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Maffei Mine (Nitzelbuch Mine), Nitzlbuch (Nitzelbuch), Auerbach, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Maffei Mine (Nitzelbuch Mine)Mine
Nitzlbuch (Nitzelbuch)- not defined -
Auerbach- not defined -
Upper Palatinate- not defined -
Bavaria- not defined -
GermanyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Maffei, Nitzlbuch (Nitzelbuch), Auerbach, Oberpfalz, Bayern, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 49° 40' 45'' North , 11° 38' 57'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 49.67944,11.64917
GeoHash:G#: u2b695fet
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Auerbach9,089 (2013)1.8km
Königstein1,761 (2016)8.0km
Neuhaus an der Pegnitz2,974 (2013)9.1km
Kirchenthumbach3,448 (2013)9.4km
Pegnitz14,279 (2013)11.2km


Ancient iron mine, now a tourist mine and mining museum.

Located at Nitzlbuch, about 2 km southeast of Auerbach.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Churchite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Eleonorite
Formula: Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Laubmannite' ?
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Variscite
Formula: AlPO4 · 2H2O
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Wad'
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beraunite ?8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Churchite-(Y) (TL)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite8.CD.10AlPO4 · 2H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
Eleonorite-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Laubmannite' ?-(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y) (TL)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Phosphosiderite40.4.3.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Variscite40.4.1.1AlPO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Frondelite41.9.2.2Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite ?42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
Eleonorite-Fe3+6(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
'Laubmannite' ?-(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
H FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
H Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
O FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
O Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
FFluorine
F WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
NaSodium
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AlAluminium
Al VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
PPhosphorus
P Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P VarisciteAlPO4 · 2H2O
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
P FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
P Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
MnManganese
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Mn Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
FeIron
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PhosphosideriteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe EleonoriteFe63+(PO4)4O(OH)4 · 6H2O
Fe Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
YYttrium
Y Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
BaBarium
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Cretaceous
66 - 100.5 Ma



ID: 3160713
Late Cretaceous limestone

Age: Late Cretaceous (66 - 100.5 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{marlstone,mudstone,sandstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Late Cretaceous
66 - 100.5 Ma



ID: 2605782

Age: Late Cretaceous (66 - 100.5 Ma)

Comments: Sandstone: especially Elbe-Bohemia

Lithology: Lime- and marlstone, claystone, sandstone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Jurassic
145 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3185222
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
von Gehlen, K., and Harder, H. (1956): Zur Genese der kretazischen Eisenerze von Auerbach (Oberpfalz). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 5, 118-138. (in German).
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 772, 803, 960.
Pfeufer, J. (1983): Genesis of the Auerbach-Sulzbach-Rosenberg-Amberg iron ore deposits (Upper Palatinate). Geol. Jahrb., Reihe D, 64, 3-69. (in German).
Stanjek, H. (1983): Auerbach/Oberpfalz. Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube Leonie. Lapis 8 (3), 9-18; 42. (in German).
Weiß, S. (1990): Mineralfundstellenatlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag (Munich).
Dill, H.G., Weber, B. & Kaufhold, S. (2009): The origin of siderite-goethite-phosphate mineralization in the karst-related faultbound iron ore deposit Auerbach, Germany, a clue to the timing of hypogene and supergene Fe-Al phosphates in NE Bavaria. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen 186, 283-307.

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