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Kåbuland, Iveland, Agder, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
KåbulandFarm
IvelandMunicipality
AgderCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
58° 31' 46'' North , 7° 54' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Byglandsfjord332 (2014)16.3km
Birkeland2,254 (2010)28.8km
Vennesla10,931 (2014)29.2km
Tveit1,397 (2010)35.0km
Justvik1,630 (2014)37.6km
Other Languages:
Norwegian:
Kåbuland, Iveland, Agder, Norge


Kåbuland is the name of a farm situated 8.2 km N of the centre of Iveland, Birketveit. The coordinates are given for the farmhouses.

Bjørlykke (1934) only registered two quarries, while Barth (1947) in his map has four quarries drawn in, and finally Stensrud (2009) lists six quarries.

What Stensrud (2009) described as Kåbuland 1, is actually a group of three quarries close together.

Many collectors believe the underground quarry to be the Amerika mine, while it actually is the large quarry a little bit more to the NE. Had the quarry been an underground workings in Bjørlykke's time (1930s), it would feel natural to include this detail. Since Bjørlykke (1934) does not mention such a detail, it is logical to assume that it would be an open pit.

At page 216 Pedersen (2007) writes "Der er to gruver heime på Kåbuland, Tunnelen nedst og Amerikagruva øvst." (Translated: "There are two quarries at the Kåbuland farm, Tunnelen in front and the Amerika quarry behind it.")

This was told to him by miner Tellef Kåbuland who worked in these quarries.

Specimens of thortveitite labelled as originating from the Kåbuland 1 quarry are probably mislabelled, and should be labelled Kåbuland 6.

In 2004 (?) the Kåbuland 6 mine was emptied for water, and many good thortveitite specimens were collected. In 2017 the mine was again emptied, and an even larger quantity of thortveitite was collected, among which a specimen containing at least 1 kg of thortveitite.


Coordinates © Kartverket - https://www.kartverket.no

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

35 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Description: Described as blomstrandine
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.(1930): Blomstrandin von Kåbuland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 11: 232-239 (p. 236); Hongslo, T. & Langmyhr, F. J. (1960): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway no. 6. On the chemical composition of blomstrandine and euxenite. Norsk geologisk Tidsskrift 40, 157-164
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255
Albite var. Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Pedersen, R (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. 382 p. [with a chapter on the minerals: "Minerala i Iveland", 332-370]
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 103
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Description: In pseudomorphoses after Monazite-(Ce) together with cerianite-(Ce), fluocerite-(Ce) and törnebohmite-(Ce) and a younger generation monazite-(Ce).
Reference: Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 + Neumann (1985, p. 99).
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Pedersen, R (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. 382 p. [with a chapter on the minerals: "Minerala i Iveland", 332-370]
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Habit: thick tabular imperfectly developed crystals < 2 cm
Colour: reddish brown orange yellow
Description: Cerianite-(Ce) occur in pseudomorphoses after monazite-(Ce), together with fluocerite-(Ce) ,Törnebohmite-(Ce) and a younger generation monazite-(Ce).
Reference: Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 + Neumann (1985, p. 85).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. 382 p. [with a chapter on the minerals: Minerala i Iveland, 332-370
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Selbekk, R.S., Berg, H.-J.,Folvik, H. & Ellingsen, H.V. (2008): Mineraler i columbitt-tantalittgruppen fra Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38, 33-36.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Description: Intergrown with cerianite-(Ce) as pseudomorphoses after monazite-(Ce).
Reference: Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 + Neumann (1985, p. 51).
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Keiviite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y2Si2O7
Reference: Stensrud, S. (2009): De opptredende mineraler på granittpegmatittganger i Iveland og Evje. Unpublished paper based on 4 previous papers written together with Johan Løchen.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Collection of the Iveland Municipality # IKM_615
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Microcline var. Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Description: Monazite-(Ce) occure as the youngest generation of minerals in pseudomorphoses after monazite-(Ce), together with cerianite-(Ce), Fluocerite-(Ce), törnabohmite-(Ce) and bastnäsite-(Ce).
Reference: Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 + Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 116
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Collection of the Iveland Municipality # IKM_615
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. 382 p. [with a chapter on the minerals: Minerala i Iveland, 332-370
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 72).
Rutile var. Ilmenorutile
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 72).
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Description: Found in "Thorveitittgruva"
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
Tengerite-(Y)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Reference: Stensrud, S. (2009): De opptredende mineraler på granittpegmatittganger i Iveland og Evje. Unpublished paper based on 4 previous papers written together with Johan Løchen.
Thalénite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y3Si3O10F
Description: Found in the "Thalenittbruddet" It is a high probabality that the metamict mineral that has been described from the pegmatites of Evje-Iveland area as thalenite-(Y), in fact is keiviite-(Y) (ref: Neumann 1985, p 157 + pers. commentary Gunnar Raade 1988)Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 157 + pers. commentary Gunnar Raade 1988
Reference: Pers. commentary Borghild Nilssen august 1968
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Reference: Knut Eldjarn collection
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.
Törnebohmite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Description: Törnebohmite-(Ce) occured in pseudomorphoses after monazite-(Ce), together with fluocerite-(Ce), Cerianite-(Ce) and a younger generation monazite-(Ce).
Reference: Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1963): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway No.17. Cerianite from cleavelandite pegmatite dykes in Iveland. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 43,247-255 +Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 85
Tveitite-(Y) ?
Formula: (Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6(Ca,Na)F42
Reference: Stensrud, S. (2009): De opptredende mineraler på granittpegmatittganger i Iveland og Evje. Unpublished paper based on 4 previous papers written together with Johan Løchen.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.( 1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Yttrialite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Th)2Si2O7
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1968): [no title]. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 20.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Frigstad, O.F. (1968) En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Tveitite-(Y) ?3.AB.30(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6(Ca,Na)F42
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Aeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var. Ilmenorutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Tengerite-(Y)5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Keiviite-(Y) ?9.BC.05Y2Si2O7
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var. Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Thalénite-(Y) ?9.BJ.20Y3Si3O10F
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Törnebohmite-(Ce)9.AG.45(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Yttrialite-(Y)9.BC.05(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var. Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2TiO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Tveitite-(Y) ?9.2.1.3(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6(Ca,Na)F42
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Tengerite-(Y)15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Törnebohmite-(Ce)52.4.5.1(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Keiviite-(Y) ?55.2.1a.2Y2Si2O7
Thalénite-(Y) ?55.2.1b.2Y3Si3O10F
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Yttrialite-(Y)55.2.1b.3(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var. Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Microcline
var. Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
OOxygen
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
O Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
O Keiviite-(Y)Y2Si2O7
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
F Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6(Ca,Na)F42
NaSodium
Na Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6(Ca,Na)F42
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
SiSilicon
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si Albite var. CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
Si Keiviite-(Y)Y2Si2O7
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Microcline var. AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6(Ca,Na)F42
ScScandium
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
TiTitanium
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
FeIron
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
SrStrontium
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
YYttrium
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Y Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
Y Keiviite-(Y)Y2Si2O7
Y Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6(Ca,Na)F42
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
LaLanthanum
La Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Th Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pedersen, R. (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd, p 334
Ewing, R. C. (1973): Vickers hardness and reflectance determinations for metamict AB2O6-type rare earth Ti-Nb-Ta oxides. American Mineralogist. 58, 942-944 [With analysis of aeschynite from Kåbuland]
Barth, T. F. W. (1947): The nickeliferous Iveland-Evje amphibolite, and its relation. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 168a, 71p.
Bjørlykke, H. (1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311.
Stensrud, S. (2009): De opptredende mineraler på granittpegmatittganger i Iveland og Evje. Unpublished paper based on 4 previous papers written together with Johan Løchen.

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