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Emperor Mine (Vatukoula Mine; Lolomo Mine), Vatukoula, Tavua Gold Field, Viti Levu, Fijii
Regional Level Types
Emperor Mine (Vatukoula Mine; Lolomo Mine)Mine
Vatukoula- not defined -
Tavua Gold FieldOre Field
Viti Levu- not defined -
FijiCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
17° South , 177° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~54km
Locality type:



Au(-Ag) mine. Epithermal vein deposits within the Tavua Caldera. Opened 1933. Located at the northern tip of the main Island of Viti Levu, in the Nakaudavadra Mountains about 100km NW of Suva and 8km inland from the coast (Smith et al. 2008).

The mine has over the years, sparingly produced some exceptional specimens of various gold tellurides. The geology appears to be similar to that of Cripple Creek. When Rock Currier visited the mine in 1973, walking and sliding down through the stopes he saw a number of refrigerator size open pockets lined with pyramidal quartz crystals with no other obvious mineralization. He got some specimens from the mine office and had the distinct feeling that over the years if someone had been looking for specimens, a great many would have been found. [Rock Currier 2012]
Gold and silver mine 60 km NE of Nadi.
"Operating for over 75 years, the mine has produced in excess of seven million ounces of gold." (...) "The mine is currently both an open pit and underground operation, however in the medium term it will become predominantly an underground mine." (Vatukoula Gold Mines plc, info from company website, accessed August 2016).

Quartz stockwork in olivine basalts and trachybasalts belonging to a caldera complex.

Regions containing this locality

Pacific OceanOcean
Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


47 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; D. W. Pals and P. G. Spry "Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation" Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Pals, D. W., & Spry, P. G. (2003). Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation epithermal Emperor gold deposit, Vatukoula, Fiji. Mineralogy and Petrology, 79(3-4), 285-307.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; D. W. Pals and P. G. Spry "Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation" Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Benleonardite
Formula: [Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Reference: D. W. Pals and P. G. Spry "Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation" Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished) ; J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: Kwak, T. A. (1990). Geochemical and temperature controls on ore mineralization at the Emperor gold mine, Vatukoula, Fiji. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 36(1), 297-337.
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; D. W. Pals and P. G. Spry "Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation" Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Pals, D. W., & Spry, P. G. (2003). Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation epithermal Emperor gold deposit, Vatukoula, Fiji. Mineralogy and Petrology, 79(3-4), 285-307.
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Metal Mining Mining Geol., A.I.M.E. (1937): 310.; Mining Annual Review 91985): 379.; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; D. W. Pals and P. G. Spry "Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation" Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished) ; Pals, D. W., & Spry, P. G. (2003). Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation epithermal Emperor gold deposit, Vatukoula, Fiji. Mineralogy and Petrology, 79(3-4), 285-307.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished) ; Pals, D. W., & Spry, P. G. (2003). Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation epithermal Emperor gold deposit, Vatukoula, Fiji. Mineralogy and Petrology, 79(3-4), 285-307.
Kolbeckite
Formula: ScPO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Birch, W. D. (2015): A note on kolbeckite from the Emperor mine, Viti Levu, Fiji. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 91-93.; Museum Victoria (Australia) collection, no. M40094
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished) ; J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: D. W. Pals and P. G. Spry "Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation" Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Reference: D. W. Pals and P. G. Spry "Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation" Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pals, D. W., & Spry, P. G. (2003). Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation epithermal Emperor gold deposit, Vatukoula, Fiji. Mineralogy and Petrology, 79(3-4), 285-307.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; D. W. Pals and P. G. Spry "Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation" Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: ; Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Pyrite var: Arsenian Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Stützite
Formula: Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Reference: D. W. Pals and P. G. Spry "Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation" Mineralogy and Petrology (2003) 79: 285–307; Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Habit: up to 1cm
Colour: gray
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370 Mineralogical Record 8:391; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished) ; J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Econ.Geol.: 83; 395-404; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: J.M. Boirat and J. Lum, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 55-62, BRGM.; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370; Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Benleonardite2.LA.50[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Empressite2.CB.80AgTe
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Nagyágite2.HB.20a[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Arsenian Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stützite2.BA.65Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Kolbeckite8.CD.05ScPO4 · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Coloradoite2.8.2.5HgTe
Empressite2.8.25.AgTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Nagyágite2.11.10.1[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Krennerite2.12.13.1Au3AgTe8
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Melonite2.12.14.1NiTe2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Miscellaneous
Stützite2.16.13.1Ag5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Benleonardite3.1.10.1[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Kolbeckite40.4.3.3ScPO4 · 2H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Roscoelite71.2.2a.4K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Andorite'-AgPbSb3S6
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
var: Arsenian Pyrite
-FeS2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
H RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
O RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O AnataseTiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S Pyrite (var: Arsenian Pyrite)FeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S CinnabarHgS
S Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
S Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
S AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S StibniteSb2S3
S RealgarAs4S4
KPotassium
K RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
ScScandium
Sc KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
VVanadium
V RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Pyrite (var: Arsenian Pyrite)FeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
NiNickel
Ni MeloniteNiTe2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As RealgarAs4S4
SeSelenium
Se NaumanniteAg2Se
AgSilver
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Ag KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
Ag EmpressiteAgTe
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Ag StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
Ag NaumanniteAg2Se
Ag AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Sb Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Sb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Sb StibniteSb2S3
TeTellurium
Te TelluriumTe
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Te KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
Te MeloniteNiTe2
Te EmpressiteAgTe
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te ColoradoiteHgTe
Te AltaitePbTe
Te Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]
Te Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Te StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Au GoldAu
Au KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
Au Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
HgMercury
Hg ColoradoiteHgTe
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb Nagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Pb AndoriteAgPbSb3S6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neogene - Cretaceous
2.588 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186213
Mesozoic-Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (2.588 - 145 Ma)

Comments: Fiji

Lithology: Mafic-intermediate volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Metal Mining Mining Geology, A.I.M.E. (1937): 310. A gold mine.
Mining Annual Review (1985) 379 (in part).
Ahmad, M., Solomon, M., Walshe, J.L (1987) Mineralogical and geochemical studies of the Emperor gold telluride deposit, Fiji. Economic Geology 82, 345-370.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 1.
Pals, D.W., Spry, P.G. (2003) Telluride mineralogy of the low-sulfidation epithermal Emperor gold deposit, Vatukoula, Fiji. Mineralogy and Petrology, 79(3-4), 285-307. DOI 10.1007/s00710-003-0013-5
Pals, D.W., Spry, P.G., Chryssoulis, S. (2003) Invisible Gold and Tellurium in Arsenic-Rich Pyrite from the Emperor Gold Deposit, Fiji: Implications for Gold Distribution and Deposition. Economic Geology, 98, 479-493.
Smith, B., Smith, C., Wilson, W.E. (2008) The Emperor Mine, Vatukoula, Viti Levu, Fiji. Mineralogical Record 39: 397-301.
Birch, W.D. (2015) A note on kolbeckite from the Emperor mine, Viti Levu, Fiji. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 91-93.


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