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Lucky Cuss Mine (Escondido Mine; Escondido claims; McCann Mine; Wedge Mine), Tombstone District, Tombstone Hills, Cochise Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Lucky Cuss Mine (Escondido Mine; Escondido claims; McCann Mine; Wedge Mine)Mine
Tombstone DistrictMining District
Tombstone HillsGroup of Hills
Cochise Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 42' 3'' North , 110° 4' 27'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 31.70083,-110.07417
GeoHash:G#: 9t9sr4yqw
USGS MRDS Record:10027137
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


A former small underground Ag-Mn-Au-Pb-V-Zn mine located in the NW ¼ sec. 14, T.20S., R.22E, 1 mile S of Tombstone, on private land. Discovered by A.E. Sheiffelin, February, 1878 (one of the original Tombstone mines). Owned at times, or in part, by the Tombstone Gold and Silver Mining Co. (1881); the Tombstone Mill & Mining Co., Tombstone Consolidated Mines Co., Bunker Hill Mines Co., and the Tombstone Development Co.

Mineralization is irregular, extensively oxidized, tabular to chimney-like orebodies, mostly manganiferous silver, in altered Pennsylvanian-Permian Naco Group and Cretaceous Bisbee Group limestones and shales; as veins in the Lucky Cuss fault zone; along 'northeast' fissure zones; and as replacements along bedding plane faults in the limestones close to the fissure zones. Ore is also veins in the Lucky Cuss fault zone. The ore zone is 243.84 meters long, strikes NNE to NNW, and dips 70-75E (strike and dip is orientation of the Lucky Cuss Fault. An associated rock unit is the Schieffelin Granodiorite.

Local structures include northerly faulting in the Tombstone Basin; the Lucky Cuss Fault Zone.

Workings include a shaft at 300 feet deep (1881) and more than 500 feet of drifts and crosscuts. Stopes located in the Lucky Cuss Fault zone and in massive limestone. Workings total 1828.8 meters in length and 198.12 meters deep. This is one of the original Tombstone District mines. At least 100,000 tons of ore were produced since the 1880's. Production is included under the Tombstone group.

Regions containing this locality

Sonoran Desert, North America

Desert - 1,138 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


26 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Moses, A.J. & L.M. Luquer (1892), Alabandite from Tombstone, Univ. Columbia School Mines Quarterly: 13: 236-239; Blake, W.P. (1903), Tombstone and its mines, A.I.M.E. Transactions, Vol. 34: 668-670; Hewett, D.F. & O.N. Rove (1930), Occurrence and relations of alabandite, Econ.Geol.: 25: 36-56; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 18; Dana 7:I:208.
Alamosite
Formula: PbSiO3
Description: Occurs with queitite and being replaced by calcian queitite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104, 242.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Description: Occurs in metamorphosed, shaly limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 330.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Description: Occurs in metamorphosed, shaly limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 330.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 125; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Colour: Blue
Description: Occurs as blue crystals.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 151.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Robert E. Jenkins II collection and label.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Colour: Green
Description: Small, vitreous grains.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 179; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 99.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 200; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Univ. AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 34; Dana 6: 1093.
Descloizite var: Cuprian Descloizite
Formula: Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Reference: Dana 6: 1093.
Ettringite
Formula: Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Description: Occurs as an alteration product of Ca- & Al-silicates.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 590; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 217; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Description: Occurs as an important constituent of basalt.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 317; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 95.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Robert E. Jenkins II collection and label.
Goldfieldite
Formula: Cu10Te4S13
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Gyrolite
Formula: NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Habit: Spherules (6 to 7 mm diameter) composed of interlocking, tabular crystals.
Colour: Light green
Description: Occurs as spherules resembling prehnite
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 242.
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Description: Occurs as tiny veinlets in a matrix of manganite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 249; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Rasor, C.A. (1939), Manganese mineralization at Tombstone, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 34: 790-803; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55.
Hillebrandite
Formula: Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 251, 414; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 97, 103.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Description: Host matrix to tiny veinlets of hetaerolite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 249; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Rasor, C.A. (1939), Manganese mineralization at Tombstone, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 34: 790-803; Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Econ.Geol.: 55: 1-55.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Description: Occurs as narrow bands in contact silicates on the 4th. level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 179, 251, 414; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 95, 97, 99, 103.; Force, E. R. (1996) The Bisbee Group of the Tombstone Hills, southeastern Arizona; stratigraphy, structure, metamorphism, and mineralization USGS Bulletin: 2042-B
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Habit: Brilliant
Colour: Black
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 306; Guild, F.N. (1911), Mineralogische Notizen, Zeit. Krystal. und Mineral.: 49: 321-331; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 70.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 242.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Description: Occurs as small seams in ore.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 87.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 342; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Rasor, C.A. (1939), Manganese mineralization at Tombstone, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 34: 790-803; Havens, R., et al (1954), Benefication of oxide manganese and manganese-silver ores from southern AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5024; Romslo, T.M. & S.F. Ravitz (1947), Arizona manganese-silver ores, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4097: 7-8; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 30.
Queitite
Formula: Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104, 242.
Queitite var: Ca-bearing Queitite
Formula: (Pb,Ca)4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Habit: Spherulitic nodules
Colour: Chalky-white
Description: Occurs replacing alamosite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 350.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Description: Occurs as small grains in oxidized alabandite ore.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 353; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Hewett, D.F. & O.N. Rove (1930), Occurrence and relations of alabandite, Econ.Geol.: 25: 36-56; Rasor, C.A. (1939), Manganese mineralization at Tombstone, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 34: 790-803; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 48.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Description: Occurs in altered limestone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 367; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 392; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Rasor, C.A. (1939), Manganese mineralization at Tombstone, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 34: 790-803; Romslo, T.M. & S.F. Ravitz (1947), Arizona manganese-silver ores, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4097: 7-8.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Description: Occurs in small fissures and replacing limestone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 179, 394, 414; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Schaller, W.T. (1939), Corrections and additions, Am.Min.: 24: 346-347; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 97, 99, 111.
Tlapallite
Formula: H6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed. pg 397
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Description: Occurs in metamorphosed, shaly limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 179, 251, 330, 414; Butler, B.S., et al (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 143; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 97, 99, 103.; Force, E. R. (1996) The Bisbee Group of the Tombstone Hills, southeastern Arizona; stratigraphy, structure, metamorphism, and mineralization USGS Bulletin: 2042-B

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
Goldfieldite2.GB.05Cu10Te4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Tlapallite4.JL.25H6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Ettringite7.DG.15Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Descloizite8.BH.40Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Alamosite'9.DO.20PbSiO3
'Anorthite'9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gyrolite9.EE.30NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Hillebrandite9.DG.40Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Queitite9.BF.20Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
var: Ca-bearing Queitite9.BF.20(Pb,Ca)4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Serpentine Subgroup-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Goldfieldite3.3.6.6Cu10Te4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Miscellaneous
Ettringite31.10.2.1Ca6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
Compound Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites
Tlapallite34.8.2.1H6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Queitite58.1.3.1Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Hillebrandite65.2.3.1Ca2(SiO3)(OH)2
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P > 7
Alamosite65.7.1.1PbSiO3
Group 73 - PHYLLOSILICATES Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets
Condensed Tetrahedral Sheets with double and single layers
Gyrolite73.2.2c.1NaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Descloizite
var: Cuprian Descloizite
-Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Queitite
var: Ca-bearing Queitite
-(Pb,Ca)4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
H GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
H HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H TlapalliteH6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
BBoron
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
OOxygen
O AlamositePbSiO3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Queitite (var: Ca-bearing Queitite)(Pb,Ca)4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
O CalciteCaCO3
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
O GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O TlapalliteH6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
FFluorine
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
AlAluminium
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Al GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
SiSilicon
Si AlamositePbSiO3
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Queitite (var: Ca-bearing Queitite)(Pb,Ca)4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Si HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
Si MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
SSulfur
S AlabanditeMnS
S Queitite (var: Ca-bearing Queitite)(Pb,Ca)4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
S EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
S GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
S QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S TlapalliteH6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
CaCalcium
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Queitite (var: Ca-bearing Queitite)(Pb,Ca)4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca EttringiteCa6Al2(SO4)3(OH)12 · 26H2O
Ca GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
Ca HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
Ca MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca TlapalliteH6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
VVanadium
V Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Cu GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TlapalliteH6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)
ZnZinc
Zn Queitite (var: Ca-bearing Queitite)(Pb,Ca)4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Zn Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn TlapalliteH6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)
AgSilver
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
Te TlapalliteH6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AlamositePbSiO3
Pb Queitite (var: Ca-bearing Queitite)(Pb,Ca)4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Pb Descloizite (var: Cuprian Descloizite)Pb(Zn,Cu)VO4OH
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Pb TlapalliteH6(Ca,Pb)2(Cu,Zn)3(TeO3)4(TeO6)(SO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3187054
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Campanian - Oxfordian
72.1 - 163.5 Ma



ID: 2946362
Cretaceous to Late Jurassic sedimentary rocks with minor volcanic rocks

Age: Mesozoic (72.1 - 163.5 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Temporal Formation; Bathtub Formation; Sand Wells Formation; Fort Crittenden Formation; McCoy Mountains Formation

Description: Sandstone and conglomerate, rarely forms prominent outcrops; massive conglomerate is typical near base of unit and locally in upper part. These deposits are nonmarine except in southeastern Arizona, where prominent gray marine limestone (Mural Limestone) forms the middle of the Bisbee Group. Sandstones are typically medium-bedded, drab brown, lithic-feldspathic arenites. Includes Bisbee Group (largely Early Cretaceous) and related rocks, Temporal, Bathtub, and Sand Wells formations, rocks of Gu Achi, McCoy Mountains Formation, and Upper Cretaceous Fort Crittenden Formation and equivalent rocks. (80-160 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{arenite,conglomerate}, Minor:{limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Resources of Arizona - A Manual of Reliable Information Concerning the Territory, compiled by Patrick Hamilton (1881), Scottsdale, AZ: 35, 38.
Goodale, C.W. (1889) The occurrence and treatment of the argentiferous manganese ores of Tombstone district, Arizona: American Institute of Mining Engineers, Transactions: 17: 767.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1093.
Moses, A.J. & L.M. Luquer (1892), Alabandite from Tombstone, Colombia University School Mines Quarterly: 13: 236-239.
Blake, W.P. (1903), Tombstone and its mines, A.I.M.E. Transactions, Vol. 34: 668-670.
Church, J.A. (1903) The Tombstone, Arizona, mining district: American Institute of Mining Engineers, Transactions: 33: 3-37: 4, 6, 10, 28-31, 35.
USGS topographic map Tombstone & vicinity, Arizona (1907).
Guild, F.N. (1911), Mineralogische Notizen, Zeit. Krystal. und Mineral.: 49: 321-331.
University of Arizona Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in Arizona: 34.
Hewett, D.F. & O.N. Rove (1930), Occurrence and relations of alabandite, Economic Geology: 25: 36-56.
Wilson, E.D. & G.M. Butler (1930), Manganese ore deposits of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 127: 47.
Butler, B.S., Wilson, E.D., and Rasor, C.A. (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Tombstone district, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 143: 41-43, 47, 74-80, 103, Pl. III, IV, XII, XIII.
Rasor, C.A. (1939), Manganese mineralization at Tombstone, Arizona, Economic Geology: 34: 790-803.
Schaller, W.T. (1939), Corrections and additions, American Mineralogist: 24: 346-347.
Palache, C., Berman, H. & Frondel, C. (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume I: 208.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 18.
Romslo, T.M. & S.F. Ravitz (1947), Arizona manganese-silver ores, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 4097: 7, 8.
Havens, R., et al (1954), Benefication of oxide manganese and manganese-silver ores from southern Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 5024.
Needham, A.B. & W.R. Storms (1956), Investigation of Tombstone district manganese deposits, Cochise County, Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 5188: 30.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 30, 48, 70, 87, 95, 97, 99, 103, 111.
Hewett, D.F. & M. Fleischer (1960), Deposits of the manganese oxides, Economic Geology: 55: 1-55.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise County, Arizona: 77 (Table 4).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 104, 125, 151, 179, 193, 200, 217, 242, 249, 251, 306, 317, 330, 342, 350, 353, 367, 392, 394, 414.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10027137, MRDS ID #M002207; and, Dep. ID #10137120.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0040030646.


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