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Settlingstones Mine, Newbrough, Northumberland, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Settlingstones MineMine
NewbroughCivil Parish
NorthumberlandCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 55° 0' 32'' North , 2° 14' 43'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 55.00889,-2.24528
GeoHash:G#: gcy2uyj41
UK National Grid Reference:NY849688
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Haydon Bridge1,557 (2017)3.8km
Humshaugh622 (2017)8.1km
Acomb1,106 (2017)8.7km
Hexham11,388 (2017)10.0km
Allendale Town709 (2017)12.4km


Russell (1927): "The old mine Settlingstones, situated three miles north of Haydon Bridge in the county of Northumberland, was originally worked as a lead mine, but, during the last fifty years, as the vein has been explored farther west, it has attained far greater importance as the largest and most consistent producer of witherite in the British Isles. The Settlingstones main vein has a direction approximately north-east and southwest and has been proved for a distance of nearly 1 1/2 miles. The vein has varied in width from 3 feet up to 40 feet, the most productive witherite-bearing portion averaging 10 to 12 feet. The enclosing rocks are sandstones ('whetstones') and shales ('plate') of Carboniferous age, and dolerite (Whin-sill) which here attains a thickness of a little over 21 fathoms."

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
British IslesGroup of Islands

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Spencer, L.J. (1910) On the occurrence of alstonite and ullmannite (a species new to Britain) in a barytes-witherite vein at the New Brancepeth Colliery Near Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 15, n° 71, 302-311.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Reference: No reference listed
Bournonite ?
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Description: Reported as "antimonial lead" by Sydney F. Watson (the mine manager at the time) in Russell (1927), but Russell himself states "I have not been able to obtain a specimen of the 'antimonial lead' mentioned by Mr. Watson, and it is therefore impossible to say whether the antimony was present in the galena or as an admixture of ullmannite."
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations.; Young, B. (2011) Millerite from Coldberry Gutter and Great Eggleshope, Teesdale, County Durham. NHSN-Transactions, vol. 71, part 2, 111-114.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: D. Lloyd, pers. comm.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Ixer, R. A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations.; Young, B. (2011) Millerite from Coldberry Gutter and Great Eggleshope, Teesdale, County Durham. NHSN Transactions, vol. 71, part 2, 111-114.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Habit: finely crystalline, roughly spherical/botryoidal forms/masses
Colour: pale copper-red with dark grey exterior surface (in polished sections)
Reference: Dana 7: I: 302.; Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations.; Young, B. (2011) Millerite from Coldberry Gutter and Great Eggleshope, Teesdale, County Durham. NHSN-Transactions, vol. 71, part 2, 111-114.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations.
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations.
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: more or less fine-grained
Colour: resinous brownish-yellow
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations.; Young, B. (2011) Millerite from Coldberry Gutter and Great Eggleshope, Teesdale, County Durham. NHSN Transactions, vol. 71, part 2, 111-114.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Habit: irregular fringes around and strings running through nickeline; minute cubes (up to 1mm) with pyrite-like striations in the groundmass of witherite.
Colour: bright silver-white
Reference: Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Smythe, J.A. (1947) Chemical analysis of ullmannite from New Brancepeth, Co. Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 28, n° 198, 173-174.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, and Nichols (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, vol. 1.; Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations. Young, B. (2011) Millerite from Coldberry Gutter and Great Eggleshope, Teesdale, County Durham. NHSN Transactions, vol. 71, part 2, 111-114.
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Reference: Ixer, R.A. and Duller, P.R. (1998) Virtual atlas of opaque and ore minerals in their associations.
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Spencer, L.J. (1910) On the occurrence of alstonite and ullmannite (a species new to Britain) in a barytes-witherite vein at the New Brancepeth Colliery Near Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 15, n° 71, 302-311.; Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Smythe, J.A. (1947) Chemical analysis of ullmannite from New Brancepeth, Co. Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 28, n° 198, 173-174.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bournonite ?2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Violarite2.10.1.8Fe2+Ni3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Ullmannite2.12.3.3NiSbS
Vaesite2.12.1.2NiS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Bournonite ?3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Barytocalcite14.2.6.1BaCa(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Bravoite'-(Fe,Ni)S2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
CCarbon
C BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
C WitheriteBaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O WitheriteBaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
NaSodium
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
AlAluminium
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
SiSilicon
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S UllmanniteNiSbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
S VaesiteNiS2
S ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
S MilleriteNiS
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
KPotassium
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Fe ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
CoCobalt
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
NiNickel
Ni UllmanniteNiSbS
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2
Ni VaesiteNiS2
Ni ViolariteFe2+Ni23+S4
Ni MilleriteNiS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As NickelineNiAs
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
SbAntimony
Sb UllmanniteNiSbS
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
BaBarium
Ba BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Bashkirian - Visean
315.2 - 346.7 Ma



ID: 2031508
Yoredale Group

Age: Carboniferous (315.2 - 346.7 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Yoredale Group

Lithology: Limestone with subordinate sandstone and argillaceous rocks

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3161688
Early Carboniferous limestone

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{claystone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dana 7: I: 302.
Dana 7: II: 195.
Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, 21(119), 383-387.


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