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Xiaotieshan Zn-Pb-Cu-Au-Ag deposit, Baiyinchang ore field, Baiyin District, Baiyin, Gansu, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Xiaotieshan Zn-Pb-Cu-Au-Ag depositDeposit
Baiyinchang ore fieldOre Field
Baiyin DistrictDistrict
BaiyinPrefecture
GansuProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):小铁山锌铅铜金银矿, 白银厂矿田, 白银区, 白银市, 甘肃省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 38' 34'' North , 104° 15' 44'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.64278,104.26222
GeoHash:G#: wqd0kw97t
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


Kuroko-type volcanic hosted massive sulphide (VHMS) zinc-lead-copper-gold-silver deposit.
The third largest deposit in the Baiyinchang orefield.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Xinming Jiang and Guixin Cong (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(9), 7-13
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: http://www.mincomining.com/i/pdf/MMM43101-07.pdf
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Dingpu Xiang and Tianfu Dai (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 64-74
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Shikun Huang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 1-10
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Dingpu Xiang and Tianfu Dai (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 64-74; Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Reference: Guoying Chen and Wanmao Li (1991): Journal of Lanzhou University, Natural Science Edition 27(2), 157-162
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Xinming Jiang and Guixin Cong (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(9), 7-13
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Taihe Zhou, Goldfarb, R.J., and Phillips, G.N. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 249-282.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Dingpu Xiang and Tianfu Dai (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 64-74; Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26; Shikun Huang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 1-10
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Guoying Chen and Wanmao Li (1991): Journal of Lanzhou University, Natural Science Edition 27(2), 157-162
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Xinming Jiang and Guixin Cong (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(9), 7-13
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: http://www.mincomining.com/i/pdf/MMM43101-07.pdf
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Guoying Chen and Wanmao Li (1991): Journal of Lanzhou University, Natural Science Edition 27(2), 157-162
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Dingpu Xiang and Tianfu Dai (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 64-74; Taihe Zhou, Goldfarb, R.J., and Phillips, G.N. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 249-282
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Minco Mining and Metals Corporation, Status Report 1999.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Shikun Huang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 1-10
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Dingpu Xiang and Tianfu Dai (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 64-74; Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26; Shikun Huang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 1-10
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Xinming Jiang and Guixin Cong (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(9), 7-13
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26; Taihe Zhou, Goldfarb, R.J., and Phillips, G.N. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 249-282; Shikun Huang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 1-10
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Xinming Jiang and Guixin Cong (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(9), 7-13
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
Reference: Xinming Jiang and Guixin Cong (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(9), 7-13
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Dingpu Xiang and Tianfu Dai (1985): Mineral Deposits 4(1), 64-74; Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26; Shikun Huang (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 1-10
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Guoying Chen and Wanmao Li (1991): Journal of Lanzhou University, Natural Science Edition 27(2), 157-162
Vanadinite var: Arsenatian Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Reference: Guoying Chen and Wanmao Li (1991): Journal of Lanzhou University, Natural Science Edition 27(2), 157-162

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Electrum1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCrO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
var: Arsenatian Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Chlorite Group-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Silver
var: Küstelite
-Ag
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-
Vanadinite
var: Arsenatian Vanadinite
-Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
VVanadium
V Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr CrocoitePbCrO4
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag Silver (var: Küstelite)Ag
Ag SilverAg
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb Vanadinite (var: Arsenatian Vanadinite)Pb5[(V,As)O4]3Cl
Pb CrocoitePbCrO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3190305
Paleozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic-intermediate volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Shikun Huang (1983): Types and genesis of Xicheng Pb-Zn deposits. Geology and Prospecting 19(7), 1-10 (in Chinese).
Dingpu Xiang and Tianfu Dai (1985): Regional metallogenic characteristics of the volcanogenic sulfide deposits in northern Qilian Mountain. Mineral Deposits 4(1), 64-74 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Guoying Chen and Wanmao Li (1991): The Chemical Composition Study of Vanadinite and Arsenic-vanadinite in the Oxidation Zone in a Lead-Zinc Deposit at Xiaotieshan. Journal of Lanzhou University, Natural Science Edition 27(2), 157-162.
Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geological setting, metallogenic series and prospecting potentiality in the Baiyinchang mine and outskirts, Gansu Province. Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26.
Hou Zengqian, Khin Zaw, Rona, P., Li Yinqing, Qu Xiaoming, Song Shuhe, Peng Ligui, and Huang Jianjun (2008): Geology, Fluid Inclusions, and Oxygen Isotope Geochemistry of the Baiyinchang Pipe-Style Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide Cu Deposit in Gansu Province, Northwestern China. Economic Geology 103(1), 269-292.


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