarn deposits in the middle and lower Yangtze River Valley and adjacent regions. Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
Yuanming Pan and Ping Dong (1999): The Lower Changjiang (Yangzi/Yangtze River) metallogenic belt, east central China: intrusion- and wall rock-hosted Cu-Fe-Au, Mo, Zn, Pb, Ag deposits. Ore Geology Reviews 15, 177-242.
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Amphiboles in skarn deposits of China. Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Jishun Liu, Guang Ma, Guanglong Shu (2005): Discovery of cryptoexplosive breccia type Cu (-Au) orebodies in Tonglushan skarn-type Cu-Fe deposit of Hubei Province and ore-searching vista. Mineral Deposits 24(5), 527-536 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Geodynamic settings and tectonic model of skarn gold deposits in China: An overview. Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
Zhang, Z. (2010). "A discussion on the genetic mechanism of Tonglüshan skarn Cu-Fe deposits,Hubei Province." Earth Science Frontiers (China University of Geosciences, Beijing)(5): 296-305.
Franco Pirajno(2012):The Geology and Tectonic Settings of China's Mineral Deposits 697 pages, Springer Verlag


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