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Pelham asbestos mine, Pelham, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts, USAi
Regional Level Types
Pelham asbestos mineMine (Abandoned)
Pelham- not defined -
Hampshire Co.County
MassachusettsState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
42° 21' 32'' North , 72° 27' 10'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Mine (Abandoned) - last checked 2019
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
South Amherst4,994 (2017)4.8km
Amherst39,833 (2017)5.5km
Pelham1,428 (2017)5.5km
Amherst Center19,065 (2017)5.8km
North Amherst6,819 (2017)8.6km


An anthophyllite asbestos mine was operated 1873-1874, and possibly later. The host rock is metaharzburgite. The first report of asbestos from Pelham appears to have been by Edward Hitchcock in 1818, who listed an occurrence of compact asbestus in the town.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: fibrous
Colour: dark green
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: Fibrous. Some fibers more than two feet long.
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Colour: red-brown
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: B.K. Emerson, Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Pub.597); Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Colour: some deep sapphire blue
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Corundum var:
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Emerson, B. K. (1895): A Mineralogical Lexicon of Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden Counties, Massachusetts (USGS Bulletin 126).
Enstatite
Formula: Mg2Si2O6
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
'Gummite'
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.
'Hornblende'
Reference: Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Emerson, B. K. (1895): A Mineralogical Lexicon of Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden Counties, Massachusetts (USGS Bulletin 126), p. 106.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Emerson, B. K. (1895): A Mineralogical Lexicon of Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden Counties, Massachusetts (USGS Bulletin 126).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Emerson, B. K. (1895): A Mineralogical Lexicon of Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden Counties, Massachusetts (USGS Bulletin 126).
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.; Emerson, B. K. (1895): A Mineralogical Lexicon of Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden Counties, Massachusetts (USGS Bulletin 126).
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.216-217.; Van Gosen, Bradley S. (2005) Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the eastern United States. USGS Open-File Report 2005-1189.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Enstatite9.DA.05Mg2Si2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Gummite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Enstatite65.1.2.1Mg2Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Antigorite71.1.2a.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Corundum
var: Sapphire
-Al2O3
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Gummite'-
'Hornblende'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O RutileTiO2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CorundumAl2O3
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
MgMagnesium
Mg EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si EnstatiteMg2Si2O6
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Hitchcock, E. (1818) Remarks on the geology and mineralogy of a section of Massachusetts on Connecticut River, with a part of New Hampshire and Vermont. American Journal of Science, 1st series, vol. 1, p. 409.
Adams, J.H. (1870) Notice of Asbestos and Corundum with other Minerals at Pelham, Mass. American Journal of Science, 2nd series, Vol. XLIX, p. 271.
Emerson, B.K. (1895) A Mineralogical Lexicon of Franklin, Hampshire, and Hampden Counties, Massachusetts, USGS Bulletin 126.
Emerson, B.K. (1917) Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island. USGS Publication 597.
Shannon, E.V. (1919) Famous mineral localities: The Pelham asbestus mine, Massachusetts. The American Mineralogist, 4:4, 37-39.
Chute, N.E. (1945) The Talc, Soapstone and Asbestos Deposits of Massachusetts. US Geological Survey Open-File Report, 69-39, 42 pages.
Veblen, D.R. (1980) Anthophyllite asbestos: microstructures, intergrown sheet silicates, and mechanisms of fiber formation. The American Mineralogist, 65:1075-1086.
Van Gosen, B.S. (2005) Reported Historic Asbestos Mines, Historic Asbestos Prospects, and Natural Asbestos Occurrences in the Eastern United States: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2005–1189.

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