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Kanggu'er Au deposit (Kanggur Au deposit; Kangur Au deposit; Kanggul Au deposit; Kanggur Tag Au deposit; Kanggu'ertage Au deposit), Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt, Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.), Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture), Xinjiang Autonomous Region, China

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 1' 59'' North , 90° 13' 59'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.03333,90.23333
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate
Name(s) in local language(s):康古尔金矿, 康古尔-西凤山金矿带, 鄯善县 (پىچان ناھىيىسى), 吐鲁番地区 (تۇرپان ۋىلايىتى), 新疆维吾尔自治区, 中国

Replacement-style epithermal gold deposit, occurring in mafic volcanic rocks of the Yamansu Formation along the Kushui fault. The E-W-trending shear zone is composed of a series of mylonitized rocks. In addition, a set of NE- and NW-trending post-ore conjugate brittle faults is developed in this area. The major ore veins are located in the transition zone between intense and moderate ductile strain. Ore zones include magnetite- and sulphide-rich auriferous quartz veins and massive lenses, as well as barren quartz-carbonate or carbonate veins. The sulphide-rich veins occur either as large vein swarms or as fine stockworks in highly altered volcanic rock. Approximately 100 to 300 m wide hydrothermal alteration zones surround the orebodies, which can be divided into three zones: (1) an inner zone of altered mafic rocks, part of the orebodies themselves, consisting of quartz, chlorite, pyrite, chalcopyrite and magnetite; (2) a middle zone, comprising a pyrite-bearing phyllic and/or a sericitic alteration assemblage; and (3) distal alteration, characterized by a sericite-chlorite assemblage. Vertically, the zoning consists of Au-Ag-As ores in the upper 170–200 m and Cu-Pb-Zn ores below this depth.

Mineral List

51 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

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Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

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Permian - Carboniferous
252.17 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 1379029
Carboniferous-Permian mixed volcanic, volcaniclastic and sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (252.17 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: This designation includes Precambrian iron-formation-bearing sedimentary and volcanic sequences, as well as mixed sedimentary and volcanic or volcaniclastic sequences.

Lithology: Mixed volcanic, volcaniclastic and sedimentary rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Qianjin Yang, Chengyou Feng, and Jingsheng Ji (1999): The typomorphic chracteristic of pyrite from Kanggultage gold deposit and the significance to Au ore prospecting. Geology and Prospecting 35(3), 21-23 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Lianchang Zhang, Tiebing Liu, Yuanchao Shen, Guangming Li, and Jinsheng Ji (2002): Isotopic Geochronology of the Late Paleozoic Kanggur Gold Deposit of East Tianshan Mountains, Xinjiang, NW China. Resource Geology 52(3), 249-261.
Lianchang Zhang, Yuanchao Shen, and Jinsheng Ji (2003): Characteristics and genesis of Kanggur gold deposit in the eastern Tianshan mountains, NW China: evidence from geology, isotope distribution and chronology. Ore Geology Reviews 23, 71-90.
Zhaoxin Han, Lijun Luan, and Chaoyou Wang (2004): Significance of oxidized zone minerals in Kangguer'tage gold deposit. Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology 24(3), 324-327.
Lianchang Zhang, Wenjiao Xiao, Kezhang Qin, Jinsheng Ji, and Xingke Yang (2004): Types, geological features and geodynamic significances of gold-copper deposits in the Kanggurtag metallogenic belt, eastern Tianshan, NW China. International Journal of Earth Sciences 93, 224-240.
Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Yitian Wang, Hart, C.J., Zhiliang Wang, and Jianmin Yang (2005): Late Paleozoic base and precious metal deposits, East Tianshan, Xinjiang, China: Characteristics and geodynamic setting. Episodes 28(1), 23-36.
Yitian Wang, Jingwen Mao, Wen Chen, Fuquan Yang, and Jianmin Yang (2006): Tectonic constraints on mineralization of the Kanggurtag gold belt in the eastern Tianshan, Xinjiang, NW China. Acta Petrologica Sinica 22(1), 236-244 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Paratacamite of Kanggu'ertage gold deposit in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Han, C., Xiao, W., Zhao, G., Su, B., Sakyi, P. A., Ao, S., ... & Zhang, Z. (2014). Late Paleozoic metallogenesis and evolution of the East Tianshan Orogenic Belt (NW China, Central Asia Orogenic Belt). Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(6), 493-512.

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