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San Marinoi
Regional Level Types
San MarinoCountry

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Key
Area:
61 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Serravalle9,258 (2012)
Borgo Maggiore6,424 (2016)
San Marino4,500 (2014)
Domagnano3,161 (2016)
Fiorentino2,510 (2016)
Acquaviva1,530 (2012)
Other Languages:
French:
Saint-Marin
German:
San Marino
Italian:
San Marino
Russian:
Сан – Марино
Simplified Chinese:
圣马力诺
Spanish:
San Marino
Afrikaans:
San Marino
Albanian:
San Marino
Arabic:
سان مارينو
Belarusian:
Сан-Марына
Bulgarian:
Сан Марино
Catalan:
San Marino
Czech:
San Marino
Danish:
San Marino
Dutch:
San Marino
Emilian-Romagnol:
San Marèin (San Maroin)
Estonian:
San Marino
Farsi/Persian:
سن مارینو
Finnish:
San Marino
Galician:
San Mariño
Greek:
Άγιος Μαρίνος
Hebrew:
סן מרינו
Hindi:
सान मारिनो
Hungarian:
San Marino
Icelandic:
San Marínó
Indonesian:
San Marino
Irish Gaelic:
San Mairíne
Japanese:
サンマリノ
Korean:
산마리노
Latin:
Sanctus Marinus
Latvian:
Sanmarīno
Lithuanian:
San Marinas
Macedonian:
Сан Марино
Norwegian:
San Marino
Polish:
San Marino
Portuguese:
San Marino
Romanian:
San Marino
Serbian:
Сан Марино
Slovak:
San Maríno
Slovenian:
San Marino
Swahili:
San Marino
Swedish:
San Marino
Tagalog:
San Marino
Thai:
ซานมารีโน
Turkish:
San Marino
Ukrainian:
Сан-Марино
Vietnamese:
San Marino
Welsh:
San Marino


San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino, is a micro country (61.19km²) entirely surrounded by Italy on the northeastern side of the Apennines.

San Marino is divided into nine municipalities, known as "castelli": San Marino (the capital), Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Montegiardino, and Serravalle.

In the territory of the Republic of San Marino, a peculiar geological feature of the external part of the Northern Apennines is exposed, the so-called "Coltre della Val Marecchia"(Val Marecchia allochthonous unit), consisting of a geological body formed of stacked slivers of oceanic crust as Ligurian rocks with the overlying Epiligurian sedimentary cover (allochthonous and semi-allochthonous structural position in the orogen, respectively).

It includes the Epiligurian San Marino Formation, whose deposition took place in a platform environment during the Miocene (Upper Burdigalian).

This formation presents at the bottom shallow marine deposits with biocalcirudites, passing into massive organogenous limestones and at the top into calcarenites with oblique stratification and increasing in the siliciclastic component.

The "San Marino Sandstones" are whitish and yellowish calcirudites, rich in bryozoans, corals, echinoids, and bivalves, with a minor quartz-feldspar siliciclastic component and with scarce carbonatic cement giving the rock a very high porosity.

In the Monte Titano area, this rock has been the object of an intense quarrying activity and local stoneworking since the stonemason Saint Marinus, a native of the island of Arba (presently Rab) in Dalmatia, took refuge there during the Diocletianic Persecution.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

6 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Jervis, G. (1874) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 2: Regione dell’Appennino e vulcani attivi e spenti dipendentivi. Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XVIII+624 pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: http://web.educazione.sm/agenzie/CentroNaturalistico/articoli/FormazioniSM.pdf
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Jervis, G. (1874) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 2: Regione dell’Appennino e vulcani attivi e spenti dipendentivi. Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XVIII+624 pp.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Jervis, G. (1874) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 2: Regione dell’Appennino e vulcani attivi e spenti dipendentivi. Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XVIII+624 pp.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Jervis, G. (1874) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 2: Regione dell’Appennino e vulcani attivi e spenti dipendentivi. Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XVIII+624 pp.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Jervis, G. (1874) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 2: Regione dell’Appennino e vulcani attivi e spenti dipendentivi. Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XVIII+624 pp.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O CelestineSrSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
SSulfur
S SulphurS8
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S CelestineSrSO4
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Scarabelli Gommi Flamini, G. (1851) Studi geologici sul territorio della Repubblica di San Marino. Dal Pozzo, Imola, 26 pages + 1 folded map.
Jervis, G. (1874) I tesori sotterranei dell'Italia. Vol. 2: Regione dell’Appennino e vulcani attivi e spenti dipendentivi. Ermanno Loescher, Torino, XVIII+624 pages.
Bargossi, G.M., Gamberini, F., Gasparotto, G., Grillini, G.C., Marocchi, G. (2004) Dimension and ornamental stones from the Tosco-Romagnolo and Bolognese Apennine. Periodico di Mineralogia, 73, Special Issue 3, 171-195.
Piastra, S. (2016) L'estrazione del gesso nella Romagna orientale tra passato e presente. Memorie dell’Istituto Italiano di Speleologia, serie II, 31, 515-547.
Cornamusini, G., Conti, P., Bonciani, F., Callegari, I., Martelli, L. (2017) Geology of the 'Coltre della Val Marecchia' (Romagna-Marche Northern Apennines, Italy). Journal of Maps, 13, 2, 207–218; https://doi.org/10.1080/17445647.2017.1290555

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Marino
Wikidata ID:Q238

External Links


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