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Lemachang Ag-(Pb-Zn) deposit, Ludian Co., Zhaotong, Yunnan, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Lemachang Ag-(Pb-Zn) depositDeposit
Ludian Co.County
ZhaotongPrefecture
YunnanProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):乐马厂银(铅锌)矿床, 鲁甸县, 昭通市, 云南省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 27° 5' 40'' North , 103° 22' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 27.09444,103.37500
GeoHash:G#: wkcd0k7ks
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:Cwb : Subtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry winters
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Zhaotong109,400 (2012)41.8km


Stratiform silver-lead-zinc deposit, occurring in a layered fracture zone of the NNE-trending Lemachang overthrust structure. Host rocks are dolomites and limestones of the Middle Devonian Qujing Formation, and Cambrian and Ordovician siltstones and sandstones. Country rocks exposed in the area are Lower Cambrian to Upper Permian Emeishan basalts.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Southwest China, ChinaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128; Yaoguo Hu, Zhaoyang Li, Hanjie Wen, and Zhilong Huang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 318-320
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Yunman Zhou (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(3), 271-278
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Deng Hailin, Li Chaoyang, Tu Guangzhi, Zhou Yunman, and Wang Chongwu (2000): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 43(4), 337-346.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128; Yunman Zhou (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(3), 271-278
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Weiji Zhang (1984): Geology and Prospecting 21(7), 11-16; Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128; Deng Hailin, Li Chaoyang, Tu Guangzhi, Zhou Yunman, and Wang Chongwu (2000): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 43(4), 337-346; Yunman Zhou (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(3), 271-278
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Chaoyang Li, Yuping Liu, Hailin Deng, Chaoxian Zhou, and Yaoguo Hu (2001): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2001, no. 3342.
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Reference: Yaoguo Hu, Zhaoyang Li, Hanjie Wen, and Zhilong Huang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 318-320
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128; Chaoyang Li, Yuping Liu, Hailin Deng, Chaoxian Zhou, and Yaoguo Hu (2001): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2001, no. 3342
Jalpaite
Formula: Ag3CuS2
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
'Melnikovite'
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Weiji Zhang (1984): Geology and Prospecting 21(7), 11-16
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Weiji Zhang (1984): Geology and Prospecting 21(7), 11-16
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: Yaoguo Hu, Zhaoyang Li, Hanjie Wen, and Zhilong Huang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 318-320
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128; Chaoyang Li, Yuping Liu, Hailin Deng, Chaoxian Zhou, and Yaoguo Hu (2001): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2001, no. 3342
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Weiji Zhang (1984): Geology and Prospecting 21(7), 11-16; Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128; Yunman Zhou (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(3), 271-278
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128; Yaoguo Hu, Zhaoyang Li, Hanjie Wen, and Zhilong Huang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 318-320
Silver var: Kongsbergite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Reference: Yaoguo Hu, Zhaoyang Li, Hanjie Wen, and Zhilong Huang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 318-320
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128; Chaoyang Li, Yuping Liu, Hailin Deng, Chaoxian Zhou, and Yaoguo Hu (2001): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2001, no. 3342
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Yunman Zhou (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128; Yaoguo Hu, Zhaoyang Li, Hanjie Wen, and Zhilong Huang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 318-320
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Weiji Zhang (1984): Geology and Prospecting 21(7), 11-16

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Kongsbergite1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Jalpaite2.BA.45Ag3CuS2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Jalpaite2.4.4.1Ag3CuS2
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
ø = 2
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Melnikovite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Silver
var: Kongsbergite
-(Ag,Hg)
Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S JalpaiteAg3CuS2
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S MiargyriteAgSbS2
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
CuCopper
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu JalpaiteAg3CuS2
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Ag Silver (var: Kongsbergite)(Ag,Hg)
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag JalpaiteAg3CuS2
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag MiargyriteAgSbS2
SbAntimony
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb MiargyriteAgSbS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg Silver (var: Kongsbergite)(Ag,Hg)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Permian
251.902 - 272.95 Ma



ID: 3190369
Paleozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 272.95 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Emeishan Flood Basalt

Comments: Hoh Xil-South China Domain

Lithology: Flood basalt(s); mafic volcanic rocks; alkali basalt

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Weiji Zhang (1984): On the genesis and metallogenic regularity of Pb-Zn deposits in northeastern Yunnan. Geology and Prospecting 21(7), 11-16 (in Chinese).
Yunman Zhou (1999): A preliminary discussion on geological characteristics and ore-forming process of the Lemachang silver deposit in Ludian County, Yunnan Province. Mineral Deposits 18(2), 121-128 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Deng Hailin, Li Chaoyang, Tu Guangzhi, Zhou Yunman, and Wang Chongwu (2000): Strontium isotope geochemistry of the Lemachang independent silver ore deposit, northeastern Yunnan, China. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 43(4), 337-346.
Yaoguo Hu, Zhaoyang Li, Hanjie Wen, and Zhilong Huang (2000): Characteristics of silver minerals of lead-zinc-silver deposits in the Sichuan-Yunnan-Guizhou border area. Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 318-320 (in Chinese).
Yunman Zhou (2001): Characteristics and Ore-controlling Role of the Thrusting Nappe Structure in the Lemachang Silver Deposit. Mineral Deposits 20(3), 271-278 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Chaoyang Li, Yuping Liu, Hailin Deng, Chaoxian Zhou, and Yaoguo Hu (2001): On the MVT Pb-Zn deposits in the contiguous area of Sichuan, Guizhou and Yunnan, China. Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2001, no. 3342.
Jianzhong Wu and Hongping Yu (2011): Metallogenic process of the lead-zinc polymetallic deposits in eastern Yunnan Province. Geology and Exploration 47(5), 755-764 (in Chinese with English abstract).


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