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South Africa is a country very rich in mineral resources. The Bushveld complex is an important source of chromium and platinum. The Witwatersrand is the largest gold mining area in the world. Diamond is also an extremely important mineral to the nation.
South Africa is subdivided into nine provinces which in turn are divided into 52 districts (8 metropolitan and 44 district municipalities).
Click here to read more about diamonds in South Africa
Commodity ListThis is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.
Mineral ListMineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
865 valid minerals. 74 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.
Rock Types Recorded
Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!
Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities
Select Rock List TypeAlphabetical List Tree Diagram
Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.
- Igneous rock
- Normal crystalline igneous rock
- Exotic crystalline igneous rock
- Volcaniclastic igneous rock and sediment
- ⓘ Pegmatite
- Sedimentary rock and sediment
- Metamorphic rock
- Unclassifed rock
- Lunar, meteorite and other extra-terrestrial rock and sediment
- Meteoritic and asteroid rock
- Chondrite meteorite
- Differentiated achondrite meteorite
- Asteroidal achondrite meteorite
- Iron group meteorite
- Mesosiderite meteorite
- Meteoritic and asteroid rock
- Artificial material
GeochronologyMineralization age: Proterozoic : 1040 Ma to 950 Ma
Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.
Localities in this Region
- Bushveld Complex
- Cape Province
- ⭔Eastern Cape Province
- ⭔Free State Province
- ⭔Gauteng Province
- ⭔KwaZulu-Natal Province
- ⭔Limpopo Province
- ⭔Mpumalanga Province
- ⭔North West Province
- ⭔Northern Cape Province
- Balmoral Mine
- Clarkton Mine
- ⭔Francis Baard District
- Fraserburg District
- ⭔John Taolo Gaetsewe District
- Kalahari manganese field
- ⭔Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
- Orange River
- ⭔Pixley ka Seme District
- Postmasburg manganese field
- Stofberg farm
- West Griqualand
- ⭔ZF Mgcawu District
- Vaal river
- West Transvaal
- ⭔Western Cape Province
This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
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Scientific American Supplement Vol. XVI, NO. 392. JULY 7, 1883.
Wagner, P. (1929) The Platinum Deposits and Mines of South Africa. Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh, U.K.
De Villiers, J. (1960) Manganese deposits of the Union of South Africa. Handbook Geol. Surv. S. Afr., 2, 280.
Anhaeusser, C. R. and Maske, S., eds. (1986) Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg. 2 Vols., 2376.
Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa (1995), 290p.
Daltry, V.D.C. (1997) Mineralogy of South Africa: Type-Mineral Species and Type-Mineral Names. Handbook 15, Council For Geoscience, Geological Survey of South Africa, 114 pp.
Cairncross, B., Beukes, N., and Gutzmer, J. (1997) The Manganese Adventure, The South African Manganese Fields.
Mineral Resources of South Africa (1998).
Gait, R. I. (2002) African type-minerals: minerals first described from African localities. Rocks & Minerals 77, 25-30.
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide to Rocks & Minerals of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa.
Wilson, M. G. C., et al. (2007) The occurrence of diamonds in South Africa. South Africa Council for Geoscience, Mineral Resources Series 1: 105.
Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008) Kimberlite-hosted diamond deposits of Southern Africa: A review. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Cairncross, B. (2013) Type minerals from South Africa. Elements 9, 392.
Mogessie, A. et al. (2015) A Geological Excursion to the Mining Areas of South Africa. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 161, 175-219. [http://www.uibk.ac.at/mineralogie/oemg/bd_161/bd_161_173-219.pdf]