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Mintaqah Makkah, Saudi Arabiai
Regional Level Types
Mintaqah Makkah- not defined -
Saudi ArabiaCountry

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Key
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Jeddah2,867,446 (2018)
Mecca1,323,624 (2018)
Ta’if530,848 (2015)
Ash Shafā72,190 (2013)
Rābigh41,759 (2012)
Turabah23,235 (2012)


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

39 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Abhurite (TL)
Formula: Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Type Locality:
Reference: Matzko, J. J., Evans, H. T., Jr., Mrose, M. E. and Aruscavage, P. (1985) Abhurite, a new tin hydroxychloride mineral, and a comparative study with a synthetic basic tin chloride. Canadian Mineralogist. 23, 233-240
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Zulfiqar, A. & Hariri, M. M. (2006): Formation and mineral chemistry of a calcic skarn from Al-Madhiq, SW Saudi Arabia. Chemie der Erde 66, 187-201.
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Zulfiqar, A. & Hariri, M. M. (2006): Formation and mineral chemistry of a calcic skarn from Al-Madhiq, SW Saudi Arabia. Chemie der Erde 66, 187-201.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Aphthitalite
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Matzko, J. J., Evans, H. T., Jr., Mrose, M. E. and Aruscavage, P. (1985) Abhurite, a new tin hydroxychloride mineral, and a comparative study with a synthetic basic tin chloride. Canadian Mineralogist. 23, 233-240
Arcanite
Formula: K2SO4
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Archerite
Formula: (K,NH4)(H2PO4)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
'Arnhemite'
Formula: (K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.; Surour, A. A., Harbi, H. M., & Ahmed, A. H. (2014). The Bi’r Tawilah deposit, central western Saudi Arabia: Supergene enrichment of a Pan-African epithermal gold mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 89, 149-163.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 550C ppC187-C189
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Surour, A. A., Harbi, H. M., & Ahmed, A. H. (2014). The Bi’r Tawilah deposit, central western Saudi Arabia: Supergene enrichment of a Pan-African epithermal gold mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 89, 149-163.
Biphosphammite
Formula: NH4(H2PO4)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Surour, A. A., Harbi, H. M., & Ahmed, A. H. (2014). The Bi’r Tawilah deposit, central western Saudi Arabia: Supergene enrichment of a Pan-African epithermal gold mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 89, 149-163.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Description: "Ferrosalite" composition.
Reference: Zulfiqar, A. & Hariri, M. M. (2006): Formation and mineral chemistry of a calcic skarn from Al-Madhiq, SW Saudi Arabia. Chemie der Erde 66, 187-201.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Surour, A. A., Harbi, H. M., & Ahmed, A. H. (2014). The Bi’r Tawilah deposit, central western Saudi Arabia: Supergene enrichment of a Pan-African epithermal gold mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 89, 149-163.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Zulfiqar, A. & Hariri, M. M. (2006): Formation and mineral chemistry of a calcic skarn from Al-Madhiq, SW Saudi Arabia. Chemie der Erde 66, 187-201.
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Reference: Surour, A. A. (2015). Cu–Mn–Fe alloys and Mn-rich amphiboles in ancient copper slags from the Jabal Samran area, Saudi Arabia: With synopsis on chemistry of Fe–Mn (III) oxyhydroxides in alteration zones. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 101, 70-83.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Surour, A. A. (2015). Cu–Mn–Fe alloys and Mn-rich amphiboles in ancient copper slags from the Jabal Samran area, Saudi Arabia: With synopsis on chemistry of Fe–Mn (III) oxyhydroxides in alteration zones. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 101, 70-83.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Surour, A. A., Harbi, H. M., & Ahmed, A. H. (2014). The Bi’r Tawilah deposit, central western Saudi Arabia: Supergene enrichment of a Pan-African epithermal gold mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 89, 149-163.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Zulfiqar, A. & Hariri, M. M. (2006): Formation and mineral chemistry of a calcic skarn from Al-Madhiq, SW Saudi Arabia. Chemie der Erde 66, 187-201.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Zulfiqar, A. & Hariri, M. M. (2006): Formation and mineral chemistry of a calcic skarn from Al-Madhiq, SW Saudi Arabia. Chemie der Erde 66, 187-201.
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Matzko, J. J., Evans, H. T., Jr., Mrose, M. E. and Aruscavage, P. (1985) Abhurite, a new tin hydroxychloride mineral, and a comparative study with a synthetic basic tin chloride. Canadian Mineralogist. 23, 233-240
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 550C ppC187-C189
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 550C ppC187-C189
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Surour, A. A. (2015). Cu–Mn–Fe alloys and Mn-rich amphiboles in ancient copper slags from the Jabal Samran area, Saudi Arabia: With synopsis on chemistry of Fe–Mn (III) oxyhydroxides in alteration zones. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 101, 70-83.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Surour, A. A., Harbi, H. M., & Ahmed, A. H. (2014). The Bi’r Tawilah deposit, central western Saudi Arabia: Supergene enrichment of a Pan-African epithermal gold mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 89, 149-163.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Surour, A. A. (2015). Cu–Mn–Fe alloys and Mn-rich amphiboles in ancient copper slags from the Jabal Samran area, Saudi Arabia: With synopsis on chemistry of Fe–Mn (III) oxyhydroxides in alteration zones. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 101, 70-83.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrocoproite'
Formula: (K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
'Pyrophosphite'
Formula: K2Ca(P2O7)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 550C ppC187-C189
Romarchite
Formula: SnO
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/romarchite.pdf.; Matzko, J. J., Evans, H. T., Jr., Mrose, M. E. and Aruscavage, P. (1985) Abhurite, a new tin hydroxychloride mineral, and a comparative study with a synthetic basic tin chloride. Canadian Mineralogist. 23, 233-240
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Surour, A. A., Harbi, H. M., & Ahmed, A. H. (2014). The Bi’r Tawilah deposit, central western Saudi Arabia: Supergene enrichment of a Pan-African epithermal gold mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 89, 149-163.
'Scapolite'
Reference: Zulfiqar, A. & Hariri, M. M. (2006): Formation and mineral chemistry of a calcic skarn from Al-Madhiq, SW Saudi Arabia. Chemie der Erde 66, 187-201.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.; Surour, A. A., Harbi, H. M., & Ahmed, A. H. (2014). The Bi’r Tawilah deposit, central western Saudi Arabia: Supergene enrichment of a Pan-African epithermal gold mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 89, 149-163.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Zulfiqar, A. & Hariri, M. M. (2006): Formation and mineral chemistry of a calcic skarn from Al-Madhiq, SW Saudi Arabia. Chemie der Erde 66, 187-201.
Urea
Formula: CO(NH2)2
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
'Wad'
Reference: USGS Prof Paper 550C ppC187-C189
Whitlockite
Formula: Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Reference: Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Abhurite (TL)3.DA.30Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Romarchite4.AC.20SnO
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Aphthitalite7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Arcanite7.AD.05K2SO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Archerite8.AD.15(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
'Arnhemite'8.FC.20(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Biphosphammite8.AD.15NH4(H2PO4)
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Pyrocoproite'8.FA.20(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
'Pyrophosphite'8.FA.20K2Ca(P2O7)
Whitlockite8.AC.45Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Urea10.CA.35CO(NH2)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Hornblende'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Scapolite'-
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Romarchite4.2.5.1SnO
A2X3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Am(O,OH)pXq
Abhurite (TL)10.5.9.1Sn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Aphthitalite28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Arcanite28.2.1.2K2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Archerite37.1.4.2(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
Biphosphammite37.1.4.1NH4(H2PO4)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Whitlockite38.3.4.1Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Miscellaneous
'Pyrophosphite'38.5.8.K2Ca(P2O7)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Miscellaneous
Urea50.4.6.1CO(NH2)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
var: Oligoclase-Albite-Na(AlSi3O8)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Arnhemite'-(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Hornblende'-
Hydroxylapatite
var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
-Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pyrocoproite'-(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Quartz
var: Jasper
-SiO2
'Scapolite'-
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BiphosphammiteNH4(H2PO4)
H Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
H Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
H Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H UreaCO(NH2)2
H WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
C UreaCO(NH2)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
NNitrogen
N BiphosphammiteNH4(H2PO4)
N UreaCO(NH2)2
OOxygen
O AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O RomarchiteSnO
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O CassiteriteSnO2
O BiphosphammiteNH4(H2PO4)
O ArcaniteK2SO4
O Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
O Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
O Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
O UreaCO(NH2)2
O WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
O BaryteBaSO4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Na Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Na HaliteNaCl
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
Mg Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
Mg WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P BiphosphammiteNH4(H2PO4)
P Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
P Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
P Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
P Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
P WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
P PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
SSulfur
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S ArcaniteK2SO4
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
KPotassium
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K ArcaniteK2SO4
K Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
K Arnhemite(K,Na)4Mg2(P2O7)2 · 5H2O
K Pyrocoproite(K,Na)2Mg(P2O7)
K PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Hydroxylapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Ca WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Ca PyrophosphiteK2Ca(P2O7)
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SnTin
Sn AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
Sn RomarchiteSnO
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Quaternary : 0.0002 Ma to 0 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Quaternary
   Anthropocene
ⓘ Abhurite (youngest age)0 MaSharm Abhur Cove, Jiddah (Jeddah), Mintaqah Makkah, Saudi Arabia
ⓘ Abhurite (oldest age)Anthropocene
(0 - 0.0002 Ma)
Sharm Abhur Cove, Jiddah (Jeddah), Mintaqah Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Arabian PlateTectonic Plate

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