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Tonggou Au deposit (incl. Chucha-Luanshi Au deposit), Lingbao Co., Sanmenxia, Henan, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Tonggou Au deposit (incl. Chucha-Luanshi Au deposit)Deposit
Lingbao Co.County
SanmenxiaPrefecture
HenanProvince
ChinaCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):桐沟金矿 (包括出岔-乱石金矿), 灵宝市, 三门峡市, 河南省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 34° 25' 31'' North , 110° 34' 34'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 34.42528,110.57611
GeoHash:G#: wqneu4zjf
Locality type:Deposit
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate


Quartz vein-type gold deposit.

Tonggou and Chucha-Luanshi are actually two independent deposits, but they are located in close proximity and show essentially the same mineralization (Tian et al., 1994).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geological Science and Technology 1993(4), 54-58; Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
'Biotite'
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325
Buckhornite
Formula: AuPb2BiTe2S3
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
Rickardite
Formula: Cu7Te5
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
Rucklidgeite ?
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qu, and Jun Deng (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 306-325
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
Vulcanite
Formula: CuTe
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
Weissite
Formula: Cu2-xTe
Reference: Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Gold'1.AA.05Au
'Graphite'1.CB.05aC
'Lead'1.AA.05Pb
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Aikinite'2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
'Altaite'2.CD.10PbTe
'Buckhornite'2.HB.20bAuPb2BiTe2S3
'Calaverite'2.EA.10AuTe2
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Hessite'2.BA.60Ag2Te
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Petzite'2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Pyrrhotite'2.CC.10Fe7S8
'Rickardite'2.BA.30Cu7Te5
'Rucklidgeite' ?2.GC.40cPbBi2Te4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Vulcanite2.CB.75CuTe
Weissite2.BA.30Cu2-xTe
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Microcline'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Petzite2.4.3.3Ag3AuTe2
Weissite2.4.8.1Cu2-xTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Rucklidgeite ?2.6.2.7PbBi2Te4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Vulcanite2.8.13.1CuTe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Buckhornite2.11.11.1AuPb2BiTe2S3
Tellurobismuthite2.11.7.2Bi2Te3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Miscellaneous
Rickardite2.16.15.1Cu7Te5
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S BuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
FeIron
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CuCopper
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu RickarditeCu7Te5
Cu VulcaniteCuTe
Cu WeissiteCu2-xTe
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag PetziteAg3AuTe2
TeTellurium
Te AltaitePbTe
Te BuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te PetziteAg3AuTe2
Te RickarditeCu7Te5
Te RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Te TelluriumTe
Te TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
Te VulcaniteCuTe
Te WeissiteCu2-xTe
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
AuGold
Au BuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au GoldAu
Au PetziteAg3AuTe2
PbLead
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb BuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LeadPb
Pb RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
BiBismuth
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi BuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
Bi RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4
Bi TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3192810
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): First discovery of bismuth-lead-gold telluride-sulfide in China and its comparison with the known mineral Buckhornite. Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58 (in Chinese).
Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): The first discovery of buckhornite in China and its study. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246 (in Chinese).
Hongrui Fan, Yihan Xie, Rui Zhao, and Yinglan Wang (2000): Dual origins of Xiaoqinling gold-bearing quartz veins: Fluid inclusion evidence. Chinese Science Bulletin 45(15), 1424-1430.
Jingwen Mao, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhengwei Zhang, Wenyi Xu, Yumin Qiu, and Jun Deng (2002): Gold deposits in the Xiaoqinling-Xiong'ershan region, Qinling Mountains, central China. Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 306-325.


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