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Italy

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Area:301,338 km2
Museums in region:
Name(s) in local language(s):Italia


To the north, Italy borders France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia, and its borders are largely naturally defined by the Alpine watershed. To the south, it consists of the entirety of the Italian Peninsula and the two largest Mediterranean islands of Sicily and Sardinia as well as around 68 smaller islands. There are two small independent states within Italy: the Vatican City in Rome, and the Republic of San Marino.

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is divided into 20 regions which represent the first-level administrative divisions of the country. Five of them (Aosta Valley, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, and Sicily) have a special autonomous status. Each region, with the sole exception of Aosta Valley, is divided into second-level administrative divisions (represented by provinces and metropolitan cities), which in turn are subdivided into municipalities (in Italian comuni; singular: comune).

Numerous seamounts rise from the seafloor surrounding Italy, particularly at the bottom of Tyrrhenian Sea and Sicily Channel.

The complexity of its geological history combined with the wide variety of its substratum rock types, often dislocated by numerous fault-lines, folding and thrusting of the rocky units by orogenic forces, have contributed to Italy’s extremely diverse morphology. Less than a quarter (23%) of its total territory is formed by plains, while mountainous areas occupy over a third of its surface (35%). And, over two-fifths (42%) consists of hill zones. Italy’s maximum height above sea level corresponds with the summit of Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco), 4810 m, on the border with France. In the far eastern section of the Po valley there are some zones which are slightly below the sea level and which are often subject to subsidence phenomena.

The evolution of the geology of Italy spans from the early Palaeozoic orogens throughout the Mesozoic opening of the Tethys oceans to the later closure of these oceanic embayments during the Alpine and Apenninic subductions. All these phenomena are reflected in the lithological characteristics of the different Italian regions.


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

'Acanthoîde'

Acmonidesite (TL)

Actinolite

var: Smaragdite

'Actinolite-Ferro-actinolite Series'

'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'

Adamite

var: Cobaltoan Adamite

Adelite

Adranosite (TL)

Adranosite-(Fe) (TL)

Aegirine

var: Fedorovite (FRL)

var: Titanian Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Aenigmatite

'Aeschynite'

Aeschynite-(Ce)

'Aeschynite Group'

Aeschynite-(Y)

Afghanite

Afwillite

'Agardite'

Agardite-(Ce)

Agardite-(La)

Agardite-(Y)

Aikinite

Aiolosite (TL)

Akaganeite

Akatoreite

Åkermanite

'Åkermanite-Gehlenite Series'

Aktashite

Alabandite

Albertiniite (TL)

Albite

var: Andesine

var: Oligoclase

var: Oligoclase-Albite

var: Pericline

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Aliettite (TL)

'Alkali Feldspar'

Allanite-(Ce)

'Allanite Group'

Allanite-(La) (TL)

Allanite-(Y)

Alloclasite

Allophane

Alloriite (TL)

Alluaudite

Almandine

'Almandine-Pyrope Series'

'Almandine-Spessartine Series'

'Almbosite'

Alpeite (TL)

Altaite

'Alum Group'

Aluminite

Aluminoceladonite

Aluminocerite-(Ce) (TL)

Aluminocopiapite

Aluminocoquimbite (TL)

Aluminopyracmonite (TL)

Alum-(K)

Alum-(Na)

Alumohydrocalcite

Alumovesuvianite

Alunite (TL)

'Alunite Group'

Alunogen

Alwilkinsite-(Y)

Amarantite

Amarillite

'Amber'

'var: Simetite'

Amblygonite

Ambrinoite (TL)

Amesite

Ammineite

Ammonioborite (TL)

'Amphibole Asbestos'

Amphibole Supergroup

var: Byssolite

var: Uralite

Analcime (TL)

'Analcime-Wairakite Series'

Anapaite

Anatase

Andalusite

var: Chiastolite

Andersonite

'Andorite'

Andradite

var: Demantoid

var: Hydroandradite

var: Melanite

var: Topazolite

'Andradite-Grossular Series'

Andreadiniite (TL)

'Anemousite'

Anglesite

Anhydrite

var: Vulpinite

Anilite

Ankerite

Annabergite

Annite

'Annite-Phlogopite Series'

Anorthite (TL)

var: Bytownite

'Anorthoclase' (FRL)

Ansermetite

Anthophyllite

Antigorite (TL)

var: Vorhauserite

Antimony

'Antimony Ochre'

Antlerite

'Apatite'

'var: Carbonate-rich Apatite'

'var: Collophane'

'Apatite Group'

Aphthitalite (TL)

Apjohnite

'Apophyllite'

Apuanite (TL)

Aragonite

var: Flos Ferri

var: Pelagosite

Arcanite

Arcubisite

Ardealite

'Ardennite'

Ardennite-(As)

Ardennite-(V) (TL)

Arfvedsonite

Argandite

Argentopentlandite

Argentopyrite

Argentotennantite

Argesite (TL)

Armenite

Arrojadite-(BaFe) (TL)

Arrojadite-(BaNa) (TL)

Arrojadite-(KFe)

Arrojadite-(KNa)

Arsenic

Arseniopleite

Arseniosiderite

Arsenmarcobaldiite (TL)

Arsenmedaite (TL)

Arsenoclasite

Arsenogorceixite

Arsenolite

Arsenopyrite

'Arsenschwefel'

Arsentsumebite

Arsiccioite (TL)

Arthurite

Artinite (TL)

Artroeite

Asbecasite

'Asbestos'

'var: Mountain Leather'

Asbolane

Aschamalmite

Ashoverite

Atacamite

Aubertite

Augite

var: Fassaite

var: Soda-Augite

var: Titanian Augite

Aurichalcite

Aurostibite

Autunite

Avogadrite (TL)

Awaruite

Axinite-(Fe)

'Axinite Group'

Axinite-(Mn)

Azurite

Babánekite

Babingtonite

Baddeleyite

Bafertisite

Baileychlore

'Bakerite'

Balangeroite (TL)

Balestraite (TL)

Balićžunićite (TL)

Balkanite

Balliranoite (TL)

Baotite

Bararite

Barberiite (TL)

'Barettite'

Bario-olgite

Bariopharmacoalumite

Bariopharmacosiderite

Barnesite

Barrerite (TL)

Barroisite

Barstowite

Bartonite

Baryte

var: Strontian Baryte

Barytocalcite

Bassanite (TL)

Bassetite

Bassoite (TL)

'Bastnäsite'

Bastnäsite-(Ce)

Baumstarkite

Bavenite (TL)

Bayldonite

Bazzite (TL)

Bearthite (TL)

Beaverite-(Cu)

'Bechilite'

Becquerelite

Bementite

Bendadaite

Benleonardite

Benstonite

Beraunite

Bergslagite

Bernalite

Bernarlottiite (TL)

Berthierine

Berthierite

Bertrandite

Beryl

var: Alkali-beryl

var: Aquamarine

var: Emerald

var: Goshenite

var: Heliodor

var: Morganite

var: Rosterite (FRL)

Berzeliite

Beudantite

'Beudantite-Segnitite Series'

Beusite

Beyerite

Biachellaite (TL)

Bianchite (TL)

Bieberite

Billietite

Billingsleyite

'Bindheimite'

'Biotite'

'var: Manganophyllite'

'var: Titanian Biotite'

Biringuccite (TL)

Birnessite

Bischofite

Bismite

Bismoclite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Bismutocolumbite

Bismutotantalite

'Bitumen'

Bixbyite

Blödite

'Bloodstone'

Böhmite

Boleite

Bonattite (TL)

Boothite

var: Mg-bearing Boothite

Borax

Bornite

Boscardinite (TL)

Botallackite

Botryogen

Bottinoite (TL)

Boulangerite

Bournonite

'Bournonite-Seligmannite Series'

Boussingaultite (TL)

Boyleite

Braccoite (TL)

Brandholzite

Brandtite

Brannerite

Braunite (TL)

'Bravoite'

Brazilianite

Breithauptite

Brewsterite-Ba (TL)

Brianyoungite

Britholite-(Ce)

var: Thorian Britholite-(Ce)

'Britholite Group'

Brizziite (TL)

Brochantite

Bromargyrite

Brontesite (TL)

Brookite

'Brownmillerite-Srebrodolskite Series'

Brucite

var: Nemalite

Brugnatellite (TL)

Brushite

Bukovskýite

Bulachite

'Bursaite'

Bustamite

Cabalzarite

Cabvinite (TL)

Cacoxenite

Cafarsite

Cafetite

Cahnite

'Calamine'

Calaverite

'Calcareous Tufa'

Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Calcioancylite-(Nd) (TL)

Calcioaravaipaite

'Calcio-biotite'

Calcioferrite

Calciopetersite

Calcite

var: Cobaltoan Calcite

var: Ferroan Calcite

var: Limestone Onyx

var: Lublinite

var: Mg-rich Calcite

var: Strontian Calcite

'Calcite-Rhodochrosite Series'

'Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'

Calderite

Calderónite

Caledonite

Calkinsite-(Ce)

Callaghanite

Calomel

Calumetite

Calzirtite

Camérolaite

Campigliaite (TL)

Campostriniite (TL)

Canavesite (TL)

Cancrinite

'Cancrinite Group'

Cannizzarite (TL)

Cannonite

Canosioite (TL)

Caoxite (TL)

Capranicaite (TL)

Carbonatecyanotrichite

Carducciite (TL)

Carlhintzeite

Carlosturanite (TL)

Carminite

Carnallite

Carnotite

Carobbiite (TL)

Carpholite

Carraraite (TL)

Carrollite

Caryinite

Caryopilite

Cascandite (TL)

Cassagnaite (TL)

Cassiterite

Castellaroite (TL)

Cavoite (TL)

Caysichite-(Y)

Čechite

Celadonite (TL)

Celestine

var: Barian Celestine

Celsian

Cerchiaraite-(Fe) (TL)

Cerchiaraite-(Mn) (TL)

Cerianite-(Ce)

Cerite-(Ce)

Cerussite (TL)

var: Zincian Cerussite

Cervandonite-(Ce) (TL)

Cervantite

Cesanite (TL)

Cesàrolite

Cetineite (TL)

'Chabazite'

'var: Phacolite'

Chabazite-Ca (TL)

Chabazite-K (TL)

Chabazite-Na (TL)

Chabazite-Sr

Chalcanthite

var: Phillipite

Chalcoalumite

Chalcocite

Chalcocyanite (TL)

Chalcomenite

Chalcophanite

Chalcophyllite

Chalcopyrite

var: Auriferous Chalcopyrite

Chalcostibite

Challacolloite

Chamosite

var: Corundophilite

'Chamosite-Clinochlore Series'

Chantalite

Chapmanite

Chenevixite

Chenite

Cheralite

'Cheralite-(Ce)'

Chernikovite

Chernovite-(Y)

Chiavennite (TL)

Chloraluminite (TL)

Chlorapatite

Chlorargyrite

var: Bromian Chlorargyrite

Chlorbartonite

'Chlorite Group'

Chloritoid

Chlormanganokalite (TL)

Chlorocalcite (TL)

Chloromagnesite (TL)

Chlorothionite (TL)

Chondrodite

Chovanite

Chrome Ochre

'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'

Chromite

'Chromite-Magnesiochromite Series'

Chrysoberyl

Chrysocolla

'Chrysolite'

Chrysotile

Chukhrovite-(Ca) (TL)

Chukhrovite-(Ce)

Churchite-(Y)

Cinnabar

Ciprianiite (TL)

Ciriottiite (TL)

Claraite

Claringbullite

Clausthalite

'Clays'

Cleusonite

Clinoatacamite

Clinocervantite (TL)

Clinochlore

var: Chromian Clinochlore

var: Pennine

var: Ripidolite

var: Sheridanite

'Clinochrysotile'

Clinoclase

Clinoenstatite

Clinohumite (TL)

var: Titanclinohumite

Clinometaborite (TL)

'Clinoptilolite'

Clinoptilolite-Na

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Clino-suenoite (TL)

Clinotobermorite

'Clinotyrolite'

Clinozoisite

var: Clinothulite

'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'

Clintonite

Coalingite

Cobaltite

Cobaltpentlandite

Coconinoite

Coesite

Coloradoite

Columbite-(Fe)

'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'

Columbite-(Mg)

Columbite-(Mn)

'Columbite-Tantalite'

Colusite

Compreignacite

Conichalcite

Connellite

Cookeite

Copiapite

'Copiapite Group'

Copper

Coquandite (TL)

Coquimbite

Coralloite (TL)

Cordierite

Corkite

'Corkite-Hinsdalite Series'

Cornubite

Cornwallite

Coronadite

Cortesognoite (TL)

Corundum

var: Ruby

var: Sapphire

Cosalite

Cossaite (TL)

Cotunnite (TL)

Covellite (TL)

Cowlesite

Crandallite

'Crandallite-Goyazite Series'

Creaseyite

Crednerite

Creedite

Crichtonite

'Crichtonite Group'

'Crichtonite-Senaite Series'

Cristobalite

Crocoite

Cronstedtite

'Crossite'

Cryptohalite (TL)

Cryptomelane

Cualstibite

'Cualstibite-1M'

Cubanite

Cumengeite

Cummingtonite

Cuprite

var: Chalcotrichite

Cuproiridsite

Cuprorhodsite

Cuprorivaite (TL)

Cuproroméite

Cuprosklodowskite

Curienite

Curite

Cuspidine (TL)

Cyanochroite (TL)

Cyanotrichite

Cymrite

Cyrilovite

Dachiardite-Ca (TL)

Dachiardite-Na (TL)

Dadsonite

Danburite

D'Ansite-(Fe) (TL)

D'Ansite-(Mn) (TL)

Datolite

Daubréeite

Davyne (TL)

Dawsonite

var: Chromian Dawsonite

Deerite

Delafossite

Deliensite

Demartinite (TL)

Demicheleite-(Br) (TL)

Demicheleite-(Cl) (TL)

Demicheleite-(I) (TL)

Derbylite

Descloizite

'Descloizite-Mottramite Series'

'Desert Rose'

Dessauite-(Y) (TL)

Destinezite

Deveroite-(Ce) (TL)

Devilline

'Deweylite'

Dewindtite

Diaboleite

Diadochite

Diamond

Diaphorite

Diaspore

Dickite

Dietrichite

Digenite

Dimorphite (TL)

Dinite (TL)

Diopside

var: Chromian Diopside

var: Diallage

var: Lavrovite

var: Schefferite

var: Traversellite

var: Violan (FRL)

'Diopside-Hedenbergite Series'

Dioptase

Dissakisite-(La) (TL)

Disulfodadsonite (TL)

Djerfisherite

Djurleite

Dmitryivanovite

Dolerophanite (TL)

Dolomite

var: Brossite

var: Ferroan Dolomite

'Dolomite Group'

Domeykite

Dravite

'Dravite-Schorl Series'

Dufrénite

Dufrénoysite

Duftite

Dumontite

Dumortierite

Dundasite

Duttonite

Dypingite

Dyscrasite

Eastonite

Ecdemite

Eckermannite

Edenite

Eggletonite

Ekanite

Elbaite (TL)

'Elbaite-Schorl Series'

'Electrum'

Ellenbergerite (TL)

'Ellenbergerite-(PO4)'

Elpasolite

Elyite

Emplectite

Enargite

Enstatite

var: Bronzite

var: Vanadinbronzite

'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'

Eosphorite

Epidote

var: Allanite-Epidote

var: Tawmawite

Epistilbite

Epsomite

Eriochalcite (TL)

'Erionite'

Erionite-Ca

Erionite-Na

Erythrite

Erythrosiderite (TL)

Esseneite

Ettringite

Euchlorine (TL)

Euchroite

Euclase

Euxenite-(Y)

Fairfieldite

Famatinite

Fantappièite (TL)

Farneseite (TL)

Fassinaite (TL)

Faujasite-Na

'Faujasite Subgroup'

Fayalite

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'

'Feldspar Group'

'var: Perthite'

Felsőbányaite

Ferberite

'Fergusonite'

Fergusonite-(Ce)

Fergusonite-(Y)

Fergusonite-(Y)-β

Feroxyhyte

Ferriallanite-(Ce)

Ferricopiapite

'Ferrierite'

Ferrierite-Mg

Ferri-ghoseite

Ferrihollandite

Ferrihydrite

Ferrimolybdite

Ferrinatrite

Ferripyrophyllite

Ferrisicklerite

Ferrisurite

'Ferri-taramite'

Ferro-actinolite

'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'

Ferrobustamite

Ferrocarpholite

'Ferrocarpholite-Magnesiocarpholite Series'

Ferroceladonite

'Ferro-eckermannite'

Ferro-ferri-hornblende (TL)

Ferro-glaucophane (TL)

Ferrohexahydrite

Ferro-hornblende

'Ferrohortonolite'

Ferro-katophorite

'Ferro-nybøite'

Ferro-pargasite

Ferrosaponite

Ferrosilite

Ferrostrunzite

Ferrowodginite

Ferrowyllieite

Ferruccite (TL)

Fersmite

Fetiasite (TL)

Fettelite

Fianelite

Fibroferrite

Fiedlerite

Fizélyite

Florencite-(Ce)

Fluellite

Fluoborite

Fluorapatite

var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite

var: Strontian Apatite

Fluorapophyllite-(K)

'Fluorapophyllite-(K) - Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) Series'

Fluorcarmoite-(BaNa) (TL)

Fluor-elbaite

Fluorite

Fluornatrocoulsellite

Fluoro-edenite (TL)

Fluorokinoshitalite

Fluoro-pargasite

Fluorophlogopite (TL)

Fluoro-richterite

Fluor-schorl (TL)

Fluor-tsilaisite (TL)

Foitite

Fornacite

Forsterite (TL)

var: Peridot

Foshagite

Fourmarierite

Fraipontite

Francevillite

Franciscanite

Francisite

Francoanellite (TL)

Françoisite-(Nd)

Franzinite (TL)

Freibergite

'Freibergite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Freieslebenite

Friedelite

Friedrichite

'Fuggerite'

Fukuchilite

'Gadolinite'

Gadolinite-(Ce)

Gadolinite Group

Gadolinite-(Y)

var: Calciogadolinite-(Y)

Gageite

Gahnite

Galena

var: Argentiferous Galena

var: Selenian Galena

Galenobismutite

Galkhaite

Gamagarite

Ganophyllite

Garavellite (TL)

'Garnet'

'Garnet Structural Group'

'Garronite'

Garronite-Ca

Gartrellite

Gasparite-(Ce) (TL)

Gaspéite

'Gavite'

Gaylussite

Gearksutite

Gedrite

Geerite

Gehlenite (TL)

Geigerite

Geikielite

Gelosaite (TL)

Genthelvite

Geocronite

Georgiadèsite

Gerhardtite

Gersdorffite

Getchellite

Ghiaraite (TL)

Gibbsite

Giessenite

Ginorite (TL)

Giorgiosite

'Gismondine' (FRL)

Gismondine-Ca

Giuseppettite (TL)

Gladite

'Glaskopf'

'Glass'

Glauberite

Glaucocerinite

Glauconite

Glaucophane

'Glaucophane Root Name'

'Gmelinite'

'var: Ledererite'

Gmelinite-Ca (TL)

Gmelinite-K

Gmelinite-Na (TL)

Godovikovite

Goethite

Gold

Goldfieldite

Goldichite

Goldmanite

Gonnardite

Gorceixite

Gordaite

Görgeyite

Goslarite

Götzenite

Goudeyite

Goyazite

Graeserite

Graftonite

Gramaccioliite-(Y) (TL)

Grandaite (TL)

Grandidierite

Graphite

Grattarolaite (TL)

Gravegliaite (TL)

Greenalite

Greenockite

Greigite

Grossite

Grossular

var: Hessonite

var: Hibschite

'Grossular-Hibschite Series'

Groutite

Grumiplucite (TL)

'Guarinite'

Gudmundite

Guettardite

Gugiaite

'Gummite'

Gunningite

Gustavite

Gypsum

var: Alabaster

var: Satin Spar Gypsum

var: Selenite

Gyrolite

Gysinite-(Nd)

Häggite

Hainite-(Y)

Halite

'Halloysite'

Halloysite-10Å

Halloysite-7Å

Halotrichite

Hambergite

Hammarite

Haradaite

Harkerite

Harmotome

'Harmotome-Phillipsite-Ca Series'

Hartite

Hastingsite

Hauchecornite

Hauerite

Hausmannite

Haüyne (TL)

Hawleyite

'Hayesine (of Bechi)'

Heazlewoodite

Hedenbergite

Hedleyite

Hedyphane

Heliophyllite

'Hellandite'

Hellandite-(Ce) (TL)

Hellandite Group

Hellandite-(Y)

Helvine

Hematite

var: Iron Rose

var: Red Ochre

Hemimorphite

Hephaistosite (TL)

Hercynite

var: Chrompicotite

var: Picotite

Hessite

Hetaerolite

Heterogenite

Heterosite

'Heulandite'

'var: Barian Heulandite'

Heulandite-Ca

Heulandite-K (TL)

Heulandite-Na

Heulandite-Sr (TL)

Hexahydrite

Heyrovskýite

Hibonite

Hidalgoite

Hieratite (TL)

Hingganite-(Y)

Hinsdalite

Hiortdahlite

Hisingerite

'Högbomite'

Hollandite

Homilite

'Hornblende'

Hörnesite

Hübnerite

Hügelite

Humboldtine

Humite (TL)

'Humite Group'

Hummerite

Hundholmenite-(Y)

Huntite

Huttonite

Hydrobasaluminite

Hydrobiotite

Hydrocalumite

Hydrocerussite

'Hydrodolomite'

Hydrohetaerolite

Hydrohonessite

Hydrokenoelsmoreite

var: Ferritungstite

Hydrokenoralstonite

Hydromagnesite

'Hydromelanothallite'

'Hydromuscovite'

Hydroniumjarosite

'Hydrophilite'

Hydroromarchite

Hydrotalcite

'Hydrougrandite'

Hydrowoodwardite

Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)

Hydroxylapatite

var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)

Hydroxylclinohumite

Hydroxylherderite

Hydroxylwagnerite (TL)

Hydrozincite

Hylbrownite

'Hypersthene'

Ianthinite

Ice

Ichnusaite (TL)

Idaite

'Iddingsite'

'Illite-1M'

Ilmenite

Ilvaite (TL)

Imiterite

Inderite

Indialite

'Indicolite'

Inesite

Iodargyrite

Irarsite

Iron

var: Kamacite

var: Martensite

Isocubanite

Ixiolite

var: Wolframoixiolite

Izoklakeite

Jacobsite

Jadeite

var: Chloromelanite

Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)

Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)

Jalpaite

Jamborite (TL)

Jamesonite

Jarosite

'Jarosite-Natrojarosite Series'

Jaskólskiite

Jennite

Jervisite (TL)

Jimthompsonite

Johannite

Johannsenite (TL)

Jordanite

Julgoldite-(Fe2+)

Jurbanite

Kaersutite

Kainite

Kainosite-(Y)

Kaliborite

Kalinite

Kaliophilite (TL)

Kalistrontite

Kalsilite

Kamphaugite-(Y)

Kaňkite

Kaolinite

'Kaolinite-Serpentine Group'

Karelianite

Karenwebberite (TL)

Kasolite

Kassite

Katoite (TL)

'Kelyphite'

Kentrolite

'Keramohalite'

Kermesite

'Kerolite'

Kesterite

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Khademite

Khibinskite

Kieserite

Kilchoanite

Kimzeyite

Kinoshitalite

Kintoreite

Kipushite

Kircherite (TL)

Kirkiite

Kirschsteinite

Klebelsbergite

Knasibfite (TL)

Kochite

Koechlinite

Kogarkoite

Kolbeckite

Koninckite

Koritnigite

Kosmochlor

Kotoite

Köttigite

Krausite

Kremersite (TL)

Krennerite

Kristiansenite

Kröhnkite

Kryzhanovskite

Ktenasite

Kulanite

Kutnohorite

Kyanite

Kyrgyzstanite

'Labradorite'

Laffittite

Lafossaite (TL)

Lanarkite

Langite

Lansfordite

Larderellite (TL)

Larnite

Latiumite (TL)

Laueite

Laumontite

Laurelite

Laurionite

Laurite

Lautenthalite

Lavendulan

Låvenite

Lavinskyite

'Lavinskyite-1M' (FRL)

Lavoisierite (TL)

Lawrencite

Lawsonite

Lazulite

'Lazurite'

Lead

Leadhillite

Leguernite (TL)

Lenoblite

Leonardsenite

Leonite

Lepidocrocite

'Lepidolite'

Leucite (TL)

Leucophoenicite

'Lévyne'

Lévyne-Ca

Lévyne-Na

Libethenite

'Liddicoatite'

Liebigite

Lillianite

Lime (TL)

'Limonite'

'var: Stilpnosiderite'

Linarite

Lindackerite

Lindbergite

Lindsleyite

Linnaeite

'Linnaeite-Polydymite Series'

Liottite (TL)

Lipscombite

Litharge

Lithiophilite

Lithiophorite

Litidionite (TL)

Lizardite

'Lizardite-1T'

Löllingite

Lombardoite (TL)

Loveringite

Luanheite

Lucabindiite (TL)

Ludlockite

Ludwigite

Lusernaite-(Y) (TL)

Luzonite

Macfallite

Mackinawite

Macphersonite

Maghemite

'Magnesian hastingsite'

Magnesio-arfvedsonite

Magnesioaubertite (TL)

Magnesiobeltrandoite-2N3S (TL)

Magnesiocarpholite

Magnesiochloritoid

Magnesiochromite

Magnesiocopiapite

Magnesiodumortierite (TL)

Magnesio-ferri-fluoro-hornblende (TL)

Magnesioferrite (TL)

Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite

Magnesio-foitite

Magnesio-hastingsite

Magnesio-hornblende

Magnesio-riebeckite

Magnesiostaurolite (TL)

Magnesiovesuvianite

Magnesite (TL)

var: Breunnerite

var: Mesitine Spar

'Magnesite-Siderite Series'

Magnetite

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

Mahnertite

Malachite

Malayaite

Malladrite (TL)

Mallardite

Mallestigite

Mambertiite (TL)

Mammothite

Mandarinoite

Manganarsite

Manganberzeliite

'Manganese Oxides'

'var: Manganese Dendrites'

Manganiakasakaite-(La) (TL)

Manganiandrosite-(Ce) (TL)

Manganiceladonite (TL)

Manganite

'Manganoan Calcite'

Manganocummingtonite

Manganohörnesite

Manganolangbeinite (TL)

Manganosite

Mannardite

var: Ankangite

Mansfieldite

'Mansfieldite-Scorodite Series'

Mapiquiroite (TL)

Marcasite

Marcobaldiite (TL)

Marécottite

Margarite

'Margarodite'

Marialite (TL)

Marinellite (TL)

Marrucciite (TL)

Marsturite

Mascagnite (TL)

'Maskelynite'

Massicot

Masuyite

Matlockite

Matteuccite (TL)

Mattheddleite

Maucherite

Mcalpineite

Mcguinnessite

Mckelveyite-(Y)

'Mckelveyite-(Y)-2M'

Medaite (TL)

Meerschautite (TL)

Meionite (TL)

Melanophlogite (TL)

Melanotekite

Melanothallite (TL)

Melanterite

var: Cuprian Melanterite

'Melilite Group'

Meliphanite

Melkovite

Mellite

'Melnikovite'

Melonite

'Mendozavilite Group'

Mendozite

Meneghinite (TL)

Mercallite (TL)

'Mercurian Tetrahedrite'

Mercury

Merenskyite

Merlinoite (TL)

Merrillite

Mesolite

Messelite

Meta-aluminite

Meta-ankoleite

Meta-autunite

Metaborite

Metacinnabar

var: Leviglianite

Metasaléeite

Metasideronatrite

Metastibnite

Metaswitzerite

Metatorbernite

Metatyuyamunite

Metavanmeersscheite

Metavoltine

Metazeunerite

'Meteoritic Iron'

Meymacite

Miargyrite

'Mica Group'

Microcline

var: Amazonite

var: Hyalophane

Microlite Group

var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)

Microsommite (TL)

Milarite

Millerite

Millosevichite (TL)

Mimetite

Minguzzite (TL)

Minium

Minnesotaite

Minohlite

Minyulite

Mirabilite

Misenite (TL)

Mitridatite

Mitscherlichite (TL)

Mixite

'Mixite Group'

Moëloite (TL)

Mohrite (TL)

Molinelloite (TL)

Molybdenite

'Molybdenite-2H'

'Molybdenite-3R'

Molybdite

Molysite (TL)

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

'Monazite Group'

Monazite-(La)

Monazite-(Nd) (TL)

Moncheite

Monohydrocalcite

Monteponite (TL)

Montesommaite (TL)

Montetrisaite (TL)

Montgomeryite

Monticellite (TL)

Montmorillonite

var: Batrachite

'Montmorillonite-Vermiculite Group'

Montroseite

Montroydite

Mooihoekite

Moolooite

Mopungite

Mordenite

Morenosite

Mottanaite-(Ce) (TL)

Mottramite

var: Duhamelite

Motukoreaite

Mounanaite

Mozartite (TL)

Mozgovaite (TL)

Mullite

Murdochite

Muscovite

var: Alurgite

var: Barian Muscovite

var: Damourite

var: Fuchsite

var: Illite

var: Sericite

'Muscovite-2M1'

Mushistonite

Nabiasite

Nacrite

Nahcolite (TL)

Nakauriite

Namansilite

Nambulite

Namuwite

Nantokite

Nasinite (TL)

Natrite

Natroalunite

Natrochalcite

'Natrodavyne'

Natrodufrénite

Natrojarosite

Natrolite

'Natrolite Subgroup'

Natron

Nealite

Nekoite

Nekrasovite

Neotocite

Nepheline (TL)

Népouite

Nesquehonite

Nickel

Nickelhexahydrite

Nickeline

Nickelskutterudite

Niter

Nitratine

Nitrocalcite

Nitromagnesite

Noelbensonite

Nontronite

Norbergite

Nordstrandite

Norrishite

Nosean

Nováčekite-II

Nsutite

Nuragheite (TL)

Nybøite

Nyerereite

Offretite

Okenite

Olenite

Olgite

Olivenite

'Olivine'

'Olivine Group'

Olsacherite

Omphacite

var: Chrome-Omphacite

Onoratoite (TL)

Opal

var: Hyalite

var: Opal-AN

var: Opal-C

var: Opal-CT

var: Wood Opal

Orcelite

Ordoñezite

Orickite

Orientite

Orlandiite (TL)

Orpiment

Orthobrannerite

Orthoclase

'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'

Osakaite

Osarizawaite

Osumilite

'Osumilite Group'

Osumilite-(Mg)

Otavite

Ottensite

Ottrélite

Owyheeite

'Oxycalciobetafite'

'Oxycalciomicrolite'

Oxycalcioroméite (TL)

Oxy-dravite

Oxyplumboroméite

Oxyvanite

'Ozocerite'

Palenzonaite (TL)

Palermoite

Palmierite (TL)

Palygorskite

Panichiite (TL)

Panunzite (TL)

Paracelsian (TL)

Parádsasvárite

Paragonite

var: Cossaite (of Piolti?)

Paralaurionite

Paraniite-(Y) (TL)

Pararealgar

Parascandolaite (TL)

Parasterryite (TL)

Parasymplesite

Paratacamite

Pargasite

Parisite-(Ce)

Parnauite

Parsettensite

Parsonsite

Pascoite

Paseroite (TL)

Pearceite

'Pearceite-T2ac'

Pecoraite

Pectolite (TL)

Pekoite

Pellouxite (TL)

Penfieldite

Pennantite

Pentlandite

Peprossiite-(Ce) (TL)

Peretaite (TL)

Periclase (TL)

var: Ferropericlase

Perite

Perovskite

Perrierite-(Ce) (TL)

Pertlikite

Petalite

Petersite-(Y)

'Petrified Wood'

'Petroleum'

Petzite

Pharmacolite

Pharmacosiderite

Phenakite

'Phengite'

Philipsburgite

'Phillipsite'

Phillipsite-Ca

Phillipsite-K (TL)

Phillipsite-Na (TL)

Phlogopite

var: Barium-Phlogopite

Phoenicochroite

Phosgenite

Phosphoellenbergerite (TL)

Phosphoferrite

Phosphohedyphane

Phosphosiderite

Phosphuranylite

Piccoliite (TL)

Pickeringite

Picromerite (TL)

Picropharmacolite

Piemontite (TL)

var: Strontian Piemontite

Piemontite-(Sr) (TL)

Piergorite-(Ce) (TL)

Pigeonite

Pillaite (TL)

Pilsenite

'Pinite'

'var: Cordierite-pinite'

Pitiglianoite (TL)

Pitticite

Piypite

Plagionite

Plancheite

Planerite

Platinum

Plattnerite

'Plessite'

Plombièrite

Plumboagardite

Plumbogummite

Plumbojarosite

'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'

Plumbopharmacosiderite (TL)

Polloneite (TL)

Pollucite (TL)

Polybasite

Polybasite-Tac

Polycrase-(Y)

Polydymite

Polyhalite

Poppiite (TL)

Portlandite

Posnjakite

Potassic-ferro-pargasite

Potassic-fluoro-richterite (TL)

'Potassic-richterite'

Powellite

Prehnite

Preisingerite

Priderite

'Proidonite'

Protasite

Protochabournéite (TL)

Proustite

Pseudoboleite

Pseudobrookite

Pseudocotunnite (TL)

Pseudomalachite

'Pseudowollastonite'

'Psilomelane'

'Pumpellyite'

Pumpellyite-(Al)

Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)

Pumpellyite-(Fe3+) (TL)

'Pumpellyite Group'

Pumpellyite-(Mg)

Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)

Purpurite

Pyracmonite (TL)

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

Pyroaurite

'Pyroaurite-2H'

Pyrobelonite

'Pyrobitumen'

'Pyrochlore'

Pyrochlore Group

var: Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)

var: Stibiopyrochlore (of Pezzotta et al.)

var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)

Pyrochlore Supergroup

var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)

var: Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

Pyrope

Pyrophanite

Pyrophyllite

Pyrostilpnite

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyroxmangite

Pyrrhotite

Qandilite

Quadridavyne (TL)

Quartz

var: "Herkimer-style" Quartz

var: Agate

var: Agate-Jasper

var: Amethyst

var: Blue Quartz

var: Brecciated Agate

var: Chalcedony

var: Eisenkiesel

var: Jasper

var: Milky Quartz

var: Prase

var: Pseudocubic Quartz

var: Rock Crystal

var: Rose Quartz

var: Sceptre Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Rabejacite

Ramanite-(Cs) (TL)

Ramanite-(Rb) (TL)

Rammelsbergite

Ramsbeckite

Ramsdellite

Ranciéite

Rankinite

Realgar

Redgillite

Redledgeite

Reevesite

Refikite (TL)

Renierite

Reppiaite (TL)

Retgersite

Rhabdophane-(Ce)

Rhabdophane-(Nd)

Rhodesite

Rhodochrosite

Rhodonite

Rhomboclase

Rhönite

Richelsdorfite

Richterite

Riebeckite

Rinkite-(Ce)

Rinneite

Riomarinaite (TL)

Robertsite

Robinsonite

Rockbridgeite

Rodolicoite (TL)

Roggianite (TL)

Romanèchite

'Roméite Group' (FRL)

Römerite

Rooseveltite

Rosasite (TL)

Roscherite

Roscoelite

Rosenbergite (TL)

Rosiaite (TL)

Rosickýite

Rossmanite

Rostite

Routhierite

Rouxelite (TL)

Rozenite

'Rubellite'

Rubicline (TL)

Rubinite (TL)

Rüdlingerite (TL)

Ruizite

Russoite (TL)

Rutherfordine

Rutile

var: Ilmenorutile

var: Niobian Rutile

var: Sagenite (of Saussure)

var: Strüverite

Sabelliite (TL)

Sabugalite

Sacrofanite (TL)

Safflorite

'Sagenite'

Salammoniac

Saléeite

Samarskite-(Y)

Sampleite

Saneroite (TL)

Sanidine

var: High sanidine

Santabarbaraite (TL)

Santafeite

Santite (TL)

Saponite

var: Sobotkite

Sapphirine

Sarcolite (TL)

Sarcopside

Sardignaite (TL)

Sarkinite

Sarrabusite (TL)

Sartorite

Sassolite (TL)

'Saussurite'

Sborgite (TL)

Scacchite (TL)

Scainiite (TL)

Scandiobabingtonite (TL)

'Scapolite'

'var: Wernerite'

Scarbroite

Scawtite

Schafarzikite

'Schalenblende'

Schapbachite

Scheelite

Scheuchzerite

Schmiederite

Schoepite

Scholzite

Schorl

Schorlomite

Schreibersite

Schröckingerite

Schulenbergite

Schultenite

Schwertmannite

Scolecite

Scorodite

Scotlandite

Segnitite

Sekaninaite

Selenium

Seligmannite

Sellaite

Semseyite

Senaite

Senarmontite

Sengierite

Sepiolite (TL)

Serandite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Serpierite

Shandite

Shattuckite

Siderazot (TL)

Siderite

var: Pistomesite

var: Sideroplesite

'Siderogel'

Sideronatrite

Siderophyllite

Siderotil

Siegenite

Sillimanite

Silver

Simonellite (TL)

Skutterudite

Slavíkite

'Smectite Group'

Smithsonite

var: Monheimite

Smythite

'Snottite'

Sodalite

'Sodalite Group'

Soddyite

'Sodium Amphibole Subgroup'

'Sodium-Calcium Amphibole Subgroup'

Spadaite (TL)

Spangolite

Sperrylite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

var: Marmatite

Spheniscidite

Spherocobaltite

Spinel

var: Pleonaste

'Spinel Group'

Spionkopite

Spodumene

Stanĕkite

Stannite

Starkeyite

Staurolite

Stellerite

Stephanite

Sterlinghillite

Steropesite (TL)

Sterryite

Stetindite-(Ce)

Stevensite

Stibarsen

'Stibiconite'

Stibioclaudetite

Stibiocolumbite

'Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)'

Stibiotantalite

Stibivanite (TL)

Stibnite

'Stilbite'

Stilbite-Ca

Stilbite-Na (TL)

Stillwellite-(Ce)

Stilpnomelane

Stolzite

Stoppaniite (TL)

Strashimirite

Strätlingite

Strengite

Stromeyerite

'Strontian Aragonite'

Strontianite

Strontiomelane (TL)

Strunzite

Studtite

Stützite

Sudoite

Sugilite

'Sulfurite'

'var: Arsensulfurite'

Sulphur

var: Selenian Sulphur

Sulphur-β (TL)

Sulvanite

Surite

Sursassite

Susannite

Suseinargiuite (TL)

Sussexite

Svabite

Svanbergite

Switzerite

Sylvanite

Sylvite (TL)

Symplesite

'Synchysite'

Synchysite-(Ce)

'Synchysite Group'

Synchysite-(Nd)

Synchysite-(Y)

Syngenite

Szaibélyite

Szmikite

Szomolnokite

Tacharanite

Tadzhikite-(Ce)

Taenite

Tainiolite

Talc

var: Steatite

Talmessite

Tamaite

Tamarugite

Tancaite-(Ce) (TL)

Tangeite

'Tantalite'

Tantalite-(Fe)

Tantalite-(Mn)

Tanteuxenite-(Y)

'Tapiolite'

Tapiolite-(Fe)

Taramellite (TL)

'Taramite Root Name'

Taranakite

Tavagnascoite (TL)

Tazzoliite (TL)

Tellurium

Tellurohauchecornite

Tennantite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tenorite (TL)

Tephroite

Tetraferriannite

Tetrahedrite

'Tetrahedrite Group'

Tetrataenite

Thaumasite

Theisite

'Thénardite'

Theophrastite

Therasiaite (TL)

Thermessaite (TL)

Thermessaite-(NH4) (TL)

Thermonatrite

'Thomsonite'

Thomsonite-Ca

Thorbastnäsite

Thorianite

var: Uranothorianite

'Thorianite-Uraninite Series'

Thorikosite

Thorite

var: Uranothorite

'Thorogummite'

Thortveitite

Threadgoldite

Tiberiobardiite (TL)

Tiemannite

Tilasite

Tin

Tincalconite

Tinnunculite

Tintinaite

Tinzenite

Tiragalloite (TL)

Titanite

var: Greenovite

Titanowodginite

Tobermorite

Tochilinite

Todorokite

Tokyoite

Tondiite (TL)

Tooeleite

Topaz

Torbernite

Tosudite

'Tourmaline'

Tremolite

Tridymite

Trilithionite

Triphylite

Triplite

Tripuhyite

Troilite (TL)

Trona

Tschermakite

Tschermigite

Tsilaisite (TL)

Tsumebite

Tubulite (TL)

Tungstenite

Tungstite

'Turgite'

Tuscanite (TL)

Tweddillite

Twinnite

Tyrolite

Tyuyamunite

Uklonskovite

Ullmannite

Ulvöspinel

'UM1984-29-S:CuFePbSb'

'UM1987-03-O:FePbTiU'

'UM1987-12-SO:AlH'

'UM1990-61-SiO:AlCaHKMnNa'

'UM2005-02-AsO:AlHPScSi'

Umbrianite (TL)

'Unnamed (Ca-Ce Arsenate)'

'Unnamed (Gordaite-related Ca-Zn Sulphate Chloride Hydrate)'

'Unnamed (La Arsenate)'

'Unnamed (Mg Silicate)'

'Unnamed (Nd Arsenate)'

'Unnamed (Pb-Al-Mn Silicate-Sulphate)'

'Unnamed (Pb-Fe Chloride Hydroxide Hydrate)'

Uraninite

var: Pitchblende

var: Thorian Uraninite

Uranophane

Uranophane-β

Uranopilite

Uranopolycrase (TL)

Uranospathite

Uranospinite

'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'

Uvarovite

'Uvite Series'

Vaesite

Valentinite

Valleriite

Vanadinite

var: Arsenatian Vanadinite

Vanadiocarpholite (TL)

Vanadomalayaite (TL)

Vandendriesscheite

Vanmeersscheite

Variscite

Vashegyite

Vaterite

'Verdelite'

Vermiculite

Verneite (TL)

Versiliaite (TL)

Vertumnite (TL)

Vésigniéite

Vesuvianite (TL)

Veszelyite

Vicanite-(Ce) (TL)

Vigezzite (TL)

Violarite

Vishnevite

Vivianite

Vlodavetsite

Volaschioite (TL)

Volborthite

Volkonskoite

Voltaite (TL)

Vonsenite

Vurroite (TL)

'Wad'

Wagnerite

Wairakite

Wairauite

Wakefieldite-(La)

Wakefieldite-(Y)

Wallkilldellite

Walthierite

Warkite (TL)

Wavellite

Weddellite

Weissite

'Wellsite'

Wenkite (TL)

Whewellite

'White mica'

Whitlockite

Whitmoreite

Wilcoxite

Willemite

Willhendersonite (TL)

Willyamite

Wiluite

Winchite

Witherite

Wittichenite

Wittite

Wöhlerite

Wolfeite

'Wolframite'

Wollastonite

'Wollastonite-1A'

'Wollastonite-2M'

Wölsendorfite

Woodhouseite

Woodruffite

Woodwardite

'Woodwardite Group'

Wroewolfeite

Wulfenite

Wurtzite

Wüstite

var: Magnesiowüstite

Xanthoconite

Xanthoxenite

'Xenotime'

Xenotime-(Y)

Ximengite

'Xiphonite'

Xocolatlite

Xonotlite

Yarrowite

Yavapaiite

Yingjiangite

'Yttrocolumbite-(Y)'

Yuanfuliite

Yugawaralite

Yukonite

Zaccagnaite (TL)

'Zaccagnaite-3R'

Zaherite

Zálesíite

'Zamboninite (of Starraba)'

Zaratite

'Zeolite Group'

Zeophyllite

Zeunerite

Zinc

Zincalstibite (TL)

'Zincalstibite-9R'

Zincite

Zincolivenite

Zincowoodwardite

Zincrosasite

Zincsilite

Zinczippeite

Zinkenite

'Zinnwaldite'

Zippeite

Zircon

var: Hafnian Zircon

Zirconolite

'Zirconolite-3T'

Zirkelite

Zoisite

var: Thulite


1607 valid minerals. 347 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 7 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

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Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Geochronology

Mineralization age: Phanerozoic : 289.3 Ma to 35.4 ± 1 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Paleogene
   Eocene
ⓘ Zircon35.4 ± 1 MaMasueria, Gilba Valley, Brossasco, Varaita Valley, Cuneo Province, Piedmont, Italy
    
  
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)288.2 MaPunta de Su Seinargiu (Su Seinargiu; Su Senargiu), Sarroch, Cagliari metropolitan city (Metropolitan City of Cagliari), Sardinia, Italy
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)289.3 MaPerda de Pibera Mine, Gonnosfanadiga, Medio Campidano Province, Sardinia, Italy

Localities in this Region