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Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finlandi
Regional Level Types
HelsinkiMunicipality
UusimaaRegion
FinlandCountry

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Name in Swedish:Helsingfors, Nyland, Finland
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Municipality
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Helsinki558,457 (2018)
Mellunkylä36,360 (2018)
Vuosaari35,826 (2018)
Kallio27,051 (2018)
Kaarela26,414 (2018)
Lauttasaari20,000 (2018)
Museums in region:


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

17 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Jyrki Autio collection
'Apatite'
Reference: Collected in 2012 by Erich Berger analysed by Geological Survey of Finland
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Collected in 2012 by Erich Berger analysed by Geological Survey of Finland
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Reference: Collection of Finnish Museum of natural history, Univercity of Helsinki
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Nordenskiöld A.E. (1863) Beskrifning öfver de i Finland funna Mineralier. Finska Litteratur-sällskapets tryckeri, 1563. 69-70
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Laitakari, A. 1948. Helsingin ympäristön kallioperän kaivannaiset. Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja 45
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Collected in 2011 by Erich Berger analysed by Geological Survey of Finland
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Holmberg, H. J. (1857): Mineralogischer Wegweiser durch Finland. Bidrag till Finlands naturkännendom, etnografi och statistik. Vol 1. Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (p.4)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Collected in 2012 by Erich Berger
Galena
Formula: PbS
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Holmberg, H. J. (1857): Mineralogischer Wegweiser durch Finland. Bidrag till Finlands naturkännendom, etnografi och statistik. Vol 1. Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (p.4)
Hisingerite var: Degeroite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Holmberg, H. J. (1857): Mineralogischer Wegweiser durch Finland. Bidrag till Finlands naturkännendom, etnografi och statistik. Vol 1. Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (p.4)
Ice
Formula: H2O
Reference: http://cdn.fmi.fi/marine-observations/products/ice-charts/latest-black-and-white-ice-chart.pdf
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Erich Berger specimen & photo. Collected in 2011 by Erich Berger analysed by Geological Survey of Finland
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Field collected by Erich Berger 2012
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Collected in 2011 by Erich Berger analysed by Geological Survey of Finland
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Holmberg, H. J. (1857): Mineralogischer Wegweiser durch Finland. Bidrag till Finlands naturkännendom, etnografi och statistik. Vol 1. Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (p.4)
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Holmberg, H. J. (1857): Mineralogischer Wegweiser durch Finland. Bidrag till Finlands naturkännendom, etnografi och statistik. Vol 1. Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (p.4)
'Pinite'
Reference: Nordenskiöld A.E. (1863) Beskrifning öfver de i Finland funna Mineralier. Finska Litteratur-sällskapets tryckeri, 1563. 69-70
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Victoria Museum specimen # M 26570
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Holmberg, H. J. (1857): Mineralogischer Wegweiser durch Finland. Bidrag till Finlands naturkännendom, etnografi och statistik. Vol 1. Finska Vetenskaps-societeten. (p.4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Ice4.AA.05H2O
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
var: Degeroite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Pinite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Ice4.1.2.1H2O
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Hisingerite
var: Degeroite
-Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
'K Feldspar'-
'Pinite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hisingerite (var: Degeroite)Fe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H IceH2O
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
BeBeryllium
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O Hisingerite (var: Degeroite)Fe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O SideriteFeCO3
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O IceH2O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
SiSilicon
Si Hisingerite (var: Degeroite)Fe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcociteCu2S
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
FeIron
Fe Hisingerite (var: Degeroite)Fe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu CopperCu
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Härme, M. (1980): Kivilajikartan selitys. Suomen geologinen yleiskartta - The general geological map of Finland- 1:400.000. Lehti. Sheet C1-D1, Helsinki. 95 pages, 32 figures

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