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Monte Giove, Vallone del Vannino, Formazza, Formazza Valley, Ossola Valley, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province, Piedmont, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Monte GioveMountain
Vallone del Vannino- not defined -
Formazza- not defined -
Formazza ValleyValley
Ossola ValleyValley
Verbano-Cusio-Ossola ProvinceProvince
PiedmontRegion
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Monte Giove, Vallone del Vannino, Formazza (Pomatt), Val Formazza (Pomattertal), Val d'Ossola, Provincia del Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Piemonte, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 21' 58'' North , 8° 23' 20'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.36623,8.38900
GeoHash:G#: u0jzybswv
Area:5.0 km2
Locality type:Mountain
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Formazza448 (2012)3.1km
Ponte159 (2014)3.1km
Premia376 (2014)11.6km
Croveo231 (2014)12.3km
Baceno420 (2014)12.9km


In the original description of monazite-(Nd) the type locality is not correct: it is reported as Monte Clogstafel; although it is not so far from Monte Giove, it was indicated to obscure the correct locality.

NOTE: specimens believed to be gadolinite-(Y) instead were shown by EDS-analysis to be hingganite-(Y) (see Demartin et al., 1993).

Cuchet at al. (2104) showed significant parallels between the Mt. Giove mineralization and the REE-mineralized quartz-feldspar nodules from the Ritterpass/Binntal region.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Description: Specimens believed as gadolinite-(Y) instead EDS proved to be "hingganite".
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1985, 129-134
Gramaccioliite-(Y)
Formula: (Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Description: Previously reported as gadolinite-(Ce). DeMartin et al. (1993) showed it to be hingganite-(Y).
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No); DeMartin, F., Pilati, T., Diella, V., Gentile, P. & Gramaccioli, C. M. (1993): A crystal-chemical investigation of Alpine gadolinite. Can. Mineral. 31, 127-136.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).
Monazite-(Nd) (TL)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Type Locality:
Reference: Graeser, St. & Schwander, H. (1987): Gasparite-(Ce) and monazite-(Nd): two new minerals to the monazite group from the Alps. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt.: 67, 101-113.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
'Thorogummite'
Formula: (Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Cuchet, S., Crumbach, M. and van der Burgt, A. (2014): Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler 48 (2), 2-55 (in German and French).
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Mattioli, V. (1985): Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (No).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Gramaccioliite-(Y)4.CC.40(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd) (TL)8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Gadolinite-(Y) ?9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Thorogummite'-(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd) (TL)38.4.3.5Nd(PO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
'Thorogummite'51.5.2.5(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y) ?54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Gramaccioliite-(Y)-(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe3+2(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O RutileTiO2
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O QuartzSiO2
O Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
AlAluminium
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
PPhosphorus
P Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
FeIron
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Fe Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
SrStrontium
Sr Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Y Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
CeCerium
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
NdNeodymium
Nd Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
PbLead
Pb Gramaccioliite-(Y)(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)18O38
ThThorium
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Th Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
UUranium
U Thorogummite(Th,U)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous - Jurassic
66 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 3131194
Bündner Schiefer (Schistes Lustrés)

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 201.3 Ma)

Description: medium grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{serpentinite,quartzite,carbonates, consolidated}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Jurassic
174.1 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2359476
Metamorphe Gesteine, meist Metasedimente

Age: Early Jurassic (174.1 - 201.3 Ma)

Lithology: Metamorphic rocks, mostly metasedimentary

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3192871
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Mattioli, V. (1985) Un nuovo minerale alpino nell'Ossola (NO). Rivista Mineralalogica Italiana, 9:4, 129-134.
Graeser, S., Schwander, H. (1987) Gasparite-(Ce) and monazite-(Nd): two new minerals to the monazite group from the Alps. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 67, 101-113.
De Martin, F., Pilati, T., Diella, V., Gentile, P., Gramaccioli, C.M. (1993) A crystal-chemical investigation of Alpine gadolinite. Canadian Mineralogist, 31:1, 127-136.
Piccol, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
Cuchet, S., Crumbac, M., van der Burgt, A. (2014) Das Binntal enthüllt ein grosses Geheimnis. Schweizer Strahler, 48:2, 2-55 (in German and French).

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