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Holden Mine (Howe Sound Mine; Irene Mine), Holden Village, Railroad Creek, Railroad Creek District, Chelan Co., Washington, USAi
Regional Level Types
Holden Mine (Howe Sound Mine; Irene Mine)Mine
Holden VillageVillage
Railroad CreekCreek
Railroad Creek DistrictMining District
Chelan Co.County
WashingtonState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
48° 11' 45'' North , 120° 46' 49'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:


Sections 18 and 19, T31-R17E and sections 12 and 13, T31-R16E

A Cu,Ag,Zn,Au Mine

This mine is located across Railroad Creek from Holden Village.

It worked a lens shaped orebody with a length downdip of ~2,000' an a thickness of up to 100'. The zoned orebody ranges from a Zn rich footwall to a Cu rich hanging wall indicating the orebody is overturned. Radioactive mineralization occurs in the foot wall of the west end of the mine at the 1,950' and 2,325' levels.

Developments include 247,566' of drifts crosscuts and raises; 231,922' of core drilling

It operated from 1938 through 1957. A total of 212 million pounds of Copper, 40 million pounds of Zinc, 2 million oz of silver, and 600,000 oz of gold were produced form 10 million tons of ore.

The Holden mine is believed to have worked Kuroko type, volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit.

References:
*Huntting, M. (1956): Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metallic Minerals, Vol. 1
*Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.45,50,61,76,77,84
*Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Habit: aprox. 20 foot thick bed
Colour: light greyish purple
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.45,84; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Repor
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Habit: subhedral crystals
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.50; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.61
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon 1975
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: ```Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956; Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975; Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Huntting, M. (1956): Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metallic Minerals, Vol. 1; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.77
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Habit: large anhedral crystals
Colour: colorless
Description: embedded in anhydrite
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.45,84
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.61; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.45,84
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part I, Nonmetalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: `Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956; Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: `Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956; Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; R. Derkey, N. Joseph, R. Lasmanis, 1990
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.45,84
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Huntting, M. (1956): Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metallic Minerals, Vol. 1; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.61; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Huntting, M. (1956): Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metallic Minerals, Vol. 1; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.61; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: comb structure
Reference: Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.50,77, Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Huntting, M. (1956): Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metallic Minerals, Vol. 1; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.61; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report
Uraninite ?
Formula: UO2
Reference: Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
Uraninite var: Pitchblende ?
Formula: UO2
Reference: Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Uraninite ?4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende ?4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite ?5.1.1.1UO2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende ?
-UO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O UraniniteUO2
NaSodium
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
AlAluminium
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb GalenaPbS
UUranium
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U UraniniteUO2

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