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Old Sandbed Mine (Old Sandbeds Mine), Caldbeck, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UKi
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Old Sandbed Mine (Old Sandbeds Mine)Mine
CaldbeckCivil Parish
AllerdaleDistrict
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Old Sandbed Mine (Old Sandbeds Mine), Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 42' 48'' North , 3° 2' 29'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.71352,-3.04167
GeoHash:G#: gctz6b31k
UK National Grid Reference:NY329359
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Caldbeck311 (2018)3.9km
Bassenthwaite412 (2018)10.6km
Greystoke654 (2018)11.9km
Keswick4,281 (2018)14.0km
Thursby846 (2018)14.4km


Note on the mineral list:

The references to adamite, brochantite, hydrocerussite, phosgenite, and rosasite at Sandbed are all Kingsbury citations. Given the doubts about the provenance of other Kingsbury specimens (Ryback et al. 1998, 2001), the occurrence of these species at Sandbed is likely to be fraudulent.

Regions containing this locality

Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UKMining District
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
British IslesGroup of Islands
Lake District National Park, Cumbria, England, UKNational Park
Lake District National Park Authority - Caldbeck and Uldale Green Zone, Cumbria, England, UKMineral Collecting Permit Zone

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


83 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Adamite ?
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: small sheaves (< 3mm) of crystals on gossany quartz. Forms are {101}, {110}, {210}, and {010} with more rarely {120} and {121} (Kingsbury & Hartley, MS).
Colour: colourless to pale greenish
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Spencer, L.J. (1958) Third supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, 31, 787-806. Hartley, J. (1984) Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) Cuproadamite and tennantite from Higher Longrigg mine, Hartley Birkett, Cumbria. Mineralogical Magazine, 52(367), 552-553.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951, Spencer, 1958, Hartley, 1984, and Young, 1987).; Ryback, G., Hart, A.D., and Stanley, C.J. (2001) A.W.G. Kingsbury's specimens of British minerals. Part 1: some examples of falsified localities. Journal of the Russell Society, 7(2).; BMS Database;
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Habit: drusy crusts on quartz
Colour: green
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Recently, a cuprian variety was identified (BM(NH): XRD) on a small specimen in the C.M. Leppington Coll. forming thin, minutely drusy, green crusts on quartz; a habit entirely different from Kingsbury's material."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (1957) New occurrences of phosgenite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 500-501.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Antlerite ?
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Reported associated with bayldonite by Young (1987) on the basis of a specimen in the R.J. King Collection (National Museum of Wales (NMW), Cardiff). An XRD investigation of this specimen (NMW 83.41G.M8484) for the authors (by J. Horák, NMW, 1989) has shown that both of the compact, dark and light green, minerals composing it are malachite."
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).; BMS Database
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Habit: tufts of minute, glistening scales
Colour: brown
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 499-500.; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., Tindle, A.G., and Ixer, R.A. (2006) A review of the mineralisation of the Driggith and Sandbed mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 9, 4-38.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 499-500.; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., Tindle, A.G., and Ixer, R.A. (2006) A review of the mineralisation at the Driggith and Sandbed mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 9, 4-38.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Aurichalcite ?
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "From the 'top level dumps' (Kingsbury & Hartley, MS; Hartley, 1984)."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: From the 'top level dumps' (Hartley, 1984).
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Baryte was extracted from the Driggith lode via the Sandbeds level. The main working here, however, was on the E-W baryte veins which yielded much massive baryte. Shaw (1970: 65) recorded 'a form of stalagmitic barytes ... in the 90fm level workings of Sandbeds West mine which contained 57.53% BaSO4 and 33.80% SiO2."
Reference: Eastwood, T. (1921) The lead and zinc ores of the Lake District. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain No. 22, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Wilson, G.V., Eastwood, T., Pocock, R.W., Wray, D.A., and Robertson, T. (1922) Barytes and witherite. Special Report of the Mineral Resources of Great Britain no. 2, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Kingsbury & Neumann found several specimens of bayldonite on their first visit here in 1949 on the top level dumps, where it occurs alone, or with a trace of malachite, on quartz (Kingsbury & Hartley, unpublished manuscript; Kingsbury, A.W.G., unpublished manuscript.) Further specimens were found by Davidson & Thomson (1951)."
Reference: Claringbull, G.F. (1951) New occurrences of duftite. Mineralogical Magazine, 29(213), 609-614.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "[Carminite] with beudantite, cerussite and other minerals from an exposure 'near Sandbeds mine' (J.G. Wilson, pers. comm., 1988)."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31( 237), 499-500.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Brochantite ?
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Description: Kingsbury reference. Also from the Driggith-Sandbeds outcrop workings (Hartley, 1984).
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "From the 'top level' dumps (Hartley, 1984); also as 'tiny crystals' (Davidson & Thomson, 1951). Specimens in the Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH), show sharp crystals in quartz."
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Davidson & Thomson, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "With beudantite, cerussite and other minerals from an exposure 'near Sandbeds mine' (J.G. Wilson, pers. comm., 1988)."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "[Carminite] with beudantite, cerussite and other minerals from an exposure 'near Sandbeds mine' (J.G. Wilson, pers. comm., 1988)."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Eastwood, T. (1921) The lead and zinc ores of the Lake District. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain No. 22, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood, 1921 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., Tindle, A.G., and Ixer, R.A. (2006) A review of the mineralisation at the Sandbed and Driggith mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 9, 4-38.; Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Description: Specimen in the King Collection (National Museum of Wales (NMW), Cardiff) (Young, 1987).
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).; BMS Database
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Description: From the top level dumps (Hartley, 1984).
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990) list dolomite from the "Sandbeds West Baryte mine": "Abundant in the 60fm level: '... some of the dolomite was of the very dark variety which carries approximately 12% of manganese' (Shaw, 1970: 73)."
Reference: Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal, 128 pp. [2nd ed. 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Shaw, 1970).
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Wilson, G.V., Eastwood, T., Pocock, R.W., Wray, D.A., and Robertson, T. (1922) Barytes and witherite. Special Report of the Mineral Resources of Great Britain no. 2, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. (1957) New occurrences of phosgenite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 500-501.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Wilson et al., 1922, Davidson & Thomson, 1951, and Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., Tindle, A.G., and Ixer, R.A. (2006) A review of the mineralisation at the Driggith and Sandbed mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 4-38.; BMS Database.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Colour: colourless to pale blue
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Davidson & Thomson, 1951, Hartley, 1984, and Young, 1987).; BMS Database
Hydrocerussite ?
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Kingsbury reference. From the 'top level' dumps.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Habit: crystalline crusts
Colour: pale blue
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).; BMS Database
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Green et al. (2006): "Jarosite was identified by EDS at Sandbed mine in thin fractures in pyrite-rich quartz matrix as pale yellow-brown earthy crusts made up of crystals up to a few microns across. Similar material has been collected from the dumps of Driggith mine. Jarosite is restricted to fractures in the matrix, where it is exposed to the atmosphere it alters to goethite. According to Hartley (1984), jarosite was found at the outcrop workings between the Driggith and Sandbed mines. The basis for this record appears to be specimen K53/174, which was part of a larger specimen that was sent in three pieces (K531173-175) to Hartley for XRD identification. In Kingsbury's notes made after analysis, it is recorded that "K53/174 - Driggith Outcrop - Close to j" because K531173 came back as "K53/173 - Driggith Outcrop - Maybe Pj" it is assumed, that "j" means jarosite and "Pj" means plumbojarosite. Although it may be genuine, the identification does not appear to have been conclusive and the provenance of the specimen has to be treated with caution."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., Tindle, A.G., and Ixer, R.A. (2006) A review of the mineralisation at the Driggith and Sandbed mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 4-38.
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Leadhillite ?
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Description: Kingsbury reference? Cooper & Stanley (1990): "From the 'top level dumps' (Hartley, 1984). Specimens in the Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH), show microcrystalline leadhillite with linarite, caledonite, and cerussite."
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Davidson & Thomson, 1951, Hartley, 1984, and Young, 1987).; BMS Database
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Eastwood, T. (1921) The lead and zinc ores of the Lake District. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain No. 22, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Day, F.H. (1928) Some notes on the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. Transactions of the Carlisle Natural History Society, 4, 66-79.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood, 1921, Day, 1928, Davidson & Thomson, 1951, and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Ineson, P.R. and Mitchell, J.G. (1974) K-Ar isotopic age determinations from some Lake District mineral localities. Geological Magazine, 111, 521-537.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Ineson & Mitchell, 1974).
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Ineson, P.R. and Mitchell, J.G. (1974) K-Ar isotopic age determinations from some Lake District mineral localities. Geological Magazine, 111, 521-537.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Ineson & Mitchell, 1974).
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Phosgenite ?
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Description: Kingsbury reference. Kingsbury (1957): "From the outcrop of the main Driggith-Sandbed vein near Caldbeck, in an old opencast between the two mines: here colourless phosgenite has been found with anglesite in somewhat decomposed, massive granular galena."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. (1957) New occurrences of phosgenite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 500-501.
Plumbogummite ?
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Colour: pale apple green
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "As small, sugary, pale apple green masses with lustrous green pyromorphite crystals on quartz (Kingsbury Collection, BM(NH))."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Pseudomalachite ?
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Description: Kingsbury reference.
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
'Psilomelane'
Reference: Eastwood, T. (1921) The lead and zinc ores of the Lake District. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain No. 22, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood, 1921 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Colour: green
Reference: Eastwood, T. (1921) The lead and zinc ores of the Lake District. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain No. 22, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwoo, 1921, Davidson & Thomson, 1951, and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Reference: Steve Rust collection
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Rosasite ?
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Kingsbury reference. Kingsbury & Hartley (1957): "[In the] Upper level."
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G., Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of rosasite in Britain. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 501-502.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1957 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database.
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Steve Rust collection
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 237, 499-500.; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., Tindle, A.G., and Ixer, R.A. (2006) A review of the mineralisation at the Driggith and Sandbed mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 9, 4-38.
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Habit: coatings
Colour: pale blue
Reference: Day, F.H. (1928) Some notes on the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. Transactions of the Carlisle Natural History Society, 4, 66-79.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Day, 1928, Davidson & Thomson, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Sowerby, H. (1850) Popular mineralogy; comprising a familiar account of minerals and their uses. Reeve and Benham, London [Collecting minerals, by B.M. Wright, 14-23].; Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 583 pp. [also a facsimile reprint with addenda by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].; Eastwood, T. (1921) The lead and zinc ores of the Lake District. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain No. 22, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., Tindle, A.G., and Ixer, R.A. (2006) A review of the mineralisation at the Driggith and Sandbed mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 4-38.; BMS Database.
Strashimirite
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Yarrowite
Formula: Cu9S8
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Yarrowite2.CA.05dCu9S8
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aurichalcite ?5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite ?5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite ?5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite ?5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite ?5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite ?7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite ?7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Ramsbeckite7.DD.60(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Redgillite7.DD.70Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite ?8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Arsendescloizite8.BH.35PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Köttigite8.CE.40Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Mawbyite8.CG.15Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Parnauite8.DF.35Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Philipsburgite8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Plumbogummite ?8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pseudomalachite ?8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Strashimirite8.DC.12Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Zálesíite8.DL.15CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Psilomelane'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Yarrowite2.7.3.1Cu9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Miscellaneous
Asbolane6.4.9.1(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite ?16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite ?16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite ?16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite ?16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite ?17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite ?30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite ?30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Ramsbeckite31.4.9.1(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Mawbyite40.2.9.4Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Köttigite40.3.6.5Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite ?41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Arsendescloizite41.5.1.9PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Bayldonite41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite ?41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Philipsburgite42.2.4.2(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Zálesíite42.5.1.7CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Strashimirite42.6.5.1Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite ?42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite42.8.1a.3Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Parnauite43.5.13.1Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Adamite
var: Cuprian Adamite
-(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Brianyoungite-Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
'Psilomelane'-
Redgillite-Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
H ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
NaSodium
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S GalenaPbS
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
S CinnabarHgS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S SulphurS8
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S YarrowiteCu9S8
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
VVanadium
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
CuCopper
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Cu Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu YarrowiteCu9S8
Cu ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zn BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Zn KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Zn Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Zn Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
AsArsenic
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
As ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
As Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
SbAntimony
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Phanerozoic : 272 Ma to 241 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Triassic
   Middle Triassic
ⓘ Illite (youngest age)241 Ma
    
  
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Illite (oldest age)272 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3132076
Early Carboniferous limestone

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{claystone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 2033368
Unnamed Extrusive Rocks, Ordovician

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic lava

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Parson, W. and White, W. (1829) History, directory, and gazeteer of the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland... xxxiv, 732 pp. [facsimile reprint by Michael Moon, Beckermet, Cumbria 1976].
Mannix, ... and Whellan, W. (1847) History, gazeteer and directory of Cumberland. Printed for the authors by W.B. Johnson, Beverley, 647 pp. [facsimile reprint by Michael Moon, Beckermet, 1974].
Sowerby, H. (1850) Popular mineralogy; comprising a familiar account of minerals and their uses. Reeve and Benham, London [Collecting minerals, by B.M. Wright, 14-23].
Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 583 pp. [also a facsimile reprint with addenda by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].
Whellan, W. (1860) The history and topography of the counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland. W. Whellan, Pontefract. viii, 896 pp.
Eastwood, T. (1921) The lead and zinc ores of the Lake District. Special Report on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain No. 22, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Wilson, G.V., Eastwood, T., Pocock, R.W., Wray, D.A., and Robertson, T. (1922) Barytes and witherite. Special Report of the Mineral Resources of Great Britain no. 2, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Day, F.H. (1928) Some notes on the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. Transactions of the Carlisle Natural History Society, 4, 66-79.
Claringbull, G.F. (1951) New occurrences of duftite. Mineralogical Magazine, 29(213), 609-614.
Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1 [An unpublished 39-page typescript of a paper given to the Mineralogical Society on 8 March 1951. Several of the species detailed here were to become the subject of separate papers published in later years. Many of the remaining species were not listed until Hartley's summary paper of 1984].
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of arseniosiderite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 499-500.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. (1957) New occurrences of phosgenite. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 500-501.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1957) New occurrences of rosasite in Britain. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(237), 501-502.
Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal, 128 pp. [2nd ed. 1975 incorporating minor changes].
Ineson, P.R. and Mitchell, J.G. (1974) K-Ar isotopic age determinations from some Lake District mineral localities. Geological Magazine, 111, 521-537.
Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.
Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Ryback, G., Clark, A.M., and Stanley, C.J. (1998) Reexamination of the A.W.G. Kingsbury collection of British minerals at the Natural History Museum, London. The Geological Curator, 6(9), 317-322.
Ryback, G., Hart, A.D., and Stanley, C.J. (2001) A.W.G. Kingsbury's specimens of British minerals. Part 1: some examples of falsified localities. Journal of the Russell Society, 7(2).
Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., Bridges, T.F., Tindle, A.G., and Ixer, R.A. (2006) A review of the mineralisation at the Driggith and Sandbed mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 4-38.
Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, 11, 3-28.


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