|Other regions containing this locality:||Iberian Peninsula|
|Name(s) in local language(s):||Portugal|
Portugal is a country located in Southwestern Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are Portuguese territory as well.
A complex and diversified geology endows Portugal with a considerable mineral potential, leading to the occurrence of considerable number of ore, industrial and ornamental stone deposits. Mineral exploitation has a present considerable high level originated from world class deposits, as Neves-Corvo (Cu, Sn) and Panasqueira (W), but also from a lot of some other deposits producing salt, feldspar, kaolin, ball clay and fire clay, ornamental stones and some other mineral substances. Portugal is presently one of the main UE producers of copper, tin and tungsten concentrates and an important world producer of ornamental stones. Exploration activity is also at a high level considering the relative small extent of the territory (roughly 90 000 Km2). Several international companies conduct exploration mainly focused on base and precious metals.
Portuguese territory covers half of the Iberian Pyrite Belt (IPB) which is considered the main metallogenic province of the European Union, where occurrences of polymetallic massive sulphide deposits like Neves-Corvo and Aljustrel, in Portugal, Rio Tinto, Sotiel, Los Frailes, Las Cruces, etc., in Spain. The IPB is the main primary source of base metals in the EU.
Hesperian granites and associated metamorphics in the north and central part of the country are associated with tungsten and tin mineralisations.
The potential in precious metals is well known since ancient times and is spread out geographically all over the country, occurring in diverse forms and different geological settings (veins, skarns, shear zones, placers, etc.).
In: Mineral Resources of Portugal, DGEG 2012.
Mindat ArticlesPortugal and related minerals by Rui Nunes
Commodity ListThis is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.
Mineral ListMineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
607 valid minerals. 12 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.
Rock Types Recorded
Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Select Rock List TypeAlphabetical List Tree Diagram
Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.
- Igneous rock
- Normal crystalline igneous rock
- Glassy igneous rock
- ⓘ Pegmatite
- Sedimentary rock and sediment
- ⓘ Metamorphic rock
- Unclassifed rock
- Lunar, meteorite and other extra-terrestrial rock and sediment
- Artificial material
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
5.333 - 23.03 Ma
5.333 - 23.03 Ma
|Cenozoic sedimentary rocks|
Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)
Lithology: Sedimentary rocks
Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. 
Localities in this RegionShow map
- ⭔Aveiro District
- ⭔Azores District
- ⭔Beja District
- ⭔Braga District
- ⭔Bragança District
- ⭔Castelo Branco District
- ⭔Coimbra District
- ⭔Évora District
- ⭔Faro District
- ⭔Guarda District
- ⭔Leiria District
- ⭔Lisbon District
- ⭔Madeira District
- ⭔Portalegre District
- ⭔Porto District
- ⭔Santarém District
- ⭔Setúbal District
- ⭔Viana do Castelo District
- ⭔Vila Real District
- ⭔Viseu District
- ⭔Carregal do Sal
- ⭔Castro Daire
- Lagares Mining Field
- ⭔Moimenta da Beira
- ⭔Oliveira de Frades
- ⭔Penalva do Castelo
- ⭔Santa Comba Dão
- ⭔São João da Pesqueira
- ⭔São Pedro do Sul
- ⭔Vila Nova de Paiva