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Wadi El-Natrun depression (Wadi El Natroun), Beheira, Egypti
Regional Level Types
Wadi El-Natrun depression (Wadi El Natroun)Depression
BeheiraGovernorate
EgyptCountry

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The Wadi El Natroun (also Wadi el Natrun) is located in Egypt, about 100 km north-west of Cairo. It is bounded by latitudes 30° 81' 60''N to 30°83' 20''N and longitudes 30° 80' 20''E to 30° 82' 90''E and is generally situated at 23 metres below sea level.

The total area is approximately 282 km².

A typical brine lake location.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

22 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Bassanite
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Burkeite
Formula: Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Gaylussite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Northupite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Pirssonite
Formula: Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Searlesite ?
Formula: Na(H2BSi2O7)
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Marchesini, M., Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto, Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Gaylussite5.CB.35Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Northupite5.BF.05Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Pirssonite5.CB.30Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bassanite7.CD.45Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Burkeite7.BD.25Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Searlesite ?9.EF.15Na(H2BSi2O7)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p > 1:1
Gaylussite15.2.2.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Pirssonite15.2.1.1Na2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Northupite16a.3.9.1Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates
Burkeite32.1.1.1Na6(CO3)(SO4)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Searlesite ?71.3.5.4Na(H2BSi2O7)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
H PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
BBoron
B SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
CCarbon
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
C GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
C NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
C PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
OOxygen
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
O NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
O PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O CelestineSrSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O NahcoliteNaHCO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Na NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Na PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na NahcoliteNaHCO3
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
MgMagnesium
Mg NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SearlesiteNa(H2BSi2O7)
SSulfur
S BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S CelestineSrSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
S AnhydriteCaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
CaCalcium
Ca GaylussiteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 5H2O
Ca PirssoniteNa2Ca(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 406.
Taher, A.G. (1999) Inland saline lakes of Wadi El Natrun depression, Egypt. International Journal of Salt Lake Research, 8, 149-169.
Marchesini, M. and Barresi, A. (2009) I minerali di Wadi Natrun, Deserto Occidentale, Egitto. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2009, 228-258.
Sapsford, M. (2009) The use of sodium salt deposits in medical and medically associated industries in Ancient Egypt. Ph.D. thesis. Cranford University.
Salem, S.M. and El Gammal, El Sayed Ahmed (2018) Salt Minerals at Wadi El Natrun Saline Lakes, Egypt. New Implications from Remote Sensing Data. European Chemical Bulletin, 7(2), 72-80. [DOI: 10.17628/ecb.2018.7.72-80].

Localities in this Region
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