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Kåbuland, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norway

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 58° 31' 46'' North , 7° 54' 53'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 58.52955,7.91477
GeoHash:G#: u4msungr7
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Kåbuland, Iveland kommune, Aust-agder fylke, Norge


Kåbuland is the name of a farm situated 8.2 km N of the centre of Iveland, Birketveit. The coordinates are given for the farmhouses.

Bjørlykke (1934) only registered two quarries, while Barth (1947) in his map has four quarries drawn in, and finally Stensrud (2009) lists six quarries.

What Stensrud (2009) described as Kåbuland 1, is actually a group of three quarries close together.

Many collectors believe the underground quarry to be the Amerika mine, while it actually is the large quarry a little bit more to the NE. Had the quarry been an underground workings in Bjørlykke's time (1930s), it would feel natural to include this detail. Since Bjørlykke (1934) does not mention such a detail, it is logical to assume that it would be an open pit.

At page 216 Pedersen (2007) writes "Der er to gruver heime på Kåbuland, Tunnelen nedst og Amerikagruva øvst."

Translated: "There are two quarries at the Kåbuland farm, Tunnelen in front and the Amerika quarry behind it."

This was told to him by miner Tellef Kåbuland who worked in these quarries.

Specimens of thortveitite labelled as originating from the Kåbuland 1 quarry are probably mislabelled, and should be labelled Kåbuland 6.

In 2004 (?) the Kåbuland 6 mine was emptied for water, and many good thortveitite specimens were collected. In 2017 the mine was again emptied, and an even larger quantity of thortveitite was collected, among which a specimen containing at least 1 kg of thortveitite.


Coordinates © Kartverket - https://www.kartverket.no

Regions containing this locality

Scandinavia

Region - 2,003 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

34 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 103
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Pedersen, R (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. 382 p. [with a chapter on the minerals: "Minerala i Iveland", 332-370]
'Biotite'
Cavoite
Formula: CaV4+3O7
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. 382 p. [with a chapter on the minerals: Minerala i Iveland, 332-370
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Reference: Selbekk, R.S., Berg, H.-J.,Folvik, H. & Ellingsen, H.V. (2008): Mineraler i columbitt-tantalittgruppen fra Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38, 33-36.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
'commodity:Feldspar'
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Pegmatite'
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Pedersen, R.(ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. 382 p. [with a chapter on the minerals: Minerala i Iveland, 332-370
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 72).
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske undersøkelse. Skrifter 68, p. 72).
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
Tengerite-(Y)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Thalénite-(Y) ?
Formula: Y3Si3O10F
Reference: Pers. commentary Borghild Nilssen august 1968
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Reference: Knut Eldjarn collection
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Törnebohmite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Tveitite-(Y) ?
Formula: (Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Reference: Stensrud, S. (2009): De opptredende mineraler på granittpegmatittganger i Iveland og Evje. Unpublished paper based on 4 previous papers written together with Johan Løchen.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Yttrialite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Th)2Si2O7
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1968): [no title]. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 20.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Tveitite-(Y) ?3.AB.30(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Aeschynite-(Y)'4.DF.05(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Cavoite ?4.HE.40CaV4+3O7
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Tengerite-(Y)5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Thalénite-(Y) ?9.BJ.20Y3Si3O10F
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Törnebohmite-(Ce)9.AG.45(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Yttrialite-(Y)9.BC.05(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
Biotite-
Chlorite Group-
Pegmatite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Aeschynite-(Y)8.3.6.3(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Tveitite-(Y) ?9.2.1.3(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Tengerite-(Y)15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Törnebohmite-(Ce)52.4.5.1(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Thalénite-(Y) ?55.2.1b.2Y3Si3O10F
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Yttrialite-(Y)55.2.1b.3(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Biotite'-
Cavoite ?-CaV4+3O7
'Chlorite Group'-
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Pegmatite'-
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
CCarbon
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C SideriteFeCO3
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
OOxygen
O Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O CavoiteCaV34+O7
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
O Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F FluoriteCaF2
F Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
Si Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca CavoiteCaV34+O7
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
ScScandium
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
TiTitanium
Ti Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V CavoiteCaV34+O7
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
FeIron
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
SrStrontium
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
YYttrium
Y Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Y Thalénite-(Y)Y3Si3O10F
Y Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
LaLanthanum
La Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Törnebohmite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2Al(SiO4)2(OH)
TaTantalum
Ta Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
ThThorium
Th Aeschynite-(Y)(Y,Ln,Ca,Th)(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Proterozoic
541 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3186372
Proterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Granitoid gneiss; orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic - Paleoproterozoic
1000 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3133829
Proterozoic I gabbro

Age: Proterozoic (1000 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{gabbro}, Minor{diorite,plutonic ultramafic group,meta-gabbro}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pedersen, R. (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd, p 334
Ewing, R. C. (1973): Vickers hardness and reflectance determinations for metamict AB2O6-type rare earth Ti-Nb-Ta oxides. American Mineralogist. 58, 942-944 [With analysis of aeschynite from Kåbuland]
Barth, T. F. W. (1947): The nickeliferous Iveland-Evje amphibolite, and its relation. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 168a, 71p.
Bjørlykke, H. (1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311.
Stensrud, S. (2009): De opptredende mineraler på granittpegmatittganger i Iveland og Evje. Unpublished paper based on 4 previous papers written together with Johan Løchen.

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