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Japan

This page kindly sponsored by Alfredo Petrov
Key
Lock Map
Area:377,944 km2
Locality type:Country
Museums in region:


While there exist eight commonly defined regions of Japan, administratively Japan consists of forty-seven prefectures.

Geographically, Japan is a country of over three thousand islands extending along the Pacific coast of Asia. The main islands, running from north to south, are Hokkaidō, Honshū (the main island), Shikoku and Kyūshū.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

1295 valid minerals. 143 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 4 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Abswurmbachite
Formula: CuMn3+6(SiO4)O8
Abuite (TL)
Formula: CaAl2(PO4)2F2
Reference: Enju, S. and Uehara, S. (2015) Abuite, IMA 2014-084. CNMNC Newsletter No. 23, February 2015, page 58; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 51; Enju, S. & Uehara, S. (2017): Abuite, CaAl2(PO4)2F2, a new mineral from the Hinomaru–Nago mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 112, 109–115.
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Adachiite (TL)
Formula: CaFe3Al6(Si5AlO18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Nishio-Hamane, D., Minakawa, T., Yamaura, J., Oyama, T., Ohnishi, M., Shimobayashi, N. (2014): Adachiite, a Si-poor member of the tourmaline supergroup from the Kiura mine, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109, 74-78.
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Aegirine var: Vanadian Aegirine
Formula: Na(Fe,V)Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aegirine-augite var: Urbanite
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na2Fe2+5Ti(Si6O18)O2
'Aeschynite'
Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
'Agardite'
Agardite-(Y)
Formula: YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Ajoite
Formula: (K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
Akaganeite (TL)
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Reference: [Mineralogical Magazine(1961) 33, 270-280; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Akhtenskite
Formula: ε-Mn4+O2
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Localities: Reported from at least 75 localities in this region.
Alacránite
Formula: As8S9
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 125 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 62 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series var: Barium-Albite'
'Albitite'
Aleksite
Formula: PbBi2Te2S2
'Alkali Feldspar'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alleghanyite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
'Allivalite'
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Alum Group'
Formula: XAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Aluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: CaAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Alumohydrocalcite var: Chromian Alumohydrocalcite
Formula: Ca(Al,Cr)2(CO3)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Amber'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Ammonioleucite (TL)
Formula: (NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)
Reference: American Mineralogist (1986): 71, 1022-1027.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibolite'
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Andersonite
Formula: Na2Ca(UO2)(CO3)3 · 6H2O
'Andesite'
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andorite VI
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andorite VI var: Nakaseite
Formula: CuAg3Pb4Sb12S24
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Demantoid
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Anilite (TL)
Formula: Cu7S4
Reference: Amer.Min.(1969) 54, 1256-1269
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Anomalous PMG pallasite meteorite'
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ansermetite
Formula: Mn2+(V2O6) · 4H2O
Anthoinite
Formula: AlWO3(OH)3
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
'Aphrosiderite'
Formula: (Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Aquacreptite'
'Aquacreptite (of Harada)'
Formula: Mg3Si4O10 · 5H2O or near
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Aramayoite
Formula: Ag3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Ardealite
Formula: Ca2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
'Ardennite'
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ardennite-(V)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(VO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
'Arsenian Renierite'
Formula: Cu11GeAsFe4S16
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'commodity:Arsenic'
Formula: As
Arseniopleite
Formula: (Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsenohauchecornite
Formula: Ni18Bi3AsS16
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopalladinite
Formula: Pd8(As,Sb)3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 104 localities in this region.
Arsenopyrite var: Danaite
Formula: (Fe0.90Co0.10)AsS - (Fe0.65Co0.35)AsS
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Arupite
Formula: Ni3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Asbestos'
'Asbestos var: Mountain Leather'
Aspidolite (TL)
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Banno Y, Miyawaki R, Kogure T, Matsubara S, Kamiya T, Yamada S (2005) Aspidolite, the Na analogue of phlogopite, from Kasuga-mura, Gifu Prefecture, central Japan, description and structural data. Mineralogical Magazine 69, 1047-1057
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Augite var: Fassaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Aurihydrargyrumite (TL)
Formula: Au6Hg5
Reference: Nishio-Hamane, D. and Minakawa, T. (2017) Aurihydrargyrumite, IMA 2017-003. CNMNC Newsletter No. 37, June 2017, page 739; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 737–742.
Aurorite
Formula: (Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Axinite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Baghdadite
Formula: Ca3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Bannisterite
Formula: (Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Barrerite
Formula: (Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 123 localities in this region.
Baryte var: Hokutolite
Formula: (Ba,Pb)SO4
'Basalt'
'Basaltic-andesite'
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
'Bastonite'
Formula: near K3(Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)5.5(Si,Al)8O22(OH)4 · 1.5H2O
Baumhauerite
Formula: Pb12As16S36
Baumstarkite
Formula: Ag3Sb3S6
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Zn) (TL)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Eriko SATO, Izumi NAKAI, Yasuko TERADA, Yukiyasu TSUTSUMI, Kazumi YOKOYAMA, Ritsuro MIYAWAKI and Satoshi MATSUBARA (2008): Study of Zn-bearing beaverite Pb(Fe2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6 obtained from Mikawa mine, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 103, 141-144; Sato, E., Nakai, I., Terada, Y., Tsutsumi, Y., Yokoama, K., Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S. (2011): Beaverite-(Zn), Pb(Fe2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6, a new member of the alunite group, from Mikawa Mine, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 375-378.
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Benavidesite
Formula: Pb4MnSb6S14
Bendadaite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Benitoite
Formula: BaTi(Si3O9)
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Bernalite
Formula: Fe(OH)3 · nH2O (n = 0.0 to 0.25)
Berndtite
Formula: SnS2
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Betekhtinite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)21Pb2S15
Betpakdalite-CaCa
Formula: [Ca2(H2O)17Ca(H2O)6][Mo6+8As5+2Fe3+3O36(OH)]
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Beyerite
Formula: Ca(BiO)2(CO3)2
Bicchulite (TL)
Formula: Ca2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2
Reference: Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., Henmi, K., Sabine, P.A., Young, B.R. (1973) A new mineral bicchulite, the natural analogue of gehlenite hydrate, from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan and Carneal, County Antrim, Northern Ireland. Mineralogical Journal: 7: 243-251.; I. Kusachi, Y. Takechi, C. Henmi and S. Kobayashi (1998) Parasibirskite, a New Mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine 62:521-525.; Mineralogical Record: 27: 304.;
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 115 localities in this region.
'Biotite var: Manganophyllite'
'Biotite gneiss'
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 60 localities in this region.
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series'
'Bismuthinite-Stibnite Series var: Horobetsuite'
Formula: (Bi,Sb)2S3 to (Sb,Bi)2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Bismutohauchecornite
Formula: Ni9Bi2S8
'Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Bismutotantalite
Formula: Bi(Ta,Nb)O4
Bixbyite
Formula: Mn3+2O3
'Blaubleibender Covellite'
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Bolivarite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2O
Boltwoodite
Formula: (K,Na)(UO2)(SiO3OH) · 1.5H2O
Borcarite
Formula: Ca4Mg(B4O6(OH)6)(CO3)2
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 95 localities in this region.
Bosoite (TL)
Formula: SiO2·nCxH2x+2
Reference: Momma, K., Ikeda, T., Nagase, T., Kuribayashi, T., Honma, C., Nishikubo, K., Takahashi, N., Takada, M., Matsushita, Y., Miyawaki, R. and Matsubara, S. (2014) Bosoite, IMA 2014-023. CNMNC Newsletter No. 21, August 2014, page 800; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 797-804.
Botallackite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Boyleite
Formula: (Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
Brandtite
Formula: Ca2(Mn2+,Mg)(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Localities: Reported from at least 69 localities in this region.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Breithauptite var: Arite
Formula: Ni(Sb,As)
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Britholite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Hata, S. (1938) Abukumalite [britholite-(Y)], a new mineral from pegmatites of Iisaka, Fukushima prefecture. Sci. Pap. Inst. Phys. Chem. Res., Tokyo, 34, 1018-1023.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Buddingtonite
Formula: (NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Bultfonteinite
Formula: Ca2(HSiO4)F · H2O
Bunnoite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+6AlSi6O18(OH)3
Reference: Nishio-Hamane, D., Momma, K., Miyawaki, R. and Minakawa, T. (2014) Bunnoite, IMA 2014-054. CNMNC Newsletter No. 22, October 2014, page 1246; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1241-1248; Nishio-Hamane, D., Momma, K., Miyawaki, R., Minakawa, T. (2016): Bunnoite, a new hydrous manganese aluminosilicate from Kamo Mountain, Kochi prefecture, Japan. Mineralogy and Petrology 110, 917-926.
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Buryatite
Formula: Ca3(Si,Fe,Al)(SO4)[B(OH)4]O(OH)5 · 12H2O
'Buserite'
Formula: Na4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cahnite
Formula: Ca2[B(OH)4](AsO4)
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Calciborite
Formula: Ca(B2O4)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 306 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Glendonite
Formula: CaCO3
Calderónite
Formula: Pb2Fe3+(VO4)2(OH)
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Calkinsite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cannizzarite
Formula: Pb48Bi56S132
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cannonite
Formula: Bi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
'Carbonite (of Heinrich)'
Carlsbergite
Formula: CrN
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Carnotite
Formula: K2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2O
Carobbiite
Formula: KF
Carpholite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Caysichite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Cerasite (of Kikuchi)'
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
Cesàrolite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabournéite
Formula: Tl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 359 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite var: Stannian Chalcopyrite
Formula: Cu(Fe,Sn)S2
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Challacolloite
Formula: KPb2Cl5
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Chamosite var: Thuringite
Formula: (Fe,Fe,Mg,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Chapmanite
Formula: Fe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)
'Charcoal'
Formula: C
Charlesite
Formula: Ca6(Al,Si)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH,O)12 · 26H2O
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
'Chert'
Localities: Reported from at least 59 localities in this region.
Chesterite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
'Chevkinite Group'
Chibaite (TL)
Formula: SiO2 · n(CH4, C2H6, C3H8, i-C4H10) (n = 3/17 (max))
Reference: IMA website - approvals March 2009
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 189 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromio-pargasite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Nishio-Hamane, D., Ohnishi, M., Minakawa, T., Yamaura, J., Saito, S. & Kadota, R. (2012) Ehimeite, NaCa2Mg4CrSi6Al2O22(OH)2: the first Cr-dominant amphibole from the Akaishi Mine, Higashi-Akaishi Mountain, Ehime Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 107, 1-7.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Chromium
Formula: Cr
'Chrysanthemum Stone'
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Chrysoprase'
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
'CK4 chondrite meteorite'
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
'Clays'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Clerite
Formula: MnSb2S4
Clinobisvanite
Formula: Bi(VO4)
'Clinochesterite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Leuchtenbergite
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Sheridanite
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Clinochrysotile'
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Clinoferrosilite
Formula: Fe2+SiO3
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinojimthompsonite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2
'Clinoptilolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Clinoptilolite-Ca (TL)
Formula: Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Reference: Z. Kristallogr. 145, 216; Can. Mineral. (1997) 35, 1571
Clinoptilolite-K
Formula: K6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 51 localities in this region.
'Clinopyroxenite'
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinotobermorite (TL)
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Reference: Henmi, C., & Kusachi, I. (1992). Clinotobermorite, Ca5Si6(O,OH)18.5H2O, a new mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 56, 353-358.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite var: Clinothulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
'CM2 chondrite meteorite'
Coalingite
Formula: Mg10Fe3+2(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2O
'commodity:Cobalt'
Formula: Co
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Cobaltite var: Ferroan Cobaltite
Formula: (Co,Fe)AsS
Cobaltkoritnigite
Formula: (Co,Zn)(HAsO4) · H2O
'Cobaltoan Nickeloan Chlorite'
Cobaltpentlandite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Colusite
Formula: Cu12VAs3S16
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Conglomerate'
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Copiapite Group'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Coquandite
Formula: Sb6+xO8+x(SO4)(OH)x(H2O)1- x (x = 0.3)
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
'Coquimbite Group'
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Crossite'
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Cupromakovickyite
Formula: Cu4AgPb2Bi9S18
Cupropavonite
Formula: Cu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5
Cuprosklodowskite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2