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Kowary (Schmiedeberg im Riesengebirge), Kowary area, Jelenia Góra District, Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie), Poland

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 47' 39'' North , 15° 49' 55'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.79417,15.83217
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate

Mining at Kowary started in 1148 on iron ore (magnetite) and continued until the 17th century.
From 1948 bis 1972 uranium was mined (U deposit with polymetallic mineralization). Ore series include marbles.

Granite and marble quarries are also described.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

51 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

358.9 - 443.8 Ma

ID: 1382264
Silurian-Devonian sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region

  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Jelenia Góra District

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Georg Ernst Wilhelm Berg (1903): Die Magneteisenerzlager von Schmiedeberg im Riesengebirge. Dissertation, Universität Leipzig, Germany, 73 pp.

Berg 1912: Die kristallinen Schiefer des östlichen Riesengebirges. Abh. Preuss. Geol. Landesanst. N. F. 68.

Berg 1913: Beiträge zur Geologie von Niederschlesien mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Erzlagerstätten. Abh. Preuss. Geol. Landesanst. N. F. 74.

Hoehne K. 1936: Über einige Arsen-, Nickel-, Kobalt-, Silber-, Wismut- und Uranerzführende Kalkspatgänge der Grube Bergfreiheit zu Oberschmiedeberg im Riesengebirge. Chem d. Erde, Bd. 10.

Zimnoch E. 1961: Seria magnetytowa Kowar. Biul. Inst. Geol. 171.

Mochnacka K. 1966: Minerały kruszcowe złoża polimetalicznego w Kowarach (Dolny Śląsk). Pr. Miner. Kom. Nauk PAN Oddz. w Krakowie nr 4

Mochnacka K. 1967: Geologia polimetalicznego złoża w Kowarach (Dolny Śląsk). Pr. Geol. Kom. Nauk Geol. PAN Oddz. w Krakowie nr 40.

Mochnacka K. 1971: Okruszcowanie w Kowarach (Dolny Śląsk). Prz. Geol. nr 11.

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