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Tongguan Mine, Tongguan Co., Weinan, Shaanxi, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Tongguan MineMine
Tongguan Co.County
WeinanPrefecture
ShaanxiProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):潼关金矿, 潼关县, 渭南市, 陕西省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 34° 29' 31'' North , 110° 13' 50'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 34.49194,110.23056
GeoHash:G#: wqnkhr56n
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate


Mesothermal quartz vein type gold deposit.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


27 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
Berryite
Formula: Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Lillianite var: Argentian Lillianite
Formula: (Pb,Ag)3Bi2S6
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
Ourayite
Formula: Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Siderite var: Ca-rich Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Ca)CO3
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Tetrahedrite var: Zincian Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Reference: Enkui Cao (1991): Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Tongjiang Peng, Fusheng Liu, Huang, J., Belzile, N., and Hongjuan Sun (2003): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 22(4), 391-396.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Electrum1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Aikinite'2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Berryite2.HB.20dCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gustavite2.JB.40aAgPbBi3S6
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
var: Argentian Lillianite2.JB.40a(Pb,Ag)3Bi2S6
Ourayite2.JB.40cAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Zincian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Ca-rich Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Ca)CO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
K Feldspar-
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Tetradymite2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Gustavite3.4.15.3AgPbBi3S6
Lillianite3.4.15.1Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Ourayite3.5.6.1Ag3Pb4Bi5S13
2 < ø < 2.49
Berryite3.6.15.1Cu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'K Feldspar'-
Lillianite
var: Argentian Lillianite
-(Pb,Ag)3Bi2S6
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Siderite
var: Ca-rich Siderite
-(Fe,Ca)CO3
Tetrahedrite
var: Zincian Tetrahedrite
-Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Siderite (var: Ca-rich Siderite)(Fe,Ca)CO3
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Siderite (var: Ca-rich Siderite)(Fe,Ca)CO3
O FerberiteFeWO4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S Lillianite (var: Argentian Lillianite)(Pb,Ag)3Bi2S6
S BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S GalenaPbS
S GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
S LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
S OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Siderite (var: Ca-rich Siderite)(Fe,Ca)CO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Siderite (var: Ca-rich Siderite)(Fe,Ca)CO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CuCopper
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
AgSilver
Ag Lillianite (var: Argentian Lillianite)(Pb,Ag)3Bi2S6
Ag BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Ag LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Ag OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Zincian Tetrahedrite)Cu10Zn2Sb4S13
TeTellurium
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb Lillianite (var: Argentian Lillianite)(Pb,Ag)3Bi2S6
Pb BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Pb LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Pb OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
BiBismuth
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi Lillianite (var: Argentian Lillianite)(Pb,Ag)3Bi2S6
Bi BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Bi LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Bi OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3192810
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Enkui Cao (1991): The occurrence and mineral characters of gold in gold-bearing quartz vein, Tongguan gold mine. Geology Laboratory 7(5), 300-307 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Taihe Zhou, Goldfarb, R.J., and Phillips, N.G. (2002): Tectonics and distribution of gold deposits in China - an overview. Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 249-282.
Tongjiang Peng, Fusheng Liu, Huang, J., Belzile, N., and Hongjuan Sun (2003): Exchangeable Cations and Exchange Capacity of Interstratified Minerals with Vermiculite Layers. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 22(4), 391-396 (in Chinese with English abstract).


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