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Chhappu (Chappu), Braldu Valley, Skardu District, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistani
Regional Level Types
Chhappu (Chappu)- not defined -
Braldu ValleyValley
Skardu DistrictDistrict
Gilgit-BaltistanTerritory
PakistanCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
35° 44' 34'' North , 75° 37' 10'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Skardu2,100 (2018)49.5km


Village at junction of Hoh and Braldu rivers, 7 km east of Apo Ali Gun (Apaligon).
Granite pegmatites in this area are the only ones in Braldu and Shigar Valleys where lithium minerals are found.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
AsiaContinent
The Himalayas, AsiaMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: various added photos
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Richard Dale Collection
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Beryl var: Heliodor
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Description: Note that recent information suggests that it is highly likely that all Pakistani Heliodor specimens are irradiated Aquamarine.
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Beryllonite
Formula: NaBePO4
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Blauwet, D., et al, 2004, Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains and Majesty. Lapis International, 96p.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Herderite ?
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Description: Reference (Polytika, 2004) has no analysis.
Reference: Polityka, J. (2004): What's New in Minerals. Springfield Show 2003 Mineralogical Record. 35 (2), 148-150; Weerth, A. & Weiß, S. (2016): Neues aus der Grenzregion Pakistan/Afghanistan. Lapis, 41 (10), 30-39 (in German).
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: various added photos
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: various added photos
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Weerth, A. & Weiß, S. (2016): Neues aus der Grenzregion Pakistan/Afghanistan. Lapis, 41 (10), 30-39 (in German).
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: José Zendrera collection; Weerth, A. & Weiß, S. (2016): Neues aus der Grenzregion Pakistan/Afghanistan. Lapis, 41 (10), 30-39 (in German).
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Blauwet, D., et al, 2004, Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains and Majesty. Lapis International, 96p.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beryllonite8.AA.10NaBePO4
Herderite ?8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor ?9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Lepidolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
ABXO4
Beryllonite38.1.5.1NaBePO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Herderite ?41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
Hydroxylherderite41.5.4.2CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Montebrasite41.5.8.2LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Elbaite61.3.1.8Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var: Heliodor ?-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Lepidolite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
LiLithium
Li MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Li ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
BeBeryllium
Be Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Be BerylloniteNaBePO4
Be HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Be Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
O BerylloniteNaBePO4
O MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
O Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
NaSodium
Na BerylloniteNaBePO4
Na ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AlAluminium
Al Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Al MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
SiSilicon
Si Beryl (var: Aquamarine)Be3Al2Si6O18
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Beryl (var: Heliodor)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
PPhosphorus
P BerylloniteNaBePO4
P MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Ca HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
MnManganese
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
TaTantalum
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Blauwet D. et al. Pakistan, Minerals, Mountains & Majesty. Lapis Int. 2004
Weerth, A. & Weiß, S. (2016): Neues aus der Grenzregion Pakistan/Afghanistan. Lapis, 41 (10), 30-39 (in German).


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