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Burra Burra Copper Mine (Burra Mine; Monster Mine), Burra, North Mt Lofty Ranges, Mt Lofty Ranges, South Australia, Australiai
Regional Level Types
Burra Burra Copper Mine (Burra Mine; Monster Mine)Mine
Burra- not defined -
North Mt Lofty RangesMountain
Mt Lofty RangesMountain
South AustraliaState
AustraliaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
33° 40' 41'' South , 138° 55' 35'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Burra978 (2013)0.7km
Leighton133 (2018)16.6km
Booborowie268 (2012)20.5km
Hallett210 (2012)31.2km
Mintaro226 (2014)32.6km


A copper mine located about 1 km W of the Burra township, which yielded 10,000 tons of malachite in earlier workings. Mining commenced on the 29th of September, 1845. The population grew rapidly and Burra was soon the 5th largest provincial centre in Australia.

Originally named on the Mines Summary Record Sheets as Burra Burra Mine, it was reported to be of Hindu origin meaning 'Great Great' and also popularly referred to as the 'The Monster Mine' due to its remarkable size and richness of the period. The town is now referred to as just a singular Burra. However, the Mines Summary card for this location, still lists the mine as 'Burra Burra'.

Simple quarrying of outcropping ore went on for many months but gradually shafts were sunk and the mine became a labyrinth of underground galleries. Open cut mining commenced in 1869 in an effort to recover ore pillars and un-mined sections but was not entirely successful and the mine closed in September 1877. A new open cut mine on the site of the original commenced in 1969 to recover low grade carbonate ores. Mining ceased in 1981 with the pit now full of water.

The Burra Mine is situated 150 km north of Adelaide within the Adelaide Geosyncline, and produced 2.7 million tonnes of copper ore in two major mining phases — 1845–1877 and 1970–81. The first phase was initially by underground high-grade tributing, with later open cutting in the 1870s to reduce costs. This realised around 700 000 t averaging 7% Cu. The second phase, carried out by Samin Ltd, was entirely by open cut with the resource estimated at the time as ~3.5 million tonnes grading 1.52% Cu. The final amount of ore mined during 1970–81 was 1.89 million tonnes grading 1.71% Cu. The pre-mining grade was close to 3% Cu. (Drexel, 2009)

Field mapping in 1980–81 by Mines and Energy Geologists J.F. Drexel and W.S. McCallum, followed by petrology of approximately 150 rock samples during 1983–84, and reinterpretation of the thin- and polished sections during the current appraisal of the Burra Mine, has concluded that the orebody was developed by secondary remobilisation of presumably primary chalcopyrite mineralisation associated with syn-depositional and post-depositional magmatic and hydrothermal activity during sedimentation of the host Skillogalee Dolomite of Neoproterozoic age. Secondary copper sulphides, mostly chalcocite, developed from the primary sulphides in an epigenetic environment. Primary and secondary sulphides are now scarce in the open cut, but chalcocite, bornite, covellite and chalcopyrite were present at the bottom of the pit. Supergene enrichment developed the main copper minerals that have been mined — malachite, azurite, chrysocolla and cuprite, with lesser native copper and libethenite. These developed as fracture fills and veins in a relatively open-space environment. Gem-quality botryoidal malachite made the mine world renowned during the 1845–77 mining period. Jigsaw and crackle breccias, often copper mineralised, occur in country rock up to 200 m from the magmatic foci, and related mineralisation extends slightly beyond the open cut limits. (Drexel, 2009)

This site is now under the control of The South Australian Heritage Trust, and all collecting is prohibited.

Regions containing this locality

Australian Plate (Australia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Delamerian Orogen, AustraliaOrogen

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


46 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Reference: Collection of Mark Willoughby
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: [MinRec 25:126]; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Description: Although there is some atacamite at Burra - it is considered rare and is not found as distinct crystals and normally is found on a pale brown/tan dolomite/limestone matrix
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Habit: prismatic, nodular
Colour: blue
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: SA Geodata Database, Deposit Number: 3807 ; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Chalcocite var: Ducktownite
Formula: Cu2S
Description: Numerous specimens were collected by former Burra Burra mine geologist, Graham Sweetman during 1980.
They were located in a weathered feldspar porphyry plug 3m in diameter, at the base of the open cut, on the last bench mined before the mine closed. While many of these specimens show a very thin coating, and usually have pyrite clearly visible, G.Sweetman was able to recover several which on close examination suggested there is at least 1mm of solid chalcocite coating, over a previously unaltered pyrite dodecahedrons. aka: ducktownite.
Reference: Collection of former mine geologist G.Sweetman.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: SA Geodata Database, Deposit Number: 3807 ; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Cubanite ?
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: SA Geodata Database, Deposit Number: 3807 ; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
'Ferrierite'
Reference: U. Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Description: From old opencut.
Reference: Uwe Kolitsch collection; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Description: Noble, R.J. states that "[t]he Burra libethenite frequently occurs in well-formed crystals, and significantly, has been observed pseudomorphed by azurite." [Libethenite at the Burra Copper mine]. Noble further sattes: "Crystals range in size from microscopic to 5 or 6 mm (rarely) with the most common crystal size being in the order of 0.5 to 2 mm. The libethenite crystals are well formed, with brilliant crystal faces, and range in colour from olive-green, in micro-crystals, through blackish green to black, in the larger crystals."
Reference: Bywater, S.K.G. (1984) The libethenite zone, Burra Mine, South Australia. The Mineralogical Record, 15:2, 105-108. Grguric, B., Pring, A., Drew, G. (1994) Famous Mineral Localities: The Burra Burra Mine, Burra, South Australia. The Mineralogical Record, 25:2, 121-129. Noble, R.J., Just, J., Johnson, J.E. (1983) Catalogue of South Australian Minerals - 1983. Handbook No. 7, Department of Mines and Energy, South Australia, Adelaide, 248 pages. Noble, R.J. (1980) Libethenite at the Burra Copper Mine. The Geological Survey of South Australia, Quarterly Geological Notes, No. 76, 2-5.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: botryoidal to fibrous
Colour: green
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: No reference listed
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: [MinRec 15:106-107, 15:221, 25:129, 12:107]; Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: SA Geodata Database, Deposit Number: 3807 ; Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Collection of M. Willoughby.
'Riebeckite Root Name'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16
'Riebeckite Root Name var: Crocidolite'
Formula: ◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Reference: (Erroneous attribution; See Edelweiss mine, in this same Burra district.)
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Reference: Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121-129.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
var: Ducktownite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite ?2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Sulvanite ?2.CB.70Cu3VS4
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Ferrierite'-
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite ?2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Sulvanite ?3.2.3.1Cu3VS4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB3X7
Todorokite7.8.1.1(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Actinolite-Tremolite Series'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Chalcocite
var: Ducktownite
-Cu2S
'Ferrierite'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Riebeckite Root Name'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'var: Crocidolite'-◻[Na2][Z2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
H Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O BaryteBaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O TenoriteCuO
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
F Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Na Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S Chalcocite (var: Ducktownite)Cu2S
S SphaleriteZnS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S SulvaniteCu3VS4
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Cl Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
KPotassium
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
VVanadium
V SulvaniteCu3VS4
MnManganese
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Riebeckite Root Name (var: Crocidolite)◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Fe Riebeckite Root Name◻[Na2][Z32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH,F,Cl)2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu Chalcocite (var: Ducktownite)Cu2S
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu SulvaniteCu3VS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
SrStrontium
Sr Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
AgSilver
Ag IodargyriteAgI
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
AuGold
Au GoldAu

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186197
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Comments: Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Sandstone,shale,limestone,siltstone,tillite,dolomite

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Cryogenian
635 - 720 Ma



ID: 727357
Burra Group

Age: Cryogenian (635 - 720 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Burra Group

Description: Siltstone, laminated; shale; sandstone, heavy mineral lamination, quartzose to feldspathic, cross bedding; dolomite, blue-grey to pale pink, lenticular.

Comments: argillaceous detrital sediment; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Argillaceous detrital sediment

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gee, L.C.E. & Brown, H.Y.L., (1908), Record of The Mines of South Australia, 4th ed., Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Johnson, W. (1963): A reinterpretation of the Burra copper deposit. Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Proceedings 206, 63-91.
Johnson J.E. & Scrymgour J.M., (1975) Minerals of South Australia, Extract from South Australian Year book 1975, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Ludbrook N. H., (1980), A Guide to The Geology and Mineral Resources of South Australia, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Drexel, J.F., (1982), Mining in South Australia: A Pictorial History, South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia.
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
Dallow L., (1983), Fossickers Guide to Gold, Minerals and Gemstones of South Australia, Graphinity Pty. Ltd, Victoria, Australia.
Bywater, Scott, K.G., (1984), "The Libethenite Zone, Burra Mine, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 105-108.
Bywater, Scott, K.G., (1984), "Pseudomorphs from the Burra Mine, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 219-222.
Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1994), "The Burra Burra mine, Burra, South Australia", Mineralogical Record, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 121.
Grguric, B., Pring, A. & Drew, G. (1995): Minerals of the Burra Mine, South Australia. Mines and Energy South Australia, Special Publication No. 11, 32 pp.
Drexel, J.F., (2009), REVIEW OF THE BURRA MINE PROJECT, 1980–2008: A PROGRESS REPORT , South Australian Dept. of Mines & Energy, Adelaide, South Australia. Report Book 2008/16
Rocks & Minerals: 20:324
SA Geodata Database, Deposit Number: 3807

External Links




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