SUPPORT US. If mindat.org is important to you, click here to donate to our Fall 2019 fundraiser!
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Hohe Buche, Königsberg, Kusel, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Hohe Buche- not defined -
Königsberg- not defined -
KuselDistrict
Rhineland-PalatinateState
GermanyCountry

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
49° 34' 35'' North , 7° 34' 32'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Hinzweiler426 (2016)2.0km
Eßweiler460 (2017)2.2km
Wolfstein2,060 (2015)2.3km
Horschbach285 (2011)3.1km
Rutsweiler an der Lauter390 (2011)3.2km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Hohe Buche, Königsberg, Wolfstein, Pfalz, Rheinland-Pfalz, Deutschland


Hohe Buche is the name of a forest district on top of Königsberg, a prominent mountain in northern Palatinate and known for centuries for its mercury and baryte deposits. During the 1950s and 1960s, uranium prospection was done in all the old mining districts of Palatinate. In the area of Hohe Buche, a radiation anomaly was discovered and subsequently in 1968 Gerhard Dreyer, at that time a student of geology at Mainz University, discovered U and Hg-containing rhyolite samples about 300 m N of the top of Königsberg. Closer inspection revealed that such rock samples are spread along a narrow and elongate zone with increased radiation (Bültemann and Strehl, 1969). The occurrence looked promising for being a potential uranium source and a prospect was made in 1969 named after the district where it was located. The prospect exposed a mineralized zone of 60 m length and a width of 0.3 m up to 2 m (Dreyer et al., 1971). The U content was too low and the size of the mineralization too small to enable an economic mining project. Therefore the trial was landscaped and overgrown by trees soon again.

Hohe Buche became well known among collectors due to the excellent corderoite crystals that occur in small rhyolite vugs. Corderoite was already observed by Dreyer in 1969 as an unknown mineral that he could not identify. In 1974 he was able to do a detailed analysis revealing that it was a new Hg halide-sulfide that was not known before in nature. Dreyer considered naming the new mineral Wolfsteinite after the nearby town of Wolfstein. Before he was able to publish his data exactly the same mineral was announced as the new mineral corderoite from McDermitt Mine (Cordero Mine) in Nevada, USA. Therefore the application of "Wolfsteinite" as a new mineral was obsolete. In contrast to the type locality where corderoite is only observed as a fine-grained mineral, Hohe Buche provided euhedral crystals which are reaching sizes up to 2 mm (Dreyer, 1975). Still today the Hohe Buche crystals are among the best or even the best known worldwide, making Hohe Buche one of the most interesting localities in Palatinate.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Palatinate, Rhineland-Palatinate, GermanyRegion (Historical)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


19 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Corderoite
Formula: Hg2+3S2Cl2
Habit: Cubic
Colour: Light brown, brown, black
Reference: - Dreyer, G.: Neue Mineralien in der Rheinpfalz II. Mitteilungen der Pollichia 63, 5-9 (1975)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Mercurian Tetrahedrite'
Formula: (Cu,Hg)12Sb4S13
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Metazeunerite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Phosphuranylite
Formula: (H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Corderoite2.FC.15aHg2+3S2Cl2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Phosphuranylite8.EC.10(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Mercurian Tetrahedrite'-(Cu,Hg)12Sb4S13

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB8X16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A3(O,OH)2Xq
Corderoite10.3.3.1Hg2+3S2Cl2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Metatorbernite40.2a.13.2Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metazeunerite40.2a.14.2Cu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Phosphuranylite42.4.8.1(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Mercurian Tetrahedrite'-(Cu,Hg)12Sb4S13
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
OOxygen
O AnataseTiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CristobaliteSiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O UraniniteUO2
SiSilicon
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
S BaryteBaSO4
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S Mercurian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Hg)12Sb4S13
S SphaleriteZnS
S CinnabarHgS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ClChlorine
Cl CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
KPotassium
K Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
MnManganese
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
CuCopper
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Cu Mercurian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Hg)12Sb4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
AsArsenic
As MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
SbAntimony
Sb Mercurian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Hg)12Sb4S13
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
HgMercury
Hg CorderoiteHg32+S2Cl2
Hg Mercurian Tetrahedrite(Cu,Hg)12Sb4S13
Hg CinnabarHgS
UUranium
U MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
U MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
U Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U UraniniteUO2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bültemann, H.W. and Strehl, E. (1969) Uranvorkommen im Saar-Nahe-Gebiet. Der Aufschluss, 20, 215-220.
Dreyer, G., Emmermann, K.-H., and Rée, C. (1971) Uran-Quecksilbervererzungen in Eruptivgesteinen des pfälzischen Rotliegenden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 115, 1-30.
Dreyer, G. (1975) Neue Mineralien in der Rheinpfalz II. Mitteilungen der Pollichia, 63, 5-9.
Heidkte, U. (1987) Eine Quecksilber-Uran-Paragenese mit Corderoit vom Königsberg (Pfalz). Der Aufschluss, 38, 169-172.
Hensel, H. (2017) Die Quecksilber-Halid-Sulfide der Pfalz. Der Aufschluss, 68, 285-299.


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2019, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 12, 2019 06:39:31 Page generated: July 29, 2019 06:19:29
Go to top of page