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Cairns Bay, Flinders area, Victoria, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Cairns BayBay
Flinders areaArea
VictoriaState
AustraliaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 38° 29' 12'' South , 144° 58' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -38.48667,144.96667
GeoHash:G#: r1pj4c9wb
Locality type:Bay
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Cape Schanck362 (2015)6.3km
Shoreham434 (2015)9.7km
Main Ridge469 (2015)9.9km
Boneo388 (2015)10.6km
Point Leo159 (2015)12.0km


Analcime, cowlesite, levyne-offretite, chabazite, and montmorillonite are found in vesicular Palaeocene basalt at Cairns Bay, near Flinders (Birch, 1988), (Birch, 1989).

In the Cairns Bay and Little Bird Rock areas, it is believed that zeolites forming near the surface of an older basalt flow were covered and reheated by a younger flow (Rew, 1969). The reheating partly dissolved existing zeolites and redeposited new minerals as the solutions cooled.

Regions containing this locality

Australian PlatePlate
Lachlan Orogen, AustraliaOrogen
Melbourne-Mathinna Zone, Lachlan Orogen, AustraliaZone (Tectonic)
Selwyn Province, Victoria, AustraliaGeologic Province

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
'Chabazite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Erionite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
'Gmelinite'
'Gmelinite var: Ledererite'
Gmelinite-Na
Formula: Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lévyne'
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Offretite ?
Formula: KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
'Phillipsite'
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Group 3 - Halides
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Erionite-Na9.GD.20(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Gmelinite-Na9.GD.05Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Offretite ?9.GD.25KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Gmelinite'-
'var: Ledererite'-
'Lévyne'-
'Phillipsite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Cowlesite77.1.5.8CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lévyne'77.1.2.8
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Offretite ?77.1.2.4KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chabazite'-
Chabazite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Erionite-Na-(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
'Gmelinite'-
'var: Ledererite'-
Gmelinite-Na-Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
'Phillipsite'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
H Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
O CelestineSrSO4
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
O Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
NaSodium
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Na Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Na Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
AlAluminium
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Al Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
SiSilicon
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Si Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
SSulfur
S CelestineSrSO4
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
KPotassium
K Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cenozoic
0 - 66 Ma



ID: 3192397
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 66 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic volcanic rocks; basalt

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Eocene
33.9 - 56 Ma



ID: 696540
Mornington Volcanic Group

Age: Eocene (33.9 - 56 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Mornington Volcanic Group

Description: Includes alkali olivine basalt, basanite, nepheline hawaiite and nepheline mugearite; minor shallow intrusives, pyroclastics and interbedded sediments.

Comments: igneous mafic volcanic; igneous foid-bearing volcanic; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Igneous mafic volcanic; igneous foid-bearing volcanic

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Tschernich, R.W. (1992) Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press Inc., Phoenix, Arizona, 563 pages, at p.49.
King, V., Chenelatto, M. (2011) History of Ledererite. A Crystallographic Variety of Gmelinite. Mineral News, vol 27, pp. 1-2, 5-7.
Birch, W. D., ed. (1989) Zeolites of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria Inc., Special Publication No. 2, Melbourne, Australia, 110 pp.
Birch, W.D. (1988) Zeolites from Phillip Island and Flinders, Victoria [Australia]. The Mineralogical Record, 19:6, 451-460.
Rew, P.M. (1969) Zeolites from Flinders and secondary minerals in the Older Basalt, Flinders, Victoria. Unpublished BSc. (Hons) thesis, University of Melbourne.

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