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Neves-Corvo Mine, Santa Bárbara de Padrões, Castro Verde, Beja District, Portugal

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 34' 1'' North , 7° 57' 0'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.56694,-7.95000
Other regions containing this locality:Iberian Peninsula
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Mina de Neves-Corvo, Santa Bárbara de Padrões, Castro Verde, Distrito de Beja, Portugal

A volcanic-hosted massive sulfide (VHMS) deposit of the Iberian pyrite belt, which consists of five orebodies (Corvo, Graça, Neves, Lombador and Zambujal).
The copper-zinc-silver mine started 1984. Was to have produced 1 million tons/year ore by 1987. Owned by RTZ (49%) & Somincor. This is one of the most gigantic deposits of massive sulphides in the world.

Mineral List

33 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

298.9 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 3153052

Age: Carboniferous (298.9 - 358.9 Ma)

Description: flysch (sediments)

Lithology: Major:{meta-sandstone}, Minor{shale/slate,meta-limestone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

485.4 - 541 Ma

ID: 3187108
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cambrian (485.4 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Mining Annual Review (1985): 203, 488.
Fernando Real (1999). A Perspective on Neves - Corvo Mining Project Development: A Success Against an EU Trend. Mining Development Strategies With a Focus on the Case of the Iberian Pyrite Belt. Technical Journey 25th September 1998 Lisbon, Portugal
Relvas, J.M.R.S., Tassinari, C.C.G., Munhá, J., and Barriga, F.J.A.S. (2001): Multiple sources for ore-forming fluids in the Neves Corvo VHMS Deposit of the Iberian Pyrite Belt (Portugal): strontium, neodymium and lead isotope evidence. Mineralium Deposita 36, 416-427. DOI 10.1007/s001260100168
Serranti, S., Ferrini, V., Masi, U., & Cabri, L. J. (2002). Trace-element distribution in cassiterite and sulfides from rubané and massive ores of the Corvo deposit, Portugal. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 815-835.
Benzaazoua, M., Marion, P., Pinto, A., Migeon, H., & Wagner, F. E. (2003). Tin and indium mineralogy within selected samples from the Neves Corvo ore deposit (Portugal): a multidisciplinary study. Minerals Engineering, 16(11), 1291-1302.
De Ascencao Guedes, R. (2004): Un gîte européen: l'amas sulfuré de Neves-Corvo, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral 56, 47-49.
Relvas, J.M.R.S. et al. (2006): Hydrothermal Alteration and Mineralization in the Neves-Corvo Volcanic-Hosted Massive Sulfide Deposit, Portugal. I. Geology, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry. Econ. Geology 101, 753-790.
Moura, A. (2008): Metallogenesis at the Neves Corvo VHMS deposit (Portugal): A contribution from the study of fluid inclusions. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 354-368.

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