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Huoyanshan Mine, Baiyinchang Cu deposit, Baiyinchang ore field, Baiyin District, Baiyin, Gansu, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Huoyanshan MineMine
Baiyinchang Cu depositDeposit
Baiyinchang ore fieldOre Field
Baiyin DistrictDistrict
BaiyinPrefecture
GansuProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):火焰山铜锌矿, 白银厂铜矿床, 白银厂矿田, 白银区, 白银市, 甘肃省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 36° 39' 1'' North , 104° 13' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 36.65028,104.22500
GeoHash:G#: wqd07xyr6
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Baiyin188,533 (2018)12.5km


Kuroko-type volcanic hosted massive sulphide (VHMS) copper-zinc deposit.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26; Mao Jingwen, Zhang Xiaoyu, Zhang Zhaochong, Ren Fengshou, Zuo Guochao, Zhang Zuoheng, Yang Jianmin, Wang Zhiliang, and Ye Dejin (1999): Acta Geologica Sinica 73(2)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26; Mao Jingwen, Zhang Xiaoyu, Zhang Zhaochong, Ren Fengshou, Zuo Guochao, Zhang Zuoheng, Yang Jianmin, Wang Zhiliang, and Ye Dejin (1999): Acta Geologica Sinica 73(2)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Xinming Jiang and Guixin Cong (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(9), 7-13
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Xinming Jiang and Guixin Cong (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(9), 7-13
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26; Mao Jingwen, Zhang Xiaoyu, Zhang Zhaochong, Ren Fengshou, Zuo Guochao, Zhang Zuoheng, Yang Jianmin, Wang Zhiliang, and Ye Dejin (1999): Acta Geologica Sinica 73(2)
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26; Mao Jingwen, Zhang Xiaoyu, Zhang Zhaochong, Ren Fengshou, Zuo Guochao, Zhang Zuoheng, Yang Jianmin, Wang Zhiliang, and Ye Dejin (1999): Acta Geologica Sinica 73(2)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26; Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Xinming Jiang and Guixin Cong (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(9), 7-13
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Shide Zhou and Zhufan Liu (1982): Geology and Prospecting 18(2), 51-55
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Reference: Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Botryogen7.DC.25MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Botryogen31.9.6.1MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3190305
Paleozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic-intermediate volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bingbin Yang (1979): Preliminary understanding of the oxidation zone characteristics of copper sulphide deposits in northwestern China. Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58 (in Chinese).
Hongpei Zhang, Jishun Liu, Weixuan Fang, and Guang Ma (2004): Geological setting, metallogenic series and prospecting potentiality in the Baiyinchang mine and outskirts, Gansu Province. Geology and Prospecting 40(5), 21-26.
Hou Zengqian, Khin Zaw, Rona, P., Li Yinqing, Qu Xiaoming, Song Shuhe, Peng Ligui, and Huang Jianjun (2008): Geology, Fluid Inclusions, and Oxygen Isotope Geochemistry of the Baiyinchang Pipe-Style Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide Cu Deposit in Gansu Province, Northwestern China. Economic Geology 103(1), 269-292.


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