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Dongchuan Cu ore field, Dongchuan District, Kunming, Yunnan, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Dongchuan Cu ore fieldOre Field
Dongchuan DistrictDistrict
KunmingPrefecture
YunnanProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):东川铜矿田, 东川区, 昆明市, 云南省, 中国
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 26° 10' 48'' North , 103° 3' 35'' East (est.)
Margin of Error:~0km
Locality type:Ore Field
Köppen climate type:Cwb : Subtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry winters


Stratabound sedimentary-metamorphic copper deposits, hosted in rocks of the Proterozoic Kunyang Group, which is divided into three sub-groups with eleven formations. Most of the copper deposits are located within the middle Kunyang sub-group, and a different type of copper deposit occurs in each of its three lower formations:

Xikuangshan (Xikangshan) type Fe-Cu deposit (Yinmin formation): Iron ore layers with hematite and magnetite of oolitic or blocky structure in the middle of the Yinmin formation. Copper-bearing veinlets (chalcopyrite and chalcocite) distribute in the iron ore layer and form an impregnation structure iron-copper ore deposit.
Dongchuan type copper deposit (Luoxue formation): This is the most important copper ore type in Dongchuan. Copper ore layers interbed or interlace with dolomitites to form layered ores. Chalcocite and chalcopyrite fill along algal layers in the algal dolomitites, which are deformed and produce the so-called "maweisi" (horse-tail like) ores.
Taoyuan type copper deposit (Heishan formation): Chalcopyrite-calcite veinlets penetrate into carbonaceous shales.

Hydrothermal sedimentary rocks are widely developed in the area. They consist of hydrothermal breccias that are cemented by copper sulfides, carbonate rocks with disseminated iron and copper ores, epidote-rich skarns, chert and ferrugineous siliceous rocks. The ore beds in the district frequently contain rounded concretions to several cms in diameter, which consist mainly of pyrite (Hua, 1989).

The Dongchuan ore field is the third largest copper mining area in China, extending over an area of about 660 km2 around Dongchuan city, about 120 km north of Kunming. It includes the Tangdan, Luoxue, Yinmin, Xintang, Lanniping-Baixila, Lanniping-Suoyipo and Shijiangjun copper mines, of which the Tangdan and Luoxue mines are the largest. The tonnage of the Tangdan mine alone nearly reaches that of a super-large copper ore deposit.

Regions containing this locality

Southwest China, China

Region - 931 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

36 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
'Apatite'
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Biotite'
'Bitumen'
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Renmin Hua (1989): Mineral Deposits 8(2), 3-13
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Chert'
Reference: Yongping Huang, Jianmin Wu, and Ziping Wang (1999): Geology and Prospecting 35(4), 15-18
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Yongping Huang, Jianmin Wu, and Ziping Wang (1999): Geology and Prospecting 35(4), 15-18
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Clinotyrolite'
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Wenxun Yao (1975): Geology and Prospecting 11(1), 11-17
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Yongping Huang, Jianmin Wu, and Ziping Wang (1999): Geology and Prospecting 35(4), 15-18
Graphite
Formula: C
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
'Hydromuscovite'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Yongping Huang, Jianmin Wu, and Ziping Wang (1999): Geology and Prospecting 35(4), 15-18
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Wenxun Yao (1975): Geology and Prospecting 11(1), 11-17
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Yongping Huang, Jianmin Wu, and Ziping Wang (1999): Geology and Prospecting 35(4), 15-18
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Yongping Huang, Jianmin Wu, and Ziping Wang (1999): Geology and Prospecting 35(4), 15-18
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Tangdanite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(SO4)0.5(OH)9 · 9H2O
Reference: de Fourestier, J., Li, G., Poirier, G., Chukanov, N.V. and Ma, Z. (2012) Fuxiaotuite, IMA 2011-096. CNMNC Newsletter, 13(6), 808; Ma, Z., Li, G., Chukanov, N.V., Poirier, G., Shi, N. (2014): Tangdanite, a new mineral species from the Yunnan Province, China and the discreditation of of 'clinotyrolite'. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 559-569.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Wenxun Yao (1975): Geology and Prospecting 11(1), 11-17; Renmin Hua (1989): Mineral Deposits 8(2), 3-13
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Covellite'2.CA.05aCuS
'Digenite'2.BA.10Cu9S5
'Enargite'2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
'Fluorite'3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Chlorapatite'8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
'Clinotyrolite'8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
'Conichalcite'8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Epidote'9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'var: Collophane'-
'Biotite'-
'Bitumen'-
'Chert'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Hydromuscovite'-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Tangdanite (TL)-Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(SO4)0.5(OH)9 · 9H2O
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Chlorapatite41.8.1.2Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
'Clinotyrolite'42.4.4.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-
'var: Collophane'-
'Biotite'-
'Bitumen'-
'Chert'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Hydromuscovite'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Jasper
-SiO2
Tangdanite (TL)-Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(SO4)0.5(OH)9 · 9H2O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TangdaniteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(SO4)0.5(OH)9 · 9H2O
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O TangdaniteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(SO4)0.5(OH)9 · 9H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S TangdaniteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(SO4)0.5(OH)9 · 9H2O
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca TangdaniteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(SO4)0.5(OH)9 · 9H2O
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TangdaniteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(SO4)0.5(OH)9 · 9H2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TangdaniteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(SO4)0.5(OH)9 · 9H2O
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Wenxun Yao (1975): The principles of secondary enrichment of copper in a mining area of Yunnan Province. Geology and Prospecting 11(1), 11-17.
Guilin Institute of Metallurgy and Geology, Metamorphic Copper Deposit Research Group (1975): Characteristics of host strata of the Dongchuan copper deposits and their relationships with mineralization. Geology and Prospecting 11(4), 18-26.
Gongju Li (1978): Evolution and prospecting practice of Dongchuan-style stratabound copper deposits. Geology and Prospecting 14(1), 8-14 (in Chinese).
Gongju Li (1978): Evolution and prospecting practice of Dongchuan-style stratabound copper deposits, part 2. Geology and Prospecting 14(2), 28-41 (in Chinese).
Kenan Wang (1982): Geochemical characteristics of sedimentation and metamorphism of the Dongchuan copper deposit, Yunnan Province, China. Mineral Deposits 1(1), 61-68 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Kenan Wang (1984): Geochemical characteristics of sedimentation and metamorphism of the Dongchuan copper deposit, Yunnan Province, China. Precambrian Research 25(1-3), 135-136.
Renguan Cao (1986): Horse-tail like copper ores and stromatolites in Dongchuan, Yunnan. Geology and Prospecting 22(7), 31-33.
Renmin Hua (1989): On the "sedimentation-transformation" genesis of the Dongchuan type stratiform copper deposits. Mineral Deposits 8(2), 3-13 (in Chinese).
Bugao Xue (1995): Geological features of associated components in Dongchuan-type Cu deposits. Geology and Prospecting 31(3), 31-37.
Yang Weihua (1996): Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Copper Deposits. In: Tu Guangzhi and Xu Zhonglun, eds.: Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China. Science Press, Beijing (1996), pp. 470-507.
Wenming Chen (1997): Metallogenic model of Dongchuan-type sedimentary copper deposits in China. In: Rongfu Pei (Ed.): Energy and Mineral Resources for the 21st Century, Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress, Vol. 9, VSP Publishing (Utrecht, Tokyo), pp. 101-110.
Huaning Qiu (1998): Petrogenetic chronologic framework and ore-forming ages of the Dongchuan Copper Deposits, Yunnan, SW China. PhD Dissertation, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (in Chinese with English Abstract).
Yongping Huang, Jianmin Wu, and Ziping Wang (1999): Geology and geochemistry of thermal-water sedimentary rocks of Yinmin formation in the Dongchuan copper ore field. Geology and Prospecting 35(4), 15-18.
Qin Dexian and Liu Chunxue (2000): Emanation-Sedimentary Metallogenic Series and Models of the Proterozoic Rift in the Kangdian Axis. Acta Geologica Sinica 74(3), 466-472.
Huaning Qiu, Bingquan Zhu, and Dazhong Sun (2002): Age significance interpreted from 40Ar-39Ar dating of quartz samples from the Dongchuan Copper Deposits, Yunnan, SW China, by crushing and heating. Geochemical Journal 36, 475-491.

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