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Pipji glacier, Pipjitälli, Turtmann Valley, Valais, Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Pipji glacierGlacier
Pipjitälli- not defined -
Turtmann ValleyValley
ValaisCanton
SwitzerlandCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 9' 56'' North , 7° 43' 23'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Pipjigletscher, Pipjitälli, Turtmanntal, Wallis (Valais), Schweiz (Suisse; Svizzera)


Lenses of Mn-Fe ores embedded in Triassic grey dolomitic marbles of the Barrhorn Unit. These lenses, originally thought to be a paleokarst filling, are now considered metamorphosed, synsedimentary, submarine-exhalative deposits.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


44 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Argandite
Formula: Mn7(VO4)2(OH)8
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Crednerite
Formula: CuMnO2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 124.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205
Flinkite
Formula: Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Description: Vanadiferous
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Friedelite
Formula: Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Galaxite
Formula: Mn2+Al2O4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 347.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Jacobsite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 227.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 399.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Manganosite
Formula: MnO
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 347.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Pennantite
Formula: Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205
Pyrobelonite
Formula: PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist 44, 205 (2006); Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Reppiaite
Formula: Mn2+5(VO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 266-267, 347.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ribbeite
Formula: Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205
Sarkinite
Formula: Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Description: Contains vanadium.
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 360.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Takanelite
Formula: (Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Reference: Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 399.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 000 (2006) page 205; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Turtmannite (TL)
Formula: (Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+x
Type Locality:
Reference: AM 86 (2001), 1494; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Wallkilldellite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Reference: Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Algodonite2.AA.10a(Cu1-xAsx)
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Crednerite4.AB.05CuMnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Galaxite4.BB.05Mn2+Al2O4
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Jacobsite4.BB.05Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Manganosite4.AB.25MnO
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Takanelite4.FL.40(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Argandite8.BE.30Mn7(VO4)2(OH)8
Flinkite8.BE.30Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyrobelonite8.BH.40PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Reppiaite8.BD.20Mn2+5(VO4)2(OH)4
Sarkinite8.BB.15Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
Turtmannite (TL)8.BE.45(Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+x
Wallkilldellite8.DL.20Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Clino-suenoite9.DE.□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Friedelite9.EE.10Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Pennantite9.EC.55Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Ribbeite9.AF.65Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p > 3:1
Algodonite2.1.1.1(Cu1-xAsx)
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Manganosite4.2.1.3MnO
A2X3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Nsutite4.4.8.1(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Ramsdellite4.4.7.1Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
ABX2
Crednerite7.1.2.1CuMnO2
AB2X4
Galaxite7.2.1.2Mn2+Al2O4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Jacobsite7.2.2.2Mn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
AB4X9
Takanelite7.10.1.2(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)2Zq
Argandite41.2.1.4Mn7(VO4)2(OH)8
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Flinkite41.3.3.1Mn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Reppiaite41.4.8.1Mn2+5(VO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Pyrobelonite41.5.2.3PbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Sarkinite41.6.3.3Mn2+2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Tephroite51.3.1.4Mn2+2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Ribbeite52.3.2b.4Mn2+5(SiO4)2(OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Pennantite71.4.1.8Mn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-, 6-, and 12-membered rings
Friedelite72.4.1b.1Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Clino-suenoite-□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Turtmannite (TL)-(Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+x
Wallkilldellite-Ca2Mn2+3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Turtmannite(Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+x
H ReppiaiteMn52+(VO4)2(OH)4
H Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H RibbeiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
H SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
H PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H ArganditeMn7(VO4)2(OH)8
H FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
H Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
H FlinkiteMn22+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
CCarbon
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Turtmannite(Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+x
O BaryteBaSO4
O JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O TephroiteMn22+SiO4
O ReppiaiteMn52+(VO4)2(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
O ManganositeMnO
O PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O RibbeiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
O SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
O CredneriteCuMnO2
O PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O ArganditeMn7(VO4)2(OH)8
O FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
O Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
O FlinkiteMn22+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
O RamsdelliteMn4+O2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
NaSodium
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AlAluminium
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
SiSilicon
Si Turtmannite(Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+x
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Si Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si RibbeiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
TiTitanium
Ti PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V Turtmannite(Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+x
V ReppiaiteMn52+(VO4)2(OH)4
V PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
V ArganditeMn7(VO4)2(OH)8
MnManganese
Mn Turtmannite(Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+x
Mn JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn TephroiteMn22+SiO4
Mn ReppiaiteMn52+(VO4)2(OH)4
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
Mn GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
Mn ManganositeMnO
Mn PyrophaniteMn2+TiO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mn RibbeiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
Mn PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
Mn SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
Mn CredneriteCuMnO2
Mn PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn ArganditeMn7(VO4)2(OH)8
Mn FriedeliteMn82+Si6O15(OH,Cl)10
Mn Nsutite(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
Mn FlinkiteMn22+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
Mn RamsdelliteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe JacobsiteMn2+Fe23+O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CopperCu
Cu Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
Cu CredneriteCuMnO2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
As SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As WallkilldelliteCa2Mn32+(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
As FlinkiteMn22+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
PbLead
Pb PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
Brugger, J., Elliott, P., Meisser, N., Ansermet, S. (2011): Argandite, Mn7(VO4)2(OH)8, the V analogue of allactite from the metamorphosed Mn ores at Pipji, Turtmann Valley, Switzerland. Am. Mineral., 96, 1894-1900.
Brugger, J. & Meisser, N. (2006): Manganese-rich assemblages in the Barrhorn Unit, Turtmanntal Central Alps, Switzerland. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 229-248.
Brugger, J., Armbruster, T., Meisser, N., Hejny, C. & Grobety, B. (2001): Description and crystal structure of turtmannite, a new mineral with a 68 Å period related to mcgovernite. Am. Mineral. 86, 1494-1505.

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