|Location is approximate, based on center of defined region.|
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||38° 43' 0'' North , 9° 8' 60'' West|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||38.71667,-9.15000|
|Name(s) in local language(s):||Portugal|
|Other regions containing this locality:||Iberian Peninsula|
Portugal is a country located in Southwestern Europe, on the Iberian Peninsula. It is the westernmost country of mainland Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira are Portuguese territory as well.
A complex and diversified geology endows Portugal with a considerable mineral potential, leading to the occurrence of considerable number of ore, industrial and ornamental stone deposits. Mineral exploitation has a present considerable high level originated from world class deposits, as Neves-Corvo (Cu, Sn) and Panasqueira (W), but also from a lot of some other deposits producing salt, feldspar, kaolin, ball clay and fire clay, ornamental stones and some other mineral substances. Portugal is presently one of the main UE producers of copper, tin and tungsten concentrates and an important world producer of ornamental stones. Exploration activity is also at a high level considering the relative small extent of the territory (roughly 90 000 Km2). Several international companies conduct exploration mainly focused on base and precious metals.
Portuguese territory covers half of the Iberian Pyrite Belt (IPB) which is considered the main metallogenic province of the European Union, where occurrences of polymetallic massive sulphide deposits like Neves-Corvo and Aljustrel, in Portugal, Rio Tinto, Sotiel, Los Frailes, Las Cruces, etc., in Spain. The IPB is the main primary source of base metals in the EU.
Hesperian granites and associated metamorphics in the north and central part of the country are associated with tungsten and tin mineralisations.
The potential in precious metals is well known since ancient times and is spread out geographically all over the country, occurring in diverse forms and different geological settings (veins, skarns, shear zones, placers, etc.).
In: Mineral Resources of Portugal, DGEG 2012.
Mindat ArticlesPortugal and related minerals by Rui Nunes
Mineral ListMineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
594 valid minerals. 12 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.
Rock Types Recorded
Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Select Rock List TypeAlphabetical List Tree Diagram
Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
66 - 145 Ma
|Cretaceous volcanic rocks|
Localities in this Region
- ⭔Aveiro District
- ⭔Azores District
- ⭔Beja District
- ⭔Braga District
- ⭔Bragança District
- ⭔Castelo Branco District
- ⭔Coimbra District
- ⭔Évora District
- ⭔Faro District
- ⭔Guarda District
- ⭔Leiria District
- ⭔Lisbon District
- ⭔Madeira District
- ⭔Portalegre District
- ⭔Porto District
- ⭔Santarém District
- ⭔Setúbal District
- ⭔Viana do Castelo District
- ⭔Vila Real District
- ⭔Viseu District
- ⭔Carregal do Sal
- ⭔Castro Daire
- Lagares Mining Field
- ⭔Moimenta da Beira
- ⭔Oliveira de Frades
- ⭔Penalva do Castelo
- ⭔Santa Comba Dão
- ⭔São João da Pesqueira
- ⭔São Pedro do Sul
- ⭔Vila Nova de Paiva
Domergue, C. (1987): Catalogue des mines et des fonderies antiques de la Péninsule Ibérique. 2 Vols., Publications de la Casa de Velázquez, Série Archéologie VIII, Madrid, xx & xx pp.
Domergue, C. (1990): Les mines de la Péninsule Ibérique dans l'antiquité romaine. Collection de l'École Française de Rome 127, Rome, 626 pp.
Neiva, A.M.R. (2002): Portuguese granites associated with Sn-W and Au mineralizations. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 74 (1-2), 79-101. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume74/Nieva.pdf]