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Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape Province, South Africa

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Key
Lock Map
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 27° South , 22° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~17km
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate


The Kalahari Manganese Field

Situated in extremely well-preserved, 2.2 billion-year-old sedimentary rocks of the Transvaal Supergroup near Hotazel in the Northern Cape province of South Africa, the Kalahari Manganese Field is one of the geological and mineralogical wonders of the world. In addition to representing by far the largest-known land-based manganese deposit on Earth, the Kalahari Manganese Field is also the world’s top producer of ore in manganese metal tonnage. It also hosts a world-renowned, unique and varied assemblage of aesthetic collector’s mineral specimens that are often rare or unique.

Rhodochrosite

The mineral that made the Kalahari Manganese Field world famous was rhodochrosite. This mineral was originally discovered in the Hotazel opencast mine in 1963. These early specimens were generally not spectacular and consist mainly of drusy rhodochrosite associated with gypsum. Up until 1967, however, a few scalenohedral crystals did emerge from Hotazel mine. Then, 10 years later, the major discovery of rhodochrosite was made while N’Chwaning I mine was being opened, when a wide variety of the different colours and habits of spectacular specimens was encountered. Apart from its colour variations, which range from wine-red to pale-pink, the rhodochrosite occurs in a variety of shapes and sizes, from ‘dog-tooth’ (scalenohedral) to smooth spheres and ‘wheat-sheaf’ bundles of crystals.

The shaft of N’Chwaning I mine penetrated directly into vugs containing crystals, and hundreds of loose crystals were swept away off the floor at that time.

Truly exceptional, undamaged rhodochrosites are not that common, particularly the scalenohedral form, whose terminations cleave off very easily. Gem-quality material has been faceted. Most of the high-quality rhodochrosite came from N’Chwaning I mine. Specimens from Hotazel and N’Chwaning I mines typically occur with manganite, gypsum, todorokite, chalcedony and drusy quartz. The origin and formation of the rhodochrosite is connected to relatively recent geological events in the Kalahari Manganese Field and bears no link to the major Wessels-type alteration period that took place over a billion years ago. This rhodochrosite, from this much older geological event, is found in both N’Chwaning and Wessels mines but is less spectacular, and consists almost exclusively of simple pink, rhombohedral crystals, less than one centimetre, sometimes associated with gageite, orlymanite, caryopilite and leucophoenicite.
Drusy pink rhodochrosite was the most common mineral found associated with the 2006 N’Chwaning I mine shigaite specimens. Most have drusy, pale-pink to pink interlocking rhodochrosite crystals, one to three millimetres long. Some specimens have translucent pink crystals up to one centimetre or slightly longer, but these tend to be isolated on the drusy matrix. One variation of the pink rhodochrosite is thin, prismatic needle-like crystals up to two centimetres, which are intergrown with each other. These crystals are transparent, pale-red and bicoloured, almost always with a darker, red-brown colour at the termination of the crystals.

In early 2006, a very small discovery of rhodochrosite was made at N’Chwaning II mine, probably fewer than three or four dozen specimens. The difference from the classic Kalahari rhodochrosite is that this small pocket yielded pink, curved rhombohedrons, up to one centimetre. Matrix specimens coated with these crystals were collected, the largest being 12cm. (Cairncross and Beukes, 2013).

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Kalahari manganese fields, Northern Cape Province, South Africa

Regions containing this locality

Kalahari Desert, Africa

Desert - 270 mineral species & varietal names listed

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

174 valid minerals. 24 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Aegirine-augite var: Blanfordite
Formula: (Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Hydroandradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
'Apatite'
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 186.
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Bloodstone'
Formula: SiO2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Braunite-II' (FRL)
Formula: CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Reference: American Mineralogist (1967): 52, 20-30; Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) pp 282; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: pp 190; Cairncross, B., and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa, pp 156.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cairncrossite (TL)
Formula: Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Reference: Giester, G., Lengauer, C.L., Pristacz, H., Rieck, B. and von Bezing, K.-L. (2013) Cairncrossite, IMA 2013-012. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2703; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.; Giester, G., Lengauer, C.L., Pristacz, H., Rieck, B., Topa, D., von Bezing, K.-L. (2016): Cairncrossite, a new phyllosilicate from the Wessels Mine, Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 495-505
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Charlesite
Formula: Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
'Chert'
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'
Clinotobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Colinowensite (TL)
Formula: BaCuSi2O6
Reference: Rieck, B. (2013) Colinowensite, IMA 2012-060. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 6; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyprine (TL)
Formula: Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Reference: Panikorovskii,T.L.,Shilovskikh,V.V., Avdontseva, E.Y., Zolotarev, A.A., Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N. and Krivovichev, S.V. (2015) Cyprine, IMA 2015-044. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1228; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236.; Panikorovskii, T.L., Shilovskikh, V.V., Avdontseva, E.Yu., Zolotarev, A.A., Pekov, I.V., Britvin, S.N., Krivovichev, S.V. (2017): Cyprine, Ca19Cu2+(Al,Mg,Mn)12Si18O68(OH)10, a new vesuvianite-group mineral from the Wessels mine, South Africa. European Journal of Mineralogy, 29, 295-306.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Despujolsite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Diaspore var: Mangan-diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Diegogattaite (TL)
Formula: Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Reference: Rumsey, M. S., Welch, M. D., Kampf, A. R., & Spratt, J. (2013). Diegogattaite, Na2CaCu2Si8O20· H2O: a new nanoporous copper sheet silicate from Wessels Mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, Republic of South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(8), 3155-3162.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Effenbergerite (TL)
Formula: BaCuSi4O10
Reference: Giester, G., & Rieck, B. (1994). Effenbergerite BaCu [Si4010], a new mineral from the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 58, 663-670.
Ephesite
Formula: LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Feitknechtite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
'Ferro-akermanite'
Formula: Ca2FeSi2O7
Ferrobustamite
Formula: CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Gageite
Formula: Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
'Gageite-2M'
Formula: (Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gatehouseite
Formula: Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Gaudefroyite
Formula: Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Glaucochroite
Formula: CaMn2+SiO4
Glauconite
Formula: (K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gonyerite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Gowerite
Formula: Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Guidottiite (TL)
Formula: Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Reference: Wahle, M.W., Bujnowski, T.J., Guggenheim, S., Kogure, T. (2010): Guidottiite, the Mn-analogue of cronstedtite: A new serpentine group mineral from South Africa. Clays and Clay Minerals, 58, 364-378.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hennomartinite (TL)
Formula: SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1993) 73, 349-355; Gnos, E., Armbruster, T., & Villa, I. M. (2003). Norrishite, K (Mn23+ Li) Si4O10 (O) 2, an oxymica associated with sugilite from the Wessels Mine, South Africa: Crystal chemistry and 40Ar-39Ar dating. American Mineralogist, 88(1), 189-194.
Henritermierite
Formula: Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Holtstamite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Am. Min. (2005): 90: 1946; European Journal of Mineralogy: 17(2): 375-382.
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Inyoite
Formula: Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Jennite
Formula: Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Jouravskite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Kenotobermorite (TL)
Formula: [Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Reference: Merlino S, Bonaccorsi E, Armbruster T (2001) The real structure of tobermorite 11Å: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modification. European Journal of Mineralogy 13, 577-590 ; Biagioni, C., Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E. (2015): The tobermorite supergroup: a new nomenclature. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 485-495
'Kenotobermorite-4O'
Kentrolite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Lavinskyite (TL)
Formula: K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Reference: http://rruff.info/lavinskyite; Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Pinch, W.W. (2014): Lavinskyite, K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4, isotypic with planchéite, a new mineral from the Wessels mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99, 525-530.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Leucophoenicite
Formula: Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Lipuite (TL)
Formula: KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Reference: Yang, H., Gu, X., Xie, X., van Nieuwenhuizen, J.J., Evans, S.H. and Downs, R.T. (2015) Lipuite, IMA 2014-085. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 58; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51-58.
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'commodity:Manganese'
Formula: Mn
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Manganoan Calcite'
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Manganvesuvianite (TL)
Formula: Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Reference: T. Armbruster et al. (2002) Mineralogical Magazine 66, 137-150
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Marokite
Formula: CaMn3+2O4
Meieranite (TL)
Formula: Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
Reference: Yang, H., Gu, X., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., van Nieuwenhuizen, J.J., Lavinsky, R.M. and Xie, X. (2015) Meieranite, IMA 2015- 009. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 533; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535.
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Mozartite
Formula: CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nchwaningite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1995) 80, 377-386; MinRec 27:203-204]
Neltnerite
Formula: CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Norrishite
Formula: KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Olmiite (TL)
Formula: CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Reference: Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Medenbach, O., Pagano, R., Lampronti, Menchetti, S. (2007): Olmiite, CaMn[SiO3(OH)](OH), the Mn-dominant analogue of poldervaartite, a new mineral species from Kalahari manganese fields (Republic of South Africa), Mineralogical Magazine, 71, 193-291.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orientite
Formula: Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Orlymanite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: [Amer.Min.(1990) 75, 923-927; Mandarino, 1997]
Oyelite
Formula: Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, Rand Afrikaans University).
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)
Formula: {CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Poldervaartite (TL)
Formula: CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Reference: Amer.Min.(1993) 78, 1082-1087; von Bezing, L. & Gutzmer, J. (1994): Das Kalahari Manganerzfeld und seine Mineralien (II). Mineralien-Welt, 5(5), 41-59. Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (2001): Seltene Mineralien aus dem Kalahari-Manganerzfeld, Südafrika. Lapis, 26(10), 32-42; Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (2002): Spectacular Minerals from the Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. Rocks & Minerals, 77(2), 94-107.
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)
Formula: [(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1993) 73, 349-355; Gnos, E., Armbruster, T., & Villa, I. M. (2003). Norrishite, K (Mn23+ Li) Si4O10 (O) 2, an oxymica associated with sugilite from the Wessels Mine, South Africa: Crystal chemistry and 40Ar-39Ar dating. American Mineralogist, 88(1), 189-194.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ruizite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schizolite
Formula: NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Scottyite (TL)
Formula: BaCu2Si2O7
Reference: http://rruff.info/scottyite; Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Pinch, W.W. and Origlieri, M.J. (2012): Scottyite, IMA 2012-027. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1284; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288; Yang, H., Downs, R.T., Evans, S., Pinch, W. (2013): Scottyite, the natural analogue of synthetic BaCu2Si2O7, a new mineral from the Wessels mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 98, 478–484.
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Shigaite
Formula: Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Sogdianite
Formula: K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Strontioruizite (TL)
Formula: Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Yang, H., Cairncross, B., Gu, X., Yong, T. and Downs, R.T. (2017) Strontioruizite, IMA 2017-045. CNMNC Newsletter No. 39, October 2017, page 1280; Mineralogical Magazine; 81: 1279–1286
Sturmanite
Formula: Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sugilite
Formula: K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Sussexite
Formula: Mn2+BO2(OH)
Taikanite
Formula: Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Taniajacoite (TL)
Formula: SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Reference: Yang, H., Gu, X., Downs, R.T. and Xie, X. (2015) Taniajacoite, IMA 2014-107. CNMNC Newsletter No. 25, June 2015, page 531; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 529-535.
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Tetraferriannite
Formula: KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Tweddillite (TL)
Formula: {CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(2002) 66, 137-150; Lapis 2002(11), 43
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vonbezingite (TL)
Formula: Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Amer.Min.(1992) 77, 1292-1300 Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 251.
Vuagnatite
Formula: CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
'Wad'
Wesselsite (TL)
Formula: SrCuSi4O10
Reference: Giester, G., & Rieck, B. (1996). Wesselsite, SrCu [Si4Olo], a further new gillespite-group mineral from the Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 60, 795-798.; Rumsey, M. S., Welch, M. D., Kampf, A. R., & Spratt, J. (2013). Diegogattaite, Na2CaCu2Si8O20· H2O: a new nanoporous copper sheet silicate from Wessels Mine, Kalahari Manganese Fields, Republic of South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(8), 3155-3162.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
var: Mangan-diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Feitknechtite4.FE.25Mn3+O(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manjiroite4.DK.05aNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Marokite4.BC.05CaMn3+2O4
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Gaudefroyite6.AB.60Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Gowerite6.EC.10Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Inyoite6.CA.35Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Sussexite6.BA.15Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Charlesite7.DG.15Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Despujolsite7.DF.25Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jouravskite7.DG.15Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Shigaite7.DD.35Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Sturmanite7.DG.15Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Vonbezingite (TL)7.DD.65Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Brandtite8.CG.10Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gatehouseite8.BD.10Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Aegirine-augite'9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
var: Blanfordite9.DA.20(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
'Afwillite'9.AG.75Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Hydroandradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Bementite9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Braunite-II (TL)9.AG.05CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Bultfonteinite9.AG.80Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochrysotile9.ED.
Clinotobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyprine (TL)9.BG.XCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Effenbergerite (TL)9.EA.05BaCuSi4O10
Ephesite9.EC.20LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferrobustamite9.DG.05CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Foshagite9.DG.15Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Friedelite9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Gageite9.DH.35Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Glaucochroite9.AC.05CaMn2+SiO4
Gonyerite9.EC.55(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Guidottiite (TL)9.ED.15Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Hennomartinite (TL)9.BE.05SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Henritermierite9.AD.25Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Holtstamite (TL)9.AD.25Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Inesite9.DL.05Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Jennite9.DG.20Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kentrolite9.BE.80Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Leucophoenicite9.AF.60Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Manganvesuvianite (TL)9.BG.35Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Mozartite9.AG.60CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nchwaningite (TL)9.DB.30Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Neltnerite9.AG.05CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norrishite9.EC.20KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Olmiite (TL)9.AF.90CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Orientite9.BJ.05Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Orlymanite (TL)9.EE.30Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Oyelite9.HA.80Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parsettensite9.EG.40(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)9.BG.05{CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Poldervaartite (TL)9.AF.90CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)9.DE.25[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Ruizite9.BJ.35Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Sogdianite9.CM.05K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Sugilite9.CM.05K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Taikanite9.DH.25Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Tetraferriannite9.EC.20KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tweddillite (TL)9.BG.05{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vuagnatite9.AG.60CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Wesselsite (TL)9.EA.05SrCuSi4O10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Åkermanite'9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Apatite-
Apophyllite-
Bloodstone-SiO2
Cairncrossite (TL)-Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Chert-
Chlorite Group-
Colinowensite (TL)-BaCuSi2O6
Diegogattaite (TL)-Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Ferro-akermanite-Ca2FeSi2O7
Gageite-2M-(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Glauconite-(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Grossular-Hibschite Series-
Kenotobermorite (TL)-[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Kenotobermorite-4O-
Lavinskyite (TL)-K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Lipuite (TL)-KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Manganese Oxides-
Manganoan Calcite-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Meieranite (TL)-Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Scottyite (TL)-BaCu2Si2O7
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Strontioruizite (TL)-Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Taniajacoite (TL)- SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Wad-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Nsutite4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Ramsdellite4.4.7.1Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Feitknechtite6.1.4.3Mn3+O(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
Pyrochroite6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Marokite7.2.10.1CaMn3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II' (FRL)7.5.1.3CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Neltnerite7.5.1.2CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Manjiroite7.9.1.3Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Diborates
Sussexite25.2.1.1Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Inyoite26.3.1.1Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Pentaborates
Gowerite26.5.8.1Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Group 27 - COMPOUND BORATES
Miscellaneous
Gaudefroyite27.1.2.1Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Shigaite31.1.2.1Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Vonbezingite (TL)31.5.1.1Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Despujolsite31.7.6.1Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Charlesite32.4.4.1Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Jouravskite32.4.4.3Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Sturmanite32.4.4.2Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Brandtite40.2.3.2Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Gatehouseite41.4.1.2Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Glaucochroite51.3.2.3CaMn2+SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Henritermierite51.4.4.1Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Leucophoenicite52.3.2c.2Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Afwillite52.4.7.1Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Bultfonteinite52.4.7.2Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Mozartite52.4.2.1CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Vuagnatite52.4.2.2CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Hennomartinite (TL)56.2.3.2SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Jennite56.2.4.11Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Kentrolite56.2.10.2Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si4O13] groups
Ruizite57.2.2.1Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)58.2.1a.12{CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with insular single and triple groups (n=1, 3)
Orientite58.3.1.2Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Sogdianite63.2.1a.13K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Sugilite63.2.1a.9K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Nchwaningite (TL)65.1.8.1Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ferrobustamite65.2.1.3CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Foshagite65.2.2.1Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=4
'Gageite-2M'65.3.2.2a(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Taikanite65.3.3.1Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)66.1.3c.13[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Inesite66.3.3.1Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Caryopilite71.1.2b.1Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Greenalite71.1.2b.4(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Guidottiite (TL)71.1.4.8Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Effenbergerite (TL)71.2.3.3BaCuSi4O10
Ephesite71.2.2b.16LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Glauconite71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Minnesotaite71.2.1.5Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Norrishite71.2.2b.11KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetraferriannite71.2.2b.4KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Gonyerite71.4.4.1(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Clinotobermorite72.3.2.2[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Oyelite72.3.2.8Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Friedelite72.4.1b.1Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Orlymanite (TL)73.2.2b.2Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Parsettensite74.1.3.1(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Banalsite76.1.6.1Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cymrite78.1.3.1BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Poldervaartite (TL)78.1.8.1CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Bementite78.5.2.1Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aegirine-augite
var: Blanfordite
-(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Andradite
var: Hydroandradite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bloodstone'-SiO2
Cairncrossite (TL)-Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
'Chert'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Colinowensite (TL)-BaCuSi2O6
Cyprine (TL)-Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Diaspore
var: Mangan-diaspore
-AlO(OH)
Diegogattaite (TL)-Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
'Ferro-akermanite'-Ca2FeSi2O7
Gageite-Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
Holtstamite (TL)-Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kenotobermorite (TL)-[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
'Kenotobermorite-4O'-
Lavinskyite (TL)-K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Lipuite (TL)-KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Manganoan Calcite'-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Manganvesuvianite (TL)-Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Meieranite (TL)-Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
Olmiite (TL)-CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Scottyite (TL)-BaCu2Si2O7
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Strontioruizite (TL)-Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Taniajacoite (TL)- SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Tweddillite (TL)-{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Wad'-
Wesselsite (TL)-SrCuSi4O10

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
H CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
H CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
H CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
H EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)
H FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
H FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
H Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
H GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
H GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
H Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
H HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
H Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
H Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
H InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
H JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
H JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
H LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
H LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Diaspore (var: Mangan-diaspore)AlO(OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
H MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
H MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
H OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
H OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
H OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
H SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
H SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
H SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
H TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
H VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
H XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
LiLithium
Li EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Li LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Li NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
Li Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Li SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Li SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
BBoron
B CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
B GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
B InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
B OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
B SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
B SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
C JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C VateriteCaCO3
OOxygen
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
O ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
O BaryteBaSO4
O BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
O BloodstoneSiO2
O BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
O CalciteCaCO3
O CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
O CelestineSrSO4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
O CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
O EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
O FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)
O Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
O FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
O FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
O Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
O GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
O GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
O GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
O GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
O Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
O GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
O HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
O Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
O Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
O InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
O KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
O KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
O LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Diaspore (var: Mangan-diaspore)AlO(OH)
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
O ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
O ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O MarokiteCaMn23+O4
O MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
O MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
O MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
O NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
O Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
O OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
O OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
O OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O QuartzSiO2
O RamsdelliteMn4+O2
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
O ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
O SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
O Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
O SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
O SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
O SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
O TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TridymiteSiO2
O Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O VateriteCaCO3
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
O VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
O WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FFluorine
F BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Na CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Na DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Na EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Na LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Na MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Na SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Na ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Mg MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Al Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Al CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Al HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al Diaspore (var: Mangan-diaspore)AlO(OH)
Al ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Al SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Si ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Si BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Si Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Si BloodstoneSiO2
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Si BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Si CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
Si CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Si CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
Si EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
Si FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Si FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Si FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Si Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Si GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Si Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Si HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Si HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Si Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Si HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Si Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Si JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Si KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
Si KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Si LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Si LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
Si LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Si MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Si MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Si MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Si NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
Si OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Si OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Si OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Si Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Si ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Si SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Si Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Si TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
P LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
KPotassium
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
K LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
K NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
K Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
K SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
K TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Ca BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Ca BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Ca Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ca Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
Ca FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Ca GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Ca GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
Ca GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Ca Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ca HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Ca Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Ca JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Ca JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Ca JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Ca Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Ca KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Ca MarokiteCaMn23+O4
Ca MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Ca NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Ca OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Ca OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Ca OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Ca Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Ca Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca VateriteCaCO3
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Ca VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
Mn Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Mn BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mn FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Mn GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Mn Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Mn GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
Mn GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Mn GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
Mn Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Mn GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Mn JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Mn KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
Mn LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Mn ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn MarokiteCaMn23+O4
Mn MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Mn NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
Mn Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Mn OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Mn OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Mn OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Mn Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Mn Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Mn PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn RamsdelliteMn4+O2
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Mn SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Mn SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mn StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Mn SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Mn SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Mn SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
Mn TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Mn Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FeIron
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
Fe FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Fe Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Fe Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Fe GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Fe SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Fe TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
Cu CopperCu
Cu CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Cu DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Cu EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
Cu LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Cu VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
ZnZinc
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
SrStrontium
Sr CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Sr MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Sr Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
Sr StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sr TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Sr Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Sr Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sr WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
ZrZirconium
Zr SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Zr SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
BaBarium
Ba BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
Ba CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Ba EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ba ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Ba TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Stenian : 1040 Ma to 1010 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Mesoproterozoic
   Stenian
ⓘ Norrishite (youngest age)1010 MaWessels Mine, Hotazel, Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape Province, South Africa
ⓘ Norrishite (oldest age)1040 MaWessels Mine, Hotazel, Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape Province, South Africa

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
De Villiers, P.R. (1970). The geology and mineralogy of the Kalahari manganese-field north of Sishen, Cape Province. Memoir of the Geological Survey of South Africa, No. 59, 84 pages.
De Villiers, P. R., (1971). The geology and mineralogy of the Kalahari manganese-field north of Sishen, Cape Province. Geological Survey of South Africa, Memoir 59, 84 pages.
S.A. Manganese Corporation SAMCOR Ltd. (1977). Kalahari Wealth, the Story of Manganese. Purnell, Cape Town, 174 pages.
Wilson, W.E. & Dunn, P.J., (1978) Famous localities: The Kalahari manganese field. Mineralogical Record, 9(3), 137-153.
Kleyenstüber, A.S.E. (1982). A review of the geology and mining of the Kalahari manganese field. In: Glen, H.W. (editor). Proceedings, 12th CMMI Congress. Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 213–220.
Pienaar, H.S. (1982). Gem quality friedelite from the Kalahari manganese field near Kuruman, South Africa. Gems and Gemology, 18, 221–224.
Miyano, T. and Beukes, N.J. (1987). Physicochemical environments for the formation of quartz-free manganese oxide ores from the Early Proterozoic Hotazel Formation, Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. Economic Geology, 82, 706–718.
Miyano, T. and Beukes, N.J. (1988). Estimation of carbon dioxide fugacity and braunite II stability in quartz-free manganese oxide ores from the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. South African Journal of Science, 84, 244–246.
Von Bezing, L., Dixon, R.D., Pohl, D. and Cavallo, G. (1991). The Kalahari manganese field: An update. Mineralogical Record, 24(4), 10–27.
Kleyenstüber, A.S.E. (1993). Some significant characteristics of the manganese ores and some of the minerals occurring in the Proterozoic Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. Resource Geology, 17, 2–11.
Von Bezing, L. and Gutzmer, J. (1994a). Das Kalahari Manganerzfeld und seine Mineralien (Teil I). Mineralien Welt, 4, 24–46.
Von Bezing, L. and Gutzmer, J. (1994b). Das Kalahari Manganerzfeld und seine Mineralien (Teil II). Mineralien Welt, 5, 41–59.
Cairncross, B. and R. Dixon (1995) Minerals of South Africa.
Cornell, D.H. and Schütte, S.S. (1995). A volcanic-exhalative origin for the world’s largest (Kalahari) manganese field. Mineralium Deposita, 30, 146–151.
Gutzmer, J. and Beukes, N.J. (1995). Fault controlled metasomatic alteration of Early Proterozoic sedimentary manganese ores in the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. Economic Geology, 90, 823–844.
Gutzmer, J., Beukes, N.J., Kleyenstüber, A.S.E. and Burger, A.M. (1995). Magnetic hausmannite from hydrothermally altered manganese ore in the Palaeoproterozoic Kalahari manganese deposit, Transvaal Supergroup, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 59, 703–716.
Gutzmer, J. (1996). Genesis and alteration of the Kalahari and Postmasburg manganese deposits, Griqualand West, South Africa. PhD thesis (unpublished). Rand Afrikaans University, Johannesburg, 266 pages.
Gutzmer, J. and Beukes, N.J. (1996). Mineral paragenesis of the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. Ore Geology Reviews, 11, 405–428.
Cairncross, B., Beukes, N. and Gutzmer, J. (1997) The Manganese Adventure – The South African Manganese Fields. Associated Ore & Metal Corporation Limited, Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa.
Gutzmer, J., Beukes, N.J. and Yeh, H-W. (1997). Metasomatic and supergene fault-controlled alteration of Early Proterozoic sedimentary manganese ore at Mamatwan Mine, Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 100, 53–71.
Tsikos, H. and Moore, J.M. (1997). Petrography and geochemistry of the Paleoproterozoic Hotazel Iron-Manganese Formation, Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa: Implications for Precambrian manganese metallogenesis. Economic Geology, 92, 87–97.
Tsikos, H. and Moore, J.M. (1998). The Kalahari manganese field: An enigmatic association of iron and manganese. South African Journal of Geology, 101, 287–290.
Lüders, V., Gutzmer, J., Beukes, N.J. (1999). Formation of high-grade manganese ores in the Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa: Evidence from fluid inclusions studies in co-genetic iron and manganese oxides, and gangue minerals. In: Stanley et al. (editors). Mineral Deposits: Processes to Processing. Balkema, Rotterdam, 55–58.
Cairncross, B. and Gutzmer, J. (2000). Spektakulärer Mineralien aus dem Kalahari Manganerzfeld, Südafrika. Lapis, 25, No. 10, 13–26.
Gutzmer, J. and Beukes, N.J. (2000). Asbestiform manjiroite and todorokite from the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. South African Journal of Geology, 103, 163–174.
Cairncross, B. and Gutzmer, J. (2000). Spektakulärer Mineralien aus dem Kalahari Manganerzfeld, Südafrika. Lapis, 25, No. 10, 13–26.
Steyn, P.H.R. (2000). Changing tides: the story of ASSMANG. Associated Manganese Mines of South Africa, Johannesburg, 274 pages.
Evans, D.A.D., Gutzmer, J., Beukes, N.J., Kirschvink, J.L. (2001). Paleomagnetic constraints on ages of mineralization in the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. Economic Geology, 96, 621–631.
Gutzmer J. and Cairncross, B. (2001). Seltene mineralien aus dem Kalahari-Manganerzfeld, Südafrika. Lapis, 26, No. 10, 32–42.
Cairncross, B. and Balayer, P. (2007). Neufund: Shigait aus den Kalahari-Manganfeldern, Südafrika. Lapis, 32, 23–26.
Gutzmer, J. and Cairncross, B. (2002). Spectacular minerals from the Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. Rocks & Minerals – Special Issue on ‘Minerals of Africa’, 77, 94–107.
Tsikos, H., Beukes, N.J., Moore, J.M. and Harris, C., (2003). Deposition, diagenesis and secondary enrichment of metals in the Paleoproterozoic Hotazel Iron Formation, Kalahari manganese field, South Africa. Economic Geology, 98, 1149–1462.
Gutzmer, J., Du Plooy, A.P. and Beukes, N.J. (2012). Timing of supergene enrichment of low-grade manganese ores in the Kalahari Manganese Field South Africa. Ore Geology Reviews, 47, 136-153.
Cairncross, B., Beukes, N. J. (2013): The Kalahari Manganese Adventure – The Adventure Continues. Random House Struik, Capetown, Republic of South Africa, 384 pp.
Blignaut, L. (2017). A Petrographical and Geochemical Analysis of the Upper and Lower Manganese Ore Bodies from the Kalahari Manganese Deposit, Northern Cape, South Africa – Controls on Hydrothermal Metasomatism and Metal Upgrading. PhD thesis, Department of Geology, University of Johannesburg, South Africa, 348 pages.

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