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Avachinsky volcano (Avacha volcano; Avachinskaya Sopka), Kamchatka Krai, Russia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 53° 15' 18'' North , 158° 49' 46'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 53.25500,158.82972
GeoHash:G#: z92yyqb2b
Locality type:Volcano
Köppen climate type:ET : Tundra


One of 34 currently active volcanoes in the Eastern Volcanic Front arc segment of Kamchatka. A stratovolcano at 8,965 feet (2,733 meters) high with a permanent snow/ice cap. Composed of a Holocene active volcanic cone nested within a Late Pleistocene - Early Holocene caldera. This volcano is comprised primarily of medium-K, calc-alkaline basalt-andesite, but with subordinate diamond-bearing, high-Mg (14-20% MgO) picrites that host mantle xenoliths.

Regions containing this locality

Soviet Union (1922-1991)

Country (Former) - 3,768 mineral species & varietal names listed

Koriak-Kamchatka fold zone, Russia

Fold zone - 432 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


13 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Description: Occurs as fumarolic incrustations.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Description: Magnesium-rich. Occurs in host picrite phenocrysts.
Reference: Turner, A., Drummond, M.S., Kepezhinskas, P., and Defant, M.J. (1996) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of mantle Xenoliths and Host Volcanics of the Avachinsky Volcano, Kamchatka Arc, Russia. 1996 Abstracts with Programs, The Geological Society of America.
Diamond
Formula: C
Description: Occur in high-Mg picrites that host mantle xenoliths.
Reference: Turner, A., Drummond, M.S., Kepezhinskas, P., and Defant, M.J. (1996) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of mantle Xenoliths and Host Volcanics of the Avachinsky Volcano, Kamchatka Arc, Russia. 1996 Abstracts with Programs, The Geological Society of America.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Description: Occurs in host picrite phenocrysts.
Reference: Turner, A., Drummond, M.S., Kepezhinskas, P., and Defant, M.J. (1996) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of mantle Xenoliths and Host Volcanics of the Avachinsky Volcano, Kamchatka Arc, Russia. 1996 Abstracts with Programs, The Geological Society of America.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Description: Occurs in host picrite phenocrysts.
Reference: Turner, A., Drummond, M.S., Kepezhinskas, P., and Defant, M.J. (1996) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of mantle Xenoliths and Host Volcanics of the Avachinsky Volcano, Kamchatka Arc, Russia. 1996 Abstracts with Programs, The Geological Society of America.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Description: Occurs in high-Mg olivine (Fo component = 77-89%). Occurs in host picrite phenocrysts.
Reference: Turner, A., Drummond, M.S., Kepezhinskas, P., and Defant, M.J. (1996) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of mantle Xenoliths and Host Volcanics of the Avachinsky Volcano, Kamchatka Arc, Russia. 1996 Abstracts with Programs, The Geological Society of America.
Ice
Formula: H2O
Reference: http://www.answers.com/topic/avacha.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Reference: S. ISHIMARU, S. ARAI and H. SHUKUNO (2009) Metals in oxidized and metasomatized peridotite xenoliths derived from the mantle wedge. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: S. ISHIMARU, S. ARAI and H. SHUKUNO (2009) Metals in oxidized and metasomatized peridotite xenoliths derived from the mantle wedge. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009.
Luobusaite ?
Formula: Fe0.84Si2
Description: Fe30Si70
Reference: S. ISHIMARU, S. ARAI and H. SHUKUNO (2009) Metals in oxidized and metasomatized peridotite xenoliths derived from the mantle wedge. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009.
Moissanite
Formula: SiC
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Nataliyamalikite (TL)
Formula: TlI
Reference: Okrugin, V., Favero, M., Liu, A., Etschmann, B., Plutahina, C.Y., Moskaleva, S., Chubarov, M.V., Lukasheva, M.V., Kozlov, V.V., Mills, S.J. and Brugger, J. (2016)Nataliyamalikite, IMA 2016-022. CNMNC Newsletter No. 32, August 2016, page 918; Mineralogical Magazine, 80:915–922
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Reference: S. ISHIMARU, S. ARAI and H. SHUKUNO (2009) Metals in oxidized and metasomatized peridotite xenoliths derived from the mantle wedge. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009.
Titanium ?
Formula: Ti
Reference: S. ISHIMARU, S. ARAI and H. SHUKUNO (2009) Metals in oxidized and metasomatized peridotite xenoliths derived from the mantle wedge. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009.
'Unnamed (Fe-Si-Ti Alloy)'
Formula: Fe54Si40Ti6
Description: Fe54Si40Ti6
Reference: S. ISHIMARU, S. ARAI and H. SHUKUNO (2009) Metals in oxidized and metasomatized peridotite xenoliths derived from the mantle wedge. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2009.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Iron1.AE.05Fe
Luobusaite ?1.BB.25Fe0.84Si2
Moissanite1.DA.SiC
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Titanium ?1.AB.05Ti
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ice4.AA.05H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunogen'7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Augite'9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Nataliyamalikite (TL)-TlI
Unnamed (Fe-Si-Ti Alloy)-Fe54Si40Ti6

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Luobusaite ?1.1.33.7Fe0.84Si2
Nickel1.1.11.5Ni
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Moissanite1.3.8.1SiC
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Ice4.1.2.1H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
var: Chromian Diopside-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Iron-Fe
Nataliyamalikite (TL)-TlI
Titanium ?-Ti
'Unnamed (Fe-Si-Ti Alloy)'-Fe54Si40Ti6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H IceH2O
CCarbon
C DiamondC
C MoissaniteSiC
OOxygen
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O IceH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
AlAluminium
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
SiSilicon
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si LuobusaiteFe0.84Si2
Si MoissaniteSiC
Si Unnamed (Fe-Si-Ti Alloy)Fe54Si40Ti6
SSulfur
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniumTi
Ti Unnamed (Fe-Si-Ti Alloy)Fe54Si40Ti6
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe IronFe
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe LuobusaiteFe0.84Si2
Fe Unnamed (Fe-Si-Ti Alloy)Fe54Si40Ti6
NiNickel
Ni NickelNi
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
IIodine
I NataliyamalikiteTlI
TlThallium
Tl NataliyamalikiteTlI

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3187536
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 539.
Turner, A., Drummond, M.S., Kepezhinskas, P., and Defant, M.J. (1996) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Mantle Xenoliths and Host Volcanics of the Avachinsky Volcano, Kamchatka Arc, Russia. 1996 Abstracts with Programs, The Geological Society of America.

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