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Hilton Mine, Scordale, Murton, Eden, Cumbria, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 35' 52'' North , 2° 22' 6'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.59790,-2.36842
GeoHash:G#: gcwqd55rg
UK National Grid Reference:NY762226
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:North Pennines; South Eastern Region; Westmorland; North Pennines; South Eastern Region; Westmorland


The Hilton Mine complex is located on the east side of Scordale, approximately 4 km NE of the village of Hilton in Cumbria. The mine accesses ore-bearing veins and an extensive belt of associated flats located at the top of the Melmerby Scar Limestone. Dunham (1990) notes that fluorite was more common in stopes developed on veins lower down in the Melmerby Scar Limestone than in the upper flats. The Hilton, along with the nearby Murton Mine was initially worked by the London Lead Company for galena between 1824 - 1876. The mine was reopened in 1896 and worked by a succession of owners for witherite and baryte until 1919. Though largely inactive since, the mine was held under lease until 1963 when it was finally abandoned. The area surrounding the mine is now within a military firing range, the times that access is available can be discovered by ringing the Warcop Range Office.

The terraced workings seen on the northwest side of the valley are those of the Murton Mine. The Hilton Mine was accessed by several levels driven into the Melmerby Scar limestone across the valley to the east of the Murton workings. Though fluorite specimens have come from both the Hilton and Murton Mines, it is the baryte-rich flats found in the Dow Scar Level of the Hilton that have produced most of the amber/yellow fluorite the mine is known for.

NOTE: Underground collecting is now prohibited and the workings that remain uncollapsed are in very dangerous condition.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Hilton Mine, Scordale, Hilton, Escarpment District, North Pennines, South Eastern Region (Westmorland), Cumbria, England, UK

Regions containing this locality

The Pennines, England, UK

Range of Mountains and Hills - 260 mineral species & varietal names listed

North Pennines Area, England, UK

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty - 172 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: [BMS Database]
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: [BMS Database]. Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2,114-121.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Lloyd Llewellyn collection (visual identification)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: P. Nicholson collection
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Description: Large, tabular, white and translucent crystals.
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9. Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2,114-121.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2, 114-121.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Description: Delicate acicular crystals.
Reference: [BMS Database]
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Description: Minute crusts in association with anabergite
Reference: Bridges, T.F., Young, B.Y. (1998) Supergene minerals of the Northern Pennine Orefield-A Review. In Journal of the Russell Society Vol 7(1) 1998.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: cubic, twins
Colour: yellow, amber
Fluorescence: medium, purplish
Description: Good undamaged twins are scarce and much sought after. Regarded as a classic locality by fluorite collectors.
Reference: Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9 Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2, 114-121. Fisher, J. (2004) Fluorite from the Northern Pennines Orefield, England. Rocks and Minerals, 79:6, 378-398.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: [Visual Identification]. Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2, 114-121.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: [BMS Database]. Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2, 114-121.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: P. Nicholson collection
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Lloyd Llewellyn collection (visual identification)
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2, 114-121.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 11. Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2, 114-121.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [BMS Database]. Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2, 114-121.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: John Clayton specimen
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Lloyd Llewellyn collection (visual identification)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: [BMS Database]
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2, 114-121.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Gersdorffite'2.EB.25NiAsS
'Millerite'2.CC.20NiS
'Nickeline'2.CC.05NiAs
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aurichalcite'5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Hydrozincite'5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Leadhillite'5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Rosasite'5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
'Siderite'5.AB.05FeCO3
'Smithsonite'5.AB.05ZnCO3
'Witherite'5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Annabergite'8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Erythrite'8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Hemimorphite'9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O WitheriteBaCO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S MilleriteNiS
S SphaleriteZnS
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni NickelineNiAs
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As NickelineNiAs
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mississippian
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 2028873
Dinantian Rocks (Undifferentiated)

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sandstone, limestone and argillaceous rocks

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3137009
Early Carboniferous limestone

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{claystone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Fisher, J. (2004) Fluorite from the Northern Pennines Orefield, England. Rocks and Minerals, 79:6, 378-398.
Fisher, J. (2009) The Hilton Mine: Scordale, Cumbria England. Rocks and Minerals, 84:2,114-121.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
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