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Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape, South Africai
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The Kalahari Manganese Field

Situated in extremely well-preserved, 2.2 billion-year-old sedimentary rocks of the Transvaal Supergroup near Hotazel in the Northern Cape province of South Africa, the Kalahari Manganese Field is one of the geological and mineralogical wonders of the world. In addition to representing by far the largest-known land-based manganese deposit on Earth, the Kalahari Manganese Field is also the world’s top producer of ore in manganese metal tonnage. It also hosts a world-renowned, unique and varied assemblage of aesthetic collector’s mineral specimens that are often rare or unique.

Rhodochrosite

The mineral that made the Kalahari Manganese Field world famous was rhodochrosite. This mineral was originally discovered in the Hotazel opencast mine in 1963. These early specimens were generally not spectacular and consist mainly of drusy rhodochrosite associated with gypsum. Up until 1967, however, a few scalenohedral crystals did emerge from Hotazel mine. Then, 10 years later, the major discovery of rhodochrosite was made while N’Chwaning I mine was being opened, when a wide variety of the different colours and habits of spectacular specimens was encountered. Apart from its colour variations, which range from wine-red to pale-pink, the rhodochrosite occurs in a variety of shapes and sizes, from ‘dog-tooth’ (scalenohedral) to smooth spheres and ‘wheat-sheaf’ bundles of crystals.

The shaft of N’Chwaning I mine penetrated directly into vugs containing crystals, and hundreds of loose crystals were swept away off the floor at that time.

Truly exceptional, undamaged rhodochrosites are not that common, particularly the scalenohedral form, whose terminations cleave off very easily. Gem-quality material has been faceted. Most of the high-quality rhodochrosite came from N’Chwaning I mine. Specimens from Hotazel and N’Chwaning I mines typically occur with manganite, gypsum, todorokite, chalcedony and drusy quartz. The origin and formation of the rhodochrosite is connected to relatively recent geological events in the Kalahari Manganese Field and bears no link to the major Wessels-type alteration period that took place over a billion years ago. This rhodochrosite, from this much older geological event, is found in both N’Chwaning and Wessels mines but is less spectacular, and consists almost exclusively of simple pink, rhombohedral crystals, less than one centimetre, sometimes associated with gageite, orlymanite, caryopilite and leucophoenicite.
Drusy pink rhodochrosite was the most common mineral found associated with the 2006 N’Chwaning I mine shigaite specimens. Most have drusy, pale-pink to pink interlocking rhodochrosite crystals, one to three millimetres long. Some specimens have translucent pink crystals up to one centimetre or slightly longer, but these tend to be isolated on the drusy matrix. One variation of the pink rhodochrosite is thin, prismatic needle-like crystals up to two centimetres, which are intergrown with each other. These crystals are transparent, pale-red and bicoloured, almost always with a darker, red-brown colour at the termination of the crystals.

In early 2006, a very small discovery of rhodochrosite was made at N’Chwaning II mine, probably fewer than three or four dozen specimens. The difference from the classic Kalahari rhodochrosite is that this small pocket yielded pink, curved rhombohedrons, up to one centimetre. Matrix specimens coated with these crystals were collected, the largest being 12cm. (Cairncross and Beukes, 2013).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

174 valid minerals. 25 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aegirine-augite var: Blanfordite
Formula: (Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Hydroandradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Apatite'
'Apophyllite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Bloodstone'
Formula: SiO2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Braunite-II' (FRL)
Formula: CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cairncrossite (TL)
Formula: Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Type Locality:
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Charlesite
Formula: Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'
Clinotobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Colinowensite (TL)
Formula: BaCuSi2O6
Type Locality:
Copper
Formula: Cu
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyprine (TL)
Formula: Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Type Locality:
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Despujolsite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Diaspore var: Mangan-diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Diegogattaite (TL)
Formula: Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Type Locality:
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Effenbergerite (TL)
Formula: BaCuSi4O10
Type Locality:
Ephesite
Formula: LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Feitknechtite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
'Ferro-akermanite'
Formula: Ca2FeSi2O7
Ferrobustamite
Formula: CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Gageite
Formula: Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
'Gageite-2M'
Formula: (Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Galena
Formula: PbS
Gatehouseite
Formula: Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Gaudefroyite
Formula: Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Glaucochroite
Formula: CaMn2+SiO4
Glauconite
Formula: (K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gonyerite
Formula: (Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Gowerite
Formula: Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hibschite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Groutite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Guidottiite (TL)
Formula: Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Type Locality:
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hennomartinite (TL)
Formula: SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Type Locality:
Henritermierite
Formula: Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Holtstamite (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Type Locality:
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Inyoite
Formula: Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Jennite
Formula: Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Jouravskite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kenotobermorite (TL)
Formula: [Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Type Locality:
'Kenotobermorite-4O'
Kentrolite
Formula: Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Kirschsteinite
Formula: CaFe2+SiO4
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Lavinskyite (TL)
Formula: K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Leucophoenicite
Formula: Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Lipuite (TL)
Formula: KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Type Locality:
Lithiophorite
Formula: (Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Manganese'
Formula: Mn
'Manganese Oxides'
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Manganvesuvianite (TL)
Formula: Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Manjiroite
Formula: Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Marokite
Formula: CaMn3+2O4
Meieranite (TL)
Formula: Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
Type Locality:
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Mozartite
Formula: CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nchwaningite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Neltnerite
Formula: CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norrishite
Formula: KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Olmiite (TL)
Formula: CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orientite
Formula: Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Orlymanite (TL)
Formula: Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Oyelite
Formula: Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)
Formula: {CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Poldervaartite (TL)
Formula: CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)
Formula: [(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Type Locality:
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrochroite
Formula: Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ⃞[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ruizite
Formula: Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schizolite
Formula: NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Scottyite (TL)
Formula: BaCu2Si2O7
Type Locality:
Serandite
Formula: NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Shigaite
Formula: Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sogdianite
Formula: K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Strontioruizite (TL)
Formula: Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Sturmanite ? (TL)
Formula: Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sugilite
Formula: K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Sussexite
Formula: Mn2+BO2(OH)
Taikanite
Formula: Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Taniajacoite (TL)
Formula: SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Type Locality:
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Tetraferriannite
Formula: KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Tweddillite (TL)
Formula: {CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Type Locality:
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'
Formula: K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Vaterite
Formula: CaCO3
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vonbezingite (TL)
Formula: Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Vuagnatite
Formula: CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
'Wad'
Wesselsite (TL)
Formula: SrCuSi4O10
Type Locality:
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Manganese' ?1.AE.30Mn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Creedite3.CG.15Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bixbyite4.CB.10Mn3+2O3
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
var: Mangan-diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Feitknechtite4.FE.25Mn3+O(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite4.FD.10Mn3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Lithiophorite4.FE.25(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manjiroite4.DK.05aNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Marokite4.BC.05CaMn3+2O4
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Pyrochroite4.FE.05Mn(OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Vaterite5.AB.20CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Gaudefroyite6.AB.60Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Gowerite6.EC.10Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Inyoite6.CA.35Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Sussexite6.BA.15Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Charlesite7.DG.15Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Despujolsite7.DF.25Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jouravskite7.DG.15Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Shigaite7.DD.35Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Sturmanite ? (TL)7.DG.15Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Vonbezingite (TL)7.DD.65Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Brandtite8.CG.10Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Gatehouseite8.BD.10Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
var: Blanfordite9.DA.20(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Afwillite9.AG.75Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Hydroandradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Bementite9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II' (TL)9.AG.05CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Bultfonteinite9.AG.80Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'9.ED.
Clinotobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Cyprine (TL)9.BG.XCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Effenbergerite (TL)9.EA.05BaCuSi4O10
Ephesite9.EC.20LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferrobustamite9.DG.05CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Foshagite9.DG.15Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Friedelite9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Gageite9.DH.35Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Glaucochroite9.AC.05CaMn2+SiO4
Gonyerite9.EC.55(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Guidottiite (TL)9.ED.15Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Hennomartinite (TL)9.BE.05SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Henritermierite9.AD.25Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Holtstamite (TL)9.AD.25Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Inesite9.DL.05Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Jennite9.DG.20Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kentrolite9.BE.80Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Kirschsteinite9.AC.05CaFe2+SiO4
Leucophoenicite9.AF.60Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Manganvesuvianite (TL)9.BG.35Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Mozartite9.AG.60CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nchwaningite (TL)9.DB.30Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Neltnerite9.AG.05CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norrishite9.EC.20KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Olmiite (TL)9.AF.90CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Orientite9.BJ.05Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Orlymanite (TL)9.EE.30Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Oyelite9.HA.80Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parsettensite9.EG.40(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)9.BG.05{CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Poldervaartite (TL)9.AF.90CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)9.DE.25[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25⃞[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Ruizite9.BJ.35Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Serandite9.DG.05NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Sogdianite9.CM.05K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Sugilite9.CM.05K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Taikanite9.DH.25Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Tetraferriannite9.EC.20KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tweddillite (TL)9.BG.05{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Vuagnatite9.AG.60CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Wesselsite (TL)9.EA.05SrCuSi4O10
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
'Bloodstone'-SiO2
Cairncrossite (TL)-Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
'Chlorite Group'-
Colinowensite (TL)-BaCuSi2O6
Diegogattaite (TL)-Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
'Ferro-akermanite'-Ca2FeSi2O7
'Gageite-2M'-(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Glauconite-(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
Kenotobermorite (TL)-[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
'Kenotobermorite-4O'-
Lavinskyite (TL)-K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Lipuite (TL)-KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
'Manganese Oxides'-
Meieranite (TL)-Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Scottyite (TL)-BaCu2Si2O7
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Strontioruizite (TL)-Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Taniajacoite (TL)- SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'-K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bixbyite4.3.7.2Mn3+2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Nsutite4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Ramsdellite4.4.7.1Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Feitknechtite6.1.4.3Mn3+O(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Groutite6.1.1.3Mn3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
Pyrochroite6.2.1.3Mn(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Lithiophorite6.4.1.1(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Marokite7.2.10.1CaMn3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Braunite7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Braunite-II' (FRL)7.5.1.3CaMn3+14(SiO4)O20
Neltnerite7.5.1.2CaMn3+6(SiO4)O8
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Manjiroite7.9.1.3Na(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 12 - COMPOUND HALIDES
Miscellaneous
Creedite12.1.4.1Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
Vaterite14.1.2.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Diborates
Sussexite25.2.1.1Mn2+BO2(OH)
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Inyoite26.3.1.1Ca(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Pentaborates
Gowerite26.5.8.1Ca[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Group 27 - COMPOUND BORATES
Miscellaneous
Gaudefroyite27.1.2.1Ca4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Shigaite31.1.2.1Mn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Vonbezingite (TL)31.5.1.1Ca6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Despujolsite31.7.6.1Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Charlesite32.4.4.1Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Jouravskite32.4.4.3Ca3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Sturmanite ? (TL)32.4.4.2Ca6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Brandtite40.2.3.2Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Gatehouseite41.4.1.2Mn2+5(PO4)2(OH)4
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Glaucochroite51.3.2.3CaMn2+SiO4
Kirschsteinite51.3.2.2CaFe2+SiO4
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hibschite51.4.3d.1Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Henritermierite51.4.4.1Ca3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Leucophoenicite52.3.2c.2Mn2+7(SiO4)3(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Afwillite52.4.7.1Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Bultfonteinite52.4.7.2Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Mozartite52.4.2.1CaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Vuagnatite52.4.2.2CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Hennomartinite (TL)56.2.3.2SrMn3+2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Jennite56.2.4.11Ca9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Kentrolite56.2.10.2Pb2Mn3+2(Si2O7)O2
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si4O13] groups
Ruizite57.2.2.1Ca2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite58.2.1a.11{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)58.2.1a.12{CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with insular single and triple groups (n=1, 3)
Orientite58.3.1.2Ca8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Sogdianite63.2.1a.13K(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Sugilite63.2.1a.9K(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Nchwaningite (TL)65.1.8.1Mn2+2(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ferrobustamite65.2.1.3CaFe2+(Si2O6)
Foshagite65.2.2.1Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Serandite65.2.1.5NaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=4
'Gageite-2M'65.3.2.2a(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Taikanite65.3.3.1Sr3BaMn2+2(Si4O12)O2
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Potassic-mangani-leakeite (TL)66.1.3c.13[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Richterite66.1.3b.9{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Inesite66.3.3.1Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Xonotlite66.3.1.1Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Caryopilite71.1.2b.1Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
'Clinochrysotile'71.1.2d.1
Greenalite71.1.2b.4(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Guidottiite (TL)71.1.4.8Mn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Effenbergerite (TL)71.2.3.3BaCuSi4O10
Ephesite71.2.2b.16LiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Glauconite71.2.2a.5(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Minnesotaite71.2.1.5Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Norrishite71.2.2b.11KLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tetraferriannite71.2.2b.4KFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Gonyerite71.4.4.1(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Clinotobermorite72.3.2.2[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Oyelite72.3.2.8Ca10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Tobermorite72.3.2.1[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Friedelite72.4.1b.1Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Orlymanite (TL)73.2.2b.2Ca4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Parsettensite74.1.3.1(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Banalsite76.1.6.1Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Miscellaneous
Cymrite78.1.3.1BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Poldervaartite (TL)78.1.8.1CaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Bementite78.5.2.1Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aegirine-augite
var: Blanfordite
-(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Andradite
var: Hydroandradite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
'Apatite'-
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Bloodstone'-SiO2
Cairncrossite (TL)-Sr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Colinowensite (TL)-BaCuSi2O6
Cyprine (TL)-Ca19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Diaspore
var: Mangan-diaspore
-AlO(OH)
Diegogattaite (TL)-Na2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
'Ferro-akermanite'-Ca2FeSi2O7
Gageite-Mn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'-
Holtstamite (TL)-Ca3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kenotobermorite (TL)-[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
'Kenotobermorite-4O'-
Lavinskyite (TL)-K(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Lipuite (TL)-KNa8Mn3+5 Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Magnesio-arfvedsonite-{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Manganese' ?-Mn
'Manganese Oxides'-
Manganvesuvianite (TL)-Ca19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Meieranite (TL)-Na2Sr3MgSi6O17
Olmiite (TL)-CaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
Riebeckite-⃞[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Schizolite-NaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Scottyite (TL)-BaCu2Si2O7
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Strontioruizite (TL)-Sr2Mn3+2Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Taniajacoite (TL)- SrCaMn3+2Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Tweddillite (TL)-{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)'-K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
'Wad'-
Wesselsite (TL)-SrCuSi4O10

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
H OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
H HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
H Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
H PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
H VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
H Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
H HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
H OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
H GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
H LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
H CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
H DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
H LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
H Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
H CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
H Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
H StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
H SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
H AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
H InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
H GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
H BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
H CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
H CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
H FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
H GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
H GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
H HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
H JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
H Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
H JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
H LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
H Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
H Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
H SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
H Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Riebeckite⃞[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)
H OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
H Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
H Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
H MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
H MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
H Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Diaspore (var: Mangan-diaspore)AlO(OH)
H SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
H InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
H CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
LiLithium
Li Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Li LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Li SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Li EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Li NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
Li Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Li SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Li Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
BBoron
B SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
B GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
B SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
B GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
B OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
B CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C VateriteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C StrontianiteSrCO3
OOxygen
O NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
O OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
O EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
O HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
O Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
O PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
O VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
O Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
O WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
O Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
O HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
O OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
O GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
O LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
O ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
O ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
O CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
O DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
O LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
O Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
O MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
O CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
O Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
O StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
O SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
O AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
O InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
O GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
O SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
O GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
O RamsdelliteMn4+O2
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BixbyiteMn23+O3
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
O CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
O FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
O GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
O GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
O JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
O BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
O FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
O GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
O Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
O KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
O LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
O Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MarokiteCaMn23+O4
O Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
O SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O CelestineSrSO4
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Riebeckite⃞[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O SideriteFeCO3
O Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
O NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
O VateriteCaCO3
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)
O Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
O OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
O Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
O Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
O ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
O MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
O NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
O Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
O TridymiteSiO2
O VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
O Diaspore (var: Mangan-diaspore)AlO(OH)
O SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
O BloodstoneSiO2
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
O InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
O CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
O Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
FFluorine
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
F CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Na CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Na DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Na LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Na MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Na ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Na Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Na Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Na SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Riebeckite⃞[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Na Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
MgMagnesium
Mg Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Mg ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Mg LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Mg MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Mg CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Mg Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mg Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
AlAluminium
Al Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Al HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Al CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Al SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Al ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Al Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Al Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Diaspore (var: Mangan-diaspore)AlO(OH)
Al CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Al Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
SiSilicon
Si NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Si OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Si EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
Si HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Si Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Si PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Si Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Si WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
Si Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Si HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Si OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Si GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Si LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Si ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Si ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
Si CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Si DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Si LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Si Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Si MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Si CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Si Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Si StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Si InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Si GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Si FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Si Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Si HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Si OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Si BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Si FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Si GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
Si Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
Si KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Si LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
Si Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Si SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Si Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Riebeckite⃞[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Si NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
Si OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Si Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Si Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Si Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Si MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Si NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
Si SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Si BloodstoneSiO2
Si Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Si CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Si Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
PPhosphorus
P LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
P GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
S SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
S GalenaPbS
S JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S SphaleriteZnS
S DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
ClChlorine
Cl FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
KPotassium
K Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
K LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
K LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
K SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
K Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
K TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
K Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
CaCalcium
Ca OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Ca VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Ca Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Ca Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Ca HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Ca OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Ca CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Ca DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Ca Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Ca CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Ca Kenotobermorite[Ca4Si6O15(OH)2·2H2O]·3H2O
Ca SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Ca AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Ca GoweriteCa[B5O8(OH)][B(OH)3] · 3H2O
Ca HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Ca JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Ca OyeliteCa10Si8B2O29 · 12.5H2O
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Ca FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Ca GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
Ca JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Ca KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Ca MarokiteCaMn23+O4
Ca Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Ca Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca VateriteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
Ca OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Ca Grossular (var: Hibschite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ca Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Ca MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Ca NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Ca InyoiteCa(H4B3O7)(OH) · 4H2O
Ca CharlesiteCa6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Ca Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
Mn HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
Mn PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Mn Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Mn Braunite-IICaMn143+(SiO4)O20
Mn OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
Mn GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Mn LipuiteKNa8Mn53+ Mg0.5[Si12O30(OH)4](PO4)O2(OH)2·4H2O
Mn Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Mn StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Mn SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Mn InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3
Mn ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mn SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Mn GageiteMn21(Si4O12)2O3(OH)20
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn GatehouseiteMn52+(PO4)2(OH)4
Mn BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
Mn RamsdelliteMn4+O2
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn SussexiteMn2+BO2(OH)
Mn BixbyiteMn23+O3
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
Mn FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Mn GroutiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
Mn JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2O
Mn BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8
Mn GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
Mn Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Mn JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Mn KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
Mn LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
Mn MarokiteCaMn23+O4
Mn Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Mn RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
Mn SeranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Mn NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2
Mn ManjiroiteNa(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn MozartiteCaMn3+(SiO4)(OH)
Mn NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
Mn Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Mn Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Mn TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Mn DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Mn SchizoliteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Mn Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
Mn ManganeseMn
FeIron
Fe ManganvesuvianiteCa19Mn3+(Al,Mn3+,Fe3+)10(Mg,Mn2+)2(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10O(OH)9
Fe GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4
Fe SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
Fe SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Glauconite(K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
Fe Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
Fe KirschsteiniteCaFe2+SiO4
Fe Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Riebeckite⃞[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Ferro-akermaniteCa2FeSi2O7
Fe Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Fe Andradite (var: Hydroandradite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
Fe MinnesotaiteFe32+Si4O10(OH)2
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe Aegirine-augite (var: Blanfordite)(Na,Ca)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Mn,Mg,Al)Si2O6
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Unnamed (Al-dominant analog of Sugilite)K(Na,□)2Li3(Al,Mn,Fe)2[Si12O30]
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
Cu VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
Cu LavinskyiteK(LiCu)Cu6(Si4O11)2(OH)4
Cu ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Cu ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
Cu DiegogattaiteNa2CaCu2Si8O20·H2O
Cu CyprineCa19Cu2+(Al10Mg2)Si18O68(OH)10
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
ZnZinc
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn Gageite-2M(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As BrandtiteCa2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
SrStrontium
Sr HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
Sr Tweddillite{CaSr}{Mn3+AlMn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sr WesselsiteSrCuSi4O10
Sr CairncrossiteSr2Ca7–xNa2x(Si4O10)4(OH)2(H2O)15–x (with 0 ≤ x ≤ 1)
Sr Taniajacoite SrCaMn23+Si4O11(OH)4·2H2O
Sr MeieraniteNa2Sr3MgSi6O17
Sr StrontioruiziteSr2Mn23+Si4O11(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Sr TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
ZrZirconium
Zr SugiliteK(Na,□)2Li3(Fe,Mn,Al,Zr)2[Si12O30]
Zr SogdianiteK(□,Na)2Li3(Zr,Fe,Ti)2[Si12O30]
BaBarium
Ba EffenbergeriteBaCuSi4O10
Ba ScottyiteBaCu2Si2O7
Ba ColinowensiteBaCuSi2O6
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Ba BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba TaikaniteSr3BaMn22+(Si4O12)O2
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Stenian : 1040 Ma to 1010 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Mesoproterozoic
   Stenian
ⓘ Norrishite (youngest age)1010 MaWessels Mine, Hotazel, Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape, South Africa
ⓘ Norrishite (oldest age)1040 MaWessels Mine, Hotazel, Kalahari manganese field, Northern Cape, South Africa

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
De Villiers, P.R. (1970). The geology and mineralogy of the Kalahari manganese-field north of Sishen, Cape Province. Memoir of the Geological Survey of South Africa, No. 59, 84 pages.
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S.A. Manganese Corporation SAMCOR Ltd. (1977). Kalahari Wealth, the Story of Manganese. Purnell, Cape Town, 174 pages.
Wilson, W.E. & Dunn, P.J., (1978) Famous localities: The Kalahari manganese field. Mineralogical Record, 9(3), 137-153.
Kleyenstüber, A.S.E. (1982). A review of the geology and mining of the Kalahari manganese field. In: Glen, H.W. (editor). Proceedings, 12th CMMI Congress. Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 213–220.
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Blignaut, L. (2017). A Petrographical and Geochemical Analysis of the Upper and Lower Manganese Ore Bodies from the Kalahari Manganese Deposit, Northern Cape, South Africa – Controls on Hydrothermal Metasomatism and Metal Upgrading. PhD thesis, Department of Geology, University of Johannesburg, South Africa, 348 pages.
Vafeas, N.A. (2016). Petrography and Geochemistry of the Hotazel Formation on Mukulu 265, Kalahari Manganese Field, Northern Cape Province. MSc. Dissertation, University of Johannesburg.
Vafeas, N.A., Blignaut, L.C., Viljoen, K.S. and Meffre, S. (2018). New evidence for early onset of supergene alteration along the Kalahari unconformity. South African Journal of Geology, 121(2), 157-170.

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