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Smoke Creek, Lake Argyle area, Wyndham-East Kimberley Shire, Western Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 16° 40' 38'' South , 128° 24' 6'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -16.67712,128.40176
GeoHash:G#: qv531u529
Locality type:Creek
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate

Alluvial diamond deposits from the weathering of the Smoke Creek lamproite pipe. Deposits comprised of the Upper and Lower Smoke Creek alluvial deposits. Almost exhausted in 1984.

Smoke Creek drains north from the AK1 (Argyle Pipe). The Upper Smoke Creek is immediately downstream of the pipe and shows the highest diamond grades for about 1 kilometre downstream. It contains 1.5 metres of coarse, poorly sorted, loosely consolidated and massive bedded gravels. Mining of this occurring between 1983 to 1985 producing 580 000 tonnes at 4.6 carats per tonne.

The Lower Smoke Creek deposits are divided into four gravel units running parrallel to the course of the creek. A Terrace is 8 metres above the flood plain, 2 metres thick, on the east side of the creek. It is lateritized and lightly to moderately cemented. B Terrace is 4 metres above the flood plain, 2 metres thick, as a discontinous remnant of quartzite gravels with dark-brown friable ferruginous matrix. C Terrace is on the modern flood plain, 4 metres thick, broad, sinuous, and partly braided unconsolidated channel fill gravels. D Terrace is a modern channel deposit, 5 metres thick and 400 metres wide, occurring 30 kilometres downstream near where the creek enters Lake Argyle.

Mineral List

1 valid mineral.

Rock Types Recorded

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Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

0 - 2.588 Ma

ID: 2326257

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Alluvium

Reference: Plumb, K.A. Geology of the Lissadell. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [45]

Late Devonian - Middle Devonian
358.9 - 393.3 Ma

ID: 3188660
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 393.3 Ma)

Comments: Bonaparte Basin

Lithology: Limestone,sandstone,siltstone,conglomerate

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

372.2 - 382.7 Ma

ID: 930601
Cockatoo Group

Age: Late Devonian (372.2 - 382.7 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Cockatoo Group

Description: Quartz sandstone, conglomerate and limestone; minor dolomite and siltstone.

Comments: sedimentary siliciclastic; sedimentary carbonate; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Sedimentary siliciclastic; sedimentary carbonate

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Grant Boxer, Geologist, Argyle Diamond Mine, 1979-1989
Mining Annual Review (1985): 367
Shigley, J. E., Chapman, J., & Ellison, R. K. (2001). Discovery and mining of the Argyle diamond deposit, Australia. Gems & Gemology, 37(1), 26-41.

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