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North Flinders Ranges, Flinders Ranges, South Australia, Australia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 30° 19' 59'' South , 139° 15' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -30.33333,139.25000
GeoHash:G#: r4e52tyz8
Köppen climate type:BSh : Hot semi-arid (steppe) climate


The Flinders Ranges is the longest mountain range in South Australia. Stretching over 430km from near Port Pirie in the south to Mount Hopeless in the northeast, the main range is formed by a folded sequence of Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks with inliers of older middle Proterozoic igneous and metamorphic rocks.

Named in honour of Matthew Flinders, who recorded their first sighting in 1802, their extent would not be fully known until Edward John Eyre reached the northern tip in 1840. He named Mt Deception and Mt Hopeless after seeing dry salt lakes from their summits and assumed that the top end of the Flinders Ranges was surrounded by a horse-shoe shaped impassible salt lake.

Minerals were first found throughout the district during the 1850's, as pastoralists ventured northwards from Quorn and opened up the land. Copper was found in the northern part of the ranges while barytes was found in the southern part. The majority of the mineral deposits scattered throughout the Flinders Ranges are associated with the action of diapirs and then a folding event during the late Cambrian. These provided fracture zones in the rock where minerals could be deposited.

The Northern Flinders Ranges section starts along a longitude line just south of the township of Blinman and extends through to Arkaroola-Mount Painter in the northeast and the Willouran Range in the northwest.

In this area are the zinc deposits around Beltana, the copper deposits of Blinman, Yudnumutana and Mount Burr, silver deposits around Lyndhurst, talc mines near Mount Freeling, uranium deposits near Mount Painter and coal mines at Leigh Creek.

The area is reached via the Main North Road from Adelaide, either following the western route via Port Augusta, Quorn and Hawker to Leigh Creek (550km) or the eastern route up the Barrier Highway to Yunta then north via Frome Downs and Balcanoona to Arkaroola (600km). There are several cross roads and loop roads that connect other locations within the Flinders Ranges, such as: Wilpena Pound, Blinman, Chambers Gorge and Lyndhurst.


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

Adamite

Albite

Allanite-(Ce)

'Allanite Group'

Allophane

Almandine

Alunite

Anatase

Andalusite

var: Chiastolite

Anglesite

Ankerite

Annabergite

Anthophyllite

Antigorite

'Apatite'

Aragonite

Arfvedsonite

Arsendescloizite

Arsenopyrite

'Asbestos'

Atacamite

Augite

var: Fassaite

Aurichalcite

Austinite

Autunite

Azurite

Baryte

Barytocalcite

Baumhauerite

Beryl

Billietite

'Biotite'

Biphosphammite

Bismite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Boltwoodite

Bornite

Bournonite

Brannerite

Brochantite

Brushite

Calcite

var: Cobaltoan Calcite

var: Glendonite

Carnotite

Cassiterite

Celestine

Cerianite-(Ce)

Cerite-(Ce)

Cerussite

Cervantite

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcophanite

Chalcopyrite

Chlorargyrite

'Chlorite Group'

Chondrodite

Chrysocolla

Cinnabar

Clausthalite

Clinobisvanite

Clinochlore

Clinozoisite

Cobaltite

Coffinite

Columbite-(Fe)

'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'

Columbite-(Mn)

Conichalcite

Connellite

Copiapite

Copper

'Copper Stain'

Cordierite

Cornubite

Cornwallite

Coronadite

Corundum

var: Sapphire

Covellite

Cryptomelane

Cummingtonite

Cuprite

Curite

Davidite-(La)

Descloizite

Dewindtite

Digenite

Diopside

Dittmarite

Dolomite

Doloresite

Dravite

Dreyerite

Dufrénoysite

Duftite

Elbaite

Epidote

Epsomite

Erythrite

'Fergusonite'

Fergusonite-(Y)

Finnemanite

Fluocerite-(Ce)

Fluorapatite

Fluorite

'Françoisite'

Françoisite-(Ce) (TL)

Françoisite-(Nd)

Gahnite

Galena

'Garnet Group'

Gehlenite

Gersdorffite

'Glass'

Goethite

Gold

Görgeyite

Graphite

Greenockite

'Gummite'

Gypsum

Hedyphane

Hematite

var: Martite

var: Specularite

Hemimorphite

Hetaerolite

'Högbomite'

Hollandite

'Hornblende'

Huttonite

Hydrocerussite

Hydrohetaerolite

Hydrozincite

Ilmenite

Iron

Ishikawaite

Jarosite

Kaolinite

Kasolite

Köttigite

Lanarkite

Larsenite

Laumontite

Laurionite

Lead

Leonite

Libethenite

Liebigite

'Limonite'

Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2S

Magnesite

Magnetite

Malachite

'Manganese Oxides'

'var: Manganese Dendrites'

Manganite

'Manganoan Calcite'

Marcasite

Massicot

Melanterite

Melonite

'Mercurian Tetrahedrite'

Metaschoepite

Metatorbernite

Microcline

Microlite Group

var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)

Mimetite

Mixite

Molybdenite

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

Montmorillonite

Muscovite

var: Sericite

Olivenite

Opal

var: Opal-AN

Orthoclase

Parasymplesite

Paratacamite

Paulscherrerite (TL)

Perovskite

Phenakite

Phlogopite

Phosgenite

Phosphohedyphane

Plattnerite

Plumbojarosite

Polycrase-(Y)

Potassic-chloro-hastingsite

Prehnite

Pseudomalachite

'Psilomelane'

Pucherite

Pyrite

Pyrochlore Supergroup

var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

var: Ca-bearing Pyromorphite

Pyrope

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Amethyst

var: Chalcedony

var: Jasper

var: Smoky Quartz

'Roméite Group'

Rosasite

Rutherfordine

Rutile

var: Niobian Rutile

Samarskite-(Y)

'Scapolite'

Scheelite

Schoepite

Scholzite

Schorl

Scolecite

Siderite

Sillimanite

Silver

Skutterudite

Smithsonite

'Soapstone'

Soddyite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

Spherocobaltite

Spinel

Spriggite (TL)

'Stibiconite'

'Stilbite'

Sulphur

Syngenite

Talc

Tangeite

Tantalite-(Fe)

Tantalite-(Mn)

'Tektite
var: Australite'

Tennantite

Tenorite

Tetrahedrite

Thorite

Tilasite

Titanite

var: Yttrian Titanite

Todorokite

Topaz

Torbernite

Törnebohmite-(Ce)

'Tourmaline'

Tremolite

Tridymite

Triphylite

Tsumcorite

Ullmannite

Uraninite

var: Pitchblende

Uranophane

Uranophane-β

Vanadinite

var: Arsenatian Vanadinite

Volborthite

'Wad'

Wakefieldite-(Ce)

Weeksite

Whewellite

Whitlockite

Willemite

Witherite

Wulfenite

'Xenotime'

Xenotime-(Y)

Zircon


235 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 871288
Umberatana Group

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Umberatana Group

Description: Tillite; sandstone; siltstone; arkose; dolomite; quartzite; conglomerate; shale; greywacke.

Comments: feldspar- or lithic-rich arenite to rudite; synthesis of multiple published descriptions

Lithology: Feldspar- or lithic-rich arenite to rudite

Reference: Raymond, O.L., Liu, S., Gallagher, R., Zhang, W., Highet, L.M. Surface Geology of Australia 1:1 million scale dataset 2012 edition. Commonwealth of Australia (Geoscience Australia). [5]

Neoproterozoic
541 - 1000 Ma



ID: 3186197
Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 1000 Ma)

Comments: Adelaide Fold Belt

Lithology: Sandstone,shale,limestone,siltstone,tillite,dolomite

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Localities in this Region
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Australia
Australia

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
- Brown, H.Y.L. (1908); Record of the Mines of South Australia. published by the South Australia Government Printer 1908, 4th edition. (reprinted in 1985)
- Dickinson, S.B. (1944); The Structural Control of Ore Deposition in Some South Australian Copperfields, No.2 - Blinman mine, Sliding Rock mine. Geological Survey of South Australia, Bulletin No.21.
- Coats, R.P. & Blisett, A.H. (1971): Regionaland Economic Geology of the Mount Painter Province. Geological Survey of South Australia, Bulletin No.43.
- Noble, R.J, Just, J, Johnson, J.E. (1983): Catalogue of South Australian Minerals: 1983.
- Murphy, P. C. and Murphy, J. N. (1988): Fossicking for minerals in the Arkaroola Bore area, South Australia. Osmond Earth Sciences.
- Murphy, P. C. and Murphy, J. N. (2000): Fossicking for minerals at the Puttapa Zinc Mine, South Australia. Osmond Earth Sciences.

Mineral and/or Locality  
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