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Skardu District, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistani
Regional Level Types
Skardu DistrictDistrict
Gilgit-BaltistanTerritory
PakistanCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° North , 75° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~47km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:


A very active district in mining for mineral specimens. Pegmatite, alpine type and metamorphic minerals are found in thousands of small handcrafted digs. Most prolific mines are in high altitude remote areas and can be worked only in summer.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
AsiaContinent
The Himalayas, AsiaMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

73 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Technical/ Sub – Sector Study On Gemstones In Baltistan, Northern Areas Gem Sector Development Project. Baltistan Culture & Development Foundation
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibole Supergroup var: Byssolite'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Habit: tetragonal
Colour: orange to red
Description: New find, dating from October/November 2009. First occurence ever found in Tormiq valley (if not whole Northern Areas). Crystals are translucent to transparent with a firey orange/red color. Found associated with ilmenite and gem albite crystals.
Reference: In early 2010, Aymeric Longi bought specimen bearing anatase crystals, associated with ilmemite & gem albite crystals.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group'
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy
Beryl var: Goshenite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Description: Note that recent information suggests that it is highly likely that all Pakistani Heliodor specimens are irradiated Aquamarine.
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Beryllonite
Formula: NaBePO4
Billwiseite (TL)
Formula: Sb3+5Nb3WO18
Type Locality:
Reference: Hawthorne, F.C., Cámara, F., Cooper, M.A., Ball, N.A., Černý, P. and Laurs, B.M. (2011) Billwiseite, IMA 2010-053. CNMNC Newsletter No. 9, August 2011, page 2535; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2535-2540; Hawthorne, F.C., Cooper, M.A., Ball, N.A., Abdu, Y.A., Černý, P., Cámara, F., Laurs, B.M. (2012): Billwiseite, ideally Sb3+5Nb3WO18, a new oxide mineral species from the Stak Nala pegmatite, Nanga Parba – Haramosh massif, Pakistan: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 50, 805-814.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Gordon Cressey (1986) Geikielite and Perovskite in Serpentine-Brucite Marble from Baltistan, Northern Areas (Kashmir), Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine 50:345-346.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Reference: Van King
Chevkinite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Gordon Cressey (1986) Geikielite and Perovskite in Serpentine-Brucite Marble from Baltistan, Northern Areas (Kashmir), Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine 50:345-346.
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'
Reference: [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: Fe2+Nb2O6
Reference: No reference listed
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'
Reference: Jamison K. Brizendine collection
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Gordon Cressey (1986) Geikielite and Perovskite in Serpentine-Brucite Marble from Baltistan, Northern Areas (Kashmir), Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine 50:345-346.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy
Ferrowodginite
Formula: Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Fluornatromicrolite
Formula: (Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Description: H. Obboda > R. Lavinski collections
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: transferred from "Dassu, Shigar Valey, ..." wrong locality page.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Reference: Gordon Cressey (1986) Geikielite and Perovskite in Serpentine-Brucite Marble from Baltistan, Northern Areas (Kashmir), Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine 50:345-346.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Hambergite
Formula: Be2(BO3)(OH)
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Herderite ?
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
'Indicolite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Lepidolite'
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Gordon Cressey (1986) Geikielite and Perovskite in Serpentine-Brucite Marble from Baltistan, Northern Areas (Kashmir), Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine 50:345-346.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
'Mica Group'
Reference: José Zendrera collection
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Monazite'
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Weerth, A. & Weiß, S. (2016): Neues aus der Grenzregion Pakistan/Afghanistan. Lapis, 41 (10), 30-39 (in German).
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Hyalite
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Jose Zendrera specimen
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Reference: Gordon Cressey (1986) Geikielite and Perovskite in Serpentine-Brucite Marble from Baltistan, Northern Areas (Kashmir), Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine 50:345-346.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Psilomelane'
Reference: no reference
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Technical/ Sub – Sector Study On Gemstones In Baltistan, Northern Areas Gem Sector Development Project. Baltistan Culture & Development Foundation
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: José Zendrera collection; Weerth, A. & Weiß, S. (2016): Neues aus der Grenzregion Pakistan/Afghanistan. Lapis, 41 (10), 30-39 (in German).
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Luigi Matei photo
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Reference: Gordon Cressey (1986) Geikielite and Perovskite in Serpentine-Brucite Marble from Baltistan, Northern Areas (Kashmir), Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine 50:345-346.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Stibiocolumbite
Formula: Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
Reference: Scovill, J. (2007): Lapis 32 (4), 40-42.
Stibiotantalite
Formula: Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Ikram Mineralogy (Ikram Muhd)
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
'Tapiolite Group'
Reference: Dudley Blauwet; Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains and Majesty, pag. 44; Lapis International, 2004
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Ref.: Blauwet, D., Smith, B., and Smith, C., 1997. A Guide to the Mineral Localities of the Northern Areas, Pakistan. Mineralogical Record 28(3), 183-200.
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Reference: [MinRec 19:271]
Väyrynenite
Formula: Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Viitaniemiite
Formula: Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
'Xenotime'
Reference: Trinity Mineral Co
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Natural History Museum Vienna collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Ferrowodginite4.DB.40Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Fluornatromicrolite4.DH.15(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Hyalite4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Stibiocolumbite4.DE.30Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
Stibiotantalite4.DE.30Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Hambergite6.AB.05Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Beryllonite8.AA.10NaBePO4
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Herderite ?8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Triplite8.BB.10(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Viitaniemiite8.BL.15Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Väyrynenite8.BA.05Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor ?9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chevkinite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Axinite Group'-
Billwiseite (TL)-Sb3+5Nb3WO18
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Geikielite4.3.5.2MgTiO3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Ferrowodginite8.1.8.2Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Stibiocolumbite8.1.6.1Sb(Nb,Ta)O4
Stibiotantalite8.1.6.2Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
AB2O6
Columbite-(Fe)8.3.2.2Fe2+Nb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Hambergite25.1.1.1Be2(BO3)(OH)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Beryllonite38.1.5.1NaBePO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Autunite40.2a.1.1Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Viitaniemiite41.3.5.1Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Herderite ?41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Väyrynenite41.5.4.3Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
A2(XO4)Zq
Triplite41.6.1.2(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Eosphorite42.7.1.2Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Chevkinite-(Ce)56.2.8.1(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Lizardite71.1.2b.2Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Pollucite77.1.1.2(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'var: Byssolite'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Axinite Group'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Goshenite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Heliodor ?-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Billwiseite (TL)-Sb3+5Nb3WO18
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Corundum
var: Ruby
-Al2O3
Diopside
var: Chromian Diopside
-Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
'Elbaite-Schorl Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Fluornatromicrolite-(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Indicolite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Lepidolite'-
'Mica Group'-
'Monazite'-
Opal
var: Hyalite
-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN-SiO2 · nH2O
'Psilomelane'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Rose Quartz-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Rubellite'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Tapiolite'-(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tapiolite Group'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Xenotime'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
H Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
LiLithium
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
Be BerylloniteNaBePO4
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O BillwiseiteSb53+Nb3WO18
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O AnataseTiO2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O IndicoliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
O QuartzSiO2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)
O BerylloniteNaBePO4
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
O StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
O StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O RutileTiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
O AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
O RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O GeikieliteMgTiO3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O PerovskiteCaTiO3
O Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
O FerberiteFeWO4
O FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
O HübneriteMnWO4
O Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O CorundumAl2O3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
F Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
F ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na BerylloniteNaBePO4
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Na ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
MgMagnesium
Mg Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg GeikieliteMgTiO3
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Corundum (var: Ruby)Al2O3
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Beryl (var: Goshenite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si Beryl (var: Emerald)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si Quartz (var: Rose Quartz)SiO2
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si Opal (var: Hyalite)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P BerylloniteNaBePO4
P EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
P Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
P ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
SSulfur
S StibniteSb2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
CaCalcium
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Ca HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole Supergroup (var: Byssolite)AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti GeikieliteMgTiO3
Ti PerovskiteCaTiO3
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
CrChromium
Cr Diopside (var: Chromian Diopside)Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
MnManganese
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Mn EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Fe Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
Fe Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb BillwiseiteSb53+Nb3WO18
Nb Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
Nb StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
SbAntimony
Sb BillwiseiteSb53+Nb3WO18
Sb StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
Sb StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Sb StibniteSb2S3
CsCaesium
Cs Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
LaLanthanum
La Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
CeCerium
Ce Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
TaTantalum
Ta StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Ta FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
WTungsten
W BillwiseiteSb53+Nb3WO18
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W FerberiteFeWO4
W HübneriteMnWO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
ThThorium
Th Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
UUranium
U AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O

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