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Boliviai
Regional Level Types
BoliviaCountry

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Name in French:Bolivie
Name in German:Bolivien
Name in Italian:Bolivia
Name in Russian:Боливия
Name in Simplified Chinese:玻利維亞
Name in Spanish:Bolivia
Name in Afrikaans:Bolivië
Name in Albanian:Bolivia
Name in Arabic:بوليفيا
Name in Belarusian:Балівія
Name in Bulgarian:Боливия
Name in Catalan:Bolívia
Name in Czech:Bolívie
Name in Danish:Bolivia
Name in Dutch:Bolivia
Name in Estonian:Boliivia
Name in Farsi/Persian:بولیوی
Name in Finnish:Bolivia
Name in Galician:Bolivia
Name in Greek:Βολιβία
Name in Hebrew:בוליביה
Name in Hindi:बोलिविया
Name in Hungarian:Bolívia
Name in Icelandic:Bólivía
Name in Indonesian:Bolivia
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Bholaiv
Name in Japanese:ボリビア
Name in Korean:볼리비아
Name in Latvian:Bolīvija
Name in Lithuanian:Bolivija
Name in Macedonian:Боливија
Name in Norwegian:Bolivia
Name in Polish:Boliwia
Name in Portuguese:Bolívia
Name in Romanian:Bolivia
Name in Serbian:Боливија
Name in Slovak:Bolívia
Name in Slovenian:Bolivija
Name in Swahili:Bolivia
Name in Swedish:Bolivia
Name in Tagalog:Bolivia
Name in Thai:ประเทศโบลิเวีย
Name in Turkish:Bolivya
Name in Ukrainian:Болівія
Name in Vietnamese:Bolivia
Name in Welsh:Bolifia
Area:1,098,581 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Country
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Santa Cruz de la Sierra1,364,389 (2016)
Cochabamba900,414 (2012)
La Paz812,799 (2012)
Sucre224,838 (2010)
Oruro208,684 (2012)
Tarija159,269 (2010)


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

494 valid minerals. 45 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc. 4 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Acanthite var: Zincian Acanthite
Formula: (Ag,Zn)2S
Reference: [MinRec 32:472]
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167.
Aheylite (TL)
Formula: (Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: [MinRec 32:472]
Ahlfeldite (TL)
Formula: Ni(SeO3) · 2H2O
Reference: Herzenberg (1935) Zentralbl. Min., Abt. A: 189 & 279. Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 635. Petrov, A., Smith, B., Smith, C. (2001) A Guide to Mineral Localities in Bolivia. Mineralogical Record Vol.32(6), pp. 457-482. Hurlbut, C.S., Aristarain, L.F. (1969) Olsacherite Pb₂(SeO₄)(SO₄), A New Mineral from Bolivia. The American Mineralogist. Vol.5, November-December, pp. 1519-1527.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld y Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz) (limited to country rock, not from the orebodies)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Alfredopetrovite (TL)
Formula: Al2(Se4+O3)3·6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Nash, B.P., Thorne, B. and Favreau, G. (2015) Alfredopetrovite, IMA 2015-026. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 943; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947. ; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Reference: [MinRec 32:469]
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: (from country rock, not the ankerite-sodalite dike)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
'Alunite Supergroup'
Formula: AD3(XO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Field trip observations, January 2012
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Habit: 6-pointed stars caused by sector twinning
Colour: dark green
Description: Amesite-2H
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
'Ancylite'
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: A.R. Kampf
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Andorite IV
Formula: Pb18Ag15Sb47S96
Reference: American Mineralogist (1954) 39:161-171
Andorite VI
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: American Mineralogist (1954) 39:161-171
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Schultz (2004)
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld y Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Antimonian Gersdorffite'
Formula: Ni(As,Sb)S
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Antimony Ochre'
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Reference: Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167-168.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Aramayoite (TL)
Formula: Ag3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6
Reference: [MinRec 32:461]
Argentojarosite
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Reference: [MinRec 32:469]
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
'Arsenobismite'
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: [MinRec 32:477]
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 94 localities in this region.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Athabascaite
Formula: Cu5Se4
Reference: Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosi, Bolivia. Minerals, 7, 68;; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guia a los Yacimientos Metaliferos de Bolivia. (Minera San Cristobal S.A. & Empresa Minera Unificada S.A., La Paz); Jan Bernard & Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.; Dill, H. G., Weiser, T., Bernhardt, I. R., & Kilibarda, C. R. (1995). The composite gold-antimony vein deposit at Kharma (Bolivia). Economic Geology, 90(1), 51-66.
Austinite
Formula: CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Ahlfeld and Mosebach (1936) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 226, 287 (Brickerit); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 810.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Salomon Rivas & Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Barkevikite'
Locality: Cerro Sapo, Ayopaya Province, Cochabamba, Bolivia - erroneously reported
Description: Discredited, see amphibole
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Barringerite (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Ni)2P
Type Locality:
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 44
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 102 localities in this region.
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
'Bastnäsite'
Reference: Salomon Rivas and Federico Ahlfeld: Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes (Santa Cruz, 1998); Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Girardi, V. A. V., De Min, A., Boggiani, P. C., & Correia, C. T. (2011). Iron-rich formations at the Cerro Manomó region, Southeastern Bolivia: Remnant of a BIF?. Episodes-Newsmagazine of the InternationalUnion of Geological Sciences, 34(3), 177.; Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167-168.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
Baumstarkite
Formula: Ag3Sb3S6
'Beegerite' ?
Formula: Pb6Bi2S9
Reference: Lindgren, W. and Creveling, J.G. (1928) The ores of Potosi, Bolivia. Economic Geology, 23, #3, 233-262.
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:472]
Bellbergite
Formula: (K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Reference: Schultz, F. et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
Bellidoite ?
Formula: Cu2Se
Reference: [MinRec 21:133]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Benjaminite
Formula: Ag3Bi7S12
Berndtite (TL)
Formula: SnS2
Reference: Moh, G.H. and Berndt, F. (1965) American Mineralogist, 50, 2107.
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Reference: Ben Dísraeli collection.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Berzelianite ?
Formula: Cu2Se
Reference: [MinRec 21:137]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Bindheimite var: Taznite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1025.
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Bismite (TL)
Formula: Bi2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Ahlfeld 1955
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Bismutoferrite
Formula: Fe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 32:474]
'Bitumen'
Bixbyite ?
Formula: Mn3+2O3
Reference: www.mineralmundi.com
'Bolivite'
Boracite
Formula: Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 254 (1992)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Braithwaiteite (TL)
Formula: NaCu5(Ti4+Sb5+)(AsO4)4(HAsO4)2O2 · 8H2O
Type Locality:
Description: In the Negra vein (Veta Negra)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 47,947(2009)
Brannerite
Formula: UTi2O6
Habit: thin prismatic
Colour: black
Description: Inclusions surrounded by radiation halo, in quartz crystals.
Reference: SEM analysis by Tony Nikischer, Excalibur Mineral Co.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Powder XRD and EDS by Dr. Anthony R. Kampf, April-May 2005.
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 255.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 67 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Canfieldite (TL)
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Description: (Note that almost all specimens labelled "canfieldite", even those from famous collections, turn out to be argyrodite on analysis. True canfieldite-dominant specimens are rather elusive.)
Reference: [MinRec 32:469]
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 189 localities in this region.
Cassiterite var: Wood Tin
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celestine var: Barian Celestine
Formula: (Sr,Ba)SO4
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld (1967) Mineralogía Boliviana (Enciclopedia Boliviana, Los Amigos del Libro)
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Salomon Rivas and Federico Ahlfeld: Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes (Santa Cruz, 1998); Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167-168.
Cerromojonite (TL)
Formula: CuPbBiSe3
Type Locality:
Reference: Förster, H.-J., Bindi, L., Grundmann, G. and Stanley, C.J. (2018) Cerromojonite, IMA 2018-040. CNMNC Newsletter No. 44, August 2018, page xxx; Mineralogical Magazine: 82: xxx–xxx.; Förster, H.-J., Bindi, L., Grundmann, G., Stanley, C.J. (2018): Cerromojonite, CuPbBiSe3, from El Dragόn (Bolivia): A New Member of the Bournonite Group. Minerals, 8: 420
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Chalcomenite
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:469]
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 138 localities in this region.
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938, 973; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Ulf Kempe, et al (2008) Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (in press)
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Schultz, F. et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
'Clays'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Clinochalcomenite'
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Reference: [MinRec 21:133]
Clino-oscarkempffite (TL)
Formula: Ag15Pb6Sb21Bi18S72
Type Locality:
Reference: Topa, D., Makovicky, E. and Paar, W.H. (2013) Clino-oscarkempffite, IMA 2012- 086. CNMNC Newsletter No. 16, August 2013, page 2696; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 2695-2709.(& Dan Topa, pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch)
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Schultz (2004)
Cobaltomenite
Formula: CoSeO3 · 2H2O
'Coeruleolactite'
Reference: SEM analyses by Gene Foord, U.S. Geological Survey, done as part of an unpublished study of the turquoise group (analyses copies courtesy of Brian Kosnar)
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Salomon Rivas & Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Reference: USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 254 (1992)
Colquiriite (TL)
Formula: CaLi[AlF6]
Type Locality:
Reference: TMPM 27 (1980), 275
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Colusite
Formula: Cu13VAs3S16
Reference: [MinRec 32:465]
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Description: Associated with brochantite on cuprite and copper.
Reference: Georges Favreau specimen (analyzed)
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Copiapite Group'
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Salomon Rivas & Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz); Salomon Rivas & Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Creedite
Formula: Ca3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Cronstedtite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rivas, S. and Ahlfeld, F. (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes (Santa Cruz)
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Cuprobismutite
Formula: Cu8AgBi13S24
Cylindrite (TL)
Formula: Pb3Sn4FeSb2S14
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: [MinRec 32:479]
Danburite
Formula: CaB2Si2O8
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Daqingshanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Reference: Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
Daubréeite (TL)
Formula: (BiO)(OH,Cl)
Reference: Domeyko (1876); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 62.
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
Despujolsite
Formula: Ca3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.
Diadochite
Formula: Fe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Diamond
Formula: C
Diaphorite
Formula: Ag3Pb2Sb3S8
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Sillitoe, R.H., Steele, G.B., Thompson, J.F.H., and Lang, J.R. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 539-546.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Donnayite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: A.R. Kampf
Doyleite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Chris Stefano specimen
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Reference: Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Edingtonite
Formula: Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Reference: A.R. Kampf
'Elaterite'
Formula: (C,H,O,S)
'Elaterite var: Thioelaterite' (FRL)
Type Locality:
Reference: Arch. Mineral. Warsaw, vol. 12, pp.90-95, 1936
Eldragónite (TL)
Formula: Cu6BiSe4(Se2)
Type Locality:
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Moëlo, Y., Paar, W.H., Raith, J.G., Rowe, R., Roberts, A.C., Stirling, J. and Stanley, C.J. (2011) Eldragónite, IMA 2010-077. CNMNC Newsletter No. 8, April 2011, page 293; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 289-294.; Werner, H.P., Coopper, M.K., Moëlo, Y., Stanley, C. J., Putz, H. & Topa, D. (2012): Eldragonite, Cu6BiSe4(Se-2), A new mineral species from the El Dragon Mine, Potosi, Bolivia, and its crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist: 50, 282-294.; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ericaite
Formula: Fe2+3(B7O13)Cl
Reference: [MinRec 32:461] XRD and wet chemical analysis by Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl, Karlovy Univ., Prague
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:474]
Eskebornite
Formula: CuFeSe2
Reference: [MinRec 21:133]; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Esperite
Formula: PbCa2Zn3(SiO4)3
Reference: [MinRec 21:133]
Eugsterite
Formula: Na4Ca(SO4)3 · 2H2O
Reference: Lizeca, J. L., Moon, W. M., Hutton, C., Wu, L., & Lee, C. W. (1999). Investigation of Pastos Grandes (Bolivia) volcanic features with RADARSAT. In Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 1999. IGARSS'99 Proceedings. IEEE 1999 International (Vol. 2, pp. 803-805). IEEE.
Evansite
Formula: Al3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:474]; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Falkmanite
Formula: Pb3Sb2S6
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Famatinite
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Famatinite var: Stibioluzonite (of Schneiderhöhn & Ramdohr)
Formula: Cu3SbS4
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia, Boletín No. 5 (Especial), pp 268-271 (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
'Farallonite'
Formula: 2MgO · W2O5 · SiO2 · nH2O?
Faustite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Favreauite (TL)
Formula: PbBiCu6O4(SeO3)4(OH) · H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Mills, S.J. (2014): Un hommage à la contribution de Georges FAVREAU à la minéralogie: favreauite, un nouveau minéral de la mine El Dragón, Bolivie. Cahier des Micromonteurs 124, 36-39.; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
Felsőbányaite
Formula: Al4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
Description: (originally reported as "basaluminite")
Reference: [MinRec 21:133]; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Ferberite var: Reinite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Ahlfeld & Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Ahlfeld, F. and Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. Boletín No. 5 (especial), Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Ferrivauxite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3·5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Raade, G., Grice, J. and Rowe, R. (2014) Ferrivauxite, IMA 2014-003. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 555; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558.; Raade, G., Grice, J.D., Rowe, R. (2016): Ferrivauxite, a new phosphate mineral from Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 311-324
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Federico Ahlfeld field notes
Ferrokësterite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:472]
Fizélyite
Formula: Ag5Pb14Sb21S48
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fleischerite
Formula: Pb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.
'Florencite'
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167-168.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Fluorwavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH)2F·5H2O
Description: Kampf et al. (2107) has analyzed five Wavellites from here and found all are Fluorwavellite with an average of 0.76 apfu F.
Reference: Kampf et al. (2017) American Mineralogist v. 102 pp. 909-919
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Franckeite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Reference: [MinRec 32:461]
Franckeite var: Potosíite
Formula: Pb6Sn3FeSb3S16
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H. G., Weiser, T., Bernhardt, I. R., & Kilibarda, C. R. (1995). The composite gold-antimony vein deposit at Kharma (Bolivia). Economic Geology, 90(1), 51-66.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guia a los Yacimientos Metaliferos de Bolivia. (Minera San Cristobal S.A. & Empresa Minera Unificada S.A., La Paz)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 177 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Reference: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Altiplano and Cordillera Occidental, Bolivia (USGS Bulletin no. 1975)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: Walenta, K., Lehmann, B., & Zwiener, M. (1980). Colquiriit, ein neues Fluoridmineral aus der Zinnlagerstätte von Colquiri in Bolivien. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 27(4), 275-281.
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimens
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
'Gold Amalgam' ?
Reference: D. Richter, et al (1992) Cerro Bonete Area. (in USGS Bulletin # 1975) (pers. comm. Hernan Uribe, 1990)
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Visual ID by Laszlo Horvath.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: [MinRec 32:465]
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: A.R. Kampf
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Grimaldiite ?
Formula: CrO(OH)
Description: The Livingstone reference contained within MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, DECEMBER 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 560 2 actually refers to the Hiaca Mine for Grimaldiite and not this mine.
Reference: Petrov, A., Smith, B., Smith, C. (2001) A Guide to Mineral Localities in Bolivia. Mineralogical Record Vol.32(6), pp. 457-482. Livingstone, A., Jackson, B., Davidson, P.J. (1984) Grimaldiite, CrOOH, a second occurrence, from the Hiaca Mine, Colquechaca, Bolivia. Mineraligical Magazine, December 1984, Vol.48, pp. 560-562.
Grundmannite (TL)
Formula: CuBiSe2
Type Locality:
Reference: Förster, H.-J., Bindi, L. and Stanley, C.J. (2015) Grundmannite, IMA 2015-038. CNMNC Newsletter No. 26, August 2015, page 946; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 941-947.; Förster, H.-J., Bindi, L., Stanley, C.J. (2016): Grundmannite, CuBiSe2, the Se-analogue of emplectite, a new mineral from the El Dragon mine, Potosi, Bolivia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 467-477.; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rivas, S. and Ahlfeld, F. (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes (Santa Cruz)
Grunerite var: Amosite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rivas, S. and Ahlfeld, F. (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes (Santa Cruz)
'Gumucionite'
Formula: ZnS
Reference: [MinRec 32:474]
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Alfredo Petrov, field observations.
Hagendorfite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3
Reference: John White collection (from David New stock, 1976); [MinRec 32:474]; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hansblockite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Hg)(Bi,Pb)Se2
Type Locality:
Reference: Förster, H.-J., Bindi, L., Stanley, C.J., Grundmann, G. (2016): Hansblockite, IMA 2015-103. CNMNC Newsletter No. 30, April 2016, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 407–413; Förster, H-J., Bindi, L., Stanley, C.J., Grundmann, G. (2017): Hansblockite, (Cu,Hg)(Bi,Pb)Se2, the monoclinic polymorph of grundmannite: a new mineral from the Se mineralization at El Dragόn (Bolivia). Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 629–640.; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Powder XRD and EDS by Dr. Anthony R. Kampf, April-May 2005.
Hauchecornite
Formula: Ni9BiSbS8
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 78 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Alfredo Petrov (1997) Mineral News, 13, #4.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Herzenbergite (TL)
Formula: SnS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Dana 7:I:259-260.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 649-657 (2003)
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Reference: [MinRec 32:473]
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hocartite (TL)
Formula: Ag2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: American Mineralogist: 54, 573
'Hocartite-Pirquitasite Series'
Reference: Jiménez-Franco, A., Alfonso Abella, M. P., Canet Miquel, C., & Trujillo, J. E. (2018). Mineral chemistry of In-bearing minerals in the Santa Fe mining district, Bolivia. Andean Geology, 45(3), 410-432.
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Josep Sanchez-Lafuente collection.
Hopeite
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Anthony Kampf analysis, Alfredo Petrov specimen.
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Horomanite
Formula: Fe6Ni3S8
Reference: Hatløy, S. (2013). From cold to hot: post-Hirnantian sedimentary basins in Bolivia-A source rock for hydrocarbon deposits in the Andes?–A case study of the Uncía and Catavi formations. MS Thesis University of Stavanger.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Hydrokenoelsmoreite
Formula: 2W2O6(H2O)
Reference: [MinRec 32:472]
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Walenta, K., Lehmann, B., & Zwiener, M. (1980). Colquiriit, ein neues Fluoridmineral aus der Zinnlagerstätte von Colquiri in Bolivien. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 27(4), 275-281.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydrotungstite (TL)
Formula: WO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Amer. Mineral. (1944) 29, 192–210
Hydrowoodwardite
Formula: (Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens (originally with a MIKON "nikischerite" label).
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Description: phenocrysts
Reference: Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Reference: (unpublished analysis of inclusion in native bismuth)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Ilvaite ?
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
'Incaite'
Formula: (Pb,Ag)4Sn4FeSb2S15
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Izoklakeite
Formula: Pb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Jamesonite var: Sakharovaite
Formula: (Pb,Bi)4FeSb6S14
Reference: [MinRec 32:473]
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Jeanbandyite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 ≥ x > 0.5)
Type Locality:
Habit: crudely pseudo-octaedral aggregates (o,2 mm in diameter)
Reference: Kampf, A. R. (1982): Jeanbandyite a new member of the stottite group from Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record 13 (4), 235-239.; [MinRec 32:474]
'Jeromite'
Description: First locality known for jeromite that was NOT produced by a mine fire!
Reference: Checked by SEM and wet chemical analysis. Amorphous.
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
'Kerstenite'
Reference: [MinRec 21:133]
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Reference: [MinRec 21:133]; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Krasnovite
Formula: Ba(Al,Mg)(PO4,CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
Habit: radial-fibrous spheres
Colour: light blue to white
Reference: Alfredo Petrov and Matthias Rheinlander specimens
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: Karup-Møller, S. (1977). Mineralogy of some Ag-(Cu)-Pb-Bi sulphide associations. Bulletin Geological Society Denmark, 26, 41-68.
Krut'aite
Formula: CuSe2
Reference: [MinRec 21:133]; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Rivas, S. and Ahlfeld, F. (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes (Santa Cruz)
Laitakarite
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: Jiménez-Franco, A., Alfonso Abella, M. P., Canet Miquel, C., & Trujillo, J. E. (2018). Mineral chemistry of In-bearing minerals in the Santa Fe mining district, Bolivia. Andean Geology, 45(3), 410-432.
Lammerite (TL)
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Tschermaks Min.Petr.Mitt. (1981) 28, 157-164; Paar, W. H., Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., Moffatt, E., Gunter, M. E., Roberts, A. C., & Dunn, P. J. (2009). Braithwaiteite, NaCu5 (TiSb) O2 (AsO4) 4 [AsO3 (OH)] 2 (H2O) 8, a new mineral species from Laurani, Bolivia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(4), 947-952.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: XRD by Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl, Karlovy University, Prague.
Laumontite ?
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Description: (not analysed) Associated with analcime and nordstrandite.
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimen
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: J.Coordination Chemistry 61,15-29(2008); Paar, W. H., Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., Moffatt, E., Gunter, M. E., Roberts, A. C., & Dunn, P. J. (2009). Braithwaiteite, NaCu5 (TiSb) O2 (AsO4) 4 [AsO3 (OH)] 2 (H2O) 8, a new mineral species from Laurani, Bolivia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(4), 947-952.
Lazulite
Formula: MgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lemanskiite ?
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009); Paar, W. H., Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., Moffatt, E., Gunter, M. E., Roberts, A. C., & Dunn, P. J. (2009). Braithwaiteite, NaCu5 (TiSb) O2 (AsO4) 4 [AsO3 (OH)] 2 (H2O) 8, a new mineral species from Laurani, Bolivia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(4), 947-952.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 21:133]
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guia a los Yacimientos Metaliferos de Bolivia. (Minera San Cristobal S.A. & Empresa Minera Unificada S.A., La Paz)
Leucoxene
Reference: USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 150 & 248 (1992)
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 68 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: Alfredo Petrov and Jaroslav Hyrsl collections
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Luzonite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Madocite
Formula: Pb19(Sb,As)16S43
Reference: Walenta, K., Lehmann, B., & Zwiener, M. (1980). Colquiriit, ein neues Fluoridmineral aus der Zinnlagerstätte von Colquiri in Bolivien. Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 27(4), 275-281.
Magadiite
Formula: Na2Si14O29 · 11H2O
Reference: Abdelouas, A., Crovisier, J. L., Lutze, W., Ullman, W. J., & Risacher, F. (1995). Occurrence of silhydrite in a soda lake on the Bolivian Altiplano. Clay Minerals, 30(1), 77-82.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Moricz, F., Walder, I. F., & Madai, F. (2009). Geochemical and mineralogical characterization of waste material from Itos Sn-Ag deposit, Bolivia. Proceeding of securing the future and 8th ICARD. Skellefteå, Sweden, 525-534.
Magnesioferrite
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection. XRD by Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl (Karlovy University, Prague); Sp. Gr.
Magnesio-riebeckite (TL)
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Reference: Whittaker: Acta Crystallographica (1949) [MinRec 32:461]
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Reference: Schultz (2004)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Mandarinoite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+2(Se4+O3)3 · (6-x)H2O (x = 0.0-1.0)
Reference: Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R. & Sturman, B.D. (1978) Mandarinoite, a new ferric-iron selenite from Bolivia. Canadian Mineralogist Vol.16, pp.605-609. Hawthorne, F.C. (1984) The crystal structure of mandarinoite, Fe³⁺₂Se₃O₉.6H₂O. Canadian Mineralogist Vol.22, pp. 475-480.
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 247.
Mawsonite
Formula: Cu6Fe2SnS8
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Mineralogical Magazine 1968 36 : 1045-1051.
'Mckelveyite'
Reference: Schultz, F. et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
Mckelveyite-(Y)
Formula: NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Anthony R. Kampf
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Reference: Dr. Werner Paar analyses
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Schultz (2004)
'Melnikovite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Mélonjosephite
Formula: CaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
Reference: Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Locality: Río de la Ribera, Potosí City, Potosí, Bolivia - erroneously reported
Description: Anthropogenic.
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metavariscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Metavauxite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist (1927): 12: 264; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 972, 973; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Metavivianite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
'Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 893.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Alfredo Petrov and Jaroslav Hyrsl collections
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Molybdomenite
Formula: PbSeO3
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Description: Some collectors have assumed that Llallagua monazite is monazite-(La) on the basis of old wet-chemical analyses (Federico Ahlfeld, Gordon (1939), and others) showing slightly more La than Ce; but those analyses referred to GROUPS of rare earth elements rather than La and Ce individually, and a considerable amount of Nd was included in the "La". Several more recent microprobe analyses show Ce-dominance. (Alfredo Petrov)
Reference: (See comments above.)
Montetrisaite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber specimens
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Schultz, F. et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
Morenosite
Formula: NiSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Dr. Fritz Berndt collection (Dr. Frank Keutsch analysis)
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 814.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 99 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Chacaltaîte
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hey's Mineral index
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Kempff, O., Tawackoli, S., and Paar, W.H. (2003) Minerales de Bolivia (Minera San Cristobal, S.A., La Paz)
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natanite
Formula: Fe2+[Sn(OH)6]
Reference: Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Reference: USGS Bulletin # 1975, (1992)
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: Petrov, A., Smith, B., Smith, C. (2001) A Guide to Mineral Localities in Bolivia. Mineralogical Record Vol.32(6), pp. 457-482. Hurlbut, C.S., Aristarain, L.F. (1969) Olsacherite Pb₂(SeO₄)(SO₄), A New Mineral from Bolivia. The American Mineralogist. Vol.5, November-December, pp. 1519-1527.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Nickeltyrrellite (TL)
Formula: CuNi2Se4
Type Locality:
Reference: Förster, H.-J., Ma, C., Grundmann, G., Bindi, L., and Stanley, C.J. (2019) Nickeltyrrellite, IMA 2018-110. CNMNC Newsletter No. 47, February 2019, page 200; European Journal of Mineralogy, 31: 199–204.
Niedermayrite
Formula: CdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Nikischerite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Min Rec 34 (2003), 155
Nisnite
Formula: Ni3Sn
Reference: Hatløy, S. (2013). From cold to hot: post-Hirnantian sedimentary basins in Bolivia-A source rock for hydrocarbon deposits in the Andes?–A case study of the Uncía and Catavi formations. MS Thesis University of Stavanger.
Niter
Formula: KNO3
Description: Occurs in playa deposits in the department.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 304.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. p. 503 (Santa Cruz)
Nordstrandite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection
'Odontolite'
Reference: Alfredo Petrov field collected specimen.
Olekminskite
Formula: Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
Reference: Laszlo Horvath
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Federico Ahlfeld y Jorge Munoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
Olsacherite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(Se6+O4)(SO4)
Localities: