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Portugal

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Area:92,090 km2
Locality type:Country
Name(s) in local language(s):Portugal


Portugal is a country located in Southwestern Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are Portuguese territory as well.

A complex and diversified geology endows Portugal with a considerable mineral potential, leading to the occurrence of considerable number of ore, industrial and ornamental stone deposits. Mineral exploitation has a present considerable high level originated from world class deposits, as Neves-Corvo (Cu, Sn) and Panasqueira (W), but also from a lot of some other deposits producing salt, feldspar, kaolin, ball clay and fire clay, ornamental stones and some other mineral substances. Portugal is presently one of the main UE producers of copper, tin and tungsten concentrates and an important world producer of ornamental stones. Exploration activity is also at a high level considering the relative small extent of the territory (roughly 90 000 Km2). Several international companies conduct exploration mainly focused on base and precious metals.

Portuguese territory covers half of the Iberian Pyrite Belt (IPB) which is considered the main metallogenic province of the European Union, where occurrences of polymetallic massive sulphide deposits like Neves-Corvo and Aljustrel, in Portugal, Rio Tinto, Sotiel, Los Frailes, Las Cruces, etc., in Spain. The IPB is the main primary source of base metals in the EU.

Hesperian granites and associated metamorphics in the north and central part of the country are associated with tungsten and tin mineralisations.

The potential in precious metals is well known since ancient times and is spread out geographically all over the country, occurring in diverse forms and different geological settings (veins, skarns, shear zones, placers, etc.).
...
In: Mineral Resources of Portugal, DGEG 2012.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

613 valid minerals. 13 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Althausite
Formula: Mg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Amber'
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Ancylite'
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Anilite
Formula: Cu7S4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
'Anthracite'
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Apjohnite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Aplite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Armenite
Formula: BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 369 localities in this region.
Arthurite
Formula: CuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Asbestos'
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 136 localities in this region.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 62 localities in this region.
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Barbosalite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
'Basalt'
'Basaltic Hornblende'
'Basaltic tuff'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bendadaite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: U. Kolitsch, D. Atencio, N. V. Chukanov, N. V. Zubkova, L. A. D. Menezes Filho, J. M. V. Coutinho, W. D. Birch, J. Schlüter, D. Pohl, A. R. Kampf, I. M. Steele, G. Favreau, L. Nasdala, S. Möckel, G. Giester and D. Yu. Pushcharovsky (2010): Bendadaite, a new iron arsenate mineral of the arthurite group. Mineralogical Magazine 74, 469-486.
'Bentonite'
Benyacarite
Formula: (H2O,K)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti)2Ti(PO4)4(O,F)2 · 14H2O
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Berlinite
Formula: AlPO4
Bermanite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryllonite
Formula: NaBePO4
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Heterophyllite'
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
'Bituminous-coal'
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Breccia'
'Breccio-conglomerate'
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
'Britholite Group'
Formula: (REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 164 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Camérolaite
Formula: Cu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Carrboydite
Formula: (Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2O
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 433 localities in this region.
Catapleiite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Chabazite var: Phacolite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Sr
Formula: Sr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 263 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
'Chalcosiderite-Turquoise Series'
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Chernikovite
Formula: (H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
'Chert'
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Chiappinoite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y2Mn(Si3O7)4
Reference: Kampf, A.R. & Housley, R.M. (2015): Chiappinoite-(Y), Y2Mn(Si3O7)4, a new layer silicate found in peralkaline syenitic ejecta from the Água de Pau volcano, Azores. European Journal of Mineralogy, 27, 91-97.
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group var: Brunsvigite'
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Chromite var: Ferrian Chromite
Formula: Fe2+(Cr,Fe3+)2O4
Chromium
Formula: Cr
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Chrysoprase'
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Claudetite (TL)
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Dana (1868); Dana 7:I:456, 545; AM 36 (1951), 833
'Clay'
'commodity:Clay'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
'commodity:Coal'
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
'Cocinerite'
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Coquandite
Formula: Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornetite
Formula: Cu3(PO4)(OH)3
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cyrilovite
Formula: NaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Dalyite
Formula: K2ZrSi6O15
Delafossite
Formula: CuFeO2
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Dewindtite
Formula: H2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
'Diatomite'
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Diatomite'
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'commodity:Diatomite'
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Diorite'
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
'Dolerite'
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Donbassite
Formula: Al4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Dravite-Schorl Series'
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Dumontite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
Dwornikite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2O
Earlshannonite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Ecandrewsite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)TiO3
Ekanite
Formula: Ca2ThSi8O20
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Eleonorite
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Eskimoite
Formula: Ag7Pb10Bi15S36
'Eta-bronze'
Formula: Cu6Sn5
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
'Eudialyte Group'
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Evansite
Formula: Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Fayalite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Gmelin, C.G. (1840): Chemische Untersuchung des Fayalites, Annalen der Chemie und Physik, Vol. 127 (2/051), pp. 160
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Felbertalite
Formula: Cu2Pb6Bi8S19
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 123 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Antiperthite'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Ferberite var: Reinite
Formula: FeWO4
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Ferrierite-Mg
Formula: (Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Ferristrunzite
Formula: Fe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Ferrisymplesite
Formula: Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Ferro-actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferrokentbrooksite
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe,Mn)3Zr3NbSi25O73(O,OH,H2O)3Cl2
Ferronigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Ferronigerite-6N6S
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fletcherite
Formula: Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
'Flint'
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Fluorellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Fluornatropyrochlore
Formula: (Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6F
Fogoite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
Reference: Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Charrier, T., Dorcet, V. and Carpentier, J.-F. (2015) Fogoite-(Y), IMA 2014-098. CNMNC Newsletter No. 24, April 2015, page 250; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 247-251.; Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Charrier, T., Dorcet, V., Carpentier, J.-F. (2017): Fogoite-(Y), Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3, a Group-I TS-block mineral from the Lagoa do Fogo, the Fogo volcano, the São Miguel Island, the Azores: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 369–381
Foitite
Formula: (□,Na)(Fe2+2Al)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3OH
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Frondelite-Rockbridgeite Series'
'Gabbro'
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Gaidonnayite
Formula: Na2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 195 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Ganophyllite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Gayite
Formula: NaMn2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Geffroyite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Gneiss'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 112 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Gormanite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Granite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
'Greywacke'
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
'Gummite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Gunningite
Formula: ZnSO4 · H2O
'Gustavite-Lillianite Series'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gypsum & Anhydrite'
'H4 chondrite meteorite'
Hagendorfite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
'Hard jet'
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 113 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hentschelite
Formula: CuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
'Herderite-Hydroxylherderite Series'
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Hidalgoite
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hilairite
Formula: Na2Zr[SiO3]3 · 3H2O
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
'Hornblende'
Hörnesite
Formula: Mg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Howardite meteorite'
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
'Hydrohetaerolite'
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Hydrokenoelsmoreite
Formula: 2W2O6(H2O)
Hydrokenoelsmoreite var: Ferritungstite
'Hydromuscovite'
Hydrotungstite
Formula: WO3 · 2H2O
Hydrowoodwardite
Formula: (Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylellestadite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
'IIAB iron meteorite'
'IIIAB iron meteorite'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
'commodity:Ilmenite'
Formula: Ti
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Ingodite
Formula: Bi2TeS
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
'commodity:Iron'
Formula: Fe
Isokite
Formula: CaMg(PO4)F
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn) (TL)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Am. Min.(1990), 75, 404-409
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Jahnsite-(MnMnMn)
Formula: {Mn2+}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(MnMnZn) (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+Zn2Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2·8H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Alves, P., Kasatkin, A. and Škoda, R. (2018) Jahnsite-(MnMnZn), IMA 2017-113. CNMNC Newsletter No. 42, April 2018, page 450; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: 445-451.
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Jamborite
Formula: Ni2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2O
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Jet'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Kastningite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Keckite
Formula: CaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2O
Kentbrooksite
Formula: (Na,REE)15(Ca,REE)6(Mn2+,Fe2+)3Zr3Nb[Si25O74]F2 · 2H2O
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Kettnerite
Formula: CaBiCO3OF
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kidwellite
Formula: NaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33
Kingsmountite
Formula: Ca4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Kintoreite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Klebelsbergite
Formula: Sb4O4(SO4)(OH)2
Kolbeckite
Formula: ScPO4 · 2H2O
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Krásnoite
Formula: Ca3Al7.7Si3P4O23.5(OH)12.1F2 · 8H2O
Kryzhanovskite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
Kurumsakite
Formula: (Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V5+2Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Lacroixite
Formula: NaAl(PO4)F
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lead
Formula: Pb
'commodity:Lead'
Formula: Pb
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Lechatelierite
Formula: SiO2
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Liebigite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)(CO3)3 · 11H2O
'Lignite'
'Limaite'
'Limestone'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Limestone'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Limestone'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Limestone'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'commodity:Limestone'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'commodity:Limestone'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'commodity:Limestone'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 97 localities in this region.
'Limonite var: Stilpnosiderite'
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Lipscombite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2
'Lithian Muscovite'
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lorenzenite
Formula: Na2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Lun'okite
Formula: (Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2O
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Magnesite var: Breunnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 88 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Mäkinenite
Formula: γ-NiSe
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 113 localities in this region.
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Manganberzeliite
Formula: NaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Manganoeudialyte
Formula: Na14Ca6Mn3Zr3[Si26O72(OH)2](H2O,Cl,O,OH)6
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
'Mansfieldite-Scorodite Series'
Formula: AlAsO4 . 2H2O - Fe2+AsO4 . 2H2O
'Marble'
'Marble'
'commodity:Marble'
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Marl'
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Matulaite
Formula: (Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Medenbachite
Formula: Bi2Fe3+Cu2+(AsO4)2O(OH)3
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Metaconglomerate'
'Metagreywacke'
'Metamorphic rock'
'Metamorphic rock var: Porphyroid'
Metasaléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Metaswitzerite
Formula: Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Metauranocircite-I
Formula: Ba(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 7H2O
'Meteoritic Iron'
Meymacite
Formula: WO3 · 2H2O
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 73 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Miharaite
Formula: Cu4FePbBiS6
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'commodity:Molybdenum'
Formula: Mo
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Morinite
Formula: NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Mrázekite
Formula: Bi2Cu3(PO4)2O2(OH)2 · H2O
'Mudstone'
'Mugearite'
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 105 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Gilbertite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Vanadian Muscovite
Formula: K(Al,V)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
'Native Amalgam'
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Natrodufrénite
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Natromontebrasite'
Natrotantite
Formula: Na2Ta4O11
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Népouite
Formula: (Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Neyite
Formula: Ag2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickelskutterudite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Fe)As3
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nordgauite
Formula: MnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2O
Nowackiite
Formula: Cu6Zn3As4S12
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
'Obsidian'
Okanoganite-(Y)
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Y,Ce)12Si6B2O27F14
Olenite
Formula: Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Olivine Group'
Formula: M2SiO4
Oneillite
Formula: Na15Ca3Mn3Fe2+3Zr3Nb(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Opal var: Cherry Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Orickite
Formula: 2CuFeS2 · H2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Orthoserpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Owyheeite
Formula: Ag3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
Oxycalcioroméite
Formula: Ca2Sb2O6O
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Panasqueiraite (TL)
Formula: CaMg(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist(1981), 19, 389-392 and Canadian Mineralogist(1985), 23, 131 errata; American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 854-860, l982; Mila, C.C., Salvan, C.M. & Fabre, J. (2014): Panasqueira: Neufunde und Neubestimmungen. Lapis, 39 (7/8), 54-63.
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Paravauxite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Parsonsite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)(PO4)2
Paulkerrite
Formula: K(Mg,Mn2+)2(Fe3+,Al,Ti,Mg)2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O
Pavonite
Formula: AgBi3S5
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
'Pegmatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Perloffite
Formula: Ba(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Petarasite
Formula: Na5Zr2(Si6O18)(Cl,OH) · 2H2O
'Petrified Wood'
'Petroleum'
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Phengite'
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
'Phillipsite'
Phillipsite-Ca
Formula: (Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosphoferrite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Phosphophyllite
Formula: Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
'Phosphorite'
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Phurcalite
Formula: Ca2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Planerite
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
'Planerite-Turquoise Series'
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
Plimerite
Formula: ZnFe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Poitevinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)SO4 · H2O
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Pseudolaueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Psilomelane'
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
'Pumice'
Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 567 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Cupriferous Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore'
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 106 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite var: Polianite
Formula: morphological variety
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 1021 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Blue Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Carnelian
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Eisenkiesel
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Sceptre Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
'Quartz-beta'
Formula: SiO2
'Quartzite'
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Raspite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reddingite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reichenbachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rittmannite (TL)
Formula: {(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: M. F. di Cossato & P. Orlandi : Canadian Mineralogist 27:447-449; Cassat, Y. M. F. D., & Orlandi, A. (1989). Rittmannite, a new mineral species of the whiteite group from the Mangualde granitic pegmatite, Portugal. Canadian Mineralogist, 27, 447-449.
Robertsite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Roscherite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Sabugalite (TL)
Formula: HAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
Reference: Am.Min.(1951), 36, 671-679
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Saléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'commodity:Salt'
Sampleite
Formula: NaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2O
'Sand'
'commodity:Sand and Gravel'
'Sandstone'
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Santabarbaraite
Formula: Fe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Scapolite'
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
'Schist'
Schoonerite
Formula: ZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Schwertmannite
Formula: Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Scorodite var: Phosphoscorodite
Formula: Fe(As,P)O4 · 2H2O
Scorzalite
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
'Sedimentary breccia'
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serrabrancaite
Formula: MnPO4 · H2O
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 71 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Oligonite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
'Silex'
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sillimanite var: Fibrolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
'commodity:Silver'
Formula: Ag
'Skarn'
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
'Slag'
'Slate'
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Smolyaninovite
Formula: Co3Fe3+2(AsO4)4 · 11H2O
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
'Sodium Amphibole Subgroup'
Formula: An(Na2)(Z5)(Si8-mAlmO22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Sodium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'
Formula: An(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZ3+m)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Spangolite
Formula: Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Spessartine var: Brandãosite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)4(Al,Fe)2Si4O15
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 188 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
'Spinel Group'
Formula: AE2O4
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Steacyite
Formula: K0.3(Na,Ca)2ThSi8O20
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Strengite var: Aluminian Strengite
Formula: (Fe,Al)PO4 · 2H2O
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3