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Bond zone (Quebec Columbium Ltd. and Columbium Mining Products properties), Oka complex, Oka, Deux-Montagnes RCM, Laurentides, Québec, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Bond zone (Quebec Columbium Ltd. and Columbium Mining Products properties)Zone
Oka complexComplex
Oka- not defined -
Deux-Montagnes RCMRegional County Municipality
Laurentides- not defined -
QuébecProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
45° 30' 0'' North , 74° 2' 48'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


Formerly: Quebec Columbium Ltd. & Columbium Mining Products properties, Oka, Oka complex, Deux-Montagnes Co., Québec, Canada

The Bond zone was named after Stephen Bond, manager of Quebec Columbium Limited exploration team at Oka in the early 1950s. Bond was one of the discoverers of economic minerals at Oka. The zone is situated west of Sainte-Sophie road, between the road and the ridge above on the southwestern margin of the northern ring structure. The zone was split into two properties between two exploration companies: Quebec Columbium Limited (QCL) on the north and Columbium Mining Products (CMP) on the south. Exploration trenches excavated in the 1950s overlap the two properties and these trenches are the type localities of niocalite and latrappite. Although this zone was very rich in exploitable Nb-minerals (mainly pyrochlore), there was no mining and the exploration companies ceased to exist by the 1970s. Exploration and mining rights are now (2012) believed to be held by Niocan and an underground mine has been proposed for many years, but the plans lack local support. The lower slope and land adjacent to the road is active farmland.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Sabina (1968)
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Åkermanite
Formula: Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Reference: Sabina (1968)
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Horváth Collection - confirmed by XRD & microprobe; GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Gold (1969)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Gold (1969); GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Sabina (1968); GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Sabina (1968); GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Fluorcalciopyrochlore
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Reference: Hogarth, D. (1961) A Study of Pyrochlore and Betafite, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 6, p. 610-633.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Sabina (1968); GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Latrappite (TL)
Formula: Ca2NbFe3+O6
Type Locality:
Habit: cubes
Colour: black
Description: Most Latrappites came from the Bond Zone but analysis is required to distinguish them from Perovskite.
Reference: NICKEL, E.H. (1966) Latrappite - a proposed new name for the perovskite-type calcium niobate mineral from the Oka area of Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 8, 122-123. NICKEL, E.H. & MCADAM, R.C. (1963): Niobian perovskite from Oka, Quebec; a new classification for minerals of the perovskite group. Canadian Mineralogist, 7, 683-697.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Sabina (1968); GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Gold (1969)
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Sabina (1968); GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Niocalite (TL)
Formula: (Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Type Locality:
Habit: Tetragonal prisms
Colour: gemmy yellow
Reference: Nickel, E.H. (1956) Niocalite - a new calcium niobium mineral. American Mineralogist 41, 785-786. NICKEL, E.H., ROWLAND, J.F. & MAXWELL, J.A. (1958): The composition and crystallography of niocalite. Canadian Mineralogist 6, 264-272.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Habit: cubes
Colour: black
Description: Perovskite and latrappite coexist here and are nearly identical in appearence; chemical analysis is required for proper identification.
Reference: ZUREVINSKI, S.E. AND MITCHELL, R.H. (2004) Extreme compositional variation of pyrochlore-group minerals at the Oka carbonatite complex, Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 1159-1168.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Sabina (1968); GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Sabina (1968)
'Pyrochlore Group var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42, 1159-1168
'Pyrochlore Group var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: ZUREVINSKI, S.E. AND MITCHELL, R.H. (2004) Extreme compositional variation of pyrochlore-group minerals at the Oka carbonatite complex, Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 1159-1168.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42, 1159-1168
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 42, 1159-1168
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Reference: ZUREVINSKI, S.E. AND MITCHELL, R.H. (2004) Extreme compositional variation of pyrochlore-group minerals at the Oka carbonatite complex, Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 1159-1168.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Latrappite (TL)4.CC.30Ca2NbFe3+O6
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Niocalite (TL)9.BE.17(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Åkermanite9.BB.10Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Latrappite (TL)4.3.3.2Ca2NbFe3+O6
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.5A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Zirconolite8.2.5.5CaZrTi2O7
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with No Additional Anions with cations in [8] and lower coordination
Åkermanite55.4.1.1Ca2Mg(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Niocalite (TL)56.2.4.6(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fluorcalciopyrochlore-(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6
O Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
O CalciteCaCO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
O Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
FFluorine
F Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
F Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
NaSodium
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Na Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
MgMagnesium
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6
Ca Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca ÅkermaniteCa2Mg(Si2O7)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ca Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ca ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ca Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
TiTitanium
Ti Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ti Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Ti ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
Ti Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
FeIron
Fe LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
NbNiobium
Nb LatrappiteCa2NbFe3+O6
Nb Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Nb Fluorcalciopyrochlore(Ca,Na)2(Nb, Ti)2O6F
CeCerium
Ce Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
TaTantalum
Ta Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
Ta Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
UUranium
U Pyrochlore Supergroup (var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)
U Pyrochlore Group (var: Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Nickel, E.H., Rowland, J.F., and Maxwell, J.A. (1958) The composition and crystallography of niocalite. Canadian Mineralogist: 6: 264-272.
Nickel, E.H. and McAdam, R.C. (1963) Niobian perovskite from Oka, Quebec; a new classification for minerals of the perovskite group. Canadian Mineralogist: 7: 683-697.
Nickel, E.H. (1966) Latrappite - a proposed new name for the perovskite-type calcium niobate mineral from the Oka area of Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 122-123.
Gold, D.P. (1967) Alkaline ultrabasic rocks in the Montreal area, Quebec. In: Ultramafic and Related Rocks, edited by P.J. Wyllie, 288-302. Robert E. Krieger Publ. Co. 464 p.
Sabina, A.P. (1968), revised (1983) Rocks and Minerals for the collector. Kingston, Ontario to Lac St-Jean, Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada paper 67-51 (1968), Misc. Report No. 32 (1983), 46-49.
Gold, D.P. (1969) The Oka carbonatite and alkaline complex. Guidebook GAC/MAC Annual meeting 1969, 43-62.
Gold, D.P. (1972) The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
Chakhmouradian, A.R. (1996) On the development of niobium and rare-earth minerals in monticellite-calcite carbonatite of the Oka Complex, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 34: 479-484.
Zurevinski, S.E. and Mitchell, R.H. (2004) Extreme compositional variation of pyrochlore-group minerals at the Oka carbonatite complex. Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 1159-1168.
Chen, W., Simonetti, A., and Burns, P.E. (2013) A combined geochemical and geochronological investigation of niocalite from the Oka Carbonatite Complex, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 51: 785-800.
Chen, W. and Simonetti, A. (2014) Evidence for the multi-stage petrogenetic history of the Oka Carbonatite Complex (Quebec, Canada) as recorded by perovskite and apatite. Minerals: 4: 437-476.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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