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New Zealandi
Regional Level Types
New ZealandCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Area:
268,021 km2
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Auckland417,910 (2017)
Wellington381,900 (2011)
Christchurch363,926 (2018)
Manukau City362,000 (2011)
Waitakere208,100 (2012)
North Shore207,865 (2011)
Other Languages:
French:
Nouvelle-Zélande
German:
Neuseeland
Italian:
Nuova Zelanda
Maori:
Aotearoa
Russian:
Новая Зеландия
Simplified Chinese:
新西兰
Spanish:
Nueva Zelanda
Achinese:
Seulandia Barô
Afrikaans:
Nieu-Seeland
Akan:
Ziland Foforo
Albanian:
Zelanda e Re
Alemannic:
Neuseeland
Amharic:
ኒው ዚላንድ
Anglo-Saxon:
Nīƿe Sǣland
Arabic:
نيوزيلندا
Aragonese:
Nueva Zelanda
Aramaic:
ܢܝܘ ܙܝܠܢܕ
Armenian:
Նոր Զելանդիա
Aromanian:
Naua Zeelanda
Assamese:
নিউজিলেণ্ড
Asturian:
Nueva Zelanda
Azeri:
Yeni Zelandiya
Bambara:
New Zealand
Bashkir:
Яңы Зеландия
Basque:
Zeelanda Berria
Bavarian:
Neiseeland
Belarusian:
Новая Зеландыя
Belarusian (Tarashkevitsa):
Новая Зэляндыя
Bengali:
নিউজিল্যান্ড
Bishnupriya Manipuri:
নিউজিল্যান্ড
Bislama:
Niusilan
Bosnian:
Novi Zeland
Breton:
Zeland-Nevez
Bulgarian:
Нова Зеландия
Burmese:
နယူးဇီလန်နိုင်ငံ
Catalan:
Nova Zelanda
Cebuano:
New Zealand
Central Bikol:
Nueva Zelanda
Central Kurdish/Sorani:
نیوزیلاند
Chavacano:
Nueva Zelanda
Chechen:
Керла Зеланди
Cherokee:
ᎢᏤ ᏏᎢᎴᏂᏗ
Chuvash:
Çĕнĕ Зеланди
Classical Chinese:
紐西蘭
Cornish:
Mordir Nowydh
Corsican:
Nova Zilanda
Crimean Tatar (Latin):
Yañı Zelandiya
Croatian:
Novi Zeland
Czech:
Nový Zéland
Danish:
New Zealand
Doteli:
न्युजिल्याण्ड
Dutch:
Nieuw-Zeeland
Dutch Low Saxon:
Ni'j-Zeelaand
Dzongkha:
ནིའུ་ཛི་ལེནཌ་
Egyptian Arabic:
نيوزيلاندا
Erzya:
Од Зеландия
Esperanto:
Nov-Zelando
Estonian:
Uus-Meremaa
Ewe:
New Zealand
Extremaduran:
Nueva Zelanda
Faroese:
Nýsæland
Farsi/Persian:
نیوزیلند
Fiji Hindi:
New Zealand
Finnish:
Uusi-Seelanti
Franco-Provençal:
Novèla-Zèlande
Friulian:
Gnove Zelande
Fula:
Nuwel Selannda
Gagauz:
Eni Zelandiya
Galician:
Nova Zelandia
Georgian:
ახალი ზელანდია
Greek:
Νέα Ζηλανδία
Greenlandic:
New Zealand
Guarani:
Selánda Pyahu
Gujarati:
ન્યૂઝીલેન્ડ
Haitian:
Nouvèl Zelann
Hakka:
Néu Sî-làn
Hausa:
Nuzilan
Hawaiian:
Aotearoa
Hebrew:
ניו זילנד
Hill Mari:
У Зеланди
Hindi:
न्यूज़ीलैण्ड
Hungarian:
Új-Zéland
Icelandic:
Nýja-Sjáland
Ido:
Nova-Zelando
Iloko:
Baro a Selanda
Indonesian:
Selandia Baru
Ingush:
Керда Зеланди
Interlingua:
Nove Zelanda
Interlingue:
Nov-Zeland
Irish Gaelic:
An Nua-Shéalainn
Jamaican Patois:
Nyuu Ziilant
Japanese:
ニュージーランド
Javanese:
Niu Sélan
Judaeo-Spanish:
Mueva Zelanda
Kabardian:
Зелэнд ЩӀэ
Kabiye:
Seelandɩ Kɩfalʊʊ
Kabyle:
Ziland Tamaynut
Kalmyk:
Шинзелендин Орн
Kannada:
ನ್ಯೂ ಜೀಲ್ಯಾಂಡ್
Kapampangan:
New Zealand
Karachay-Balkar:
Джангы Зеландия
Karakalpak:
Jan'a Zelandiya
Kashmiri:
نیوٗزِلینٛڑ
Kashubian:
Nowô Zelandzkô
Kazakh (Cyrillic Script):
Жаңа Зеландия
Khmer:
ញូស៊ីឡែន
Kikuyu:
Nyuzilandi
Kinyarwanda:
Nuveli Zelande
Komi:
Выль Зеландия
Konkani:
न्यूझीलंड
Korean:
뉴질랜드
Kurdish (Latin Script):
Zêlanda Nû
Kyrgyz:
Жаңы Зеландия
Lao:
ປະເທດນິວຊີແລນດ໌
Latin:
Nova Zelandia
Latvian:
Jaunzēlande
Lezghian:
ЦӀийи Зеландия
Ligurian:
Neuva Selanda
Limburgian:
Nui-Zieland
Lingala:
Zelandɛ ya sika
Lingua Franca Nova:
Zeland Nova
Lithuanian:
Naujoji Zelandija
Livvi-Karelian:
Uuzi Zelandii
Lojban:
zis. poi cnino
Lombard:
Növa Zelanda
Low Saxon/Low German:
Niegseeland
Lower Sorbian:
Nowoseelandska
Luganda:
Niyuziirandi
Luxembourgish:
Neiséiland
Macedonian:
Нов Зеланд
Maithili:
न्युजिल्यान्ड
Malagasy:
Novely Zelandy
Malay:
New Zealand
Malayalam:
ന്യൂസീലൻഡ്
Maltese:
New Zealand
Manx:
Yn Teelynn Noa
Marathi:
न्यू झीलँड
Mazanderani:
نیوزلند
Min Dong Chinese:
New Zealand
Mingrelian:
ახალი ზელანდია
Minnan / Hokkien-Taiwanese:
New Zealand
Mongolian:
Шинэ Зеланд
Nahuatl:
Yancuīc Zetlālpan
Narom:
Nouvelle Zélande
Nauruan:
Niu Djiran
Neapolitan:
Nòva Zëlanna
Nepali:
न्युजिल्यान्ड
Newar / Nepal Bhasa:
न्यु जिल्यान्द
Norfolk:
Nyuu Ziilan
Northern Frisian:
Nei-Sialun
Northern Sami:
Aotearoa
Northern Sotho:
New Zealand
Norwegian:
New Zealand
Norwegian (Nynorsk):
New Zealand
Novial:
Novi Selande
Occitan:
Nòva Zelanda
Odia:
ନିଉଜିଲ୍ୟାଣ୍ଡ
Ossetian:
Ног Зеланди
Pali:
न्यू-जीलैंड
Papiamento:
Nueva Zelandia
Pashto:
نیوزیلنډ
Picard:
Novèle-Zilinde
Piedmontese:
Neuva Zelanda
Polish:
Nowa Zelandia
Pontic Greek:
Νέα Ζηλανδία
Portuguese:
Nova Zelândia
Punjabi:
ਨਿਊਜ਼ੀਲੈਂਡ
Quechua:
Musuq Silanda
Ripuarian:
Neuseeland
Romanian:
Noua Zeelandă
Romansh:
Nova Zelanda
Rundi:
Nueva Zelanda
Russia Buriat:
Шэнэ Зеланд
Rusyn:
Новый Зеланд
Samoan:
Niu Sila
Samogitian:
Naujuojė Zelandėjė
Sango:
Finî Zelânde
Sanskrit:
न्यू-जीलैंड
Sardinian:
Noa Zelanda
Saterland Frisian:
Näi-Seelound
Scots:
New Zealand
Scottish Gaelic:
Sealainn Nuadh
Serbian:
Нови Зеланд
Serbo-Croatian:
Novi Zeland
Shona:
New Zealand
Sicilian:
Nova Zilanna
Silesian:
Nowo Zylandyjo
Sindhi:
نيوزيلينڊ
Sinhalese:
නවසීලන්තය
Slovak:
Nový Zéland
Slovenian:
Nova Zelandija
Somali:
New Zealand
South Azerbaijani:
نیوزیلند
Sundanese:
Selandia Anyar
Swahili:
New Zealand
Swedish:
Nya Zeeland
Tagalog:
New Zealand
Tahitian:
Aotearoa
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):
Зеландияи Нав
Tamil:
நியூசிலாந்து
Tarantino:
Nuève Zelanne
Tatar:
Яңа Зеландия
Telugu:
న్యూజీలాండ్
Thai:
นิวซีแลนด์
Tibetan (Standard):
ནིའུ་ཛི་ལེན་ཌི།
Tigrinya:
ኒው ዚላንድ
Tok Pisin:
Niu Silan
Tongan:
Nuʻusila
Traditional Chinese:
紐西蘭
Tulu:
ನ್ಯೂ ಝಿಲೆಂಡ್
Turkish:
Yeni Zelanda
Turkmen:
Täze Zelandiýa
Udmurt:
Выль Зеландия
Ukrainian:
Нова Зеландія
Upper Sorbian:
Nowoseelandska
Urdu:
نیوزی لینڈ
Uyghur:
يېڭى زېلاندىيە
Uzbek (Latin Script):
Yangi Zelandiya
Venetian:
Nova Zełanda
Veps:
Uz' Zelandii
Vietnamese:
New Zealand
Volapük:
Nula-Seleäns
Võro:
Vahtsõnõ Meremaa
Walloon:
Nouve Zelande
Waray:
New Zealand
Welsh:
Seland Newydd
West Flemish:
Nieuw-Zêeland
West Frisian:
Nij-Seelân
Western Punjabi:
نیوزی لینڈ
Wolof:
Seland-Gu-Bees
Wu Chinese:
新西兰
Yakut:
Саҥа Зеландия
Yiddish:
ניו זילאנד
Yoruba:
New Zealand
Zazaki:
Zelanda Newiye
Zeelandic:
Nieuw-Zeêland
Zhuang:
Saen Saelanz
Zulu:
INyuzilandi


New Zealand is divided into sixteen regions. These form the highest level of local government. New Zealand is also divided into 67 territorial authorities, consisting of 13 city councils, 53 district councils, and the Chatham Islands Council. Most territorial authorities are wholly within one region, but there are a few that cross regional boundaries.

New Zealand consists of two main islands (North and South), Stewart Island just south of South Island, sub-antarctic territory islands Snares, Auckland, Campbell, Antipodes and Bounty, Chatham islands to the east and Kermadec islands to the north. There is an extensive continental shelf mainly to the east, the total area including that above water called Zealandia.

The North Island is politically divided into Northland, Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Waikato, Taranaki, Manawatu-Wanganui, Gisborne, Hawkes Bay, and Wellington, while the South Island is split into Nelson, Marlborough, Canterbury, West Coast, Tasman, Otago, and Southland.

New Zealand sits astride the Australian and Pacific plates, its position having a profound effect on its geology. The North Island is part of the Australian plate, with the boundary off the east coast. The plate boundary then swings south-west across the north of the South Island, marked by a series of faults, the main one being the Hope Fault. This joins the 800 kilometre long Alpine Fault which travels down the western side of the Southern Alps. Most of the eastern and southern parts of the South Island is part of the Pacific plate.

New Zealand is geologically very active, with earthquakes a common occurrence, over the past one hundred years the cities of Napier, Christchurch, and Kaikoura partly or fully destroyed, with several other major earthquakes in rural areas. Wellington sits on several faults, which at some stage will shift and cause damage to the city.

The tectonic forces have seen the development of the Southern Alps, the fastest rising mountain range in the world, somewhat offset by glacial action, and erosion from the copious rainfall the ranges receives on its western side.

The North Island has an area presently volcanically active, being a belt from the centre of the North Island, north-north-east into the Bay of Plenty and White Island. The southern section of the belt contains several high cone-shaped, and intermittently active volcanoes. Large lakes in this region mark a number of calderas, which have seen catastrophic explosions in the past; the last 26 000 years ago, covering large portions of the island with ash and pumice. The district contains several geothermal areas incorporating hot springs, mud pools, and geysers.

From a pure geology viewpoint, the landscape is raw, with geological actions observed in a short timeline, even as it happens if the visit is timed to coincide with a volcanic eruption or earthquake.

Mining is mainly confined to coal and gold. Coal has been mined extensively around the northern west coast of the South Island, centred on Greymouth and Westport, and is presently mined around Huntly in the central north of the North Island. Gold mining is mainly historical, the main areas being the Coromandel peninsula, west coast of the South Island, and Central Otago region. Neither types of mining tends to produce a variety of species, with gold specimens largely only seen for sale from around Queenstown. Industrial scale gold mining only occurs at Macraes in Otago and until recent times Waihi and Reefton. Minor modern mining continues near Ross. Two large scale iron sand mines are found on the west coast of the North Island, most of the remaining mining concentrated on small quarries producing road aggregate and construction material.

The country has a very interesting coal and gold mining history. Being one of the most organised countries in the world when it comes to tourism, many of these sites contain information signs and relics which have been preserved. These range from highway photo stops to three-day hikes up a mountain through virgin rainforest and everything in between.

The country has provided thirteen type locality species, most rarely available to overseas collectors, and for several reasons, difficult to obtain as specimen quality.

The country generally speaking lacks top-shelf mineral specimens, largely the result of a lack of copper, manganese, nickel, etc mines, which could produce interesting species in the oxide zones. Specimens for sale to overseas collectors from the county are relatively uncommon. Local collections tend to focus on various zeolite species, found in cavities in basalt in road aggregate quarries, and along the coastline in places like Northland, Auckland, the Rotorua district, and east coast of the South Island. These specimens are often thumbnail to miniature in size. Beachcombing is a popular pass time, especially along certain coastlines on the South Island where low-value agate, carnelian, quartz, jade, etc can be picked up and is usually tumbled. Calcite and quartz specimens are also found commonly in local collections.

The country lacks high-value gemstones with the exception of nephrite jade, found mainly on the west coast of the South Island. Most of this material is found as isolated boulders in stream beds, and is invariably carved or made into jewellery for the tourist trade, and is commonly found for sale in New Zealand. Most is not sold rough or comes with location details. Northland was the centre historically of amber mining, principally Kauri gum. Again most that is sold in this region is made into jewellery, but some is sold as individual lumps. It is becoming increasingly rare and more expensive. Most do not come with location details.

Some geological highlights which can be visited in the country include:
1. Geothermal active areas around Rotorua, including hot springs, geysers and bubbling mud pools. Some are free, others close to town require an entrance fee, of varying value for money. The town is not good for people with breathing difficulties.
2. Waitomo Caves and glow worms.
3. Milford Sound
4. Franz Josef Glacier and the Southern Alps.
5. The Tongariro National park with active volcanoes and White Island.
6. Panakaiki Pancake Rocks and blowholes
7. Moeraki boulders, looking like giant bowling balls littering the beach.
8. The sunken valleys of the Marlborough Sounds.
9. The Tasman National Park, with karst landscapes, caves, and Split Apple Rock.
10. Coal and gold mining history, highlights including Thames, Waihi, Greymouth, Westport, the Coromandel Peninsula, Reefton, the Central Otago region.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

455 valid minerals. 13 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

''
Localities:
Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Aeschynite'
Reference: Allibone, A.H., MacKenzie, D., Turnbull, R., Tulloch, A., Craw, D. (2016) Polymetallic mineralisation associated with carboniferous I-type granitoids in central Stewart Island New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 59:3, 436-456.
Afwillite
Formula: Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Aguilarite
Formula: Ag4SeS
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Akaganeite
Formula: (Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Akatoreite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8
Type Locality:
Reference: Read, P.B. & Reay, A. (1971): Akatoreite, a new manganese silicate from eastern Otago, New Zealand. American Mineralogist, 56, 416-426.; Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 76 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 45 localities in this region.
Algodonite
Formula: (Cu1-xAsx)
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Paritu, Coromandel Penninsula. Rod Martin in Essence of Micro-Scope, 2006
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Muiruru F.G. (1985) Hot spring and rock samples from Curtis Island Volcano, Kermadec Group. Unpub. paper Geothermal Institute, University of Auckland
Aluminoceladonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Graham, I.T., Colchester, D.M., Harris, S., Lay, A., Burkett, D., Thornton, J. (2018) Aluminoceladonite pseudomorphs after euhedral nepheline from Pudding Island, near Portobello, Dunedin, New Zealand. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 19:2, 21-25.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Amber'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ammoniojarosite
Formula: (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Johnstone, R.D. (1979) Fumarole Incrustations and Some Aspects of the Thermal Alteration at Ketetahi, Mount Tongariro, New Zealand. Geothermal Institute, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Paritu, Coromandel Penninsula. Rod Martin in Essence of Micro-Scope, 2006
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 41 localities in this region.
Anapaite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Andradite var: Topazolite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: ko jansen
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Reference: Rod Martin personal collection
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Antigorite var: Bowenite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: The Anita Bay greenstone is known as Tangiwai by the Maoris. The term means "tears that come from great sorrow".
Reference: Marshall, P. (1904) Art LIII Magnesian Rocks at Milford Sound, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961, Vol. 37.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
'Apatite var: Collophane'
Reference: Mac Beggs, J. (1978) Geology of the metamorphic basement and late Cretaceous Oligocene sedimentary sequence of Campbell Island, Southwest Pacific Ocean. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 8:2, 161-177.
'Apophyllite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Ardennite-(As)
Formula: Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. collection (6782CL).
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Arsenic
Formula: As
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 87 localities in this region.
Artinite
Formula: Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
'Asbestos'
Aspidolite
Formula: NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
Awaruite (TL)
Formula: Ni3Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Skey, W. (1885) Article LXL - On a New Mineral (Awaruite) from Barn Bay. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, Vol 18, pp 401-402. Ulrich, G.H.F. (1890) On the Discovery, Mode of Occurrence, and Distribution of the Nickel-iron Alloy Awaruite, on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. The Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 46(1-4), 619-NP.
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Axinite Group'
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baotite
Formula: Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Barićite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Bariosincosite
Formula: Ba(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Handbook of Mineralogy
Barroisite
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
Baryte var: Strontian Baryte
Formula: (Ba,Sr)SO4
Bayerite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Description: According to Rodgers, et.al., "Bayerite forms a cascading, travertine-like deposit over volcanic tufts on Raoul Island in the South Pacific where it is produced from episodic discharge of spent, caustic aluminate solutions from a hydrogen generator."
Reference: Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 47. Rodgers, K.A., Gregory, M.R., Cooney, R.P. (1989) Bayerite, AL(OH)3, From Raoul Island, Kermadec Group, South Pacific. Clay Minerals 24, 531-538.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Becquerelite
Formula: Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Reference: Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Bementite
Formula: Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 57 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Reference: Allibone, A.H., MacKenzie, D., Turnbull, R., Tulloch, A., Craw, D. (2016) Polymetallic mineralisation associated with carboniferous I-type granitoids in central Stewart Island New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 59:3, 436-456.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Bitumen'
Reference: Christie, A.B., Brathwaite, R.L. (1995) Mineral Commodity Report 8 - Mercury. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.
Bobierrite
Formula: Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Reference: Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Brugnatellite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Reference: Railton, G.L¹., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. (¹published as G.L. Railton but his initials should be G.T. not G.L. - Errata sheet inserted in publication).
Buddingtonite
Formula: (NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.; Christie, A.B., Barker, R.G. 2007. Mineral resource assessment of the Northland Region, New Zealand, GNS Science Report, 2007/06, 179
Burbankite ?
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Reference: Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Stott, F. (pers. notes) Minerals Associated with Phosphate Nodules, Tadmer Dry Weather Road Locality/Micromounting Seminar-Nelson. Both collector articles downloaded to Otago Rock and Minerals Club website (Phosphate nodules were studied by the club, however it is uncertain the level of scientific investigation)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 192 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Ferroan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Fe)CO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Carbonatecyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Railton, G.L¹., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. (¹published as G.L. Railton but his initials should be G.T. not G.L. - Errata sheet inserted in publication).
Carnallite
Formula: KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Railton, G.L¹., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. (¹published as G.L. Railton but his initials should be G.T. not G.L. - Errata sheet inserted in publication).
Caryopilite
Formula: Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Reference: Sameshima, T., Kawachi, Y. (1991) Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn-silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34:3, 329-335.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Cavansite
Formula: Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Reference: Lapis 29(9), 41-42 (2004). Graham, I.T., Judd, K., Colchester, D.M., Hager, S., Greig, A., Lay, A. (2018) The cause of colour in thomsonite-Ca from Aranga quarry, Northland, New Zealand. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 19:2, 7-13.
Cebollite
Formula: Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/petroleum/docs/nzpconf-2002/50hood.pdf.
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Cerium
Formula: Ce
Reference: Overstreet, W.C. (1967) The Geological Occurrence of Monazite, Geological Survey Professional Paper 530, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Government, Washington.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Cervantite
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Chabazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
'Chabazite var: Phacolite'
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na
Formula: (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Chalcodite'
Formula: K(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)27
Reference: Hutton, C. Osborne, 1945, Further Data on the Stilpnomelane Mineral Group,American Mineralogist v.41 p. 608-615.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Read, A.J. (1986) Chalcophyllite and Other Rare Hydroxyl-sulfates from Maharahara, New Zealand. The Mineralogical Record, 17:3, 199-204. Railton, G.L¹., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. (¹published as G.L. Railton but his initials should be G.T. not G.L. - Errata sheet inserted in publication).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 138 localities in this region.
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
'Charcoal'
Formula: C
Cherepanovite
Formula: RhAs
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Grice, J.D., Robinson, G.W. (1989) Feruvite, a new member of the tourmaline group, and its crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 27, 199-203.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 113 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
'Chrome-Kyanite'
Formula: (Al,Cr)2SiO5
Reference: Stallard & Shelley in Journal of Metamorphic Geology 23:425 (2005)
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'Chromite-Hercynite Series'
Reference: Hobden, 1997. MODELLING MAGMATIC TRENDS IN TIME AND SPACE: ERUPTIVE AND MAGMATIC HISTORY OF TONGARIRO VOLCANIC COMPLEX, NEW ZEALAND. Unpub Thesis Cant Univ
'Chromite-Magnesiochromite Series'
Reference: R Bottrill unpub data 2015
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: Quantification and controls on As distribution in Westland, NZ L. Haffert1, D. Craw1, J. Pope2
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Reference: ex Jocelyn Thornton specimen
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: O'Brien, J. P., & Rodgers, K. A. (1973). Xonotlite and rodingites from Wairere, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, 39, 233-240.
Clinochlore var: Sheridanite
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Grapes, R., Palmer, K. (1996) (Ruby—Sapphire)—Chromian Mica—Tourmaline Rocks from Westland, New Zealand. Journal of Petrology, 37(2), 293-315.
'Clinoptilolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Clinoptilolite-Ca
Formula: Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na
Formula: Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. Simmons, S.F. Browne, P.L. (1997) Saline fluid inclusions in sphalerite from the Broadlands-Ohaaki geothermal system; a coincidental trapping of fluids being boiled toward drynes. Economic Geology, 92:4, 485-489.
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Reference: Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
Collinsite
Formula: Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Stott, F. (pers. notes) Minerals Associated with Phosphate Nodules, Tadmer Dry Weather Road Locality/Micromounting Seminar-Nelson. Both collector articles downloaded to Otago Rock and Minerals Club website (Phosphate nodules were studied by the club, however it is uncertain the level of scientific investigation)
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Reference: Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Coombsite (TL)
Formula: K(Mn,Fe,Mg)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14
Type Locality:
Reference: Sameshima, T., Kawachi, Y. (1991) Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn-silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34:3, 329-335.
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
'Copal'
'Copal var: Agathacopalite'
Reference: Matich, F., Matich, I., Mataga, D. (2011) Mining buried resin (Kauri gum) - an engineering perspective. In proceedings of the 16th Engineering Heritage Australia Conference in 2011, Engineers Australia.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: ko jansen
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Cotunnite
Formula: PbCl2
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Crossite'
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuspidine
Formula: Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Essence of Microscope, 2009
Cymrite
Formula: BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Reference: Soong, R., Olivecrona, J.A. (1975) An occurrence of cymrite in black shale, North-west Nelson, South Island, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, 40, 311-312. Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
'Dachiardite'
Reference: Jesse Crawford specimen
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Datolite var: Bakerite
Formula: Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Reference: Ansin, R.L. (1970) Recent mineral discoveries. New Zealand Lapidary Journal 3:19-22. Railton, G.L¹., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. (¹published as G.L. Railton but his initials should be G.T. not G.L. - Errata sheet inserted in publication).
Dawsonite
Formula: NaAlCO3(OH)2
Reference: Railton, G.L¹., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. (¹published as G.L. Railton but his initials should be G.T. not G.L. - Errata sheet inserted in publication).
'Delessite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Fe,Al)(Si,Al)4O10(O,OH)8
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Reference: Mason, B. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 19, 316-327.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Domeykite
Formula: Cu3As
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dufrénoysite
Formula: Pb2As2S5
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Reference: Rabone, S.D.C. (1977) Molybdenum-base metal-bismuth mineralisation at Eliot Creek, Karamea Bend, and Taipo Spur, North-west Nelson, New Zealand. (Unpublished PhD thesis), University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Endiopside'
Reference: Grapes, R.H. (1975) Petrology of the Blue Mountain Complex, Marlborough, New Zealand. Journal of Petrology, 16:2, 371-428.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
'Enstatite-Ferrosilite Series'
Reference: Collection of RJ Martin correlated to examples in Tarawera xenoliths
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 71 localities in this region.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: J. Thornton in Micro-Scope, February 1993
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Erionite'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Erionite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: RRUFF database- Specimen I.D R060836
Erionite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Reference: J. Thornton in Micro-Scope, March 2007
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org
'Eudialyte Group'
Reference: Allen, J.M. (1974) Port Chalmers Breccia and adjacent early flows of the Dunedin Volcanic Complex at Port Chalmers. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 17:1, 209-223.
'Eudialyte Group var: Eucolite'
Reference: Allen, J.M. (1974) Port Chalmers Breccia and adjacent early flows of the Dunedin Volcanic Complex at Port Chalmers. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 17:1, 209-223.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
'Ferganite'
Formula: LiH[(UO2)4[VO4]2(OH)4·2H2O
Reference: Christie & Brathwaite, (2000) NZ Mineral Commodity Report 19 - Beryllium, Gallium, Lithium, Magnesium, Uranium and Zirconium
'Fergusonite'
Reference: Watters, W.A., Todd, H.J., Sixtus, E.J. (1961) Fergusonite and samarskite from Canaan, Pikikiruna Range, Nelson. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 4:3, 270-273.
'Ferrierite'
Reference: Sameshima, T. (1986) Ferrierite from Tapu, Coromandel Peninsula, New Zealand, and a crystal chemical study of known occurrences. Mineralogical Magazine, 50:355, 63-68.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
'Ferro-Actinolite-Tremolite Series'
Ferroaluminoceladonite (TL)
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Gejing Li et al. : "Solid solution in the celadonite family: The new minerals ferroceladonite and and ferroaluminoceladonite", American Mineralogist, Volume 82, pages 503–511, 1997
Ferroceladonite (TL)
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: AM 82 (1997)
Ferro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Ferrostrunzite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Ralph Merrill - Minerals Unlimited
Feruvite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Type Locality:
Reference: Grice, J.D., Robinson, G.W. (1989) Feruvite, a new member of the tourmaline group, and its crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 27, 199-203.
Fischesserite
Formula: Ag3AuSe2
Reference: Cocker, H.A., Mauk, J.L., Rabone, S.D.C. (2013) The origin of Ag-​Au-​S-​Se minerals in adularia-​sericite epithermal deposits: constraints from the Broken Hills deposit, Hauraki Goldfield, New Zealand. Mineralium Deposita, 48:2, 249-266.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: "Ian Graham" Collection
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Foshagite
Formula: Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Reference: Baker, C.K., Black, P.M. (1980) Assimilation and metamorphism at a basalt limestone contact, Tokatoka, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 43:330, 797-807.
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 92 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Garnierite'
Reference: (author unknown), (1979), Cobb Country, Rockhunter, June 1979
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: Occurs in an amphibole-rich rock from a distinctive lithostratigraphic unit generally about 20 m thick, it is inferred that the unit is probably a metatuff of unusual composition.
Reference: C. M. Ward (1984) Magnesium staurolite and green chromian staurolite from Fiordland, New Zealand . American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 531-540.
Gehlenite
Formula: Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
Reference: Mason, B. (1957): Larnite, scawtite, and hydrogrossular from Tokatoka, New Zealand. American Mineralogist 42, 379-392.
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
'Gismondine'
Gismondine-Ca
Formula: CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
'Glass'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Reference: Simmons, S.F. Browne, P.L. (1997) Saline fluid inclusions in sphalerite from the Broadlands-Ohaaki geothermal system; a coincidental trapping of fluids being boiled toward drynes. Economic Geology, 92:4, 485-489.
'Glauconite'
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al)4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Gmelinite'
Gobbinsite
Formula: Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Reference: Zeolites of the World, R. Tschernich, 1992
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 477 localities in this region.
Gonnardite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
'Goodletite'
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Description: small subhedral crystals less than 0.1 mm in diameter and constituting less than 1 modal % of the hornfels.
Reference: Black, P.M. (1970) Grandidierite from Cuvier Island, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 37, No. 289, 615-617. Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., Nichols, M.C., Eds. (2016) Handbook of Mineralogy. Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Service, H. (1937) An Intrusion of Norite and Its Accompanying Contact Metamorphism at Bluff, New Zealand. Transactions of the Royal Society NZ 67: 185-217.
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Gummite'
Reference: Cohen, N.E., Brooks, R.R., Reeves, R.D. (1967) The occurrence of beryllium in the Hawks Crag Breccia of the Lower Buller Gorge region of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 10:3, 732-741.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Muiruru F.G. (1985) Hot spring and rock samples from Curtis Island Volcano, Kermadec Group. Unpub. paper Geothermal Institute, University of Auckland
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Halotrichite-Pickeringite Series'
Reference: Martin, R., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1999) The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), 413-419.
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Grapes, R.H. (1975) Petrology of the Blue Mountain Complex, Marlborough, New Zealand. Journal of Petrology, 16:2, 371-428.
Hawleyite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Reference: Grapes, R. H., & Challis, G. A. (1999). Gersdorffite with pentlandite, violarite, pyrrhotite, and pyrite, northwest Nelson, New Zealand. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics, 42(2), 189-204.
'Hectorite (of Cox)'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Si3O8 · 0.5H2O
Reference: Cox, S.H. (1882) Art. XLVII - Notes on the Mineralogy of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 1882, Vol. XV: 361-410 [Read before the Wellington Philosophical Society, 21 October, 1882].
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 83 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hercynite var: Chrompicotite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Appendix to the 5th ed. of Dana's Mineralogy
Hercynite var: Picotite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Read, P.B. & Reay, A. (1971): Akatoreite, a new manganese silicate from eastern Otago, New Zealand. American Mineralogist, 56, 416-426. [as "heubnerite"]
Huttonite (TL)
Formula: ThSiO4
Type Locality:
Description: Minute grains in beach sands. According to Pabst & Hutton the grains were in size up to 0.2mm and weighed up to a few 100ths of a gram.
Reference: Pabst, A., Hutton, Osborne C. (1951) Huttonite a new monoclinic thorium silicate, with an account of its occurrence, analysis and properties, American Mineralogist, Vol. 36: 60-69. Förster, H-J., Harlov, D.E., Milke, R. (2000) Composition and Th-U-Total Pb Ages of Huttonite and Thorite from Gillespie's Beach, South Island, New Zealand. The Canadian Mineralogist 38(3): 675-684. Pabst, A (1950) Monoclinic Thorium Silicate, Nature 166, p 157.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
Hydroxycalcioroméite ?
Formula: (Ca,Sb3+)2(Sb5+,Ti)2O6(OH)
Reference: Museum Victoria Registration Number: M 48638
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Reference: Hutton, C. Osborne, 1945, Further Data on the Stilpnomelane Mineral Group,American Mineralogist v.41 p. 608-615.
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
Reference: Mason, D. O. & Kobe, H. W. 1989. Fe-Cu-(Zn) sulphide deposits associated with ophiolites in Northland, a summary. Royal Society of New Zealand bulletin, 26.
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: http://crownminerals.med.govt.nz/minerals/docs/comreports/report06_zinc.pdf
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Lowery, J.H. (1979) Mineragraphy and origin of copper-bearing sulphides at Waitahuna River, eastern Otago. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:1, 29-40.
Inesite
Formula: Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Description: Associated with amethyst in quartz-sulfides bands.
Reference: R.L. Brathwaite and K. Faure, Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 269-290.; Simpson, M. P., & Mauk, J. L. (2011). Hydrothermal alteration and veins at the epithermal Au-Ag deposits and prospects of the Waitekauri area, Hauraki goldfield, New Zealand. Economic Geology, 106(6), 945-973.
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iridium var: Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Isocubanite ?
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Mason, D. O. & Kobe, H. W. 1989. Fe-Cu-(Zn) sulphide deposits associated with ophiolites in Northland, a summary. Royal Society of New Zealand bulletin, 26.
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Rabone, S.D.C. (1977) Molybdenum-base metal-bismuth mineralisation at Eliot Creek, Karamea Bend, and Taipo Spur, North-west Nelson, New Zealand. (Unpublished PhD thesis), University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kalinite
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 65 localities in this region.
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 56 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Kilchoanite
Formula: Ca6(SiO4)(Si3O10)
Kobeite-(Y)
Formula: (REE,Fe,U)3 Zr(Ti,Nb)3 O12
Reference: Hutton, C. Osborne. (1957) Kobeite from Paringa River, South Westland, New Zealand. American Mineralogist 42, (5) & (6): 342-353.
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Simpson, M.P., Mauk, J.L., Merchant, R. (2011) Bonanza grade epithermal veins from the Coromandel and Thames districts Hauraki Goldfield, Proceedings 2011 AusiMM New Zealand Branch Annual Conference 27-30 August, Queenstown, New Zealand.
Koktaite
Formula: (NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Johnstone, R.D. (1979) Fumarole Incrustations and Some Aspects of the Thermal Alteration at Ketetahi, Mount Tongariro, New Zealand. Geothermal Institute, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Ktenasite
Formula: Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Reference: Courtney, S.F., King, P. & Rodgers, K.A., (1990). A Check List of Minerals from the Tui Mine, Te Aroha, New Zealand. New Zealand Natural Sciences 17: 95-98.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Reference: Sameshima, T., Kawachi, Y. (1991) Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn-silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34:3, 329-335.
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Lanthanite-(Nd)
Formula: (Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Reference: Graham, I.T., Pogson, R.E., Colchester, D.M., Hergt, J., Martin, R., Williams, P.A. (2007) Pink Lanthanite-(Nd) from Whitianga quarry, Coromandel Peninsula, New Zealand. Canadian Mineralogist. 45:6, 1389-1396.
Larnite
Formula: Ca2SiO4
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Stott, F. (pers. notes) Minerals Associated with Phosphate Nodules, Tadmer Dry Weather Road Locality/Micromounting Seminar-Nelson. Both collector articles downloaded to Otago Rock and Minerals Club website (Phosphate nodules were studied by the club, however it is uncertain the level of scientific investigation)
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Laumontite var: Leonhardite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 3H2O
Reference: Osborne Hutton, C. (1944) Some igneous rocks from the New Plymouth area, Transactions and proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 74:2, 125-153, 01 January 1944.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Fraser, C. (1910) The Geology of the Thames Subdivision, Hauraki, Auckland. New Zealand Geological Survey, Bulletin No. 10 (New Series), New Zealand Government, Wellington, 136 pages.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Pirajno, F., Bentley, P.N. (1985) Greisen-related scheelite, gold and sulphide mineralisation at Kirwans Hill and Bateman Creek, Reefton district, Westland, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 28:1, 97-109, DOI: 10.1080/00288306.1985.10422279
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: Landis, C.A., Craw, D (2003) Phosphate minerals formed by reaction of bird guano with basalt at Cooks Head Rock and Green Island Otago New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 33:1, 487-495.
Leucoxene
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Lévyne'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 54 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Courtney, S.F., King, P. & Rodgers, K.A., (1990). A Check List of Minerals from the Tui Mine, Te Aroha, New Zealand. New Zealand Natural Sciences 17: 95-98.
Livingstonite
Formula: HgSb4S6(S2)
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Pirajno, F., Bentley, P.N. (1985) Greisen-related scheelite, gold and sulphide mineralisation at Kirwans Hill and Bateman Creek, Reefton district, Westland, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 28:1, 97-109.
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: Gill, K.R., Johnston, M.R. (1970) The geology and nickel-copper sulphide mineralisation in the Graham Valley, North-West Nelson. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 13:2, 477-494.
Maghemite
Formula: Fe3+2O3
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite
Formula: ◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesiostaurolite
Formula: Mg(Mg,Li)3(Al,Mg)18Si8O44(OH)4
Habit: size up to 200μm
Description: Identified as sub-mm inclusions in hornblende in partially metamorphosed ultrabasic rock which was probably a hornblende olivine gabbronorite prior to metamorphism. Chemical composition corresponds to: (Mg2.622,Fe2+2.115Al17.499(Si7.448O44(OH,O)2 + minor amounts of Cr, Ca, Mn, Zn and Ti
Reference: C. M. Ward (1984) Magnesium staurolite and green chromian staurolite from Fiordland, New Zealand . American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 531-540.
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Magnesite var: Ferroan Magnesite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 92 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Ishkulite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
Reference: Mossman, D.J., Coombs, D.S., Kawachi, Y., Reay, A. (2000) High-Mg Arc-Ankaramitic Dikes Greenhills Complex Southland New Zealand, The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 38, 191-216.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
'Manganese'
Formula: Mn
Reference: Carlson, J.R., Rodgers, K.A. (1974) The Coalgate Bentonite. A Ferriferrous-Beidellite Deposit from Canterbury, New Zealand. Clay Minerals: 10: 153-172.
'Manganese Oxides'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 44 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Reference: Johnstone, R.D. (1979) Fumarole Incrustations and Some Aspects of the Thermal Alteration at Ketetahi, Mount Tongariro, New Zealand. Geothermal Institute, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
'Maskelynite'
Reference: Battey, M.H. (1962) The Wairarapa Valley, New Zealand, chondrite. Mineralogical Magazine 33:257, 73-85.
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Courtney, S.F., King, P. & Rodgers, K.A., (1990). A Check List of Minerals from the Tui Mine, Te Aroha, New Zealand. New Zealand Natural Sciences 17: 95-98.
Mcguinnessite
Formula: (Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Read, A.J. (1983) McGuinnessite from New Zealand; a new occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine, 48: 349, 457-459.
Mckinstryite
Formula: Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Reference: Simpson, M. P., & Mauk, J. L. (2011). Hydrothermal alteration and veins at the epithermal Au-Ag deposits and prospects of the Waitekauri area, Hauraki goldfield, New Zealand. Economic Geology, 106(6), 945-973.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Smale, D. 1971: Report on examination of Nickel Prospect, Cobb-Takaka Area, Northwest Nelson, New Zealand: Kennecott Explorations Pty. Ltd. Unpublished open-file mining company report, Ministry of Commerce M0850.
Mendozite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: Johnstone, R.D. (1979) Fumarole Incrustations and Some Aspects of the Thermal Alteration at Ketetahi, Mount Tongariro, New Zealand. Geothermal Institute, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Meta-alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Reference: Christie, A.B., Brathwaite, R.L. (2000) Mineral Commodity Report 19 - Beryllium, Gallium, Lithium, Magnesium, Uranium and Zirconium. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: R. Martin, More Puhipuhi. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
Metastibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Collection of Rod Martin
Metatorbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Krupp, R.E., Seward, T.M. (1987) The Rotokawa Geothermal System, New Zealand: An Active Epithermal Gold-Depositing Environment. Economic Geology 82:5, 1109-1129.
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: R. Martin, More Puhipuhi. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
'Mica Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Henderson, William, 1983, Microminerals, Mineralogical Record, v. 14, p. 49.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Courtney, S.F., King, P. & Rodgers, K.A., (1990). A Check List of Minerals from the Tui Mine, Te Aroha, New Zealand. New Zealand Natural Sciences 17: 95-98.
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Courtney, S.F., King, P. & Rodgers, K.A., (1990). A Check List of Minerals from the Tui Mine, Te Aroha, New Zealand. New Zealand Natural Sciences 17: 95-98.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rodgers, K.A., Cressey, G. (2001) The occurrence, detection and significance of moganite (SiO₂) among some silica sinters. Mineralogical Magazine, 65:2, 157-167.
Mohrite
Formula: (NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Johnstone, R.D. (1979) Fumarole Incrustations and Some Aspects of the Thermal Alteration at Ketetahi, Mount Tongariro, New Zealand. Geothermal Institute, University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Motukoreaite (TL)
Formula: Mg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Cement for rock.
Reference: Rodgers, K.A., Chisholm, J.E., Davis, R.J., Nelson, C.S. (1977) Motukoreaite, a new hydrated carbonate, sulphate, and hydroxide of Mg and Al from Auckland, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, Vol 41: 319, 389-390.
Mullite
Formula: Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 93 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Barian Muscovite
Formula: (K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 40 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Nagyágite
Formula: [Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) Dana’s System of Mineralogy, (7th edition), vol. I, 169.
Narsarsukite
Formula: Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rod Martin, Minerals of Ruatapu Cave, Orakei Korako, Taupo Volcanic Zone. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Natrozippeite
Formula: Na5(UO2)8(SO4)4O5(OH)3 · 12H2O
Reference: Collection of RJ Martin
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Nickel
Formula: Ni
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norsethite
Formula: BaMg(CO3)2
Nsutite
Formula: (Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Description: It should be noted that the reference for Nsutite - Zwicker, W.K. et al (1962) only refers to Auckland, New Zealand rather than any particular location.
Reference: Zwicker, W.K., Groeneveld-Meijer, W.O.J., Jaffe, H.W. (1962) Nsutite - a widespread manganese oxide mineral. American Mineralogist, 47 (3&4), 246-266.
Offretite
Formula: KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Okenite
Formula: Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Reference: Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company. Amsterdam, London, New York.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Opal var: Common Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Opal var: Opal-C
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Martin, R., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1999) The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), 413-419.
Opal var: Opaline
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Precious Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Collection of RJ Martin
'Opalite'
Reference: Essence of Microscope (2012)
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Courtney, S.F., King, P. & Rodgers, K.A., (1990). A Check List of Minerals from the Tui Mine, Te Aroha, New Zealand. New Zealand Natural Sciences 17: 95-98.
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
Osmium var: Iridosmine
Formula: (Os,Ir)
Reference: www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
Osumilite
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Reference: Personal collection of Rod Martin
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Reference: Grapes, R., Thornton, J., and Howard, D. (1993. Vug minerals in rhyolite, Hendersons Quarry, Mount Ngongotaha, Geological Society of New Zealand, Miscellaneous Publication 79A: 76.
Pararealgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Rod Martin personal collection
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Rod Martin, Minerals of Ruatapu Cave, Orakei Korako, Taupo Volcanic Zone. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parsettensite
Formula: (K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Reference: Sameshima, T., Kawachi, Y. (1991) Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn-silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34:3, 329-335.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Boyle, R.W. (1979) The geochemistry of gold and its deposits (together with a chapter on geochemical prospecting for the element). Geological Survey Bulletin 280, Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, 584 pages, at p 265.
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: C. Johnson collection
Petrovskaite
Formula: AuAgS
Reference: Cocker, H.A., Mauk, J.L., Rabone, S.D.C. (2013) The origin of Ag-​Au-​S-​Se minerals in adularia-​sericite epithermal deposits: constraints from the Broken Hills deposit, Hauraki Goldfield, New Zealand. Mineralium Deposita, 48:2, 249-266.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
'Phillipsite'
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Phosphophyllite
Formula: Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Collection of RJ Martin
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Stott, F. (pers. notes) Minerals Associated with Phosphate Nodules, Tadmer Dry Weather Road Locality/Micromounting Seminar-Nelson. Both collector articles downloaded to Otago Rock and Minerals Club website (Phosphate nodules were studied by the club, however it is uncertain the level of scientific investigation)
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: http://ganko.eps.nagoya-u.ac.jp/~enami/abstract/pme0201.pdf.
Planerite
Formula: Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Reference: Olivine nodules from Tokatoka, Northland. Black and Brothers, NZJGG, 8(1) 1965.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Plessite'
Reference: Challis, G.A. (1984) The Dunganville (New Zealand) meteorite: an iron octahedrite (Note), New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, Vol 27:3, pp 391-393.
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Pseudolaueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Stott, F. (pers. notes) Minerals Associated with Phosphate Nodules, Tadmer Dry Weather Road Locality/Micromounting Seminar-Nelson. Both collector articles downloaded to Otago Rock and Minerals Club website (Phosphate nodules were studied by the club, however it is uncertain the level of scientific investigation)
'Psilomelane'
'Pumpellyite'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Coombs, D. S., Kawachi, Y., & Ford, P. B. (1996). Porphyroblastic manganaxinite metapelagites with incipient garnet in prehnite–pumpellyite facies, near Meyers Pass, Torlesse Terrane, New Zealand. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 14(2), 125-142.
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 280 localities in this region.
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Reference: Jenks, J. (1981) Carbonates of the Lee Valley, Gem and Treasure Hunter, p 11, June 1981.
'Pyrobitumen'
Reference: Christie, A.B., Brathwaite, R.L. (2000) Mineral Commodity Report 19 - Beryllium, Gallium, Lithium, Magnesium, Uranium and Zirconium. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.
'Pyrobitumen var: Thucholite'
Reference: Christie, A.B., Brathwaite, R.L. (2000) Mineral Commodity Report 19 - Beryllium, Gallium, Lithium, Magnesium, Uranium and Zirconium. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: Collection of Rod Martin
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Railton, G. L. and Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin #104 (1990).; Mason, B. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 19, 316-327.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Reference: Read, P.B. & Reay, A. (1971): Akatoreite, a new manganese silicate from eastern Otago, New Zealand. American Mineralogist, 56, 416-426.; Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn-silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand, TERUHIKO SAMESHIMA and YOSUKE KAWACHI, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 1991, Vol. 3
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)7S8
Reference: Grapes, R.H., Challis, G.A. (1999) Gersdorffite with pentlandite, violarite, pyrrhotite, and pyrite, northwest Nelson, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 42:2, 189-204.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 390 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Carnelian
Reference: https://sites.google.com/site/theotagorockandmineralclub/field-trips/fossicking-sites/nimmo-s-swamp---
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Jasper
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Becker, J.A., Craw, D., Horton, T., Chamberlain, C.P. (2000) Gold mineralisation near the Main Divide, upper Wilberforce valley, Southern Alps, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 43:2, 199-215.
Quartz var: Quartzine
Formula: SiO2
Reference: www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/petroleum/docs/nzpconf-2002/50hood.pdf.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Beck, R.J. (1971) Stewart Island pegmatites. New Zealand Lapidary Journal. No. 5, 13-17.
Rankinite
Formula: Ca3Si2O7
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Rectorite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Singh, R.S. (2015) Identifying Mineralogical and Geochemical Vectors towards the Epithermal Au-Ag Correnso Mine, Waihi. (unpublished thesis, MSc), Univerity of Waikato.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Rhönite
Formula: Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Reference: Kyle, P.R., Price, R.C. (1975) Occurrences of Rhönite in Alkalic Lavas of the McMurdo Volccanic Group, Antarctica, and Dundedin Volcano, New Zealand. American Mineralogist, 60: 722-725.
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: http://www.abdn.ac.uk/geology/profiles/analysis/software.htm recalc of http://www.abdn.ac.uk/geology/profiles/analysis/software.htm recalc of ferrikatophorite data
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Stott, F. (pers. notes) Minerals Associated with Phosphate Nodules, Tadmer Dry Weather Road Locality/Micromounting Seminar-Nelson. Both collector articles downloaded to Otago Rock and Minerals Club website (Phosphate nodules were studied by the club, however it is uncertain the level of scientific investigation)
'Roméite'
Reference: Collection of Rod Martin
'Roméite Group'
Formula: A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Description: ID confirmed by Stuart Mills, Museum Victoria.
Reference: Museum Victoria Registration Number: M 48638
Rosenhahnite
Formula: HCa3[Si3O9(OH)]
Reference: Leach, T. M. & Rodgers, K. A. (1977): Rosenhahnite Ca3Si3O8(OH)2 - a further occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 41, 394-395; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Rosickýite
Formula: S
Reference: Unpublished drill log report to NZ Dept of Mines by sulphur mining operator.
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: Rod Martin personal collection
Rutheniridosmine
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
Rutherfordine
Formula: (UO2)CO3
Reference: Christie, A.B., Brathwaite, R.L. (2000) Mineral Commodity Report 19 - Beryllium, Gallium, Lithium, Magnesium, Uranium and Zirconium. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Saléeite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Reference: Christie, A.B., Brathwaite, R.L. (2000) Mineral Commodity Report 19 - Beryllium, Gallium, Lithium, Magnesium, Uranium and Zirconium. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Saponite var: Bowlingite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Brathwaite, R.L., Isaac, M.J., Challis, G.A., and Brook, F.J., 1990, Tertiary limestone and Zn-Pb mineralized skarn at Motukokako, Cape Brett, Northern New Zealand: Journal of Royal Society of New Zealand, v. 20, p. 427–438.
'Scapolite'
Scawtite
Formula: Ca7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Schapbachite ?
Formula: Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
Reference: Rabone, S.D.C. (1977) Molybdenum-base metal-bismuth mineralisation at Eliot Creek, Karamea Bend, and Taipo Spur, North-west Nelson, New Zealand. (Unpublished PhD thesis), University of Auckland, New Zealand.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Schoepite
Formula: (UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Reference: Christie, A.B., Brathwaite, R.L. (2000) Mineral Commodity Report 19 - Beryllium, Gallium, Lithium, Magnesium, Uranium and Zirconium. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Schwertmannite
Formula: Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Rodgers, KA, Hamlin, KA, Browne, P.R.L., Campbell, K.A. and Martin, R. (2000) The steam condensate mineralogy of Ruatapu Cave, Orakei Korako geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine. 64(1), 125-142.
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Sepiolite
Formula: Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Cox, S.H. (1882) Art. XLVII - Notes on the Mineralogy of New Zealand. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 1882, Vol. XV: 361-410 [Read before the Wellington Philosophical Society, 21 October, 1882].
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Mg-rich Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)CO3
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Sklodowskite
Formula: Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Christie & Brathwaite, (2000) NZ Mineral Commodity Report 19 - Beryllium, Gallium, Lithium, Magnesium, Uranium and Zirconium
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 107 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Hutton, F.W., Ulrich, G.H.F. (1875) Report on the Geology and Goldfields of Otago, Appendix 6- Auriferous Reefs of the Bendigo District, Mills Dick and Co., Dunedin.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spurrite
Formula: Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Description: Occurs in two different environments 1)As a Mg-rich variety with magnesiostaurolite in up to 200 μm in a partially metamorphosed ultrabasic rock which was probably a hornblende olivine gabbronorite prior to metamorphism. 2) as a chromian variety as trace quantities in two specimens of amphibole-rich rock from a distinctive lithostratigraphic unit generally about 20 m thick, it is inferred that the unit is probably a metatuff of unusual composition. The composition of the chrome rich variety corresponds to (Mg1.04,Fe2+2.509Zn0.217)(Al17.308,Cr0.445)(Si7.664O44(OH,O)2 + minor amounts of V, Mn, Cu and Ti
Reference: C. M. Ward (1984) Magnesium staurolite and green chromian staurolite from Fiordland, New Zealand . American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 531-540.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stewartite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Stott, F. (pers. notes) Minerals Associated with Phosphate Nodules, Tadmer Dry Weather Road Locality/Micromounting Seminar-Nelson. Both collector articles downloaded to Otago Rock and Minerals Club website (Phosphate nodules were studied by the club, however it is uncertain the level of scientific investigation)
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Stichtite
Formula: Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Stichtite-2H'
Formula: Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Reference: Railton, G.L¹., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages. (¹published as G.L. Railton but his initials should be G.T. not G.L. - Errata sheet inserted in publication).
'Stilbite subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stilpnomelane var: Ferrostilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Reference: Pringle, I.J., Kawachi, Y. (1980) Axinite mineral group in low-grade regionally metamorphosed rocks in southern New Zealand. American Mineralogist, 65: 1119-1129.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Thornton, J., Essence of Microscope.
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Simpson, M. P., & Mauk, J. L. (2011). Hydrothermal alteration and veins at the epithermal Au-Ag deposits and prospects of the Waitekauri area, Hauraki goldfield, New Zealand. Economic Geology, 106(6), 945-973.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Strontianite var: Emmonite
Formula: (Sr,Ca)CO3
Reference: Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Steve Sorrell collection
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Brathwaite, R.L., Simpson, M.P., Faure, K., Skinner, D.N.B. (2001) Telescoped porphyry Cu-Mo-Au mineralisation, advanced argillic alteration and quartz-sulphide-gold-anhydrite veins in the Thames district, New Zealand. Mineralium deposita, 36;7, 623-640.
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Description: Inclusions in quartz of early porphyry-type veins.
Reference: Simpson, M.P., Mauk, J.L., Kendrick, R.G. (2004) Telescoped porphyry-style and epithermal veins and alteration at the central Maratoto valley prospect, Hauraki Goldfield, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 47:1, 39-56. http://www.rsnz.org/publish/nzjgg/2004/009.php http://crownminerals.med.govt.nz/minerals/docs/nzmining/nzmining_up014.pdf http://members.segweb.org/PDF97-2/269_Brth.pdf
Taenite (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Am Min 51 (1966), 37
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Palmer, D.F. (1966) The Collins River serpentinite and contact rock. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 9:3, 195-202.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Taranakite (TL)
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1000; American Mineralogist (1991): 76: 1722; Inorg. Chem. 269 (1998), 269
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Courtney, S.F., King, P. & Rodgers, K.A., (1990). A Check List of Minerals from the Tui Mine, Te Aroha, New Zealand. New Zealand Natural Sciences 17: 95-98.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Teschemacherite
Formula: (NH4)HCO3
Reference: Browne, P.R.L (1972) Occurrence of Teschemacherite in a Geothermal Well at Broadlands, New Zealand. American Mineralogist, 57:7-8, 1304-1305.
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: R. Martin, More Puhipuhi. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
'Tholeiite'
Reference: Lloyd, E.F., Nathan, S., Smith, I.E.M., Stewart, R.B. (1996) Volcanic history of Macauley Island, Kermadec Ridge, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 39:2, 295-308.
'Thomsonite'
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist 38:675-684
Thorite var: Uranothorite
Formula: (Th,U)SiO4
Reference: Pabst, A., Hutton, Osborne C. (1951) Huttonite a new monoclinic thorium silicate, with an account of its occurrence, analysis and properties, American Mineralogist, Vol. 36: 60-69.
Tinzenite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Reference: Read, P.B. & Reay, A. (1971): Akatoreite, a new manganese silicate from eastern Otago, New Zealand. American Mineralogist, 56, 416-426.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Tobermorite
Formula: [Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Todorokite
Formula: (Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Cohen, N.E., Brooks, R.R., Reeves, R.D. (1967) The occurrence of beryllium in the Hawks Crag Breccia of the Lower Buller Gorge region of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 10:3, 732-741.
Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Reference: Singh, R.S. (2015) Identifying Mineralogical and Geochemical Vectors towards the Epithermal Au-Ag Correnso Mine, Waihi. (unpublished thesis, MSc), Univerity of Waikato.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Trechmannite
Formula: AgAsS2
Reference: Moore, C.R. (1979) Geology and mineralisation of the former Broken Hills gold mine, Hikuai, Coromandel, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:3, 339-351.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Tripuhyite
Formula: Fe3+Sb5+O4
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Tschernichite
Formula: (Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Tuhualite (TL)
Formula: NaFe2+Fe3+Si6O15
Reference: New Zealand J.Sci.Techn.(1932) 13, 198-202. Osborne Hutton, C. (1956) Re-Examination of the mineral tuhualite. Mineralogical Magazine 31, 96-106.
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Tyuyamunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Reference: Christie, A.B., Brathwaite, R.L. (2000) Mineral Commodity Report 19 - Beryllium, Gallium, Lithium, Magnesium, Uranium and Zirconium. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Ltd.
'UM1979-11-S:AgAsAuSe'
Formula: ~(Ag,Au)7(S,Se,As)5
Reference: Fleischer, M., Burns, R.G., Cabri, L.J., Francis, C.A., Pabst, A. (1982) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 416. Moore, C.R. (1979) Geology and mineralisation of the former Broken Hills gold mine, Hikuai, Coromandel, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:3, 339-351.
'UM1979-12-S:AgAsAuSe'
Formula: ~(Ag,Au)7(S,Se,As)6
Reference: Moore, C.R. (1979) Geology and mineralisation of the former Broken Hills gold mine, Hikuai, Coromandel, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:3, 339-351. Fleischer, M., Burns, R.G., Cabri, L.J., Francis, C.A., Pabst, A. (1982) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 416.
'UM1979-13-S:AgAsAuSe'
Formula: ~(Ag,Au)7(S,Se,As)6
Reference: Fleischer, M., Burns, R.G., Cabri, L.J., Francis, C.A., Pabst, A. (1982) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 67: 416. Moore, C.R. (1979) Geology and mineralisation of the former Broken Hills gold mine, Hikuai, Coromandel, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:3, 339-351.
'UM1989-06-CO:AlHNa'
Formula: Na2Al2O2(CO3)2•2.9H2O
Reference: Rodgers, K.A., Gregory, M.R., Cooney, R.P. (1989) Bayerite, AL(OH)₃, From Raoul Island, Kermadec Group, South Pacific. Clay Minerals 24, 531-538.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Cohen, N.E., Brooks, R.R., Reeves, R.D. (1967) The occurrence of beryllium in the Hawks Crag Breccia of the Lower Buller Gorge region of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 10:3, 732-741.
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Beck, A.C., Reed, J.J., Willett, R.W. (1958) Uranium mineralization in the Hawks Crag Breccia of the Lower Buller Gorge Region, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 1:3, 432-450.
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Reference: Challis, G.A., Grapes, R., Palmer, K. (1995) Chromian muscovite, uvarovite, and zincian chromite: products of regional metasomatism in Northwest Nelson, New Zealand. The Canadian Mineralogist, 33(6), 1263-1284.
Uytenbogaardtite
Formula: Ag3AuS2
Reference: Cocker, H.A., Mauk, J.L., Rabone, S.D.C. (2013) The origin of Ag-​Au-​S-​Se minerals in adularia-​sericite epithermal deposits: constraints from the Broken Hills deposit, Hauraki Goldfield, New Zealand. Mineralium Deposita, 48:2, 249-266.
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Vashegyite
Formula: Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Reference: Bannister, F.A., Hutchinson, G.E. (1946) The Identity of Minervite and Palmerite with Taranakite, Mineralogical Magazine, 28, 31-35, March 1947
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Vuagnatite
Formula: CaAl(SiO4)(OH)
'Wad'
Wairakite (TL)
Formula: Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World, Geoscience Press, Inc. Bird, D.K., Schiffman, P., Elders, W.A., Williams, A.E., McDowell, S.D. (1984) Calc-silicate mineralization in active geothermal systems. Economic Geology 79:4, 671-695. Steiner, A. (1955) Wairakite, the calcium analogue of analcime, a new zeolite mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 30, 691-708. Mineralogical Magazine(1955) 30, 691-708
Wairauite (TL)
Formula: CoFe
Type Locality:
Reference: Challis, G.A., Long, J.V.P. (1964) Wairauite-a new cobalt-iron mineral. Mineralogical Magazine 33, 942-948.
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Hector, J., Skey, W. (1865) Taranakite, a new phosphatic mineral, Taranaki, presented by H. Richmond, Esq. in Appendix A. Supplementary Report on Class 1. Reports of the Jurors, New Zealand Expedition, pg. 423.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: W. A. Watters in Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, No. 2, page 47.
'Xenotime'
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Yugawaralite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
Reference: Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
Zaratite
Formula: Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
'Zeolite Group'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Reference: Beck, A.C., Reed, J.J., Willett, R.W. (1958) Uranium mineralization in the Hawks Crag Breccia of the Lower Buller Gorge Region, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics 1:3, 432-450.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Zoisite var: Thulite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al,Mn3+3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Awaruite (TL)1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Osmiridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Lead1.AA.05Pb
'Manganese'1.AE.30Mn
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
var: Iridosmine1.AF.05(Os,Ir)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Rosickýite1.CC.05S
Rutheniridosmine1.AF.05(Ir,Os,Ru)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite (TL)1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Wairauite (TL)1.AE.15CoFe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aguilarite2.BA.55Ag4SeS
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Algodonite2.AA.10a(Cu1-xAsx)
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Argyrodite2.BA.70Ag8GeS6
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Cherepanovite2.CC.15RhAs
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Domeykite2.AA.10bCu3As
Dufrénoysite2.HC.05dPb2As2S5
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Fischesserite2.BA.75Ag3AuSe2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Hawleyite2.CB.05aCdS
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Isocubanite ?2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Kobellite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Livingstonite2.JA.05iHgSb4S6(S2)
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Mckinstryite2.BA.40Ag5-xCu3+xS4
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
Metastibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nagyágite2.HB.20a[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pararealgar2.FA.15bAs4S4
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
Petrovskaite2.BA.75AuAgS
Petzite2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
var: Nickeloan Pyrrhotite2.CC.10(Fe,Ni)7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Schapbachite ?2.JA.15Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Sperrylite2.EB.05aPtAs2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Trechmannite2.GC.35AgAsS2
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Uytenbogaardtite2.BA.75Ag3AuS2
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Carnallite3.BA.10KMgCl3 · 6H2O
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cotunnite3.DC.85PbCl2
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Akaganeite4.DK.05(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Bayerite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Becquerelite4.GB.10Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Cervantite4.DE.30Sb3+Sb5+O4
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Claudetite4.CB.45As2O3
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Chrompicotite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
var: Picotite4.BB.05(Fe,Mg)(Al,Cr)2O4
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Kobeite-(Y)4.DG.05(REE,Fe,U)3 Zr(Ti,Nb)3 O12
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Maghemite4.BB.15Fe3+2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Ishkulite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Cr3+)2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Mogánite4.DA.20SiO2
Nsutite4.DB.15c(Mn4+,Mn2+)(O,OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Common Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-C4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opaline4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Precious Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Quartzine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
'Roméite Group'4.DH.A2(Sb5+)2O6Z
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Schoepite4.GA.05(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Todorokite4.DK.10(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Tripuhyite4.DB.05Fe3+Sb5+O4
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Tyuyamunite4.HB.25Ca(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Artinite5.DA.10Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Brugnatellite5.DA.45Mg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
Burbankite ?5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Ferroan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Fe)CO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dawsonite5.BB.10NaAlCO3(OH)2
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Lanthanite-(Nd)5.CC.25(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Ferroan Magnesite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcguinnessite5.BA.10(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Norsethite5.AB.30BaMg(CO3)2
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rutherfordine5.EB.05(UO2)CO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Mg-rich Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mg)CO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Stichtite5.DA.50Mg6Cr3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Stichtite-2H'5.DA.45Mg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
var: Emmonite5.AB.15(Sr,Ca)CO3
Teschemacherite5.AA.25(NH4)HCO3
Zaratite5.DA.15Ni3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O ?
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Aluminite7.DC.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Ammoniojarosite7.BC.10(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
var: Strontian Baryte7.AD.35(Ba,Sr)SO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Carbonatecyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kalinite7.CC.15KAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Koktaite7.CD.35(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Ktenasite7.DD.20Zn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mendozite7.CC.15NaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
Meta-alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Mohrite7.CC.60(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Motukoreaite (TL)7.DD.35Mg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrozippeite7.EC.05Na5(UO2)8(SO4)4O5(OH)3 · 12H2O
Osarizawaite7.BC.10Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schwertmannite7.DE.15Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Anapaite8.CH.10Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Bariosincosite8.CJ.65Ba(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Barićite8.CE.40(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Bobierrite8.CE.35Mg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Collinsite8.CG.05Ca2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ferrostrunzite8.DC.25Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Laueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metatorbernite8.EB.10Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phosphophyllite8.CA.40Zn2Fe(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Phosphosiderite8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Planerite8.DD.15Al6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
Pseudolaueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Saléeite8.EB.05Mg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Stewartite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Taranakite (TL)8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Vashegyite8.DB.10Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Afwillite9.AG.75Ca3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
Akatoreite (TL)9.BH.15Mn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Aluminoceladonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Topazolite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
var: Bowenite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Ardennite-(As)9.BJ.40Mn2+4Al4(AlMg)(AsO4)(SiO4)2(Si3O10)(OH)6
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Aspidolite9.EC.20NaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Titanian Augite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Baotite9.CE.15Ba4Ti8Si4O28Cl
Barroisite9.DE.20☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Beidellite9.EC.40(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Bementite9.EE.05Mn7Si6O15(OH)8
Berthierine9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Buddingtonite9.FA.30(NH4)(AlSi3)O8
Bustamite9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Caryopilite9.ED.15Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Cavansite9.EA.50Ca(VO)Si4O10 · 4H2O
Cebollite9.BB.10Ca5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Na9.GD.10(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Sheridanite9.EC.55(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Clinoptilolite-Ca9.GE.05Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na9.GE.05Na6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Coombsite (TL)9.EG.35K(Mn,Fe,Mg)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cuspidine9.BE.17Ca4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Cymrite9.EG.05BaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
var: Bakerite9.AJ.20Ca4(H5B5Si3O20)
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Erionite-Ca9.GD.20(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-K9.GD.20(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferroaluminoceladonite (TL)9.EC.15K(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ferroceladonite (TL)9.EC.15K(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Feruvite (TL)9.CK.05Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fluoro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Foshagite9.DG.15Ca4(Si3O9)(OH)2
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Gehlenite9.BB.10Ca2Al(AlSiO7)
'Gismondine'9..
Gismondine-Ca9.GC.05CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Gobbinsite9.GC.05Na5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Gonnardite9.GA.05(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-7Å9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Huttonite (TL)9.AD.35ThSiO4
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Inesite9.DL.05Ca2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kilchoanite9.BJ.45Ca6(SiO4)(Si3O10)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Larnite9.AD.05Ca2SiO4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
var: Leonhardite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 3H2O
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-riebeckite9.DE.25◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesiostaurolite9.AF.30Mg(Mg,Li)3(Al,Mg)18Si8O44(OH)4
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Mullite9.AF.20Al4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Barian Muscovite9.EC.15(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Narsarsukite9.DJ.05Na4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Offretite9.GD.25KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Okenite9.EA.40Ca10Si18O46 · 18H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Osumilite9.CM.05(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Osumilite-(Mg)9.CM.05KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Parsettensite9.EG.40(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Phillipsite-K9.GC.10(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)9.BG.20Ca2Mn2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rankinite9.BC.15Ca3Si2O7
Rectorite9.EC.60(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rosenhahnite9.BJ.10HCa3[Si3O9(OH)]
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Bowlingite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Scawtite9.CK.15Ca7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sepiolite9.EE.25Mg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sklodowskite9.AK.10Mg(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 6H2O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Spurrite9.AH.15Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
var: Ferrostilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
var: Uranothorite9.AD.30(Th,U)SiO4
Tinzenite9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+4Al4[B2Si8O30](OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tobermorite9.DG.10[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O