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Sicily, Italyi
Regional Level Types
SicilyAutonomous Region
ItalyCountry

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Name in French:Sicile, Italie
Name in German:Sizilien, Italien
Name in Italian:Sicilia, Italia
Name in Russian:Сицилия, Италия
Name in Spanish:Sicilia, Italia
Name in Albanian:Siçilia, Italia
Name in Arabic:صقلية, إيطاليا
Name in Greek:Σικελία, Ιταλία
Name in Latin:Sicilia, Italia
Name in Lombard:Sicilia, Italia
Name in Maltese:Sqallija, Italja
Name in Neapolitan:Sicilia, Italia
Name in Sicilian:Sicilia, Italia
Locality type:Autonomous Region
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Palermo648,260 (2017)
Catania290,927 (2018)
Messina219,948 (2018)
Siracusa97,472 (2017)
Marsala77,915 (2015)
Gela73,854 (2018)


The largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. Sicily, along with the surrounding minor archipelagos (Aegadian Islands, Eolie or Aeolian Islands, and Pelagie or Pelagian Islands) and islands (Ustica and Pantelleria) forms an autonomous region of Italy, officially referred to as the Sicilian Region (Regione Siciliana).

Sicily has a roughly triangular shape, which earned it the name “Trinacria”, and its inland territory is mostly hilly. To the east, it is separated from mainland Italy (Calabria) by the Strait of Messina. Along the northern coast, the mountain ranges of Madonie, Nebrodi, and Peloritani represent an extension of the Apennines on the mainland.

Volcanoes highly characterise the landscape of eastern Sicily and some of its surrounding islands. Plio-Quaternary volcanic rocks form the northern portion of the Hyblaean Plateau (south-east Sicily) and the cone of Mount Etna, which dominates over the eastern coast. Mount Etna is the largest active volcano in Europe and it currently stands 3229 m high, although this varies with summit eruptions. The Etna volcanic complex covers an area of 1190 km² with a basal circumference of 140 km. The Aeolian Islands are a volcanic archipelago in the Tyrrhenian Sea north of Sicily, named after the demigod of the winds Aeolus, including the active volcanoes of Stromboli and Vulcano. Volcanic islands are also Ustica (67 km north-west of Palermo), Linosa (one of the Pelagian Islands, 160 km south of Sicily), and Pantelleria (110 km SW of Sicily). Numerous volcanic seamounts rise from the seafloor surrounding Sicily, at the bottom of the Tyrrhenian Sea and the Sicily Channel.

The sulphur mines in the neighbourhood of Agrigento (formerly Girgenti), Enna (formerly Castrogiovanni), and Caltanissetta, which constituted the world’s leading sulphur-producing area through the 19th century, have declined continuously over the course of the 20th century. Sulphur mining definitively ceased in the late 1980s. Sicilian sulphur ore rarely contained over 40 percent of sulphur and it was considered rich if above 30 percent. The process of sulphur extraction was based on the liquation of the element, utilising the heat of combustion of a part of the sulphur itself. The simplest and most primitive calcarella method, that consisted in building up an open-topped oven with a sloping floor in which a heap of sulphur ore was ignited, was used in the first half of 19th century. About two-thirds of the element was lost as sulphur dioxide to the atmosphere and pollution was very significant. Starting from 1850, this highly polluting and scarcely efficient method was gradually substituted by the calcarone method. It consisted in building up, usually against the side of a hill and on a sloping floor, a large heap (calcarone) of sulphur ore in such a manner as to give a mass containing vertical air channels; the outside of the heap was protected by a coating of earth or other mineral substance. The mass was then fired near the base, and by carefully regulating the course of the combustion, which lasted for several weeks, the proportion of sulphur lost by atmospheric oxidation (and by the reduction of calcium sulphate to sulphide) could be limited to approximately one-third, the remainder collecting on the floor, whence it was periodically run off into rectangular moulds. The product thus obtained contained 85 to 90 percent of sulphur. Towards the end of the 19th century, also this uneconomical and polluting method was gradually replaced by the most modern Gill method. In the Gill method, the sulphur ore is placed in a group or cycle of small kilns, built of brickwork and so arranged that the hot gases generated in the first kiln pass successively through the remainder of the kilns. By the time fusion is complete in the first oven, the contents of the second are already heated to burning temperature, so that the heat of combustion of the sulphur is more completely utilised and a smaller proportion of sulphur dioxide produced. The pollution of the atmosphere relative to the output of sulphur is thus diminished; the yield of sulphur obtained by this method is much larger than by the calcarone method, and the working is much more rapid, the reaction in the kilns generally being complete after a few days.

Sicilian amber, also known by the variety name of simetite (for the main locality, the mouth of the Simeto River to the south of Catania city), is worthy of particular consideration. To date, the exact locations of the primary deposits of simetite are still unknown, although according to Ferrara (1805) and later authors (Fiore, 1996; Zilli, 1997; Leoni, 2011) they would be located in the central sector of the island. Amber has been found in alluvial soils in the neighbourhood of the Erean Mts (Monti Erei): to the east, in the territories of Enna (Castrogiovanni), Assoro (Asaro), Agira (San Filippo d’Agirò), Raddusa, Centuripe (Centorbi), Leonforte, Sperlinga, and Nicosia, drained by Dittaino and Sperlinga-Salso (also known as Salso Cimarosa or Sugara) rivers, tributaries of the Simeto hydrographic basin; to the west, in the territories of Caltanissetta and Enna (Castrogiovanni) near Capodarso, drained by the Salso or the Imera meridionale; to the south, in the area drained by the Gela River. Transported towards the sea and washed up, especially after autumn or winter storms that agitated the seabeds, amber pieces have therefore been recovered from shallow waters and beaches near the mouth of the rivers Simeto (Catania), Salso or Imera meridionale (Licata), and Gela (Gela town, until 1927 Terranova di Sicilia). Other finds are known along the beaches of Scicli, Pozzallo, and Ispica (Spaccaforno) in Ragusa province (until 1927 Modica district, Siracusa province) (Ferrara, 1805; Jervis, 1881; and other authors).
Sicilian amber is known in a range of colours varying from yellow to orange to red to almost black. Dark red to almost black amber has been typically found in the area of Petralia (Bombicci, 1890). Fluorescence varies from blue to green to violet. According to Helm (Helm & Conwentz, 1887), the different colours in amber could be due to its sulphur content, originated from percolation of sulphate-rich waters. In fact, he observed that the higher the sulphur content is, the darker is colour (he measured a sulphur content of 0.42 wt.% in honey-yellow Baltic amber, 0.52 wt.% in light red Sicilian amber, 0.67 in dark red Sicilian amber, and 2.46 wt.% in blackish Sicilian amber). Also, the specific gravity is higher in the blackish variety (1.125 g/cm3) than in the orange and red varieties (1.056-1.068 g/cm3). A recent study on the simetite specimens preserved in the Luigi Bombicci Mineralogical Museum, University of Bologna, has shown that most of them are coated with a sulphur-rich film (Zilli, 1997). Studies on inclusions in Sicilian amber are rather rare: Goeppert (1879) identified a vegetal inclusion of Laurus Gemellariana in a simetite specimen presently preserved in the Gaetano Gemellaro Geological Museum, University of Palermo; Guérin-Méneville (1838) observed some Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera, and Orthoptera in pieces of amber provided by Prof. Carmelo Maravigna; Malfatti identified two different Hymenoptera; Emery (personal communication in Bombicci, 1890) identified 3 Arachnida, 3 Coleoptera, 37 Hymenoptera, 20 Diptera, and 3 Pseudonemoptera in the collection of Sicilian ambers of the Mineralogical Museum at Bologna University; later the same Emery (1891) described 14 different species of ants, some of which are new species.

Agate and jasper are typical Sicily stones. The river Dirillo or Acate (anciently Achates) has given its name to agate, as reported by Theophrastus and Pliny the Elder in their ancient treatises On Stones [Περὶ λίθων] and Natural History [Naturalis Historia], respectively. Other famous localities for agate and jasper are located in Palermo province in the neigbourhood of Corleone (e.g. Bisacquino, Giuliana, Monreale), Termini Immerese, etc. Artists and artisans extensively used these mineral substances as decorative stones in Sicilian Baroque (Tata, 1772; Jervis, 1881; Montana & Gagliardo Briuccia, 1998; Schmidt, 1999, 2000 and 2002; and other authors).

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Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

261 valid minerals. 43 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Musumeci T. (1958) - Notizie sui cristalli delle mineralizzazioni metallifere dei Monti Peloritani - Nota I: Tetraedrite della miniera di S. Carlo, presso Flumedisi (Messina) - Ibid. 14, pp. 227-286; Triscari, M. (1985). A first occurrence of gersdorffite in the Peloritani Mts. (Sicily N.E.). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 40, 289-294.
Acmonidesite (TL)
Formula: (NH4,K,Pb)8NaFe2+4(SO4)5Cl8
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I. and Castellano, C. (2013) Acmonidesite, IMA 2013- 068. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3250; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.
Adranosite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Campostrini, I. (2010): Adranosite, (NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)Cl(OH)2, a new ammonium sulfate chloride from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 315-321.
Adranosite-(Fe) (TL)
Formula: (NH4)4NaFe3+2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Mitolo, D., Demartin, F., Garavelli, A., Campostrini, I., Pinto D., Gramaccioli, C. M., Acquafredda, P., Kolitsch, U. (2011): New fumarole minerals at Vulcano: Adranosite-(Fe). Poster, Geoitalia 2011; Demartin, F., Garavelli, A., Campostrini, I., Gramaccioli, C.M., Kolitsch, U., Mitolo, D. and Pinto, D. (2011) Adranosite-(Fe), IMA 2011-006. CNMNC Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2539; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2535-2540; D. Mitolo, F. Demartin, A. Garavelli, I. Campostrini, D. Pinto, C. M. Gramaccioli, P. Acquafredda and U. Kolitsch (2013): Adranosite-(Fe), (NH4)4NaFe2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2, a new ammonium sulfate chloride from La Fossa Crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Can. Mineral. 51, 57-66.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Carmichael I.S.E. (1962): Pantelleritic liquids and their phenocrysts. Mineralogical Magazine, 33, 86-113.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Aiolosite (TL)
Formula: Na4Bi(SO4)3Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: IMA website - Proposals approved in July 2008
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Description: Plagioclase synneusis. Oligoclase forms the rim of the crystals.
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 737-754.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Russo, M. (2006): Il gesso delle valli del Faurdo e del Caolino (Isola di Lipari, Messina, Sicilia). Micro (notizie mineralogche), 2006, 51-54.
Aluminoceladonite ?
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Aluminocopiapite ?
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Aluminocoquimbite (TL)
Formula: FeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Castellano, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Campostrini, I. (2010): Aluminum-for-iron substitution, hydrogen bonding, and a novel structure-type in coquimbite-like minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 323-333.
Aluminopyracmonite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)3Al(SO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I. and Castellano, C. (2013) Aluminopyracmonite, IMA 2012-075. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 9; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 112.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Localities:
Amarillite
Formula: NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Mikhail Murashko find and collection
'Amber'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Amber var: Simetite'
Formula: C10H16O + (H2S)
Reference: Mineralogical and Petrographical Museum collection, University of Bologna; Ferrara, F. (1805): Sopra l’Ambra Siciliana. In: Memorie sopra il Lago Naftia nella Sicilia Meridionale, sopra l'Ambra Siciliana, sopra il Mele Ibleo e la città d'Ibla Megara, sopra Nasso e Callipoli. Reale Stamperia, Palermo, 73-159; Jervis, G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.; Bombicci L. (1889): La collezione di Ambre Siciliane posseduta dal museo di Mineralogia della R. Università di Bologna (dono del Ministero di pubblica istruzione nel 1889) e nuove considerazioni sull’origine dell’Ambra gialla. Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Istituto di Bologna, serie 4, 10, 473-486; Cavenago-Bignami Moneta S. (1980): Gemmologia. 4a edizione riveduta, aggiornata e ampliata. 3 vol. Hoepli, Milano, page 1254; Fiore C.E. (ed.) (1996): Dell’ambra siciliana,1639-1805. Testi di antichi autori siciliani. Edizioni Boemi, Catania, 126 pp.; Zilli C. (1997): Studio sull’ambra siciliana (simetite) del museo di mineralogia L. Bombicci. Tesi di laurea. Università di Bologna, Facoltà di scienze matematiche, fisiche e naturali, 107 pp.; Leoni D. (2011): Caratterizzazione del più importante materiale gemmologico italiano: l'ambra siciliana del Museo di Mineralogia della Sapienza. Tesi di laurea. Università degli Sudi di Roma “La Sapienza”, Facoltà di scienze matematiche, fisiche e naturali, 49 pp.
Analcime (TL)
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Haüy, R.-J. ( 1797): Analcime. Journal des Mines, 5, 278-279. Di Franco S. (1932): Ulteriori osservazioni sull'analcime dell'Isola dei Ciclopi. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma pp. 202-203.
'Anemousite'
Reference: Washington H. S., Wright F.E. (1910): A feldspar from Linosa and the existence of soda anorthite (carnegieite). Amer. Journ. Sci., ser. 4, 29, 51-70; Ernst E., Nieland H. (1934): Plagioklase von Linosa, ein Beitrag zur Anemousitfrage. Tschermaks Min. Petr. Mitt., 46, 93-126; Muir I.D. (1955): Transitional optics of some andesines and labradorites. Mineralogical Magazine, 30, 545-568.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: La Valle, G. (1898) Su di alcuni minerali cobaltiferi e nicheliferi nella provincia di Messina. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, 7, 2° semestre, 68-71.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase' (FRL)
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: [Foerstner] Förstner H. (1877): Ueber die Natronorthoklas von Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 1, 1, 547-561; Foerstner E. [H.] (1881): Nota preliminare sulla geologia dell'isola di Pantelleria secondo gli studi fatti negli anni 1874 e 1881. Boll. R. Comit. Geol. Ital., 12, 523-556;[Foerstner] Förstner H. (1884): Ueber die Feldspäthe von Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 8, 1, 125-202; Foerstner H. (1884): Ueber künstliche physikalische Veränderungen der Feldspäthe von Pantelleria. Zeits. Kryst. Min., 9, 1, 333-352; Rosenbusch H. (1885): Mikroschopische Physiographie der Mineralien und Gesteine. Ein Hülfsbuch bei mikroskopischen Gesteinsstudien. Band I. Die petrographisch wichtigen Mineralien. Zweite gänzlich umgearbeitete Auflage. E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagshandlung (E. Koch), Stuttgart, 664 pp.; Bahat D. (1979): Anorthoclase megacrysts: physical conditions of formation. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 287-291; Civetta L., D’Antonio M., Orsi G., Tilton G.R. (1998): The geochemistry of volcanic rocks from Pantelleria Island, Sicily Channel: petrogenesis and characteristics of the mantle source region. Journ. Petrology, 1453-1491.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Aragonite var: Flos Ferri
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: http://www.tonyminerals.it/minerali-disponibili--sicilia.html
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Villari L. (1970): Studio petrologico di alcuni campioni dei pozzi Bagno della Acqua e Gadir (Isola di Pantelleria). Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 26, 353-376.
Argesite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)7Bi3Cl16
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Castellano, C. and Gramaccioli, C.M. (2011): Argesite, IMA 2011-072. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2892; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D., Pinto, D., Vurro, F. (2013): Lucabindiite, (K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br), a new fumarole mineral from the "La Fossa" crater at Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. American Mineralogist, 98, 470–477.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Asbolane ?
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: La Valle, G. (1898) Su di alcuni minerali cobaltiferi e nicheliferi nella provincia di Messina. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, 7, 2° semestre, 68-71.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Del Caldo, Moro, Gramaccioli, Boscardin - "Il Collezionista" - Fabbri Editori - pag180
Aubertite
Formula: CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Reference: http://perso.club-internet.fr/rivierec/decembre_-_novembre_2001.htm.
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Avogadrite
Formula: (K,Cs)[BF4]
Reference: GRAMACCIOLI, C.M., CAMPOSTRINI, I. (2007): Demartinite, a new natural polymorph of K2SiF6 from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. - Canadian Mineralogist - 45, 1275-1280.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Balićžunićite (TL)
Formula: Bi2O(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Pinto, D., Garavelli, A. and Mitolo, D. (2013) Balićžunićite, IMA 2012-098. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2699; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.
Bararite ?
Formula: (NH4)2[SiF6]
Barberiite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)[BF4]
Type Locality:
Reference: GARAVELLI A., VURRO F. (1997): Barberiite, NH4BF4, a new mineral from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. - American Mineralogist - 79, 381-384.
Barringerite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Reference: Zucchini, A. et al. (2018) Chemical and mineralogical characterization of the Mineo (Sicily, Italy) pallasite: A unique Sample. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53, 2: 268-283. (Feb 2018).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Triscari M., Saccà C. (1982). Scheelite at the S. Carlo Sb-Cu-Ag Mine, Fiumedinisi, Messina, Italy. Miner. Petr. Acta, 26, 159-168.
'Biotite'
Bischofite
Formula: MgCl2 · 6H2O
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. & Campostrini, I. (2009): Demicheleite-(Cl), a new mineral from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. American Mineralogist 94, 1045-1048; Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Campostrini, I. (2010): Demicheleite-(I), BiSI, a new mineral from La Fossa Crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 141-145.; Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
'Bitumen'
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Triscari, M. (1985). A first occurrence of gersdorffite in the Peloritani Mts. (Sicily N.E.). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 40, 289-294.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Triscari, M. (1985). A first occurrence of gersdorffite in the Peloritani Mts. (Sicily N.E.). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 40, 289-294.
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Brontesite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)3PbCl5
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Campostrini, I. (2009) Brontesite, (NH4)3PbCl5, a new product of fumarolic activity from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist: 47: 1237-1243.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
Campostriniite (TL)
Formula: (Bi3+,Na)3(NH4,K)2Na2(SO4)6·H2O
Type Locality:
Habit: prismatic crystals up to 0.2 mm long
Colour: White
Description: Found i Fumarole FA, temperature ~350°C
Reference: Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. and Castellano, C. (2013) Campostriniite, IMA 2013-086. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3255; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258.; Demartin, F., Castellano, C., Gramaccioli, C.M. (2015): Campostriniite, (Bi^3+,Na)3(NH4,K)2Na2(SO4)6·H2O, a new sulfate isostructural with görgeyite, from La Fossa Crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1007-1018
Cannizzarite (TL)
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Type Locality:
Reference: ZAMBONINI F., DE FIORE O., CAROBBI G. (1924): Su un solfobismutito di piombo di Vulcano (Eolie). - Annali del Reale Osservatorio Vesuviano - serie III - 1, 1-6; 31-36.
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Reference: Triscari M., Saccà C. (1982). Scheelite at the S. Carlo Sb-Cu-Ag Mine, Fiumedinisi, Messina, Italy. Miner. Petr. Acta, 26, 159-168.
'Chabazite'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1956 31 : 265-271
'Chabazite var: Phacolite'
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine 1956 31 : 265-271
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Di Franco, S. (1942): Mineralogia Etnea, Tip. Zuccarello e Izzi, Catania, 175 pp.
Chabazite-Na (TL)
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Bauer, M. (1874): Chabazit, Herschelit und Seebachit. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefaktenkunde, 1874, 522-524. Strunz, H. (1959): Die Zeolithe Gmelinit, Chabasit, Levyn (Phakolith, Herschelit, Seebachit, Offretit). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1956, 250-259. Mason, B. (1962): Herschelite-a valid species? American Mineralogist, 47, 985-987.; Mineralogical Magazine 1956 31 : 265-271
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Musumeci T. (1958) - Notizie sui cristalli delle mineralizzazioni metallifere dei Monti Peloritani - Nota I: Tetraedrite della miniera di S. Carlo, presso Flumedisi (Messina) - Ibid. 14, pp. 227-286; Triscari, M. (1985). A first occurrence of gersdorffite in the Peloritani Mts. (Sicily N.E.). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 40, 289-294.
Challacolloite
Formula: KPb2Cl5
Reference: Mitolo D., Pinto D., Garavelli A., Bindi L. & Vurro F. (2009): The role of the minor substitutions in the crystal structure of natural challacolloite, KPb2Cl5, and hephaistosite, TlPb2Cl5, from Vulcano (Aeolian Archipelago, Italy). Mineralogy and Petrology 96, 121-128.
'Chlorite Group'
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: Romengo N., Landi P., Rotolo S.G. (2012): Evidence of basaltic magma intrusions in a trachytic magma chamber at Pantelleria (Italy). Per. Mineral., 81, 2, 163-168.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
'Chrysolite'
Reference: Civetta L., D’Antonio M., Orsi G., Tilton G.R. (1998): The geochemistry of volcanic rocks from Pantelleria Island, Sicily Channel: petrogenesis and characteristics of the mantle source region. Journal of Petrology, 1453-1491.
Clinometaborite (TL)
Formula: HBO2
Type Locality:
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. and Gramaccioli, C.M. (2010) Clinometaborite, IMA 2010-022. CNMNC Newsletter, August 2010, page 799; Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 797—800.
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 737-754.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Description: Galenobismutite
Reference: GARAVELLI A., LAVIANO R., VURRO F. (1997): Sublimate deposition from hydrothermal fluids at the Fossa Crater - Vulcano, Italy. - European Journal of Mineralogy - 9, 2, 423-432.
Cossaite (TL)
Formula: (Mg0.5,◻)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6 · 36H2O
Type Locality:
Description: As white, vitreous, stout prismatic hexagonal crystals, terminated by rhombohedral faces, up to 100 micron long. Found in a pyroclastic breccia, altered by the action of an active fumarole (temperatures around 350°C) along the crater rim, in associatio with thermessaite, vlodatsevite, sassolite, and salammoniac.
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. (2010): Vulcano: ein außergewöhnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt, 21, (3), 40-57 (in German); Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Campostrini, I., Castellano, C. (2011) Cossaite, (Mg0.5,◻)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6.36H2O, a new mineral from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine: 75: 2847-2855.
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Triscari, M. (1985). A first occurrence of gersdorffite in the Peloritani Mts. (Sicily N.E.). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 40, 289-294.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Vattano M., Audra P., Benvenuto F., Bigot J.-Y., De Waele J., Galli E., Madonia G., Nobécourt J.-C. (2013): Hypogenic Caves of Sicily (Southern Italy). 16th International Congress of Speleology, Czech Republic, Brno, July 21-28, 2013. Proceedings, Vol. 3, 144-149.
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Reference: SEM-EDX quantitative analysis - M.E.Ciriotti 2011
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
D'Ansite-(Fe) (TL)
Formula: Na21Fe2+(SO4)10Cl3
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Castellano, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2012): D'ansite-(Mn), Na21Mn2+(SO4)10Cl3 and d'ansite-(Fe), Na21Fe2+(SO4)10Cl3, two new minerals from volcanic fumaroles. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 2773-2783.
Demartinite (TL)
Formula: K2[SiF6]
Type Locality:
Reference: GRAMACCIOLI, C.M., CAMPOSTRINI, I. (2007): Demartinite, a new natural polymorph of K2SiF6 from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. - Canadian Mineralogist - 45, 1275-1280.
Demicheleite-(Br) (TL)
Formula: BiSBr
Type Locality:
Reference: Gramaccioli, C. M., Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Orlandi, P. (2008): Demicheleite, BiSBr, a new mineral from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. American Mineralogist, 93, 1603–1607.
Demicheleite-(Cl) (TL)
Formula: BiSCl
Type Locality:
Reference: Am.Min. 94,1045(2009)
Demicheleite-(I) (TL)
Formula: BiSI
Type Locality:
Description: As dark red to black, translucent, submetallic, acicular to slender-prismatic crystals, up to 0.25 mm long. Found in a pyroclastic breccia, altered by the action of an active medium-temperature fumarole, in association with demicheleite-(Br), bismoclite, bismuthinite, godovikovite, panichiite, aiolosite, brontesite, andranosite, and probably other phases.
Reference: Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Campostrini, I. (2010): Demicheleite-(I), BiSI, a new mineral from La Fossa Crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 141-145.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Bellanca A., Censi P., Neri R. (1983): Studio isotopico, chimico e tessiturale su materiali carbonatici associati a mineralizzazioni di fluorite e barite nell'area di Termini Imerese (Sicilia). Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 83, 3, 1251-1261.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Triscari, M. (1985). A first occurrence of gersdorffite in the Peloritani Mts. (Sicily N.E.). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 40, 289-294.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Description: In websterite. In harzburgite.
Reference: S. Tonarini et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1153-1173.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Sergio Russo collection
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: Sturiale, C. (1963): Rinvenimento di alcune zeoliti in ialoclastiti presso Palagonia (distretto eruttivo Ibleo-Sicilia). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 19, 209-212; Sturiale, C. (1963) Rinvenimento di alcune zeoliti in ialoclastiti presso Palagonia (distretto eruttivo Ibleo -Sicilia). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 19, 209-212.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Found at Crocca mine in 2008.
Reference: Corrado Ferrito find and collection
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: La Valle, G. (1898) Su di alcuni minerali cobaltiferi e nicheliferi nella provincia di Messina. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, 7, 2° semestre, 68-71.
Erythrosiderite
Formula: K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 102; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
'Faujasite'
Reference: W. S. Wise (1982) New occurrence of faujasite in southern California. American Mineralogist 67:794-798
Faujasite-Na
Formula: (Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Reference: W. S. Wise (1982) New occurrence of faujasite in southern California. American Mineralogist 67:794-798
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Gianfagna, A. & Oberti, R.(2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. American Mineralogist, 86, 1489-1493. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Ferrinatrite
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. AMI-Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 344 pp.
'Ferro-eckermannite'
Formula: NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Civetta L., D’Antonio M., Orsi G., Tilton G.R. (1998): The geochemistry of volcanic rocks from Pantelleria Island, Sicily Channel: petrogenesis and characteristics of the mantle source region. Journal of Petrology, 1453-1491.
'Ferrohortonolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mg)2SiO4
Reference: Civetta L., D’Antonio M., Orsi G., Tilton G.R. (1998): The geochemistry of volcanic rocks from Pantelleria Island, Sicily Channel: petrogenesis and characteristics of the mantle source region. Journal of Petrology, 1453-1491.
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Reference: Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluoro-edenite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Type Locality:
Habit: Prismatic Acicular Asbestos-like
Colour: Bright yellow
Reference: Gianfagna, A. & Oberti, R.(2001): Fluoro-edenite from Biancavilla (Catania, Sicily, Italy): crystal chemistry of a new amphibole end-member. American Mineralogist, 86, 1489-1493. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Fluorophlogopite (TL)
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Antonio Gianfagna, Fernando Scordari, Simona Mazziotti-Tagliani, Gennaro Ventruti, and Luisa Ottolini (2007) Fluorophlogopite from Biancavilla (Mt. Etna, Sicily, Italy): Crystal structure and crystal chemistry of a new F-dominant analog of phlogopite. American Mineralogist, Volume 92, pages 1601–1609. - Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Fluoro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Sicurella, G., Ciriotti, M.E., Gianfagna, A., Mazziotti-Tagliani, S., Blass, G. (2010): Minerali di Monte Calvario, Biancavilla (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 329-368.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Description: XRD and SEM research done by Professor Baldanza and Doctor Triscari on specimens of reported Freibergite found that they were Ag-rich Tetrahedrite in all cases. See also http://www.mindat.org/mesg-21-363760.html
Reference: Musumeci T. (1958) - Notizie sui cristalli delle mineralizzazioni metallifere dei Monti Peloritani - Nota I: Tetraedrite della miniera di S. Carlo, presso Flumedisi (Messina) - Ibid. 14, pp. 227-286
Galena
Formula: PbS
Galena var: Selenian Galena
Formula: Pb(S,Se)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 39:1383
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: PINTO D., BALIĆ-ŽUNIĆ T., BONACCORSI E., BORODAEV Y.S., GARAVELLI A., GARBARINO C., MAKOVICKY E., MOZGOVA N.N.,VURRO F. (2006): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. VI. Cl bearing galenobismutite. - Canadian Mineralogist - 44, 443-457.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Description: Almandine or spesartine? (not analyzed) with a kaersutite specimen.
Reference: Earl Calvert collection (Los Angeles, USA), #2333.
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Triscari, M. (1985). A first occurrence of gersdorffite in the Peloritani Mts. (Sicily N.E.). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 40, 289-294.
'Gismondine'
Reference: Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
'Glass'
'Glass var: Palagonite'
Reference: Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010) Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2-2010, 371-408.
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: COSSA A. (1878): Ricerche chimiche su minerali e rocce dell’Isola di Vulcano - Memorie R. Acc. Naz. Lincei - serie 3 - 2, 14 pp.
'Gmelinite'
Gmelinite-Ca
Formula: Ca2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gmelinite-Na
Formula: Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Godovikovite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2
Reference: Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: FULIGNATI P., SBRANA A. (1998): Presence of native gold and tellurium in the active high-sulfidation system of the La Fossa volcano (Vulcano, Italy). - Journal of volcanology and geothermal research - 86 - 187-198.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Description: SEM-EDS analysed
Reference: Sergio Russo collection
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 63 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hauerite
Formula: MnS2
Reference: Scacchi, E. (1890) XII. Sulla Hauerite delle solfare di Raddusa in Sicilia. Giornale di mineralogia, cristallografia e petrografia, 1, 187-189; Scacchi, E. (1890) Ancora sulla hauerite di Raddusa in Sicilia. Giornale di mineralogia, cristallografia e petrografia, 1, 321-322.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hedenbergite var: Manganoan Hedenbergite
Formula: Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
Reference: Baldanza, B. (1958) La manganhedenbergite di una cornubianite pirossenica di M. Santo (Fiumedinisi). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 14, 47-49.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hephaistosite (TL)
Formula: TlPb2Cl5
Type Locality:
Reference: Campostrini I., Demartin F., Gramaccioli C.M. (2008): Hephaistosite, TlPb2Cl5 a new mineral species from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. - Canadian Mineralogist 46, 701-708; Mitolo D., Pinto D., Garavelli A., Bindi L. & Vurro F. (2009): The role of the minor substitutions in the crystal structure of natural challacolloite, KPb2Cl5, and hephaistosite, TlPb2Cl5, from Vulcano (Aeolian Archipelago, Italy). Mineralogy and Petrology 96, 121-128.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Description: In harzburgite.
Reference: S. Tonarini et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1153-1173.
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Description: In harzburgite.
Reference: S. Tonarini et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 1153-1173.
Heyrovskýite
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: BORODAEV Y.S., GARAVELLI A., GARBARINO C., GRILLO S.M., MOZGOVA N.N., PAAR W.H., TOPA D., VURRO F. (2003): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. V. Selenian heyrovskýite. - Canadian Mineralogist - 41, 429-440.
Hieratite (TL)
Formula: K2[SiF6]
Type Locality:
Reference: COSSA, A. (1881-1882): Sulla hieratite, nuova specie mineralogica. Transunti dell'Accademia dei Lincei - Serie 3, 6, 141-142.
Hiortdahlite ?
Formula: (Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Reference: Di Franco, S. (1942): Mineralogia Etnea. Atti dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali, Serie IV, 5, 175 pp.
'Hornblende'
Hydrobasaluminite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
'Hydrophilite'
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 41; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Reference: Gemellaro, G.G. (1856): Descrizione d'alcune specieminerali dei vulcani estinti di Palagonia. Memoria II. Atti dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali, Serie II, 12, 145-157
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: Messana E. (1994): Il sistema carsico del gruppo montuoso di Monte Inici (Castellammare del Golfo, TP). Boll. Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat., 27, 348, 547–562.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.; Baldanza, B. & Triscari, M. (1985) Mineralogy, petrology and chemistry of the Messina (Italy) chondrite: Meteoritics 20: 79-87. (March 1985).
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Baldanza, B. (1953) Ricerche sulle mineralizzazioni dei Peloritani. II. La mineralizzazione ferro manganesifera della contrada Palazzo di Bozzo (Nizza, Sicilia). Periodico di Mineralogia, 22, 1-18; Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 9, 240-241 (abstract).
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Triscari, M. (1985). A first occurrence of gersdorffite in the Peloritani Mts. (Sicily N.E.). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 40, 289-294.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kainite
Formula: KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Kaliborite
Formula: KMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
Description: Occurs as nodules in Blödite beds.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 364.
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Keramohalite'
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 737-754.
Kieserite
Formula: MgSO4 · H2O
Kimzeyite
Formula: Ca3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Description: From a shoshonitc basalt.
Reference: Symposium OS05 (2001) Recent Advances in the Physics and Chemistry of Minerals EUG XI p544; Munno R., Rossi G., Tadini C. (1980): Crystal chemistry of kimzeyite from Stromboli, Aeolian Islands, Italy. American Mineralogist, 65, 188-191.
Kirkiite
Formula: Pb10Bi3As3S19
Reference: BORODAEV Y.S., GARAVELLI A., VURRO F., KUZMINA O., MOZGOVA N.N., ORGANOVA N.I., TRUBKIN N. (1998): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy - 1 - Se-bearing kirkiite, Pb10(Bi,As)6(S,Se)19 - Canadian Mineralogist - 36, 1105 -1114 .
Knasibfite (TL)
Formula: K3Na4[SiF6]3[BF4]
Type Locality:
Reference: F.Demartin, C.M.Gramaccioli, I. Campostrini & P.Orlandi (2008), Knasibfite, a new hexafluorosilicate from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy, Canadian Mineralogist 46, 447-453.
Kogarkoite
Formula: Na3(SO4)F
Reference: Jeff Weisman
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
Kremersite
Formula: (NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Lafossaite (TL)
Formula: Tl(Cl,Br)
Type Locality:
Reference: ROBERTS, A.C., VENANCE, K.E., SEWARD, T.M., GRICE J.D., PAAR, W.H. (2006): Lafossaite a new mineral from the La Fossa Crater, Vulcano, Italy. - Mineralogical Record - 37, 165-168.
Larderellite
Formula: (NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C. M. & Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogia Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 344 pp.
Leguernite (TL)
Formula: Bi38O42(SO4)15
Type Locality:
Reference: Garavelli, A., Pinto, D., Bindi, L. and Mitolo, D. (2013) Leguernite, IMA 2013- 051. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3002; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005.
Leonite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Mariani, P., Scaini, G. (1978) I minerali d'Italia. Compagnia Generale Editoriale, Milano, 574 pp.
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Reference: Di Sabatino B. (1977) - Significato petrologico della presenza di leucite in lave basaltiche di stirpe atlantica: eruzione dell'Etna della primavera del 1971. Periodico di mineralogia – Roma
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: BORODAEV Y.S., GARAVELLI A., GARBARINO C., GRILLO S.M., MOZGOVA N.N., USPENSKAYA T.Y., VURRO F. (2001): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. IV. Lillianite. - Canadian Mineralogist - 39, 1383-1396.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Lucabindiite (TL)
Formula: (K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
Type Locality:
Reference: Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D., Pinto, D., Vurro, F. (2013): Lucabindiite, (K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br), a new fumarole mineral from the "La Fossa" crater at Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. American Mineralogist, 98, 470–477.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973) The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Magnesioaubertite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Reference: GEBHARD G., MEDENBACH O., GEBERT W. (1988): Magnesioaubertit, (Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl.14H2O ein neues Chlorsulfat von Vulcano, Liparische Inseln. - Der Aufschluss - 39, 2, 97-102. GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251- 261.
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Malladrite ?
Formula: Na2[SiF6]
Reference: GARAVELLI A., LAVIANO R., VURRO F. (1997): Sublimate deposition from hydrothermal fluids at the Fossa Crater - Vulcano, Italy. - European Journal of Mineralogy - 9, 2, 423-432. [Found in sample tubes only]
'Manganese Oxides'
'Manganese Oxides var: Manganese Dendrites'
Reference: Gaetano Sicurella collection
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
'Maskelynite'
Reference: Levi-Donati G.R., Jarosewich E. (1972): Mineralogical and chemical researches on L-chondrites: Girgenti. Meteoritics, 7, 2, 109-125.; Dodd, R.T. & Jarosewich, E. (1979) Incipient melting in and shock classification of L-Group chondrites: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 44(2):335-340. (Aug 1979).
Melanophlogite (TL)
Formula: 46SiO2 · 6(N2,CO2) · 2(CH4,N2)
Reference: Lasaulx (von) A. (1876 a): Mineralogisch-kristallographische Notizen. VII. Melanophlogit, ein neues Mineral. Neues Jahrb. Miner. Geol. Palaeont., 250-257; Lasaulx (von) A. (1876 b): Weitere Bemerkungen über Melanophlogit. In: Briefwechsel. Mittheilungen an Professor G. Leonhard. Neues Jahrb. Miner. Geol. Palaeont., 627-629; Lasaulx (von) A. (1879): Beobachtungen in den Schwefeldistrikten von Sicilien. Neues Jahrb. Miner. Geol. Palaeont., 490-517; Spezia G. (1883): Osservazioni sulla melanoflogite. Atti R. Acc. Naz. Lincei, Memorie, Classe sci. fis. mat. nat., ser. 3, 15, 300-310; Pisani F. (1888): Melanophlogite. Bull. Soc. franç. Minéral., 11, 298-300; Friedel G. (1890): Sur la mélanophlogite. Bull. Soc. franç. Minéral., 13, 356-372; Mallard E. (1890): Note sur la mélanophlogite. Bull. Soc. franç. Minéral., 13, 180-182; Bombicci L. (1891): Nuove ricerche sulla melanoflogite della miniera Giona presso Racalmuto (Sicilia). Memorie Acc. Sci. Ist. Bologna, ser. 5, 1 (1890-91), 711-742; Friedel G. (1891): Sur la mélanophlogite. Bull. Soc. franç. Minéral., 14, 74-76; Friedel G. (1892): Sur une nouvelle publication relative a la mélanophlogite. Bull. Soc. franç. Minéral., 15, 49-58; Spezia G. (1892): Sulla origine del solfo nei giacimenti solfiferi della Sicilia. Tip. editrice G. Candeletti, Torino, 130 pp.; Zambonini F. (1906): Einige Beobachtungen über die optischen Eigenschaften der Melanophlogite. Zeit. Kristal., 41, 48-52; Skinner B.J., Appleman D.E. (1963): Melanophlogite, a cubic polymorph of silica. Am. Mineral., 48, 854-867; Žák L. (1972): A contribution to the crystal chemistry of melanophlogite. Am. Mineral., 57, 779-796; De Michele V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.; Pagano R., Wilson W. (2012): The sulfur mines of Sicily. Mineralogical Record, 43, 161-206.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
Mendozite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Reference: Baldanza, B. & Triscari, M. (1985) Mineralogy, petrology and chemistry of the Messina (Italy) chondrite: Meteoritics 20: 79-87. (March 1985).
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Metaborite
Formula: HBO2
Reference: Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Meteoritic Iron'
Reference: Grady, M. M. (2000) Catalogue of Meteorites (5/e). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, New York, Oakleigh, Madrid, Cape Town. 690 pages.
'Mica Group'
Reference: F. Brignoli self collected
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 737-754.
Millosevichite (TL)
Formula: (Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Reference: Panichi, U. (1913): Millosevichite, nuovo minerale del Faraglione di Levante nell'Isola di Vulcano. Rendiconti dell'Accademia dei Lincei, Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali, Serie 5, 12, 303
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Montgomeryite
Formula: Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Vattano M., Audra P., Benvenuto F., Bigot J.-Y., De Waele J., Galli E., Madonia G., Nobécourt J.-C. (2013): Hypogenic Caves of Sicily (Southern Italy). 16th International Congress of Speleology, Czech Republic, Brno, July 21-28, 2013. Proceedings, Vol. 3, 144-149.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Munno R., Rossi G., Tadini C. (1980): Crystal chemistry of kimzeyite from Stromboli, Aeolian Islands, Italy. American Mineralogist, 65, 188-191.
Mozgovaite (TL)
Formula: PbBi4(S,Se)7
Type Locality:
Reference: VURRO F., GARAVELLI A., GARBARINO C., MOËLO Y.- BORODAEV Y.S. (1999): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. II. Mozgovaite, PbBi4(S,Se)7, a new mineral species. - Canadian Mineralogist - 37, 1499-1506.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 737-754.
Natrite
Formula: Na2CO3
Reference: No reference listed
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. AMI-Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 344 pp.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Description: Occurs as an efflorescence on lava.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 231.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Henry Stephens Washington (1908) Linosa and its Rocks. The Journal of Geology (January-February 1908)
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Reference: Jervis G. (1881): I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Sergio Russo Collection
Orpiment ?
Formula: As2S3
Description: Not confirmed
Reference: DEVILLE SAINTE CLAIRE C. (1856): Neuvième lettre à M Élie de Beaumont sur les phénomènes éruptifs de l'Italie méridionale. - Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences - 43, 682.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Description: Orthopyroxene composition [Fs20 and Fs21], Baldanza & Triscari (1985) and Dunn (2008), respectively, typical of L chondrites.
Reference: Baldanza, B. & Triscari, M. (1985) Mineralogy, petrology and chemistry of the Messina (Italy) chondrite: Meteoritics 20: 79-87. (March 1985).; Dunn, T.L., Cressy, G., McSween Jr, H.Y. & McCoy, T.J. (2010) Analysis of ordinary chondrites using powder X-ray diffraction: 1. Modal mineral abundances. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45(1):123-134. (Jan 2010). between textural maturity and temperature: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 71(7):1855-1881. (April 2007).
Panichiite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2SnCl6
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I. & Gramaccioli, C. M. (2009): Panichiite, natural ammonium hexachlorostannate(IV), (NH4)2SnCl6, from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 367-372.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Triscari, M. (1985). A first occurrence of gersdorffite in the Peloritani Mts. (Sicily N.E.). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 40, 289-294.
Pertlikite
Formula: K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
'Petroleum'
Reference: Ferrara, F. (1813) Storia naturale della Sicilia che comprende la mineralogia con un discorso sopra lo studio in vari tempi delle scienze naturali in quest'isola. Tipografia dell'Università, Catania, LXV+160 pp.; Percival, J.G. (1824) Notices of the geology and mineralogy of Sicily. American Journal of Science and Arts, 8, 2, 201-213; Jervis, G. (1881) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 3: Regioni delle Isole. Sardegna e Sicilia. Addenda ai precedenti volumi. Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XXII+539 pp.
'Phillipsite'
Phillipsite-Ca
Formula: (Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na (TL)
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 35, pp. 1571-1606 (1997); Mineralogical Magazine 1956 31 : 265-271; W. S. Wise (1982) New occurrence of faujasite in southern California. American Mineralogist 67:794-798
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Picromerite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
'Plessite'
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Forti, P., Marino, A. (1995) Nota preliminare sul ritrovamento di un nuovo minerale di grotta nei "Pozzi dell'Eruzione del 1923" (SICT1084). In: Atti del 1° Convegno regionale di Speleologia della Sicilia, Ragusa 14-16 Dicembre 1990. Gruppo Grotte Ragusa & Provincia regionale di Ragusa, Ragusa, Volume 1, pages 92-100; Forti, P. (2005) Genetic processes of cave minerals in volcanic environments: An overview. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 67, 1, 3-13; Barone, G., Mazzoleni, P., Priolo, G. (2015) Catalogo delle mineralizzazioni secondarie riscontrate all'interno di alcune grotte vulcaniche etnee. In: De Nitto, L., Maurano, F., Parise, M., eds., Atti XXII Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia Euro Speleo Forum 2015 “Condividere i dati”, 2 giugno 2015 Pertosa-Auletta (SA). Memorie dell’Istituto Italiano di Speleologia, serie II, vol. 29, Sessione documentazione – A1, 99-109.
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Pseudocotunnite
Formula: K2PbCl4
Reference: Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
Pyracmonite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)3Fe(SO4)3
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 48,307-313(2010)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 - 19, 3-55.
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Millosevich, F. (1934): Pirrotite in un incluso della Canna presso Filicudi (Isole Eolie). Per. Mineral., 5, pp. 279-280.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. AMI-Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 344 pp.
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Baldanza, B. (1953) Ricerche sulle mineralizzazioni dei Peloritani. II. La mineralizzazione ferro manganesifera della contrada Palazzo di Bozzo (Nizza, Sicilia). Periodico di Mineralogia, 22, 1-18; Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 9, 240-241 (abstract).
Rhönite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Reference: http://perso.club-internet.fr/rivierec/decembre_-_novembre_2001.htm.
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Reference: PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 – 19, 3-55.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: https://www.dakotamatrix.com/mineral-galleries/specialeditions/61/vesuvius-other-volcanic-minerals?page=6&hideSolds=0
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Santite
Formula: K[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
Reference: Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Triscari M., Saccà C. (1982). Scheelite at the S. Carlo Sb-Cu-Ag Mine, Fiumedinisi, Messina, Italy. Miner. Petr. Acta, 26, 159-168.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Zucchini, A. et al. (2018) Chemical and mineralogical characterization of the Mineo (Sicily, Italy) pallasite: A unique Sample. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 53, 2: 268-283. (Feb 2018).
Scolecite ?
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. AMI-Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 344 pp.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Triscari M., Saccà C. (1982). Scheelite at the S. Carlo Sb-Cu-Ag Mine, Fiumedinisi, Messina, Italy. Miner. Petr. Acta, 26, 159-168.
Selenium
Formula: Se
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Siderazot (TL)
Formula: Fe5N2
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 126.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251- 261.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: Replaces cordierite. Quartz/sillimanite intergrowths (fibrolite).
Reference: Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 737-754.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010) Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2-2010, 371-408.
'Sodium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'
Formula: An(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZ3+m)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Villari L. (1970): Studio petrologico di alcuni campioni dei pozzi Bagno della Acqua e Gadir (Isola di Pantelleria). Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 26, 353-376.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Steropesite (TL)
Formula: Tl3BiCl6
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin F, Gramaccioli C M, Campostrini I (2009) Steropesite, Tl3BiCl6, a new thallium bismuth chloride from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. The Canadian Mineralogist 47, 373-380
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Triscari M., Saccà C. (1982). Scheelite at the S. Carlo Sb-Cu-Ag Mine, Fiumedinisi, Messina, Italy. Miner. Petr. Acta, 26, 159-168.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Saccà, C., Saccà, D., Nucera, P. (2004) Caratteri chimici e mineralogici di una mineralizzazione ad antimonite affiorante nel territorio di Montagnareale (Sicilia, Italia). Atti dell’Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti, Classe I di Scienze Fisische, Matematiche e Naurali, 81-82 (2003-2004), Adunanza del 29 Aprile 2004, 9 pp.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Triscari, M. (1985). A first occurrence of gersdorffite in the Peloritani Mts. (Sicily N.E.). Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 40, 289-294.
'Sulfurite'
Formula: S
Reference: Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D., Pinto, D., Vurro, F. (2013): Lucabindiite, (K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br), a new fumarole mineral from the "La Fossa" crater at Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. American Mineralogist, 98, 470–477.
'Sulfurite var: Arsensulfurite'
Formula: (S,As)8
Reference: Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D., Pinto, D., Vurro, F. (2013): Lucabindiite, (K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br), a new fumarole mineral from the "La Fossa" crater at Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. American Mineralogist, 98, 470–477.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Sulphur var: Selenian Sulphur
Formula: (S,Se)
Reference: QUERCIGH E. (1935): Sul solfoselenio di Vulcano (Isole Eolie). - Rendiconti dell' Accademia delle Scienze Fisiche e Matematiche di Napoli - 32, 3-7. GARAVELLI C.L. (1958): Sulla natura del cosiddetto "solfoselenio" dell'isola di Vulcano. - Periodico di Mineralogia - 27, 1, 159-178.
Sulphur-β (TL)
Formula: S8
Type Locality:
Reference: Panichi, U. (1912): Sullo zolfo di Vulcano (Isole Eolie). Atti dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali in Catania, Serie 5, Vol.5, 1-15.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: La Valle, G. (1898) Su di alcuni minerali cobaltiferi e nicheliferi nella provincia di Messina. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, 7, 2° semestre, 68-71; Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892. Seventh edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York, Volume II, page 753.
Tacharanite
Formula: Ca12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Localities:
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Vattano M., Audra P., Benvenuto F., Bigot J.-Y., De Waele J., Galli E., Madonia G., Nobécourt J.-C. (2013): Hypogenic Caves of Sicily (Southern Italy). 16th International Congress of Speleology, Czech Republic, Brno, July 21-28, 2013. Proceedings, Vol. 3, 144-149.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: COSSA A. (1898): Sulla presenza del tellurio nei prodotti dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze di Torino - 33, 8, 449. FULIGNATI P., SBRANA A. (1998): Presence of native gold and tellurium in the active high-sulfidation system of the La Fossa volcano (Vulcano, Italy). - Journal of volcanology and geothermal research - 86 - 187-198.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Tetranatrolite' ?
Reference: Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010) Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2-2010, 371-408.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Therasiaite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)3KNa2Fe2+Fe3+(SO4)3Cl5
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I. and Castellano, C. (2013) Therasiaite, IMA 2013- 050. CNMNC Newsletter No. 17, October 2013, page 3002; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2997-3005; Demartin, F., Castellano, C., Campostrini, I. (2014): Therasiaite, (NH4)3KNa2Fe2+Fe3+(SO4)3Cl5, a new sulfate chloride from La Fossa Crater, Vulcano, Aeolian islands, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 203-213.
Thermessaite (TL)
Formula: K2AlF3(SO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Gramacciolo, C.M., Campostrini, I. & Orlandi, P. (2008): Thermessaite, K2[AlF3|SO4], a new ino-aluminofluoride-sulfate from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist 46, 693-700.
Thermessaite-(NH4) (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2AlF3(SO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D. and Pinto, D. (2012): Thermessaite-(NH4), IMA 2011-077. CNMNC Newsletter No. 12, February 2012, page 152; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 151-155; Garavelli, A., Pinto, D., Mitolo, D., Kolitsch, U. (2017): Thermessaite-(NH4): another piece of the puzzle of the evolution of sublimate deposition at “La Fossa” crater fumaroles. Joint SIMP-SGI-AIV-SoGeI 2017 Conference "Geosciences: a tool in a changing world", Pisa, Italy, September 3-6, 2017, Abstract book, 122.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Tin ?
Formula: Sn
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Gaetano Sicurella collection
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: www.cse.speleo.it
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Tuhualite
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+Si6O15
Reference: Bagiński, B., Macdonald, R., White, J. C., & Jeżak, L. (2018). Tuhualite in a peralkaline rhyolitic ignimbrite from Pantelleria, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy.
'UM2011-15-SO:FeHKNNa'
Formula: K(Na,NH4)-Fe-S-O
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano. Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogia Italiana (AMI)
'UM2011-16-SOCl:FeHKNa'
Formula: Na-K-(Li)-Fe-S-O-H-Cl ?
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano. Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogia Italiana (AMI)
'UM2011-18-SOCl:Na'
Formula: Na-S-O-Cl
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano. Tre secoli di mineralogia. Associazione Micro-mineralogia Italiana (AMI)
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Gemellaro, G.G. (1856): Descrizione d'alcune specieminerali dei vulcani estinti di Palagonia. Memoria II. Atti dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali, Serie II, 12, 145-157
Vlodavetsite
Formula: AlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl · 4H2O
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. & Gramaccioli, C.M. (2010): Vulcano: ein außergewöhnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt, 21 (3), 40-57 (in German).
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Vonsenite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Vurroite (TL)
Formula: Pb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6
Type Locality:
Reference: GARAVELLI A., MOZGOVA N.N., ORLANDI P., BONACCORSI E., PINTO D., MOËLO Y., BORODAEV Y. (2005): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. - VI. Vurroite, Pb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6, a new mineral species. - Canadian Mineralogist - 43, 703-711.
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: Levi-Donati G.R., Jarosewich E. (1972): Mineralogical and chemical researches on L-chondrites: Girgenti. Meteoritics, 7, 2, 109-125.
Wittite
Formula: Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Reference: BORODAEV Y.S., GARAVELLI A., GARBARINO C., GRILLO S.M., MOZGOVA N.N., ORGANOVA N.I., TRUBKIN N.V., VURRO F. (2000): Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. III. Wittite and cannizzarite. - Canadian Mineralogist - 38, 23-34.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: GARAVELLI A., LAVIANO R., VURRO F. (1997): Sublimate deposition from hydrothermal fluids at the Fossa Crater - Vulcano, Italy. - European Journal of Mineralogy - 9, 2, 423-432.
'Xiphonite'
Reference: No reference listed
Yavapaiite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2
Reference: Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
Yuanfuliite
Formula: Mg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
Reference: Ciriotti M.E., Cámara F., Grew E., Sicurella G., Cadoni M., Bittarello E. (2016): Primo ritrovamento di boroferrite italiana: yuanfuliite di Biancavilla. Micro, 14, 2 (2-2016), 85-96.
Zaherite
Formula: Al12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
Reference: P.Forti, M.Panzica La Manna and A.Rossi (1994) The peculiar mineralogic site of the Alum cave (Vulcano, Sicily). Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Vulcanospeleology November 1994 p.35-44.
'Zamboninite (of Starraba)'
Reference: Stella Starraba, F. (1930) Zamboninite - una nuova specie minerale. Bolletino della Società Geologica Italiana: 48: 259-263.; Washington, H.S. (1930) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 15: 274-276.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Barringerite1.BD.10(Fe,Ni)2P
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Siderazot (TL)1.BC.10Fe5N2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
var: Selenian Sulphur1.CC.05(S,Se)
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Tin ?1.AC.10Sn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Cannizzarite (TL)2.JB.20Pb48Bi56S132
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite ?2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Demicheleite-(Br) (TL)2.FC.25BiSBr
Demicheleite-(Cl) (TL)2.FC.25BiSCl
Demicheleite-(I) (TL)2.FC.BiSI
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Freibergite ?2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Selenian Galena2.CD.10Pb(S,Se)
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Hauerite2.EB.05aMnS2
Heyrovskýite2.JB.40bPb6Bi2S9
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kirkiite2.JB.30bPb10Bi3As3S19
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Mozgovaite (TL)2.JA.05hPbBi4(S,Se)7
Orpiment ?2.FA.30As2S3
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Vurroite (TL)2.JB.65Pb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6
Wittite2.JB.20Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Avogadrite3.CA.10(K,Cs)[BF4]
Bararite ?3.CH.10(NH4)2[SiF6]
Barberiite (TL)3.CA.10(NH4)[BF4]
Bischofite3.BB.15MgCl2 · 6H2O
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Brontesite (TL)3.AA.(NH4)3PbCl5
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Challacolloite3.AA.55KPb2Cl5
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Demartinite (TL)3.CH.20K2[SiF6]
Erythrosiderite3.CJ.10K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hephaistosite (TL)3.AA.60TlPb2Cl5
Hieratite (TL)3.CH.15K2[SiF6]
Knasibfite (TL)3.CH.25K3Na4[SiF6]3[BF4]
Kremersite3.CJ.10(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Lafossaite (TL)3.AA.25Tl(Cl,Br)
Malladrite ?3.CH.05Na2[SiF6]
Molysite3.AC.10FeCl3
Panichiite (TL)3.00.(NH4)2SnCl6
Pseudocotunnite3.DC.90K2PbCl4
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Steropesite (TL)3.CK.05Tl3BiCl6
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Thermessaite (TL)3.CG.25K2AlF3(SO4)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Asbolane ?4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Cervantite4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnesioferrite4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Melanophlogite (TL)4.DA.2546SiO2 · 6(N2,CO2) · 2(CH4,N2)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Natrite5.AA.10Na2CO3
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Niter5.NA.10KNO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Kaliborite6.FB.10KMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
Larderellite6.EB.05(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
Metaborite6.GD.10HBO2
Santite6.EA.10K[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Vonsenite6.AB.30Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Yuanfuliite6.AB.20Mg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Acmonidesite (TL)7.AC.(NH4,K,Pb)8NaFe2+4(SO4)5Cl8
Adranosite (TL)7.BC.(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Adranosite-(Fe) (TL)7.BC.(NH4)4NaFe3+2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Aiolosite (TL)7.BD.20Na4Bi(SO4)3Cl
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alum-(Na)7.CC.20NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminocopiapite ?7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Aluminocoquimbite (TL)7.CB.50FeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Aluminopyracmonite (TL)7.AC.(NH4)3Al(SO4)3
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amarillite7.CC.75NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Aubertite7.DB.05CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bassanite7.CD.45CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Boussingaultite7.CC.60(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Campostriniite (TL)7.CD.(Bi3+,Na)3(NH4,K)2Na2(SO4)6·H2O
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferrinatrite7.CC.35Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Godovikovite7.AC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hydrobasaluminite7.DE.60Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kainite7.DF.10KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Kieserite7.CB.05MgSO4 · H2O
Kogarkoite7.BD.15Na3(SO4)F
Krausite7.CC.05KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Leonite7.CC.55K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Magnesioaubertite (TL)7.DB.05(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var: Cuprian Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Mendozite7.CC.15NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Millosevichite (TL)7.AB.05(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pertlikite7.CC.25K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Picromerite7.CC.60K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Pyracmonite (TL)7.AC.08(NH4)3Fe(SO4)3
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Sideronatrite7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Vlodavetsite7.DF.40AlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl · 4H2O
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Yavapaiite7.AC.15KFe(SO4)2
Zaherite7.DE.65Al12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Montgomeryite8.DH.25Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Symplesite8.CE.45Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Taranakite8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Aluminoceladonite ?9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Analcime (TL)9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase' (TL)9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Fassaite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
var: Titanian Augite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K9.GD.10(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na (TL)9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Faujasite-Na9.GD.30(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
'Ferro-eckermannite'9.DE.25NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Fluoro-edenite (TL)9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite (TL)9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
'Gismondine'9..
Gmelinite-Ca9.GD.05Ca2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gmelinite-Na9.GD.05Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
var: Manganoan Hedenbergite9.DA.15Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
Hiortdahlite ?9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kimzeyite9.AD.25Ca3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
'Labradorite'9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Phillipsite-Ca9.GC.10(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K9.GC.10(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na (TL)9.GC.10(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Scolecite ?9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Tacharanite9.HA.75Ca12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Tuhualite9.DN.05NaFe2+Fe3+Si6O15
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
''-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Amber'-
'var: Simetite'-C10H16O + (H2S)
'Anemousite'-
'Apatite'-
Argesite (TL)-(NH4)7Bi3Cl16
Balićžunićite (TL)-Bi2O(SO4)2
'Biotite'-
'Bitumen'-
'Chabazite'-
'var: Phacolite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Chrysolite'-
Clinometaborite (TL)-HBO2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Cossaite (TL)-(Mg0.5,◻)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6 · 36H2O
D'Ansite-(Fe) (TL)-Na21Fe2+(SO4)10Cl3
'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'-
'Faujasite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Ferrohortonolite'-(Fe,Mg)2SiO4
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'var: Palagonite'-
'Gmelinite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hydrophilite'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'K Feldspar'-
'Keramohalite'-
Leguernite (TL)-Bi38O42(SO4)15
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lucabindiite (TL)-(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Maskelynite'-
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petroleum'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Plessite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Sodium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'-An(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZ3+m)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Sulfurite'-S
'var: Arsensulfurite'-(S,As)8
Sulphur-β (TL)-S8
'Tetranatrolite' ?-
Therasiaite (TL)-(NH4)3KNa2Fe2+Fe3+(SO4)3Cl5
Thermessaite-(NH4) (TL)-(NH4)2AlF3(SO4)
'UM2011-15-SO:FeHKNNa'-K(Na,NH4)-Fe-S-O
'UM2011-16-SOCl:FeHKNa'-Na-K-(Li)-Fe-S-O-H-Cl ?
'UM2011-18-SOCl:Na'-Na-S-O-Cl
'Xiphonite'-
'Zamboninite (of Starraba)'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Barringerite1.1.21.1(Fe,Ni)2P
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Siderazot (TL)1.1.18.1Fe5N2
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Tin ?1.1.13.1Sn
Semi-metals and non-metals
Rosickýite1.3.5.2S
Selenium1.3.4.1Se
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Isocubanite2.9.13.3CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Orpiment ?2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Hauerite2.12.1.9MnS2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Chlor-sulfides
Demicheleite-(Br) (TL)2.15.14.1BiSBr
Demicheleite-(Cl) (TL)2.15.14.2BiSCl
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite ?3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Heyrovskýite3.3.3.1Pb6Bi2S9
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Kirkiite3.4.17.1Pb10Bi3As3S19
Lillianite3.4.15.1Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite ?3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Cannizzarite (TL)3.6.5.1Pb48Bi56S132
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Vurroite (TL)3.6.21.Pb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6
Wittite3.6.5.2Pb9Bi12(S,Se)27
ø = 2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Arsenolite4.3.9.1As2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cervantite4.4.16.1Sb3+Sb5+O4
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Asbolane ?6.4.9.1(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnesioferrite7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Bischofite9.2.9.1MgCl2 · 6H2O
Cotunnite9.2.7.1PbCl2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
'Hydrophilite'9.2.7.2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
AX3
Molysite9.3.1.1FeCl3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Carnallite11.1.2.1KMgCl3 · 6H2O
AmBX4
Avogadrite11.2.2.1(K,Cs)[BF4]
Barberiite (TL)11.2.4.1(NH4)[BF4]
Pseudocotunnite11.2.1.1K2PbCl4
AmBX5·xH2O
Brontesite (TL)11.4.3.(NH4)3PbCl5
Challacolloite11.4.2.1KPb2Cl5
Erythrosiderite11.4.1.1K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Kremersite11.4.1.2(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
AmBX6
Bararite ?11.5.2.2(NH4)2[SiF6]
Demartinite (TL)11.5.2.3K2[SiF6]
Hieratite (TL)11.5.1.1K2[SiF6]
Malladrite ?11.5.2.1Na2[SiF6]
Panichiite (TL)11.5.1.3(NH4)2SnCl6
Steropesite (TL)11.5.9.Tl3BiCl6
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
AXO3·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Niter18.1.2.1KNO3
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Vonsenite24.2.1.2Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Yuanfuliite24.2.2.2Mg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Miscellaneous
Metaborite24.5.1.1HBO2
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Pentaborates
Kaliborite26.5.13.1KMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
Larderellite26.5.4.1(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
Santite26.5.2.1K[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Godovikovite28.3.5.2(NH4)Al(SO4)2
Yavapaiite28.3.4.1KFe(SO4)2
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Millosevichite (TL)28.4.5.1(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Pyracmonite (TL)28.4.6.1(NH4)3Fe(SO4)3
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Boussingaultite29.3.7.2(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Leonite29.3.3.3K2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Picromerite29.3.6.1K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Ferrinatrite29.4.4.1Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alum-(Na)29.5.5.2NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Amarillite29.5.3.2NaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Kalinite29.5.4.2KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Krausite29.5.1.1KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Mendozite29.5.4.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Kieserite29.6.2.1MgSO4 · H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Rozenite29.6.6.1FeSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Aluminocoquimbite (TL)29.8.8.FeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Miscellaneous
Pertlikite29.9.1.3K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Kogarkoite30.1.6.1Na3(SO4)F
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Miscellaneous
Adranosite (TL)30.4.5.(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Hydrobasaluminite31.4.6.1Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kainite31.7.1.1KMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Sideronatrite31.8.3.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Aubertite31.9.8.1CuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Magnesioaubertite (TL)31.9.8.3(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Miscellaneous
Aluminocopiapite ?31.10.5.7Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Zaherite31.10.3.1Al12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Merrillite38.3.4.4Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Taranakite39.3.6.1(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Symplesite40.3.8.1Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Montgomeryite42.11.8.1Ca4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Kimzeyite51.4.3c.2Ca3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Hiortdahlite ?56.2.4.7(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Ferrosilite65.1.2.2FeSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Tuhualite66.3.4.1NaFe2+Fe3+Si6O15
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Tacharanite72.3.2.6Ca12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Melanophlogite (TL)75.2.2.146SiO2 · 6(N2,CO2) · 2(CH4,N2)
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase' (FRL)76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime (TL)77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Epistilbite77.1.6.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
'Gismondine'77.1.3.1
Gonnardite77.1.5.7(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite ?77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
''-
Acmonidesite (TL)-(NH4,K,Pb)8NaFe2+4(SO4)5Cl8
Adranosite-(Fe) (TL)-(NH4)4NaFe3+2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Aiolosite (TL)-Na4Bi(SO4)3Cl
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alum Group'-XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminoceladonite ?-K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Aluminopyracmonite (TL)-(NH4)3Al(SO4)3
'Amber'-
'var: Simetite'-C10H16O + (H2S)
'Anemousite'-
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Flos Ferri-CaCO3
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argesite (TL)-(NH4)7Bi3Cl16
Augite
var: Fassaite
-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
var: Titanian Augite-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Balićžunićite (TL)-Bi2O(SO4)2
'Biotite'-
'Bitumen'-
Campostriniite (TL)-(Bi3+,Na)3(NH4,K)2Na2(SO4)6·H2O
'Chabazite'-
'var: Phacolite'-
Chabazite-K-(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na (TL)-(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
'Chrysolite'-
Clinometaborite (TL)-HBO2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
Cossaite (TL)-(Mg0.5,◻)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6 · 36H2O
D'Ansite-(Fe) (TL)-Na21Fe2+(SO4)10Cl3
Demicheleite-(I) (TL)-BiSI
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'-
'Faujasite'-
Faujasite-Na-(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Ferro-eckermannite'-NaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
'Ferrohortonolite'-(Fe,Mg)2SiO4
Fluoro-edenite (TL)-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Fluorophlogopite (TL)-KMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Galena
var: Selenian Galena
-Pb(S,Se)
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'var: Palagonite'-
'Gmelinite'-
Gmelinite-Ca-Ca2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gmelinite-Na-Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Hedenbergite
var: Manganoan Hedenbergite
-Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
Hephaistosite (TL)-TlPb2Cl5
Hercynite
var: Picotite
-(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Keramohalite'-
Knasibfite (TL)-K3Na4[SiF6]3[BF4]
'Labradorite'-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Lafossaite (TL)-Tl(Cl,Br)
Leguernite (TL)-Bi38O42(SO4)15
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Lucabindiite (TL)-(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Manganese Oxides'-
'var: Manganese Dendrites'-
'Maskelynite'-
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite
-(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
'Meteoritic Iron'-
'Mica Group'-
Mozgovaite (TL)-PbBi4(S,Se)7
Natrite-Na2CO3
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petroleum'-
'Phillipsite'-
Phillipsite-Ca-(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K-(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na (TL)-(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
'Plessite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Sodium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'-An(NaCa)(Z2+5-mZ3+m)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
'Sulfurite'-S
'var: Arsensulfurite'-(S,As)8
Sulphur
var: Selenian Sulphur
-(S,Se)
Sulphur-β (TL)-S8
'Tetranatrolite' ?-
Therasiaite (TL)-(NH4)3KNa2Fe2+Fe3+(SO4)3Cl5
Thermessaite (TL)-K2AlF3(SO4)
Thermessaite-(NH4) (TL)-(NH4)2AlF3(SO4)
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
'UM2011-15-SO:FeHKNNa'-K(Na,NH4)-Fe-S-O
'UM2011-16-SOCl:FeHKNa'-Na-K-(Li)-Fe-S-O-H-Cl ?
'UM2011-18-SOCl:Na'-Na-S-O-Cl
Vlodavetsite-AlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl · 4H2O
'Xiphonite'-
'Zamboninite (of Starraba)'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Melanophlogite46SiO2 · 6(N2,CO2) · 2(CH4,N2)
H Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
H Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Barberiite(NH4)[BF4]
H Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
H Panichiite(NH4)2SnCl6
H Pyracmonite(NH4)3Fe(SO4)3
H Cossaite(Mg0.5,◻)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6 · 36H2O
H Brontesite(NH4)3PbCl5
H Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
H AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
H ClinometaboriteHBO2
H Lucabindiite(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
H Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
H Argesite(NH4)7Bi3Cl16
H Thermessaite-(NH4)(NH4)2AlF3(SO4)
H Aluminopyracmonite(NH4)3Al(SO4)3
H Therasiaite(NH4)3KNa2Fe2+Fe3+(SO4)3Cl5
H Acmonidesite(NH4,K,Pb)8NaFe42+(SO4)5Cl8
H Campostriniite(Bi3+,Na)3(NH4,K)2Na2(SO4)6·H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
H KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Amber (var: Simetite)C10H16O + (H2S)
H Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe42+Al)Si8O22(OH)2
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
H BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
H ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
H SassoliteH3BO3
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
H SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H KaliboriteKMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H VlodavetsiteAlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl · 4H2O
H Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
H MetaboriteHBO2
H SantiteK[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
H KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
H PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
H BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
H HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
H KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
H MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
H ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
H Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
H Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
H Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
H TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Larderellite(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
H LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
H Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z5-2+mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H UM2011-16-SOCl:FeHKNaNa-K-(Li)-Fe-S-O-H-Cl ?
H UM2011-15-SO:FeHKNNaK(Na,NH4)-Fe-S-O
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
H Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
H AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
LiLithium
Li UM2011-16-SOCl:FeHKNaNa-K-(Li)-Fe-S-O-H-Cl ?
BBoron
B Barberiite(NH4)[BF4]
B KnasibfiteK3Na4[SiF6]3[BF4]
B ClinometaboriteHBO2
B SassoliteH3BO3
B KaliboriteKMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
B Avogadrite(K,Cs)[BF4]
B VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
B MetaboriteHBO2
B SantiteK[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
B Larderellite(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
B YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
CCarbon
C Melanophlogite46SiO2 · 6(N2,CO2) · 2(CH4,N2)
C NatriteNa2CO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Amber (var: Simetite)C10H16O + (H2S)
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C Aragonite (var: Flos Ferri)CaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
NNitrogen
N SiderazotFe5N2
N Melanophlogite46SiO2 · 6(N2,CO2) · 2(CH4,N2)
N Barberiite(NH4)[BF4]
N Panichiite(NH4)2SnCl6
N Pyracmonite(NH4)3Fe(SO4)3
N Brontesite(NH4)3PbCl5
N Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
N Lucabindiite(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
N Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
N Argesite(NH4)7Bi3Cl16
N Thermessaite-(NH4)(NH4)2AlF3(SO4)
N Aluminopyracmonite(NH4)3Al(SO4)3
N Therasiaite(NH4)3KNa2Fe2+Fe3+(SO4)3Cl5
N Acmonidesite(NH4,K,Pb)8NaFe42+(SO4)5Cl8
N Campostriniite(Bi3+,Na)3(NH4,K)2Na2(SO4)6·H2O
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
N Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
N Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
N Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
N Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
N Larderellite(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
N NiterKNO3
N UM2011-15-SO:FeHKNNaK(Na,NH4)-Fe-S-O
N Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
OOxygen
O Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Melanophlogite46SiO2 · 6(N2,CO2) · 2(CH4,N2)
O Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
O Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O ThermessaiteK2AlF3(SO4)
O Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
O Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
O AiolositeNa4Bi(SO4)3Cl
O Pyracmonite(NH4)3Fe(SO4)3
O Cossaite(Mg0.5,◻)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6 · 36H2O
O Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
O AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
O ClinometaboriteHBO2
O Lucabindiite(K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br)
O Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
O Thermessaite-(NH4)(NH4)2AlF3(SO4)
O D'Ansite-(Fe)Na21Fe2+(SO4)10Cl3
O Aluminopyracmonite(NH4)3Al(SO4)3
O BalićžunićiteBi2O(SO4)2
O Therasiaite(NH4)3KNa2Fe2+Fe3+(SO4)3Cl5
O LeguerniteBi38O42(SO4)15
O Acmonidesite(NH4,K,Pb)8NaFe42+(SO4)5Cl8
O Campostriniite(Bi3+,Na)3(NH4,K)2Na2(SO4)6·H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O NatriteNa2CO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O QuartzSiO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O TenoriteCuO
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
O KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Amber (var: Simetite)C10H16O + (H2S)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
O Ferrohortonolite(Fe,Mg)2SiO4
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe42+Al)Si8O22(OH)2
O RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
O Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O TridymiteSiO2
O TuhualiteNaFe2+Fe3+Si6O15
O CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
O BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
O ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O SassoliteH3BO3
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
O SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O KaliboriteKMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
O Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O BismocliteBiOCl
O VlodavetsiteAlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl · 4H2O
O Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
O MetaboriteHBO2
O SantiteK[B5O6(OH)4] · 2H2O
O KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
O PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
O AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
O BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
O HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
O KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
O MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
O ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
O Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
O Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
O Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
O TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Larderellite(NH4)B5O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CristobaliteSiO2
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O ArsenoliteAs2O3
O KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
O FerrosiliteFeSiO3
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
O NiterKNO3
O Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z5-2+mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O Aragonite (var: Flos Ferri)CaCO3
O KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
O YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
O UM2011-18-SOCl:NaNa-S-O-Cl
O UM2011-16-SOCl:FeHKNaNa-K-(Li)-Fe-S-O-H-Cl ?
O UM2011-15-SO:FeHKNNaK(Na,NH4)-Fe-S-O
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O Hedenbergite (var: Manganoan Hedenbergite)Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
O Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
O AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
FFluorine
F Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
F DemartiniteK2[SiF6]
F Barberiite(NH4)[BF4]
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F KnasibfiteK3Na4[SiF6]3[BF4]
F ThermessaiteK2AlF3(SO4)
F HieratiteK2[SiF6]
F Cossaite(Mg0.5,◻)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6 · 36H2O
F Thermessaite-(NH4)(NH4)2AlF3(SO4)
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F SellaiteMgF2
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F Avogadrite(K,Cs)[BF4]
F VlodavetsiteAlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl · 4H2O
F Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z5-2+mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
F MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
F Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
F Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
NaSodium
Na Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Na Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na KnasibfiteK3Na4[SiF6]3[BF4]
Na AiolositeNa4Bi(SO4)3Cl
Na Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Na Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Na D'Ansite-(Fe)Na21Fe2+(SO4)10Cl3
Na Therasiaite(NH4)3KNa2Fe2+Fe3+(SO4)3Cl5
Na Acmonidesite(NH4,K,Pb)8NaFe42+(SO4)5Cl8
Na Campostriniite(Bi3+,Na)3(NH4,K)2Na2(SO4)6·H2O
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na NatriteNa2CO3
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na HaliteNaCl
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Na AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe42+Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Na Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na TuhualiteNaFe2+Fe3+Si6O15
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Na Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Na Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Na Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Na Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Na KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
Na Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z5-2+mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Na MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Na UM2011-18-SOCl:NaNa-S-O-Cl
Na UM2011-16-SOCl:FeHKNaNa-K-(Li)-Fe-S-O-H-Cl ?
Na UM2011-15-SO:FeHKNNaK(Na,NH4)-Fe-S-O
Na MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Na Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
MgMagnesium
Mg Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Mg Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Mg Cossaite(Mg0.5,◻)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6 · 36H2O
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Mg Ferrohortonolite(Fe,Mg)2SiO4
Mg RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Mg Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg SellaiteMgF2
Mg CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
Mg BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
Mg KaliboriteKMg2H[B6O8(OH)5]2(H2O)4
Mg Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Mg Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Mg Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Mg LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Mg YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Al Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al ThermessaiteK2AlF3(SO4)
Al Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Al Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
Al Cossaite(Mg0.5,◻)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6 · 36H2O
Al Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
Al AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Al Thermessaite-(NH4)(NH4)2AlF3(SO4)
Al Aluminopyracmonite(NH4)3Al(SO4)3
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe42+Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Al RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Al Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Hercynite (var: Picotite)(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al VlodavetsiteAlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl · 4H2O
Al Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
Al PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
Al HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
Al KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Al ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Al Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Al Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Al Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Al TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Al EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
Al Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Al Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z5-2+mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Al KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Al YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Al AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
SiSilicon
Si Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si DemartiniteK2[SiF6]
Si Melanophlogite46SiO2 · 6(N2,CO2) · 2(CH4,N2)
Si Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Si Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si KnasibfiteK3Na4[SiF6]3[BF4]
Si HieratiteK2[SiF6]
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Si AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Si Ferrohortonolite(Fe,Mg)2SiO4
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe42+Al)Si8O22(OH)2
Si RhöniteCa2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
Si Augite (var: Fassaite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si TuhualiteNaFe2+Fe3+Si6O15
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Si Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Si Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Si Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Si TacharaniteCa12Al2Si18O33 (OH)36
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Si FerrosiliteFeSiO3
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Sodium-Calcium Amphibole SubgroupAn(NaCa)(Z5-2+mZm3+)(Si8-(n+m+1)Al(n+m-1)O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Hedenbergite (var: Manganoan Hedenbergite)Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Si Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
Si Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
Si AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
P MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
P Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2P
P Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3P
SSulfur
S MozgovaitePbBi4(S,Se)7
S CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132
S VurroitePb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6
S Demicheleite-(Br)BiSBr
S ThermessaiteK2AlF3(SO4)
S Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
S Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
S Demicheleite-(Cl)BiSCl
S AiolositeNa4Bi(SO4)3Cl
S Pyracmonite(NH4)3Fe(SO4)3
S Cossaite(Mg0.5,◻)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6 · 36H2O
S Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
S Demicheleite-(I)BiSI
S AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
S Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe23+(SO4)4Cl(OH)2
S Thermessaite-(NH4)(NH4)2AlF3(SO4)
S D'Ansite-(Fe)Na21Fe2+(SO4)10Cl3
S Aluminopyracmonite(NH4)3Al(SO4)3
S BalićžunićiteBi2O(SO4)2
S Therasiaite(NH4)3KNa2Fe2+Fe3+(SO4)3Cl5
S LeguerniteBi38O42(SO4)15
S Sulphur-βS8
S Acmonidesite(NH4,K,Pb)8NaFe42+(SO4)5Cl8
S Campostriniite(Bi3+,Na)3(NH4,K)2Na2(SO4)6·H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S SulphurS8
S CelestineSrSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S Galena (var: Selenian Galena)Pb(S,Se)
S KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S Amber (var: Simetite)C10H16O + (H2S)
S HaueriteMnS2
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S Sulphur (var: Selenian Sulphur)(S,Se)
S RealgarAs4S4
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
S KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19
S HeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S PyriteFeS2
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Alum GroupXAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
S Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S RosickýiteS
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
S CovelliteCuS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S DigeniteCu9S5
S VlodavetsiteAlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl · 4H2O
S Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
S KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
S PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
S AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
S BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
S HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2O
S KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
S MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
S ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2O
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S SulfuriteS
S Sulfurite (var: Arsensulfurite)(S,As)8
S KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
S Pyrrhotite