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Portugali
Regional Level Types
PortugalCountry

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Name in French:Portugal
Name in German:Portugal
Name in Italian:Portogallo
Name in Russian:Португалия
Name in Simplified Chinese:葡萄牙
Name in Spanish:Portugal
Name in Afrikaans:Portugal
Name in Albanian:Portugalia
Name in Arabic:البرتغال
Name in Belarusian:Партугалія
Name in Bulgarian:Португалия
Name in Catalan:Portugal
Name in Czech:Portugalsko
Name in Danish:Portugal
Name in Dutch:Portugal
Name in Estonian:Portugal
Name in Farsi/Persian:پرتغال
Name in Finnish:Portugali
Name in Galician:Portugal
Name in Greek:Πορτογαλία
Name in Hebrew:פורטוגל
Name in Hindi:पुर्तगाल
Name in Hungarian:Portugália
Name in Icelandic:Portúgal
Name in Indonesian:Portugal
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Phortaingéil
Name in Japanese:ポルトガル
Name in Korean:포르투갈
Name in Latvian:Portugāle
Name in Lithuanian:Portugalija
Name in Macedonian:Португалија
Name in Norwegian:Portugal
Name in Polish:Portugalia
Name in Portuguese:Portugal
Name in Romanian:Portugalia
Name in Serbian:Португалија
Name in Slovak:Portugalsko
Name in Slovenian:Portugalska
Name in Swahili:Ureno
Name in Swedish:Portugal
Name in Tagalog:Portugal
Name in Thai:โปรตุเกส
Name in Turkish:Portekiz
Name in Ukrainian:Португалія
Name in Vietnamese:Bồ Đào Nha
Name in Welsh:Portiwgal
Area:92,090 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Lisbon517,802 (2018)
Porto249,633 (2018)
Amadora178,858 (2018)
Braga121,394 (2018)
Setúbal117,110 (2012)
Coimbra106,582 (2012)


Portugal is a country located in Southwestern Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are Portuguese territory as well.

A complex and diversified geology endows Portugal with a considerable mineral potential, leading to the occurrence of considerable number of ore, industrial and ornamental stone deposits. Mineral exploitation has a present considerable high level originated from world class deposits, as Neves-Corvo (Cu, Sn) and Panasqueira (W), but also from a lot of some other deposits producing salt, feldspar, kaolin, ball clay and fire clay, ornamental stones and some other mineral substances. Portugal is presently one of the main UE producers of copper, tin and tungsten concentrates and an important world producer of ornamental stones. Exploration activity is also at a high level considering the relative small extent of the territory (roughly 90 000 Km2). Several international companies conduct exploration mainly focused on base and precious metals.

Portuguese territory covers half of the Iberian Pyrite Belt (IPB) which is considered the main metallogenic province of the European Union, where occurrences of polymetallic massive sulphide deposits like Neves-Corvo and Aljustrel, in Portugal, Rio Tinto, Sotiel, Los Frailes, Las Cruces, etc., in Spain. The IPB is the main primary source of base metals in the EU.

Hesperian granites and associated metamorphics in the north and central part of the country are associated with tungsten and tin mineralisations.

The potential in precious metals is well known since ancient times and is spread out geographically all over the country, occurring in diverse forms and different geological settings (veins, skarns, shear zones, placers, etc.).
...
In: Mineral Resources of Portugal, DGEG 2012.

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

629 valid minerals. 13 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 5 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Gaspar, L.M. and Inverno, C.M. (2000): Mineralogy and metasomatic evolution of distal strata-bound scheelite skarns in the Riba de Alva mine, northeastern Portugal. Econ. Geol. 95, 1259-1275.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Jeffery, A.J., Gertisser, R., Jackson, R.A., O'Driscoll, B., Kronz, A. (2016): PREPUBLICATION: On the compositional variability of dalyite, K2ZrSi6O15: a new occurrence from Terceira, Azores. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, 39 pp. (available on line since January 1, 2016).
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: - P. ALVES, C. LEAL GOMES (2010). Mineralização Sr-Ba tardia em cavidades de rochas filonianas subsaturadas do Maciço Alcalino de Monchique. CNG 2010 (Braga, Portugal)
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Althausite
Formula: Mg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 854-860, l982; Bussink, R. W. (1984). Geochemistry of the Panasqueira tungsten-tin deposit, Portugal. Geologica Ultraiectina, 33, 1-170.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Luigi Chiappino collection, analysed by Italo Campostrini
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Musei Geologico of Lisbon
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Amber'
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Ancylite'
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Gustavo Pereira Fernandes, Mineralizações de Cobre da Mina de Miguel Vacas: Caracterização Petrográfica e Geoquímica, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Geologia, 2012
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Cann, J.R., A second accurence of dalyite and the petrology of some ejected syenite blocks from Sao Miguel, Azores, Mineralogical Magazine, 36, 227-232, 1967
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Armenite
Formula: BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Description: This stuff was analysed by Gunther Blasz EDX E-nr 0808-3 test 001,002 and 003. Ko Jansen information Dec 29, 2013.
Reference: Ko Jansen collection
Arsenic
Formula: As
Description: According to Milà et al. (2014), arsenic was erroneously reported in Milà & Fabre (2014), and had never been confirmed.
Reference: Azevedo and Calvo, 1997; Ascenção Guedes, 2002, The Mineralogical Record, January-February 2014, Volume 45, Number 1, (Carlos Curto Milà and Jordi Fabre, pages 11-55).
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 371 localities in this region.
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
'Asbestos'
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 136 localities in this region.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by EDS and EMPA
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
'Basaltic Hornblende'
Reference: Artur Neves
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bendadaite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: U. Kolitsch, D. Atencio, N. V. Chukanov, N. V. Zubkova, L. A. D. Menezes Filho, J. M. V. Coutinho, W. D. Birch, J. Schlüter, D. Pohl, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele, G. Favreau, L. Nasdala, S. Möckel, G. Giester and D. Yu. Pushcharovsky (2010): Bendadaite, a new iron arsenate mineral of the arthurite group. Mineralogical Magazine 74, 469-486.
Benyacarite
Formula: (H2O,K)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti)2Ti(PO4)4(O,F)2 · 14H2O
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Berlinite
Formula: AlPO4
Reference: Leal Gomes, C., Azevedo, A., Lopes Nunes, J., & Dias, P. A. (2009). Phosphate fractionation in pegmatites of Pedra da Moura II claim–Ponte da Barca–Portugal. Estudos Geológicos, 19(2), 172.
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Reference: Mercedes Fuertes-Fuente, Antonia Cepedal, Alexandre Lima, Armanda Dória, Maria dos Anjos Ribeiro, Alexandra Guedes (2016): The Au-bearing vein system of the Limarinho deposit (northern Portugal): Genetic constraints from Bi-chalcogenides and Bi–Pb–Ag sulfosalts, fluid inclusions and stable isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 213-231.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Pedro Alves collection. Hydrothermal tungstates from Serra de Arga, North Portugal - Their relation with Be mineralizations. VIII CIGEOQ. 2011 C. Leal Gomes, P. Alves, P. Dias, R. Alves, G. Verduzco
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Martins da Pedra
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Rui Nunes and Pedro Alves collections
Beryllonite
Formula: NaBePO4
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Antonio Jesus Pimentel specimens; www.mindat.org/mesg-25-107652.html
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Heterophyllite'
Reference: Recursos Minerais Metálicos, Jazigos Pegmatíticos, Departamento de Geologia da Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, 2006.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Joana Ribeiro, Silvio R. Taffarel, Carlos H. Sampaio, Deolinda Flores, Luis F.O. Silva (2013): Mineral speciation and fate of some hazardous contaminants in coal waste pile from anthracite mining in Portugal. International Journal of Coal Geology, 109-110, 15-23.
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Dias P, Leal Gomes C, Guimarães F, Hatert F (2014) Wylie reaction coronas on scorzalite in pegmatite dykes. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 265
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Britholite-(Y) ?
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Neiva, A. M. R., Silva, M. M. V. G., Antunes, I. M. H. R., & Ramos, J. M. F. (2000). Phosphate minerals of some granitic rocks associated quartz veins from northern and central Portugal.
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: - P. ALVES, C. LEAL GOMES (2010). Mineralização Sr-Ba tardia em cavidades de rochas filonianas subsaturadas do Maciço Alcalino de Monchique. CNG 2010 (Braga, Portugal)
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 170 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Camérolaite
Formula: Cu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: 11.1.2.1
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Geomuseus, Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisbon. Bello, A. de Oliveira,1908, Minéraux Portugais - Bulletin de la Société Portugaise des Sciences Naturelles, Vol II, fasc. 3.
Carrboydite
Formula: (Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Antonio Jesus Pimentel specimens; www.mindat.org/mesg-25-107652.html
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 435 localities in this region.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by p-XRD
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Identified by Christian Rewitzer (unknow method).
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Reference: Dias, P. & Leal Gomes, C. (2009) – Topaz bearing tourmalinites and topazite veins from Queiriga Old Mines – Viseu – Central Portugal. Estudos Geológicos. (Special Issue of contributions to the 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites). 19 (2), pp.111­‑116.
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Chabazite var: Phacolite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves data and collection
Chabazite-Sr
Formula: Sr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: - P. ALVES, C. LEAL GOMES (2010). Mineralização Sr-Ba tardia em cavidades de rochas filonianas subsaturadas do Maciço Alcalino de Monchique. CNG 2010 (Braga, Portugal)
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Reference: Alves, P. and Kampf, A.R. (2017) A mina de ferro e manganês da Herdade dos Pendões, Odemira, sudoeste de Portugal. Acopios, 8: 17-62. (in Portuguese).
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 263 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
'Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series'
Reference: Rui Nunes
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Reference: MUHNAC, Lisbon (António Bello mineral collection) former Harvard
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Chernikovite
Formula: (H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, August 2003, V. 67, N° 4, pp. 749-767.
Chiappinoite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R. & Housley, R.M. (2015): Chiappinoite-(Y), Y2Mn(Si3O7)4, a new layer silicate found in peralkaline syenitic ejecta from the Água de Pau volcano, Azores. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 91-97.
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group var: Brunsvigite'
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: International Geological Congress (2008) MRD-19 Geochemistry of U-bearing minerals from an uranium-phosphate mine area
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Chromite var: Ferrian Chromite
Formula: Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Reference: Dep Ciencias Terra FCT Universidade Coimbra
Chromium
Formula: Cr
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Chrysoprase'
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Vignola, P., Rizzi, A., Varvello, S. (2018) La churchite-(Y) di Bendada, Portogallo. Micro, 16, 2-2018, 91-95.
Claudetite (TL)
Formula: As2O3
Type Locality:
Description: A sublimation product of a mine fire.
Reference: Dana (1868); Dana 7:I:456, 545; AM 36 (1951), 833
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
'Cocinerite'
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Coquandite
Formula: Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Reference: Roper, A. J., Leverett, P., Murphy, T. D., Williams, P. A., & Hibbs, D. E. (2015). Klebelsbergite, Sb4O4SO4 (OH) 2: Stability relationships, formation in Nature, and refinement of its structure. American Mineralogist, 100(2-3), 602-607.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Description: COPPER(II) PHOSPHATE MINERALS FROM THE MIGUEL VACAS MINE, ALENTEJO, PORTUGAL. M. CLARA F. MAGALHAES, JULIO D. PEDROSA de JESUS, Department of Chemistry, University of Aveiro. Aveiro, Portugal. and PETER A. WILLIAMS, Department of Chemistry. University College. P.O. Box 78, Cardiff CF1 IXL, Wales.
Reference: Journal of the Russel Society, volume 2, part 1, 1988 (p. 13-18)
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: J. Marques de Sá & C. Leal Gomes. LES MINES DE CUIVRE ET NICKEL DE PALHAL ET TELHADELA, PORTUGAL. Le Reigne Mineral, nº92. 2010
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Cristobalite ?
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rui Nunes collection 2011/2012
'Crossite'
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Reference: Gustavo Pereira Fernandes, Mineralizações de Cobre da Mina de Miguel Vacas: Caracterização Petrográfica e Geoquímica, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Geologia, 2012
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dalyite
Formula: K2ZrSi6O15
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Antonio Jesus Pimentel specimens; www.mindat.org/mesg-25-107652.html
Dewindtite
Formula: H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Reference: A.M.R. Neiva, A. Moura & P.C.S. Carvalh (2015). Metallogenesis at the Terramonte Pb–Zn–Ag quartz vein, Portugal: Geological, mineralogical and geochemical evidences. Ore Geology Reviews, 71:14-28.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Gustavo Pereira Fernandes, Mineralizações de Cobre da Mina de Miguel Vacas: Caracterização Petrográfica e Geoquímica, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Geologia, 2012
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Reference: Lisbon Geologic Museum specimen
Donbassite
Formula: Al4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Relvas, J. M. R. S. et al. (2006): Hydrothermal Alteration and Mineralization in the Neves-Corvo Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide Deposit, Portugal. I. Geology, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry. Econ. Geology 101, 753-790.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Description: Neiva, A.M.R., Silva, M.M.V.G. & Gomes, M.E.P. (2001). Geochemistry of tourmaline from Hercynian granites, associated tin, tungsten and gold deposits and adjacent metamorphic and metasomatic rocks from northern Portugal. Eleventh Annual V.M. Goldschmidt Conference, Hot Springs, U.S.A.:123. The Mineralogical Record, January-February 2014, Volume 45, Number 1, (Carlos Curto Milà and Jordi Fabre, pages 11-55). X-Ray analysis done by Jordi Fabre.
Reference: Martins da Pedra collection
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dumontite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Reference: Alves, P., Marques de Sa, J., and Marques de Sa, C. (2017) Minéralogie de la mine de Pinhal do Souto, Mangualde, Région centre, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 138, 42-54
Dwornikite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2O
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Earlshannonite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Ecandrewsite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Reference: Alves, P., Leal Gomes, C., Lopes Nunes, J.E (2012) : Produtos de evolução de triplite-zwieselite, fluorapatite e isokite da mina Sítio do Castelo (Folgosinho, Guarda). II Congresso Jovens Investigadores em Geociências, LEG 2012.
Ekanite
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Eleonorite
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Eskimoite
Formula: Ag7Pb10Bi15S36
'Eta-bronze'
Formula: Cu6Sn5
Reference: No reference listed
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
Reference: Novák, M. et al. (2009): Ferronigerite with dominant substitution TiSn-1 in muscovite+chlorite aggregate from massive quartz nodule associated with a petalite-rich aplite-pegmatite of the Barroso-Alvão pegmatite field, Northern Portugal. N. Jb. Mineral. Abh. 186, 67-78.
Eudialyte ?
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Description: reported as an Eudialyte enriched in Niobium
Reference: Ridolfi, F. et al. (2003): Evolutionary stages of crystallisation..., Mineralogical Magazine 67(4), 749-767
'Eudialyte Group'
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Ternes, B., Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel, Lapis, 20-42, 1999
Evansite
Formula: Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Fayalite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Gmelin, C.G. (1840): Chemische Untersuchung des Fayalites, Annalen der Chemie und Physik, Vol. 127 (2/051), pp. 160
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Felbertalite
Formula: Cu2Pb6Bi8S19
Reference: Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.; European Journal of Mineralogy: 13: 961-972.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 128 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Antiperthite'
Reference: Plimer, I.R. & de Carvalho, D. (1982): The geochemistry of hydrothermal alteration at the Salgadinho copper deposit, Portugal. Mineralium Deposita 17, 193-211.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Ferberite var: Reinite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: self-find
'Ferberite-Hübnerite Series' ?
Reference: Ko Jansen collection
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Ferrierite-Mg
Formula: (Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves analtycal data. Specimens found by Alexandre Pedroso.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Ferristrunzite
Formula: Fe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Alves, P (2016). Folgosinho: Fosfatos secundarios de la mina Sitio do Castelo. Revista de Minerales 2015/2, 6-27. (in Spanish).
Ferrisymplesite
Formula: Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rui Nunes
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.minersoc.org/files/Applied_Mineralogist_AMG_bulletin_Volume1_Number3.pdf
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: - P. ALVES, C. LEAL GOMES (2010). Mineralização Sr-Ba tardia em cavidades de rochas filonianas subsaturadas do Maciço Alcalino de Monchique. CNG 2010 (Braga, Portugal)
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferrokentbrooksite
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Ferronigerite-6N6S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
Reference: Novák, M. et al. (2009): Ferronigerite with dominant substitution TiSn-1 in muscovite+chlorite aggregate from massive quartz nodule associated with a petalite-rich aplite-pegmatite of the Barroso-Alvão pegmatite field, Northern Portugal. N. Jb. Mineral. Abh. 186, 67-78.
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ridolfi, F., Renzulli, A., Santi, P., Upton, B.G.J., Evolutionary stages of crystallisation of weakly peralkine syenites: evidence from ejecta in the plinian deposits of Agua de Pau volcano (Sao Miguel, Azores Islands), Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 749-767, 2003
Fletcherite
Formula: Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Alves, P. (2016) Svanbergita y florencita-(Ce) de la mina Panasqueira (Covilhã, Castelo Branco, Portugal). Acopios, 7: 1-8.
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Fluorellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Fluornatropyrochlore
Formula: (Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Fogoite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Type Locality:
Reference: Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Charrier, T., Dorcet, V. and Carpentier, J.-F. (2015) Fogoite-(Y), IMA 2014-098. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 250; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251.; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Charrier, T., Dorcet, V., Carpentier, J.-F. (2017): Fogoite-(Y), Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3, a Group-I TS-block mineral from the Lagoa do Fogo, the Fogo volcano, the São Miguel Island, the Azores: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 369–381
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Frondelite-Rockbridgeite Series'
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Gaidonnayite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Reference: - P. ALVES, C. LEAL GOMES (2010). Mineralização Sr-Ba tardia em cavidades de rochas filonianas subsaturadas do Maciço Alcalino de Monchique. CNG 2010 (Braga, Portugal)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 196 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Ganophyllite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
Reference: -Idoia Garate-Olabe,Encarnacion Roda-Robles,Pedro-Pablo Gil-Crespo, Alfonso Pesquera-Pérez,Romeu Vieira, Alexandra Lima,Estudio Textural y Mineralogico del Dique de Cuarzo con Fosfatos de Folgosinho (Guarda, Portugal) Macle N°16 junio 2012 revista de la sociedad espanola de mineralogia
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Gayite
Formula: NaMn2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data
Geffroyite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 113 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection, XRD analysis
Gormanite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Neiva, A. M. R., Silva, M. M. V. G., Antunes, I. M. H. R., & Ramos, J. M. F. (2000). Phosphate minerals of some granitic rocks associated quartz veins from northern and central Portugal.; Antunes, I. M. H. R., Neiva, A. M. R., Ramos, J. M. F., Silva, P. B., Silva, M. M. V. G., & Corfu, F. (2013). Petrogenetic links between lepidolite-subtype aplite-pegmatite, aplite veins and associated granites at Segura (central Portugal). Chemie der Erde-Geochemistry, 73(3), 323-341.
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Greifensteinite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Reference: Bussink, R. W. (1984). Geochemistry of the Panasqueira tungsten-tin deposit, Portugal. Geologica Ultraiectina, 33, 1-170.
'Gummite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'
Reference: Mercedes Fuertes-Fuente, Antonia Cepedal, Alexandre Lima, Armanda Dória, Maria dos Anjos Ribeiro, Alexandra Guedes (2016): The Au-bearing vein system of the Limarinho deposit (northern Portugal): Genetic constraints from Bi-chalcogenides and Bi–Pb–Ag sulfosalts, fluid inclusions and stable isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 213-231.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Gyrolite ?
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Reference: S.M. Topa photo
Hagendorfite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3
Reference: Rewitzer, C. and Röschl, N. (1984) Portugal. Lapis, 9(12).; van den Berg, W. (1992) Enkele vermaarde mineralenvindplaatsen in Midden-Portugal. Gea, 1992(1), 38-39 (in Dutch).
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gomes, M.E.P., Antunes, I.M.H.R., Pacheco, F.A.L., Neiva, A. M. R., and Silva, P.B. (2010): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2010.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Collected by Rui Nunes in several visits to the locality
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Mercedes Fuertes-Fuente, Antonia Cepedal, Alexandre Lima, Armanda Dória, Maria dos Anjos Ribeiro, Alexandra Guedes (2016): The Au-bearing vein system of the Limarinho deposit (northern Portugal): Genetic constraints from Bi-chalcogenides and Bi–Pb–Ag sulfosalts, fluid inclusions and stable isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 213-231.
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 114 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hentschelite
Formula: CuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
'Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series'
Habit: rounded crystals to 2mm
Colour: tan
Description: on quartz, with an etched appearance. So far noted from a single find.
Reference: Fuchs, A., Fuchs, R.: Rosaroter Elbait aus der Serra de Estrela, Portugal, Lapis vol.39, 03/2014, 12-20
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Mercedes Fuertes-Fuente, Antonia Cepedal, Alexandre Lima, Armanda Dória, Maria dos Anjos Ribeiro, Alexandra Guedes (2016): The Au-bearing vein system of the Limarinho deposit (northern Portugal): Genetic constraints from Bi-chalcogenides and Bi–Pb–Ag sulfosalts, fluid inclusions and stable isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 213-231.
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: Antonio Jesus Pimentel specimens; www.mindat.org/mesg-25-107652.html
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Mercedes Fuertes-Fuente, Antonia Cepedal, Alexandre Lima, Armanda Dória, Maria dos Anjos Ribeiro, Alexandra Guedes (2016): The Au-bearing vein system of the Limarinho deposit (northern Portugal): Genetic constraints from Bi-chalcogenides and Bi–Pb–Ag sulfosalts, fluid inclusions and stable isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 213-231.
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Reference: - P. ALVES, C. LEAL GOMES (2010). Mineralização Sr-Ba tardia em cavidades de rochas filonianas subsaturadas do Maciço Alcalino de Monchique. CNG 2010 (Braga, Portugal)
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Pedro Alves analytical data and collection.
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
'Hornblende'
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: J. Marques de Sá & C. Leal Gomes. LES MINES DE CUIVRE ET NICKEL DE PALHAL ET TELHADELA, PORTUGAL. Le Reigne Mineral, nº92. 2010
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
'Hydrohetaerolite'
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Hydrokenoelsmoreite
Formula: 2W2O6(H2O)
Hydrokenoelsmoreite var: Ferritungstite
'Hydromuscovite'
Hydrotungstite
Formula: WO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Bussink, R. W. (1984). Geochemistry of the Panasqueira tungsten-tin deposit, Portugal. Geologica Ultraiectina, 33, 1-170.
Hydrowoodwardite
Formula: (Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Reference: Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Reference: Mason, B. (1967) The Bununu meteorite, and a discussion of the pyroxene-plagioclase achondrites: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31(2): 107-115.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Ingodite
Formula: Bi2TeS
Reference: Cepedal, A., Martinez-Abad, I., Fuertes-Fuente, M., Lima, A. (2013): The presence of plumboan ingodite and a rare Bi-Pb tellurosulfide, Pb3Bi4Te4S5, in the Limarinho Gold deposit, Northern Portugal. Canadian Mineralogist, 51, 643-651.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Description: As polycrystalline grains size of 0.07 mm
Reference: Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2. University of California Press.
Isoclasite ?
Formula: Ca2(PO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Description: (Entry before approval system.)
Isokite
Formula: CaMg(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn) (TL)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Am. Min.(1990), 75, 404-409
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn)
Formula: {Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Alves, P. (2015) Folgosinho: Fosfatos secundarios de la mina Sítio do Castelo. Revista de Minerales 2015/2, 6-27 (in Spanish).
Jahnsite-(MnMnZn) (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+Zn2Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2·8H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Alves, P., Kasatkin, A. and Škoda, R. (2018) Jahnsite-(MnMnZn), IMA 2017-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, page 450; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 445-451.
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Jamborite
Formula: Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Antunes, I.M.H.R., Gomes, M.E.P., Neiva, A.M.R., and Teixeira, R.J.S. (2010): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2010.
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Mercedes Fuertes-Fuente, Antonia Cepedal, Alexandre Lima, Armanda Dória, Maria dos Anjos Ribeiro, Alexandra Guedes (2016): The Au-bearing vein system of the Limarinho deposit (northern Portugal): Genetic constraints from Bi-chalcogenides and Bi–Pb–Ag sulfosalts, fluid inclusions and stable isotopes. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 213-231.
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Kastningite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: http://www.minersoc.org/files/Applied_Mineralogist_AMG_bulletin_Volume1_Number3.pdf
Keckite
Formula: CaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
Kentbrooksite
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Kettnerite
Formula: CaBiCO3OF
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kiddcreekite ?
Formula: Cu6SnWS8
Reference: Benzaazoua, M., Marion, P., Pinto, A., Migeon, H., & Wagner, F. E. (2003). Tin and indium mineralogy within selected samples from the Neves Corvo ore deposit (Portugal): a multidisciplinary study. Minerals Engineering, 16(11), 1291-1302.
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Kingsmountite
Formula: Ca4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Kintoreite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Klebelsbergite
Formula: Sb4O4(SO4)(OH)2
Kolbeckite
Formula: ScPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Alves, P (2016). Folgosinho: Fosfatos secundarios de la mina Sitio do Castelo. Revista de Minerales 2015/2, 6-27. (in Spanish).
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Krásnoite
Formula: Ca3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)12.1F2 · 8H2O
Kryzhanovskite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Kurumsakite
Formula: (Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Lacroixite
Formula: NaAl(PO4)F
Reference: Antunes, I. M. H. R., Neiva, A. M. R., Ramos, J. M. F., Silva, P. B., Silva, M. M. V. G., & Corfu, F. (2013). Petrogenetic links between lepidolite-subtype aplite-pegmatite, aplite veins and associated granites at Segura (central Portugal). Chemie der Erde-Geochemistry, 73(3), 323-341.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Lapis 12/1984, Christian Weise Verlag, München; Lapis 12/1984 Christian Weise Verlag München; Lapis 12/1984 Christian Weise Verlag München
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Description:
Reference: [Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888],[ Mineralogical Magazine, August 2003, V. 67, N° 4, pp. 749-767]
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lead
Formula: Pb
Description: fumarolic
Reference: Bernard, J.H. and Hyrsl, J. (2004) Minerals and their Localities.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: flat pseudohexagonal
Colour: Colorless to white
Description: EDS were inconclusive (a lead sulphate or a carbonate-sulphate). Morphology (hexagonal-pseudohexagonal)led to XRD analysis, which confirmed leadhillite.
Reference: Pedro Alves analytical data and collection.
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Martins da Pedra collection
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Liddicoatite' ?
Formula: Ca(Li2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: New nomenclature of the tourmaline group.
Reference: http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,25,298792,299262
Liebigite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
Reference: Museu Alfredo Bensaude, Instituto Superior Técnico, Lisboa.
'Limaite'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 98 localities in this region.
'Limonite var: Stilpnosiderite'
Reference: Principais Jazigos Minerais do Sul de Portugal, D. Carvalho, J.A.C. Goinhas, L.J.G. Schermerhorn; Direcção-Geral de Minas e Serviços Geológicos, Lisboa, 1971
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
'Lithian Muscovite'
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Reference: Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Lun'okite
Formula: (Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2O
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rui Nunes
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnesite var: Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Reference: Dep Ciencias Terra FCT Universidade Coimbra
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 88 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Reference: Dep Ciencias Terra FCT Universidade Coimbra
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Jeffery, A.J., Gertisser, R., Jackson, R.A., O'Driscoll, B., Kronz, A. (2016): PREPUBLICATION: On the compositional variability of dalyite, K2ZrSi6O15: a new occurrence from Terceira, Azores. Mineralogical Magazine, Prepublication, 39 pp. (available on line since January 1, 2016).
Mäkinenite
Formula: γ-NiSe
Reference: Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 116 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Reference: Mercedes Fuertes-Fuente, Antonia Cepedal, Alexandre Lima, Armanda Dória, Maria dos Anjos Ribeiro, Alexandra Guedes (2016): The Au-bearing vein system of the Limarinho deposit (northern Portugal): Genetic constraints from Bi-chalcogenides and Bi–Pb–Ag sulfosalts,