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Marienschacht Mine (Kuppel Mine), Wölsendorf, Schwarzach bei Nabburg, Wölsendorf East District, Wölsendorf fluorite mining district, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germanyi
Regional Level Types
Marienschacht Mine (Kuppel Mine)Mine
Wölsendorf- not defined -
Schwarzach bei Nabburg- not defined -
Wölsendorf East DistrictMining District
Wölsendorf fluorite mining districtMining District
Upper Palatinate- not defined -
Bavaria- not defined -
GermanyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Marienschacht (Grube Kuppel), Wölsendorf, Schwarzach bei Nabburg, Revier Wölsendorf Ost, Fluoritbergbaugebiet Wölsendorf, Oberpfalz, Bayern, Deutschland
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 49° 24' 24'' North , 12° 10' 52'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 49.40690,12.18123
GeoHash:G#: u2b9j4q05
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Stulln1,683 (2011)3.6km
Schwarzenfeld6,398 (2013)4.0km
Nabburg5,994 (2013)5.2km
Schmidgaden2,881 (2017)6.7km
Altendorf927 (2011)7.3km


Earlier known as Kuppel Mine, it was renamed Marienschacht Mine in 1925. The mine was closed in 1979 and until 1980, the shafts were backfilled and all surface structures removed.

This mine produced rare octahedrons of the "Stink-fluss" variety of fluorite.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Bassetite
Formula: Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Fluorite var: Stink-Fluss
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Schmedt auf der Günne, J., Mangstl, M., and Kraus, F. (2012) Occurrence of Difluorine F2 in Nature — In Situ Proof and Quantification by NMR Spectroscopy. Angewandte Chemie, International Edition: 51: 1–4.; P. Haas collection.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Reference: P Mostmans collection
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Quartz var: Eisenkiesel
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Own collection
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: P Mostmans collection
Wölsendorfite
Formula: Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Stink-Fluss3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Eisenkiesel4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Wölsendorfite4.GB.30Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Bassetite8.EB.10Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
AX2O7·xH2O
Wölsendorfite5.4.3.2Pb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Bassetite40.2a.16.1Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Coffinite51.5.2.4U(SiO4) · nH2O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Fluorite
var: Stink-Fluss
-CaF2
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Eisenkiesel-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
H WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
OOxygen
O HematiteFe2O3
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Eisenkiesel)SiO2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
O CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
O WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
O KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluorite (var: Stink-Fluss)CaF2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Eisenkiesel)SiO2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Si KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
PPhosphorus
P BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S AnglesitePbSO4
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Fluorite (var: Stink-Fluss)CaF2
Ca UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
CuCopper
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
BiBismuth
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
UUranium
U BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
U CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2O
U WölsendorfitePb7(UO2)14O19(OH)4 · 12H2O
U UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
U KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
U UraniniteUO2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Holocene
0 - 0.0117 Ma



ID: 2611069

Age: Anthropocene (0 - 0.0117 Ma)

Description: fluvial

Comments: In part, under alluvial clay [in den Alps with Pleistocene terraces and talus]

Lithology: Sand, gravel, crushed stone

Reference: Toloczyki, M., P. Trurnit, A. Voges, H. Wittekindt, A. Zitzmann. Geological Map of Germany 1:M. Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. [94]

Miocene
5.333 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3157286
Miocene gravel

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{gravel}, Minor{sand,clay,lignite}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Permian - Late Devonian
272.95 - 382.7 Ma



ID: 3188790
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Paleozoic (272.95 - 382.7 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Seeliger, E. and Strunz, H. (1965) Erzpetrographie der Uranmineralien von Wölsendorf. II. Brannerit, Lermontovit(?), Selen und Selenide, Ni- and Bi-Begleitmineralien etc. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 103, 163-178.
Schmedt auf der Günne, J., Mangstl, M., and Kraus, F. (2012) Occurrence of Difluorine F2 in Nature — In Situ Proof and Quantification by NMR Spectroscopy. Angewandte Chemie, International Edition: 51: 1–4.


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