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Da Qaidam salt lake (Dachaidan salt lake), Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.), Haixi, Qinghai, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Da Qaidam salt lake (Dachaidan salt lake)Lake
Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)County
HaixiPrefecture
QinghaiProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):大柴旦湖, 大柴旦行政委员会, 海西蒙古族藏族自治州, 青海省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 37° 49' 55'' North , 95° 15' 16'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 37.83194,95.25444
GeoHash:G#: wnexpx45j
Locality type:Lake
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate


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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Bischofite
Formula: MgCl2 · 6H2O
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Borax
Formula: Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Description: Always associated with tincalconite, mirabilite, thenardite, hydromagnesite, calcite, northupite, thermonatrite and soda (Sun et al., 1984).
Reference: Dapeng Sun, Zhanghong Gao, and Kejun Wang (1984): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 2(4); Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dapeng Sun, Zhanghong Gao, and Kejun Wang (1984): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 2(4); Ning Wang, Weiguo Liu, Liming Xu, and Zhisheng An (2008): Quaternary Sciences 28(4), 591-600
Carboborite (TL)
Formula: Ca2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Reported by Xie et al. (1964) from an undisclosed salt lake on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. According to Yang (1991), Da Qaidam salt lake is the only occurrence of this mineral in that area.
Reference: Xiande Xie, Laibao Liu, and Ziqiang Qian (1964): Scientia Sinica 13(5), 813-821 (in Russian); Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Chang Xu (1985): Scientia Geologica Sinica 1(1), 87-96; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Ning Wang, Weiguo Liu, Liming Xu, and Zhisheng An (2008): Quaternary Sciences 28(4), 591-600
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Chang Xu (1985): Scientia Geologica Sinica 1(1), 87-96
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Keqin Cai and Ziqiang Qian (1982): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(4), 290-295; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Hungchaoite (TL)
Formula: Mg(B4O7) · 9H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Reported by Zhu et al. (1964) from an undisclosed salt lake on the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. According to Yang (1991), Da Qaidam salt lake is the only occurrence of this mineral in that area.
Reference: Yihua Zhu, Xiande Xie, Laibao Liu, and Ziqiang Qian (1964): Scientia Sinica 13(3), 525-557 (in Russian); Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Hydroboracite
Formula: CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Reference: Keqin Cai and Ziqiang Qian (1982): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(4), 290-295; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Qingzhong Wang, Yingkai Xiao, Chonggeng Zhang, Haizhen Wei, and Zhiqi Zhao (2001): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 20(4), 344-366; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Hydroglauberite
Formula: Na10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
Reference: Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Dapeng Sun, Zhanghong Gao, and Kejun Wang (1984): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 2(4)
Inderite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Kurnakovite
Formula: MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Mcallisterite
Formula: Mg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Qingzhong Wang, Yingkai Xiao, Chonggeng Zhang, Haizhen Wei, and Zhiqi Zhao (2001): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 20(4), 344-366; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Chang Xu (1985): Scientia Geologica Sinica 1(1), 87-96; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Chang Xu (1985): Scientia Geologica Sinica 1(1), 87-96; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Chang Xu (1985): Scientia Geologica Sinica 1(1), 87-96; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Northupite
Formula: Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Reference: Dapeng Sun, Zhanghong Gao, and Kejun Wang (1984): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 2(4)
Picromerite
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Pinnoite
Formula: Mg[B2O(OH)6]
Reference: Keqin Cai and Ziqiang Qian (1982): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(4), 290-295; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Qingzhong Wang, Yingkai Xiao, Chonggeng Zhang, Haizhen Wei, and Zhiqi Zhao (2001): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 20(4), 344-366; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Chang Xu (1985): Scientia Geologica Sinica 1(1), 87-96
'Soda'
Reference: Dapeng Sun, Zhanghong Gao, and Kejun Wang (1984): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 2(4)
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Dapeng Sun, Zhanghong Gao, and Kejun Wang (1984): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 2(4); Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Reference: Dapeng Sun, Zhanghong Gao, and Kejun Wang (1984): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 2(4)
Tincalconite
Formula: Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Reference: Dapeng Sun, Zhanghong Gao, and Kejun Wang (1984): Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 2(4)
Uklonskovite
Formula: NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Reference: Keqin Cai and Ziqiang Qian (1982): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(4), 290-295; Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10
Ulexite
Formula: NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Reference: Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10; Xiyu Zheng (1994): Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275; Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.; Qingzhong Wang, Yingkai Xiao, Chonggeng Zhang, Haizhen Wei, and Zhiqi Zhao (2001): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 20(4), 344-366; Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
'Bischofite'3.BB.15MgCl2 · 6H2O
'Halite'3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Hydromagnesite'5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Northupite5.BF.05Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Group 6 - Borates
'Borax'6.DA.10Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
'Carboborite' (TL)6.AC.50Ca2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
'Hungchaoite' (TL)6.DA.20Mg(B4O7) · 9H2O
'Hydroboracite'6.CB.15CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Inderite6.CA.15MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Kurnakovite6.CA.20MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mcallisterite6.FA.10Mg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
Pinnoite6.BB.05Mg[B2O(OH)6]
Tincalconite6.DA.15Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Ulexite6.EA.25NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Blödite'7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
'Epsomite'7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Glauberite'7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Hexahydrite'7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
'Hydroglauberite'7.CD.20Na10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Picromerite7.CC.60K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Thénardite7.AC.25Na2SO4
Uklonskovite7.DF.05NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
Soda-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Bischofite9.2.9.1MgCl2 · 6H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Northupite16a.3.9.1Na3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Diborates
Pinnoite25.2.3.1Mg[B2O(OH)6]
Group 26 - HYDRATED BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Triborates
Hydroboracite26.3.6.1CaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Inderite26.3.1.3MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Kurnakovite26.3.3.1MgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Tetraborates
Borax26.4.1.1Na2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Hungchaoite (TL)26.4.3.1Mg(B4O7) · 9H2O
Tincalconite26.4.2.1Na2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Pentaborates
Ulexite26.5.11.1NaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
Hexaborates
Mcallisterite26.6.2.1Mg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
Group 27 - COMPOUND BORATES
Miscellaneous
Carboborite (TL)27.1.1.1Ca2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Picromerite29.3.6.1K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Hydroglauberite29.4.1.1Na10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Uklonskovite31.7.2.1NaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Soda'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
H CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H HungchaoiteMg(B4O7) · 9H2O
H HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
H HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
H KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
H McallisteriteMg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H PinnoiteMg[B2O(OH)6]
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
H UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
H UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
BBoron
B BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
B CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
B HungchaoiteMg(B4O7) · 9H2O
B HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
B InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
B KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
B McallisteriteMg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
B PinnoiteMg[B2O(OH)6]
B TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
B UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
OOxygen
O BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O HungchaoiteMg(B4O7) · 9H2O
O HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
O HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
O KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
O McallisteriteMg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
O PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O PinnoiteMg[B2O(OH)6]
O QuartzSiO2
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
O UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
O UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
FFluorine
F UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
NaSodium
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na HaliteNaCl
Na HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
Na TincalconiteNa2(B4O7) · 5H2O
Na UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
Na UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg HungchaoiteMg(B4O7) · 9H2O
Mg HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg InderiteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mg KurnakoviteMgB3O3(OH)5 · 5H2O
Mg McallisteriteMg2[B6O7(OH)6]2 · 9H2O
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
Mg PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg PinnoiteMg[B2O(OH)6]
Mg UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl BischofiteMgCl2 · 6H2O
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CarboboriteCa2Mg[B(OH)4]2(CO3)2 · 4H2O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HydroboraciteCaMg[B3O4(OH)3]2 · 3H2O
Ca HydroglauberiteNa10Ca3(SO4)8 · 6H2O
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca UlexiteNaCa[B5O6(OH)6] · 5H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Devonian - Cambrian
358.9 - 541 Ma



ID: 3185912
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Yihua Zhu, Xiande Xie, Laibao Liu, and Ziqiang Qian (1964): Preliminary report on the occurrence of a new hydrous magnesium borate - hungchaoite MgO * 2B2O3 * 9H2O in China. Scientia Sinica 13(3), 525-557 (in Russian).
Xiande Xie, Laibao Liu, and Ziqiang Qian (1964): New mineral - Carboborite, MgCa2(CO3)(B2O5) x 10H2O. Scientia Sinica 13(5), 813-821 (in Russian).
Yihua Qu (1981): A preliminary Approach on Formation Environment of Borate Minerals in Da-Qaidam Salt Lake. Minerals and Rocks 1981(1), 86-92 (in Chinese).
Shiyang Gao (1982): Borate Minerals in Saline Lakes on the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1982(2), 107-112 (in Chinese, with English abstract).
Keqin Cai and Ziqiang Qian (1982): New data on Uklonskovite from the Dachaidan salt lake, Qinghai, China. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(4), 290-295.
Dapeng Sun, Zhanghong Gao, and Kejun Wang (1984): The origins of borates in saline lakes, Qinghai-Xizang plateau. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica 2(4).
Chang Xu (1985): Primary study of clay minerals and its significance in salt lake sediments of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau. Scientia Geologica Sinica 1(1), 87-96 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Changhao Shan and Mianping Zheng (1990): Depositional subenvironments of the Da Qaidam and Xiao Qaidam salt lake basins, Qinghai. Geological Review 36(3), 220-228 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Shaoxiu Yang (1991): Saline deposits and minerals of salt lakes in Qinghai-Xizang plateau. Journal of Lake Sciences 3(1), 1-10 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Xiyu Zheng (1994): Comprehensive utilization of salt lake resources over Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) plateau. Journal of Lake Sciences 6(3), 267-275 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Garrett, D.E. (1998): Borates: Handbook of deposits, processing, properties, and use. Academic Press (San Diego, London), 491 pp.
Qingzhong Wang, Yingkai Xiao, Chonggeng Zhang, Haizhen Wei, and Zhiqi Zhao (2001): Boron isotopic compositions of some boron minerals in Qinghai and Tibet. Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 20(4), 344-366 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zheng, M. P., Qi, W., & Yuan, H. R. (2005). Characteristics of salt lake boron deposits and magnesium borate deposits of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1123-1125). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Ning Wang, Weiguo Liu, Liming Xu, and Zhisheng An (2008): Oxygen isotopic compositions of carbonates of modern surface lacustrine sediments and their affecting factors in Tibet plateau. Quaternary Sciences 28(4), 591-600 (in Chinese with English abstract).


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