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Jammu and Kashmir, Indiai
Regional Level Types
Jammu and Kashmir- not defined -
IndiaCountry

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Neighbouring regions:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Srinagar975,857 (2015)
Jammu465,567 (2014)
Soyībug104,000 (2015)
Udhampur80,447 (2014)
Anantnag79,821 (2015)
Bāramūla77,276 (2014)


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

20 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Radhakrishna, T., Rao, V. D., & Rao, J. (1982). Occurrence and Significance of Awaruite in the Dras Ultramafics, Kashmir Himalaya, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 46(341), 483-484.
Borax (TL)
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 340.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Trouvaille personnelle 07/2011. In my collection CLAUDE. jean Marie
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Radhakrishna, T., Rao, V. D., & Rao, J. (1982). Occurrence and Significance of Awaruite in the Dras Ultramafics, Kashmir Himalaya, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 46(341), 483-484.
Colemanite
Formula: Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Reference: Rathore, I.S. (2015) Exploration Potential and Economic Significance of Puga Valley Borax Deposit, Ladakh, India. International Journal for Scientific Research & Development 3:1, 191-195.
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Tom D. La Touche (1890): The sapphire mines of Kashmir, palagems.com reprinted from Records of the geological survey of India Vol 23, pt2, pp 59-69.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Tom D. La Touche (1890): The sapphire mines of Kashmir, palagems.com reprinted from Records of the geological survey of India Vol 23, pt2, pp 59-69.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Colour: Velvety blue
Reference: http://gemexplorer.org/archives/kashmir-sapphire
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Jordi Fabre
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Shanker, R., Absar, A., Srivastava, G.C., Bajpai, I.P. (2000) A Case Study of Puga Geothermal System, Ladakh, India. New Zealand Geothermal Workshop.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Tom D. La Touche (1890): The sapphire mines of Kashmir, palagems.com reprinted from Records of the geological survey of India Vol 23, pt2, pp 59-69.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Shanker, R., Absar, A., Srivastava, G.C., Bajpai, I.P. (2000) A Case Study of Puga Geothermal System, Ladakh, India. New Zealand Geothermal Workshop.
Kernite
Formula: Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Reference: Rathore, I.S. (2015) Exploration Potential and Economic Significance of Puga Valley Borax Deposit, Ladakh, India. International Journal for Scientific Research & Development 3:1, 191-195.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Trouvaille personnelle 07/2011. In my collection CLAUDE. jean Marie
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Radhakrishna, T., Rao, V. D., & Rao, J. (1982). Occurrence and Significance of Awaruite in the Dras Ultramafics, Kashmir Himalaya, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 46(341), 483-484.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Tom D. La Touche (1890): The sapphire mines of Kashmir, palagems.com reprinted from Records of the geological survey of India Vol 23, pt2, pp 59-69.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Reference: Radhakrishna, T., Rao, V. D., & Rao, J. (1982). Occurrence and Significance of Awaruite in the Dras Ultramafics, Kashmir Himalaya, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 46(341), 483-484.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Tom D. La Touche (1890): The sapphire mines of Kashmir, palagems.com reprinted from Records of the geological survey of India Vol 23, pt2, pp 59-69.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Reference: Walter Schumann (2008) Minerals of the World: Second Edition
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Radhakrishna, T., Rao, V. D., & Rao, J. (1982). Occurrence and Significance of Awaruite in the Dras Ultramafics, Kashmir Himalaya, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 46(341), 483-484.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Tom D. La Touche (1890): The sapphire mines of Kashmir, palagems.com reprinted from Records of the geological survey of India Vol 23, pt2, pp 59-69.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Shanker, R., Absar, A., Srivastava, G.C., Bajpai, I.P. (2000) A Case Study of Puga Geothermal System, Ladakh, India. New Zealand Geothermal Workshop.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Trouvaille personnelle 07/2011. In my collection CLAUDE. jean Marie. Shanker, R., Absar, A., Srivastava, G.C., Bajpai, I.P. (2000) A Case Study of Puga Geothermal System, Ladakh, India. New Zealand Geothermal Workshop.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Tom D. La Touche (1890): The sapphire mines of Kashmir, palagems.com reprinted from Records of the geological survey of India Vol 23, pt2, pp 59-69.
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: Rathore, I.S. (2015) Exploration Potential and Economic Significance of Puga Valley Borax Deposit, Ladakh, India. International Journal for Scientific Research & Development 3:1, 191-195.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Borax (TL)6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Colemanite6.CB.10Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Kernite6.DB.05Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Feldspar Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Awaruite1.1.11.4Ni3Fe
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Pentlandite2.7.1.1(FexNiy)Σ9S8
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Colemanite26.3.5.1Ca[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
Tetraborates
Borax (TL)26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Kernite26.4.5.1Na2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Pentaborates
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Cookeite71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Corundum
var: Sapphire
-Al2O3
'Feldspar Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Mica Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H SassoliteH3BO3
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
H ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
BBoron
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
B SassoliteH3BO3
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
B ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
O SassoliteH3BO3
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O CorundumAl2O3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
O ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
NaSodium
Na BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na KerniteNa2[B4O6(OH)2] · 3H2O
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SSulfur
S SulphurS8
S StibniteSb2S3
S Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Ca ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Fe AwaruiteNi3Fe
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
NiNickel
Ni Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Ni AwaruiteNi3Fe
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3

Localities in this Region
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