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New Zealand

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Name in French:Nouvelle-Zélande
Name in German:Neuseeland
Name in Italian:Nuova Zelanda
Name in Russian:Новая Зеландия
Name in Simplified Chinese:新西兰
Name in Spanish:Nueva Zelanda
Name in Afrikaans:Nieu-Seeland
Name in Albanian:Zelanda e Re
Name in Arabic:نيوزيلندا
Name in Belarusian:Новая Зеландыя
Name in Bulgarian:Нова Зеландия
Name in Catalan:Nova Zelanda
Name in Czech:Nový Zéland
Name in Danish:New Zealand
Name in Dutch:Nieuw-Zeeland
Name in Estonian:Uus-Meremaa
Name in Farsi/Persian:نیوزیلند
Name in Finnish:Uusi-Seelanti
Name in Galician:Nova Zelandia
Name in Greek:Νέα Ζηλανδία
Name in Hebrew:ניו זילנד
Name in Hindi:न्यूज़ीलैण्ड
Name in Hungarian:Új-Zéland
Name in Icelandic:Nýja-Sjáland
Name in Indonesian:Selandia Baru
Name in Irish Gaelic:An Nua-Shéalainn
Name in Japanese:ニュージーランド
Name in Korean:뉴질랜드
Name in Latvian:Jaunzēlande
Name in Lithuanian:Naujoji Zelandija
Name in Macedonian:Нов Зеланд
Name in Norwegian:New Zealand
Name in Polish:Nowa Zelandia
Name in Portuguese:Nova Zelândia
Name in Romanian:Noua Zeelandă
Name in Serbian:Нови Зеланд
Name in Slovak:Nový Zéland
Name in Slovenian:Nova Zelandija
Name in Swahili:New Zealand
Name in Swedish:Nya Zeeland
Name in Tagalog:New Zealand
Name in Thai:นิวซีแลนด์
Name in Turkish:Yeni Zelanda
Name in Ukrainian:Нова Зеландія
Name in Vietnamese:New Zealand
Name in Welsh:Seland Newydd
Area:268,021 km2
Locality type:Country
Museums in region:


New Zealand is divided into sixteen regions. These form the highest level of local government. New Zealand is also divided into 67 territorial authorities, consisting of 13 city councils, 53 district councils, and the Chatham Islands Council. Most territorial authorities are wholly within one region, but there are a few that cross regional boundaries.

New Zealand consists of two main islands (North and South), Stewart Island just south of South Island, sub-antarctic territory islands Snares, Auckland, Campbell, Antipodes and Bounty, Chatham islands to the east and Kermadec islands to the north. There is an extensive continental shelf mainly to the east, the total area including that above water called Zealandia.

The North Island is politically divided into Northland, Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Waikato, Taranaki, Manawatu-Wanganui, Gisborne, Hawkes Bay and Wellington, while the South Island is split into Nelson, Marlborough, Canterbury, West Coast, Tasman, Otago and Southland.

New Zealand sits astride the Australian and Pacific plates, its position having a profound effect on its geology. The North Island is part of the Australian plate, with the boundary off the east coast. The plate boundary then swings south-west across the north of the South Island, marked by a series of faults, the main one being the Hope Fault. This joins the 800 kilometre long Alpine Fault which travels down the western side of the Southern Alps. Most of the eastern and southern parts of the South Island is part of the Pacific plate.

New Zealand is geologically very active, with earthquakes a common occurrence, over the past one hundred years the cities of Napier, Christchurch, and Kaikoura partly or fully destroyed, with several other major earthquakes in rural areas. Wellington sits on several faults, which at some stage will shift and cause damage to the city.

The tectonic forces have seen the development of the Southern Alps, the fastest rising mountain range in the world, somewhat offset by glacial action, and erosion from the copious rainfall the ranges receives on its western side.

The North Island has an area presently volcanically active, being a belt from the centre of the North Island, north north-east into the Bay of Plenty and White Island. The southern section of the belt contains several high cone shaped, and intermittently active volcanoes. Large lakes in this region mark calderas, which have seen catastrophic explosions in the past, the last 26 000 years ago, covering large portions of the island with ash and pumice. The district contains several geothermal areas incorporating hot springs, mud pools and geysers.

From a pure geology view point, the landscape is raw, with geological actions observed in a short time line, even as it happens if the visit is timed to coincide with a volcanic eruption or earthquake.

Mining is mainly confined to coal and gold. Coal has been mined extensively around the northern west coast of the South Island, centred on Greymouth and Westport, and is presently mined around Huntly in the central north of the North Island. Gold mining is mainly historical, the main areas being the Coromandel peninsula, west coast of the South Island, and Central Otago region. Neither types of mining tends to produce a variety of species, with gold specimens largely only seen for sale from around Queenstown. Industrial scale gold mining only occurs at Macraes in Otago, and until recent times Waihi and Reefton. Minor modern mining continues near Ross. Two large scale iron sand mines are found on the west coast of the North Island, most of the remaining mining concentrated on small quarries producing road aggregate and construction material.

The country has a very interesting coal and gold mining history. Being one of the most organised countries in the world when it comes to tourism, many of these sites contain information signs, and relics which have been preserved. These range from highway photo stops to three day hikes up a mountain through virgin rainforest, and everything inbetween.

The country has provided thirteen type locality species, most rarely available to overseas collectors, and for several reasons, difficult to obtain as specimen quality.

The country generally speaking lacks top shelf mineral specimens, largely the result of a lack of copper, manganese, nickel etc mines, which could produce interesting species in the oxide zones. Specimens for sale to overseas collectors from the county are relatively uncommon. Local collections tend to focus on various zeolite species, found in cavities in basalt in road aggregate quarries, and along the coastline in places like Northland, Auckland, the Rotorua district, and east coast of the South Island. These specimens are often thumbnail to miniature in size. Beach combing is a popular pass time, especially along certain coastlines on the South Island where low value agate, carnelian, quartz, jade etc can be picked up and is usually tumbled. Calcite and quartz specimens are also found commonly in local collections.

The country lacks high value gemstones with the exception of nephrite jade, found mainly on the west coast of the South Island. Most of this material is found as isolated boulders in stream beds, and is invariably carved or made into jewellery for the tourist trade, and is commonly found for sale in New Zealand. Most is not sold rough, or comes with location details. Northland was the centre historically of amber mining, principally Kauri gum. Again most that is sold in this region is made into jewellery, but some is sold as individual lumps. It is becoming increasing rare and more expensive. Most do not come with location details.

Some geological highlights which can be visited in the country include:
1. Geothermal active areas around Rotorua, including hot springs, geysers and bubbling mud pools. Some are free, others close to town require an entrance fee, of varying value for money. The town is not good for people with breathing difficulties.
2. Waitomo Caves and glow worms.
3. Milford Sound
4. Franz Josef Glacier and the Southern Alps.
5. The Tongariro National park with active volcanoes and White Island.
6. Panakaiki Pancake Rocks and blowholes
7. Moeraki boulders, looking like giant bowling balls littering the beach.
8. The sunken valleys of the Marlborough Sounds.
9. The Tasman National Park, with karst landscapes, caves, and Split Apple Rock.
10. Coal and gold mining history, highlights including Thames, Waihi, Greymouth, Westport, the Coromandel Peninsula, Reefton, the Central Otago region.
We could easily double this list.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

451 valid minerals. 13 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Aeschynite'
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
'Agglomerate'
'commodity:Aggregates'
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Akatoreite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8
Reference: Amer. Mineral. (1971) 56, 416-426; Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 74 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Amber'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibolite'
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Anapaite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Andesite'
Localities: Reported from at least 77 localities in this region.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Topazolite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
'Anorthosite'
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Anthracite'
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Antigorite var: Bowenite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'commodity:Antimony'
Formula: Sb
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Collophane'
'Aplite'
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
'Arenite'
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Argillite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 86 localities in this region.
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
'Asbestos'
'Ash'
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Awaruite (TL)
Formula: Ni3Fe
Reference: Skey, W. (1885) Article LXL - On a New Mineral (Awaruite) from Barn Bay. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, Vol 18, pp 401-402. Ulrich, G.H.F. (1890) On the Discovery, Mode of Occurrence, and Distribution of the Nickel-iron Alloy Awaruite, on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. The Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 46(1-4), 619-NP.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baotite
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Barićite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Bariosincosite
Formula: Ba(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Baryte var: Strontian Baryte
Formula: (Ba,Sr)SO4
'Basalt'
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Basanite'
Bayerite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
'Benmoreite'
'Bentonite'
'Bentonite'
'commodity:Bentonite'
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Bitumen'
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
'Breccia'
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Buddingtonite
Formula: (NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 187 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Cavansite
Formula: Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Cebollite
Formula: Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Cerium
Formula: Ce
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
'Chabazite var: Phacolite'
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Chalcodite'
Formula: K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 137 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
'Charcoal'
Formula: C
Cherepanovite
Formula: RhAs
'Chert'
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 112 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
'Chrome-Kyanite'
Formula: (Al,Cr)2SiO5
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'Chromite-Hercynite Series'
'Chromite-Magnesiochromite Series'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
'Clay'
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
'Clays'
'Claystone'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Sheridanite
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Clinoptilolite-Ca
Formula: Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'commodity:Coal'
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
'Cobbles'
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
'Conglomerate'
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Coombsite (TL)
Formula: K(Mn,Fe,Mg)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14
Reference: Sameshima, T., Kawachi, Y. (1991) Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn-silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34:3, 329-335.
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
'Copal'
'Copal var: Agathacopalite'
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Crossite'
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
'CV3 chondrite meteorite'
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
'Dachiardite'
'Dacite'
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Datolite var: Bakerite
Formula: Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
'Delessite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
'Diatomite'
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
'commodity:Dimension Stone'
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
'Diorite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Dolerite'
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dufrénoysite
Formula: Pb2As2S5
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
'Dunite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Endiopside'
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Erionite'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Erionite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
'Eudialyte Group'
'Eudialyte Group var: Eucolite'
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
'Ferganite'
Formula: LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
'Fergusonite'
'Ferrierite'
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Ferroaluminoceladonite (TL)
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Gejing Li et al. : "Solid solution in the celadonite family: The new minerals ferroceladonite and and ferroaluminoceladonite", American Mineralogist, Volume 82, pages 503–511, 1997
Ferroceladonite (TL)
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: AM 82 (1997)
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Ferrostrunzite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Feruvite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Grice, J.D., Robinson, G.W. (1989) Feruvite, a new member of the tourmaline group, and its crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 27, 199-203.
Fischesserite
Formula: Ag3AuSe2
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
'Gabbro'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Gabbronorite'
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 92 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Garnierite'
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
'Gismondine'
Gismondine-Ca
Formula: CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
'Glass'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Glassy igneous rock'
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Glauconite
Formula: (K,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)(Fe3+,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Gmelinite'
'Gneiss'
Gobbinsite
Formula: Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 476 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 476 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 476 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 476 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 476 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 476 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 476 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
'Goodletite'
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
'Granite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Granodiorite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Gravel'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
'Greenschist'
'Greywacke'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Gummite'
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
'H6 chondrite meteorite'
Halite
Formula: NaCl
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Halotrichite-Pickeringite Series'
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
'Harzburgite'
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Hawaiite'
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
'Hectorite (of Cox)'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Si3O8 · 0.5H2O
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 82 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hercynite var: Chrompicotite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
'Hornfels'
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Huttonite (TL)
Formula: ThSiO4
Reference: Pabst, A., Hutton, Osborne C. (1951) Huttonite a new monoclinic thorium silicate, with an account of its occurrence, analysis and properties, American Mineralogist, Vol. 36: 60-69. Förster, H-J., Harlov, D.E., Milke, R. (2000) Composition and Th-U-Total Pb Ages of Huttonite and Thorite from Gillespie's Beach, South Island, New Zealand. The Canadian Mineralogist 38(3): 675-684. Pabst, A (1950) Monoclinic Thorium Silicate, Nature 166, p 157.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'Ignimbritic tuff'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iridium var: Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Jade'
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
'Keratophyre'
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Kilchoanite
Formula: Ca6(SiO4)(Si3O10)
Kobeite-(Y)
Formula: (REE,Fe,U)3 Zr(Ti,Nb)3 O12
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Koktaite
Formula: (NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Ktenasite
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Lanthanite-(Nd)
Formula: (Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
'Lapilli-tuff'
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Laumontite var: Leonhardite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lead
Formula: Pb
'commodity:Lead'
Formula: Pb
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidolite'
'Leucogranite'
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Leucoxene
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Lévyne'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Lherzolite'
'Lignite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Limestone'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'commodity:Limestone'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Livingstonite
Formula: HgSb4S6(S2)
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesiostaurolite
Formula: Mg(Mg,Li)3(Al,Mg)18Si8O44(OH)4
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Magnesite var: Ferroan Magnesite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 92 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Manganese'
Formula: Mn
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
'Manganoan Calcite'
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
'Marble'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
'Marl'
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
'Maskelynite'
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Melnikovite'
Mendozite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Mercury
Formula: Hg
'commodity:Mercury'
Formula: Hg
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Meta-alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
'Metachert'
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
'Metagreywacke'
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rodgers, K.A., Cressey, G. (2001) The occurrence, detection and significance of moganite (SiO₂) among some silica sinters. Mineralogical Magazine 65:157-167.
Mohrite
Formula: (NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Monzogranite'
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Motukoreaite (TL)
Formula: Mg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Reference: Rodgers, K.A., Chisholm, J.E., Davis, R.J., Nelson, C.S. (1977) Motukoreaite, a new hydrated carbonate, sulphate, and hydroxide of Mg and Al from Auckland, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol 41: 319, 389-390.
'Mud-grade limestone'
'Mudstone'
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 93 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Barian Muscovite
Formula: (K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Mylonite'
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Natrozippeite
Formula: Na5(UO2)8(SO4)4O5(OH)3 · 12H2O
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Nephrite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Norite'
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
'Obsidian'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Offretite
Formula: KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
'Olivine basalt'
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Opal var: Common Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-C
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opaline
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Precious Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
'Opalite'
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Osmium var: Iridosmine
Formula: (Os,Ir)
Osumilite
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
'Peat'
'Pebbles'
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
'Pegmatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Peralkaline rhyolite'
'Peridotite'
'commodity:Perlite'
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
'Petrified Wood'
Petrovskaite
Formula: AuAg(S,Se)
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
'Phengite'
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
'Phillipsite'
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Phosphophyllite
Formula: Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
'Phosphorite'
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
'Phyllite'
'Picrite'
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
'Pillow lava'
Planerite
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Plessite'
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
'Porcellanite'
'Porphyry'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Pseudolaueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
'Psilomelane'
'Pumice'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Pumpellyite'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 278 localities in this region.
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Pyrobitumen'
'Pyrobitumen var: Thucholite'
'Pyrochlore'
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Pyroxenite'
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 386 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Carnelian
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Quartzine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
'Quartzite'
Rankinite
Formula: Ca3Si2O7
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Rectorite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Rhönite
Formula: Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+,Ti)6[O2|(Si,Al)6O18]
'Rhyodacite'
'Rhyolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
'Rodingite'
'Roméite'
'Roméite Group'
Rosenhahnite
Formula: HCa3[Si3O9(OH)]
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Rutheniridosmine
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Rutherfordine
Formula: (UO2)CO3
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Saléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
'Sand'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Sandstone'
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Saponite var: Bowlingite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Sapropelite'
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Scapolite'
Scawtite
Formula: Ca7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
'Schist'
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Schoepite
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Schwertmannite
Formula: Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
'Scoria'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
'Serpentinite'
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Shale'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Mg-rich Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)CO3
'Silcrete'
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
'Siltstone'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
'Sinter'
Sklodowskite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
'Slag'
'Slate'
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 107 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
'Spilite'
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spurrite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Stichtite-2H'
Formula: Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stilpnomelane var: Ferrostilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Strontianite var: Emmonite
Formula: (Sr,Ca)CO3
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Syenite'
'Syenogranite'
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Taenite (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Am Min 51 (1966), 37
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Taranakite (TL)
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1000; American Mineralogist (1991): 76: 1722; Inorg. Chem. 269 (1998), 269
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
'Tephra'
Teschemacherite
Formula: (NH4)HCO3
'Teschenite'
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Tholeiite'
'Thomsonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Tinzenite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
'Tonalite'
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
'Trachybasalt'
'Trachyte'
Trechmannite
Formula: AgAsS2
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Troilite
Formula: FeS
'Trondhjemite'
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Tschernichite
Formula: (Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
'Tuff'
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Tuhualite (TL)
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+Si6O15
Reference: New Zealand J.Sci.Techn.(1932) 13, 198-202. Osborne Hutton, C. (1956) Re-Examination of the mineral tuhualite. Mineralogical Magazine 31, 96-106.
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
'UM1979-11-S:AgAsAuSe'
Formula: ~(Ag,Au)7(S,Se,As)5
'UM1979-12-S:AgAsAuSe'
Formula: ~(Ag,Au)7(S,Se,As)6
'UM1979-13-S:AgAsAuSe'
Formula: ~(Ag,Au)7(S,Se,As)6
'UM1989-06-CO:AlHNa'
Formula: Na2Al2O2(CO3)2•2.9H2O
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Uytenbogaardtite
Formula: Ag3AuS2
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
'Variolite'
Vashegyite
Formula: Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Vuagnatite
Formula: CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
'Wad'
Wairakite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World, Geoscience Press, Inc. Bird, D.K., Schiffman, P., Elders, W.A., Williams, A.E., McDowell, S.D. (1984) Calc-silicate mineralization in active geothermal systems. Economic Geology 79:4, 671-695. Steiner, A. (1955) Wairakite, the calcium analogue of analcime, a new zeolite mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 30, 691-708. Mineralogical Magazine(1955) 30, 691-708
Wairauite (TL)
Formula: CoFe
Reference: Challis, G.A., Long, J.V.P. (1964) Wairauite-a new cobalt-iron mineral. Mineralogical Magazine 33, 942-948.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
'Wehrlite'
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
'Xenotime'
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Yugawaralite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Zaratite
Formula: Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
'Zeolite Group'
'commodity:Zeolites'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite var: Thulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Awaruite (TL)1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Electrum1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Osmiridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Manganese1.AE.30Mn
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
var: Iridosmine1.AF.05(Os,Ir)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Rutheniridosmine1.AF.05(Ir,Os,Ru)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite (TL)1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Wairauite (TL)1.AE.15CoFe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Aguilarite'2.BA.55Ag4SeS
'Aikinite'2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
'Algodonite'2.AA.10a(Cu1-xAsx)
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
Argyrodite2.BA.70Ag8GeS6
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cherepanovite2.CC.15RhAs
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
'Coloradoite'2.CB.05aHgTe
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Domeykite2.AA.10bCu3As
Dufrénoysite2.HC.05dPb2As2S5
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Fischesserite2.BA.75Ag3AuSe2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Kobellite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Livingstonite2.JA.05iHgSb4S6(S2)
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Mckinstryite2.BA.40Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Metastibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nagyágite2.HB.20a[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pararealgar2.FA.15bAs4S4
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
'Petrovskaite'2.BA.75AuAg(S,Se)
'Petzite'2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Trechmannite2.GC.35AgAsS2
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Uytenbogaardtite2.BA.75Ag3AuS2
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Akaganeite'4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Bayerite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Becquerelite4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Cervantite4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Claudetite4.CB.45As2O3
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Chrompicotite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Kobeite-(Y)4.DG.05(REE,Fe,U)3 Zr(Ti,Nb)3 O12
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Ishkulite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Mogánite4.DA.20SiO2
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Common Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-C4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opaline4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Precious Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Quartzine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Roméite Group4.DH.
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Schoepite4.GA.05(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stibiconite4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
'Uraninite'4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Artinite5.DA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Brugnatellite5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Lanthanite-(Nd)5.CC.25(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Ferroan Magnesite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Norsethite5.AB.30BaMg(CO3)2
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rutherfordine5.EB.05(UO2)CO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Mg-rich Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mg)CO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Stichtite5.DA.50Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Stichtite-2H5.DA.45Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
var: Emmonite5.AB.15(Sr,Ca)CO3
Teschemacherite5.AA.25(NH4)HCO3
Zaratite5.DA.15Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Aluminite'7.DC.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
'Alunite'7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Alunogen'7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Ammoniojarosite7.BC.10(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
var: Strontian Baryte7.AD.35(Ba,Sr)SO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Carbonatecyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Ferrimolybdite'7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Koktaite7.CD.35(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Ktenasite7.DD.20Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mendozite7.CC.15NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Meta-alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Mohrite7.CC.60(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Motukoreaite (TL)7.DD.35Mg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrozippeite7.EC.05Na5(UO2)8(SO4)4O5(OH)3 · 12H2O
Osarizawaite7.BC.10Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schwertmannite7.DE.15Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Anapaite8.CH.10Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Bariosincosite8.CJ.65Ba(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Barićite8.CE.40(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Bobierrite8.CE.35Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Collinsite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ferrostrunzite8.DC.25Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Laueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Pharmacosiderite'8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
'Phosphophyllite'8.CA.40Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
'Phosphosiderite'8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Planerite8.DD.15Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Pseudolaueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Saléeite8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Stewartite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Taranakite (TL)8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Vashegyite8.DB.10Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Aenigmatite'9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
'Afwillite'9.AG.75Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
'Akatoreite' (TL)9.BH.15Mn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite-(La)'9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allophane'9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
'Almandine'9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Topazolite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Anorthoclase9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
var: Bowenite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ardennite-(As)9.BJ.40Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Aspidolite9.EC.20NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Titanian Augite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baotite9.CE.15Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Barroisite9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Beidellite9.EC.40(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Bementite9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Berthierine9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Buddingtonite9.FA.30(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Cavansite9.EA.50Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Cebollite9.BB.10Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Sheridanite9.EC.55(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoptilolite-Ca9.GE.05Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na9.GE.05Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Coombsite (TL)9.EG.35K(Mn,Fe,Mg)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
var: Bakerite9.AJ.20Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6