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Hiriart Mine (MS 5391), Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill), Pala, Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Hiriart Mine (MS 5391)Mine
Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill)Mountain
Pala- not defined -
Pala DistrictMining District
San Diego Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 33° 22' 18'' North , 117° 2' 21'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 33.37167,-117.03917
GeoHash:G#: 9muvbensj
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate


"The Mine Between the Village"
—Basque, 'Iri' meaning "Village", 'Arte' meaning "Between".

Setting:
Located mostly in the NW4NE4 Sec. 25, and portions of the NW4NE4NE4 Sec. 23, and the SE4SW4SE4 Sec. 24, T9S R2W SBM. The mine workings are near the middle of the southwest slope of Hiriart Mountain.

History:
A claim to the deposit was located by Marion M. Sickler on January 7th of 1903 (MS 5391A), and named in honor of French-Basque prospector Bernardo Hiriart[1].

In 1905, Kunz reported that a tunnel had been run a distance of 40 feet within a lithia-bearing ledge of mineralization between 1.5 and 4 feet in width occurring within a 100 foot thick pegmatite traceable along the surface for over 2000 feet in diorite. The lepidolite was described as white and lilac colors, often full of radiating tourmalines of pink and green colors. Kunz described large amounts of muscovite encased within the lepidolite, and noted the occurrence of amblygonite in the pay-streak. Small quantities of green, blue and pink tourmaline crystals were reported along with crystals of albite and orthoclase from the gem pockets encountered. A total 2 tons of lepidolite were produced from the underground workings.

By 1906, Kunz reported that another tunnel had penetrated 80 feet into the ledge of albite with disseminated lepidolite. Kunz reported tourmaline and lithium beryl as the primary mineral production, and described the tourmaline as a deep grass green, aquamarine blue, and some green crystals with a pink or a black center.

At the request of Sickler, on February 15th of 1911, the U.S. Department of the Interior, Surveyor General for California - issued instructions to the Los Angeles Land District, to perform Mineral Survey No. 5391. Work commenced November 13, 1917, being executed by Henry V. Wheeler, a licensed United States Mineral Surveyor. According to instructions received from the U.S. Deputy San Francisco, California, Wheeler proceeded to mark the corners and survey the boundaries of the Hiriart lode[2]. This survey also described the physical improvements to the Hiriart claim, which consisted of 6 cuts and tunnels, a house and stable. The mineral survey was completed on November 23rd 1917. The U.S. Surveyor General for California, approved Wheeler's survey on June 27th, 1918.

On August 27th, 1938, Marion M. Sickler deeded the mine to his son Fred for 1 dollar and 'love and affection'. Fred eventually sold the mine to George A. Ashley in 1947. Finally, in July of 1949, fee title was granted to Ashley for the Hiriart Lode by President Harry S. Truman, and recorded as patent number 1126805.

In 1951, R. H. Jahns described the Hiriart mine workings to be a source of gem-quality spodumene and quartz crystals. In 1963, F. H. Weber described the deposit as derived by slides from the Vanderberg-Katerina pegmatite dike group which is exposed higher on the slope.

The house and stable on the Hiriart have been abandoned since the early 1990's, and barely escaped a wildfire which started at the southwestern base of Hiriart mountain in July of 2001. However, the wooden and corrugated steel-roofed structure was still standing as of August 2007.

Footnotes:
1.Hiriart or the 'Iriarte' Basque surname includes: Uriarte, Iriarte, Iriart, Yriart, Yriarte etc. Meaning: IRI, means group of houses, and ARTE: means between. Basque surnames are names of farms or houses so the meaning is: (The house) between the groups of houses, or the house between the village. [http://www.buber.net/Basque/Surname/I/iriarte.html] (08/05/2007)
2.Mineral survey No. 5391 A and B included the more-or-less contiguous group of unpatented lode mining claims generally referred to as the Sickler group, known as the El Molino, Fargo, Hiriart, K.C. Naylor, and Vanderberg Lodes; including the El Molino Mill Site. Patent number 1126805 was issued for the Hiriart lode only, excluding all other mineral and land claims made by Sickler and his heirs.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

9 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: pages 86, 132-133.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Reference: Van King
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1906. The Production of Precious Stones in 1905. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Division of Mining and Mineral Resources. GPO, Washington: pages 26-27; 40 pp.
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Van King
'Feldspar Group'
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1906. The Production of Precious Stones in 1905. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Division of Mining and Mineral Resources. GPO, Washington: pages 26-27; 40 pp.
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: pages 86, 132-133.
'Mica Group'
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Van King
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: pages 86, 132-133.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 31-32.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. 1951. Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: p. 15.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Christopher N. Wentzell
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: pages 86, 132-133.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1906. The Production of Precious Stones in 1905. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Division of Mining and Mineral Resources. GPO, Washington: pages 26-27; 40 pp.
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. 1951. Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: p. 15.
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Reference: Christopher N. Wentzell
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: pages 86, 132-133.
'Tourmaline var: Watermelon Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1906. The Production of Precious Stones in 1905. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Division of Mining and Mineral Resources. GPO, Washington: pages 26-27; 40 pp.
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: pages 86, 132-133.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Beryl'9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Elbaite'9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Schorl'9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spodumene9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Lepidolite-
Mica Group-
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Verdelite-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Spodumene65.1.4.1LiAlSi2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Spodumene
var: Kunzite
-LiAlSi2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'var: Watermelon Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Verdelite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Li SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O QuartzSiO2
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O VerdeliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Tourmaline (var: Watermelon Tourmaline)A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Spodumene (var: Kunzite)LiAlSi2O6
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SpodumeneLiAlSi2O6
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
FeIron
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Holocene - Pleistocene
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 2707424
Landslide deposits, undivided

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Highly fragmented to largely coherent land-slide deposits. Unconsolidated to moderately well consolidated. Most mapped landslides contain scarp area as well as slide deposit. In some areas the scarp is shown separately. Most of the landslides in the quadrangle have occurred within the Capistrano Formation; however, there are many within the Monterey and Santiago formations as well.

Reference: Kennedy, M.P., and S.S. Tan. digital prep. by Bovard et al. Geologic Map of the Oceanside 30’ x 60’ Quadrangle, California. California Department of Conservation California Geological Survey. [131]

Cretaceous - Triassic
66 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 2776321
Mesozoic gabbroic rocks, unit 2 (undivided)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 251.902 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Cuyamaca Gabbro; Elk Creek Gabbro; Gold Park Gabbro-Diorite; San Marcos Gabbro; Summit Gabbro

Description: Gabbro and dark dioritic rocks; chiefly Mesozoic

Comments: Mostly small exposures of gabbro and diorite scattered in western Klamath Mts., Sierra Nevada, Coast Ranges, Mojave Desert, and Peninsular Ranges Original map source: Saucedo, G.J., Bedford, D.R., Raines, G.L., Miller, R.J., and Wentworth, C.M., 2000, GIS Data for the Geologic Map of California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, CD-ROM 2000-07, scale 1:750,000.

Lithology: Major:{diorite,gabbro}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186295
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Kunz, G. F. (1905), Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: pages 86, 132-133.
Kunz, G. F. (1906), The Production of Precious Stones in 1905. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, Division of Mining and Mineral Resources. GPO, Washington: pages 26-27; 40 pp.
Wheeler, H. V. (1917), Field notes of the survey of the mining claims of Marion M. Sickler, known as the El Molino, Fargo, Hiriart, K. C. Naylor, and Vanderberg Lodes; and El Molino Mill Site; in Sec 24-25, T9S, R2W, SBM. USDI, Surveyor General's Office, Mineral Survey No. 5391A-B: 1 plat.
Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: p. 15.
Weber, F. H. (1963), Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: p. 102; illus., maps.
Todd, W. R. & Waiwood, R. M. (1996), Mineral Report: Validity Examination of the Katerina Lode; Bureau of Land Management, United States Department of the Interior, Oct. 30; 71 p., maps/plats, photos, legal/technical data.

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