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Malawii
Regional Level Types
MalawiCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Geological map of Malawi

Malawi
Area:
118,484 km2
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:
Largest Settlements:
PlacePopulation
Lilongwe646,750 (2012)
Blantyre584,877 (2014)
Mzuzu175,345 (2013)
Zomba80,932 (2011)
Kasungu42,555 (2011)
Mangochi40,236 (2011)
Other Languages:
Chewa:
Malaŵi
French:
Malawi
German:
Malawi
Italian:
Malawi
Russian:
Малави
Simplified Chinese:
马拉维
Spanish:
Malaui
Afrikaans:
Malawi
Albanian:
Malavi
Arabic:
مالاوي
Belarusian:
Малаві
Bulgarian:
Малави
Catalan:
Malawi
Czech:
Malawi
Danish:
Malawi
Dutch:
Malawi
Estonian:
Malawi
Farsi/Persian:
مالاوی
Finnish:
Malawi
Galician:
Malaui
Greek:
Μαλάουι
Hebrew:
מלאווי
Hindi:
मलावी
Hungarian:
Malawi
Icelandic:
Malaví
Indonesian:
Malawi
Irish Gaelic:
An Mhaláiv
Japanese:
マラウイ
Korean:
말라위
Latvian:
Malāvija
Lithuanian:
Malavis
Macedonian:
Малави
Norwegian:
Malawi
Polish:
Malawi
Portuguese:
Malawi
Romanian:
Malawi
Serbian:
Малави
Slovak:
Malawi
Slovenian:
Malavi
Swahili:
Malawi
Swedish:
Malawi
Tagalog:
Malawi
Thai:
มาลาวี
Turkish:
Malavi
Ukrainian:
Малаві
Vietnamese:
Malawi
Welsh:
Malawi


Malawi is divided into 28 districts within three regions.

Only the district hierarchy is currently used on Mindat.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

119 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Reference: Woolley, A.R. (2001) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London, 384 p.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Haslam, H.W. (1980): Grandidierite from a metamorphic aureole near Mchinji, Malawi. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 822-823
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Wooley (2001)
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Henn, U., Bank, H., & Bank, F. H. (1990). Red and orange corundum (ruby and padparadscha) from Malawi. Journal of Gemmology, 22(2), 83-89.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Astrophyllite
Formula: K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Reference: Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
Barylite
Formula: Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Habit: platy
Colour: colorless
Description: < 2 cm long crystals
Reference: Demartin, F.; Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2003): Barylith, Niobophyllit & yttriumreicher Milarit- Neufunde aus den Pegmatiten von Zomba-Malosa, Malawi. Lapis 28 (1), 18-21; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Bastnäsite'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Wall, F. and Mariano, A.N. (1996) Rare earth minerals in carbonatites: a discussion centered on the Kangankunde carbonatite, Malawi. In: Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, Origin and Ore Deposits (A.P. Jones, F. Wall, & C.T. Williams, editors). Chapman & Hall, London, U.K. (193-225).
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Demartin, F.; Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2003): Barylith, Niobophyllit & yttriumreicher Milarit- Neufunde aus den Pegmatiten von Zomba-Malosa, Malawi. Lapis 28 (1), 18-21
Caysichite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Massanek, A. (1999): Neu aus Malawi: Caysichit-(Y), Lapis 24 (4),33; Cairncross, B. (2002). Aegirine and Associated Minerals from Mount Malosa, Malawi. Rocks & Minerals, 77(1), 31-37.
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
'Chevkinite Group'
Reference: Wooley (2001)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: No reference listed
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: H.G. Dill, A review of mineral resources in Malawi: With special reference to aluminium variation in mineral deposits, Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 47, Issue 3, March 2007, Pages 153-173, ISSN 1464-343X, 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2006.12.006.
Churchite-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Clinoenstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Brian Mason (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: H.G. Dill, A review of mineral resources in Malawi: With special reference to aluminium variation in mineral deposits, Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 47, Issue 3, March 2007, Pages 153-173, ISSN 1464-343X, 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2006.12.006.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cordylite-(Ce)
Formula: NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Reference: A. Guastoni pers. comm. 2007 & Horváth specimen P. Kartashov probe anal.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Padparadscha
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Henn, U., Bank, H., & Bank, F. H. (1990). Red and orange corundum (ruby and padparadscha) from Malawi. Journal of Gemmology, 22(2), 83-89.
Corundum var: Ruby
Formula: Al2O3
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Daqingshanite-(Ce)
Formula: (Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Wall, F. and Mariano, A.N. (1996) Rare earth minerals in carbonatites: a discussion centered on the Kangankunde carbonatite, Malawi. In: Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, Origin and Ore Deposits (A.P. Jones, F. Wall, & C.T. Williams, editors). Chapman & Hall, London, U.K. (193-225).
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Reference: Klaus Keil (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73, #22, 6945-6976.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: H.G. Dill, A review of mineral resources in Malawi: With special reference to aluminium variation in mineral deposits, Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 47, Issue 3, March 2007, Pages 153-173, ISSN 1464-343X, 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2006.12.006.
Dingdaohengite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Djerfisherite (TL)
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Type Locality:
Reference: Am Min 64 (1979), 776
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Elpidite
Formula: Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Prinz, M.; Nehru, C. E.; Weisberg, M. K.; Delaney, J. S. (1984). Type 3 Enstatite Chondrites: a Newly Recognized Group of Unequilibrated Enstatite Chondrites (uec's). LUNAR AND PLANETARY SCIENCE XV, pp. 653-654. Abstract.
Epididymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eudialyte
Formula: Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Eudidymite
Formula: Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Reference: Cairncross, B., Messner, K & Farquharson, E. (1999): Die Pegmatite des Mount Malosa bei Zomba, Malawi. LAPIS 24 (4), 22-32; Diego Gatta, G., N. Rotiroti, G.J. McIntyre, A. Guastoni & F. Nestola (2008): New insights into the crystal chemistry of epididymite and eudidymite from Malosa, Malawi: A single-crystal neutron diffraction study. American Mineralogist 93, 1158-1165.; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:64
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Reference: Wooley (2001)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Reference: Cairncross, B., Messner, K & Farquharson, E. (1999): Die Pegmatite des Mount Malosa bei Zomba, Malawi. LAPIS 24 (4), 22-32; Cairncross, B. (2002). Aegirine and Associated Minerals from Mount Malosa, Malawi. Rocks & Minerals, 77(1), 31-37.
Ferro-katophorite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Reference: Wooley (2001)
Ferro-richterite
Formula: {Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Wooley (2001)
'Florencite'
'Fluocerite'
Reference: Wooley (2001)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Cairncross, B., Messner, K & Farquharson, E. (1999): Die Pegmatite des Mount Malosa bei Zomba, Malawi. LAPIS 24 (4), 22-32; Cairncross, B. (2002). Aegirine and Associated Minerals from Mount Malosa, Malawi. Rocks & Minerals, 77(1), 31-37.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 37-38 (2004)
'Glass'
Description: plagioclase composition,variable yet highly albitic [shock melting likely]
Reference: Prinz, M., Nehru, C. E., Weisberg, M. K., & Delaney, J. S. (1984) Type 3 Enstatite Chondrites: a Newly Recognized Group of Unequilibrated Enstatite Chondrites (uec's) [abstract], Lunar and Planetary Science XV, pp. 653-654.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Goyazite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Wall, F. and Mariano, A.N. (1996) Rare earth minerals in carbonatites: a discussion centered on the Kangankunde carbonatite, Malawi. In: Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, Origin and Ore Deposits (A.P. Jones, F. Wall, & C.T. Williams, editors). Chapman & Hall, London, U.K. (193-225).
Grandidierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Reference: Haslam, H.W. (1980): Grandidierite from a metamorphic aureole near Mchinji, Malawi. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 822-823
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Wooley (2001)
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Reference: Guastoni A., Pezzotta F., Demartin F., 2003. Le pegmatiti di Zomba-Malosa (Malawi). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 27 (2): 66-77. ; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Habit: 1 mm crystals in fan- and sheafshaped aggregates up to 2 mm. Dominating forms: {110} and {111}
Colour: pale bluish
Reference: Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1994): Hingganite-(Y) from the Zomba-Malosa complex, Malawi. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. Heft 4: 185-192; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
'Hornblende'
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Iron
Formula: Fe
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 37-38 (2004)
'K Feldspar'
Kupletskite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Låvenite
Formula: (Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Wall, F. and Mariano, A.N. (1996) Rare earth minerals in carbonatites: a discussion centered on the Kangankunde carbonatite, Malawi. In: Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, Origin and Ore Deposits (A.P. Jones, F. Wall, & C.T. Williams, editors). Chapman & Hall, London, U.K. (193-225).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Manganoneptunite ?
Formula: Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Colour: black, shiny
Description: Described by Petersen et al (1994) without any chemical anlysis, but x-ray pattern suggested manganoneptunite
Reference: Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1994): Hingganite-(Y) from the Zomba-Malosa complex, Malawi. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. Heft 4: 185-192
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Description: Y-rich: K(Ca,Y)2(Be,Al)2[Si12O30]
Reference: Demartin, F.; Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2003): Barylith, Niobophyllit & yttriumreicher Milarit- Neufunde aus den Pegmatiten von Zomba-Malosa, Malawi. Lapis 28 (1), 18-21
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Reference: Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: M.E. Ciriotti, 2006, probed; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Niningerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Reference: LEITCH, C.A. & SMITH, J.V. (1982): Petrography, mineral chemistry and origin of Type I enstatite chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 46, 2083-2097.
Niobophyllite
Formula: (K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Reference: Klaus Keil (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73, #22, 6945-6976.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Parisite'
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Perryite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Reference: Reed (1968) Mineralogical Magazine 36:850-854
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Plessite'
Reference: Chapola, L. S. (1991) A preliminary report of the Chisenga iron meteorite. J. African Earth Sci. 12(4): 533-536.
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Reference: Johnson, O., Stahl, K., Petersen, O. V., Micheelsen, H. I. (1999): Structure refinement of natural non-metamict polycrase-(Y) from Zomba-Malosa complex, Malawi. Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh. 1999, 1-10.
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Reference: Petersen, O.V., Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1994): Hingganite-(Y) from the Zomba-Malosa complex, Malawi. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. Heft 4: 185-192
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore'
Reference: http://www.mkango.ca/s/thambani.asp
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
'Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Donald Doell
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
'Pyroxene Group'
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Blue Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Vik Vanrusselt Collection
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Jewel Tunnel Imports
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhabdophane-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4) · H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009
Rhabdophane-(La)
Formula: La(PO4) · H2O
Reference: American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Roedderite
Formula: (Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Reference: Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998): Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Rosenbuschite
Formula: Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Reference: Demartin, F.; Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2003): Barylith, Niobophyllit & yttriumreicher Milarit- Neufunde aus den Pegmatiten von Zomba-Malosa, Malawi. Lapis 28 (1), 18-21
Rutile var: Niobian Rutile
Formula: (Ti,Nb)O2
Reference: Wall, F. and Mariano, A.N. (1996) Rare earth minerals in carbonatites: a discussion centered on the Kangankunde carbonatite, Malawi. In: Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, Origin and Ore Deposits (A.P. Jones, F. Wall, & C.T. Williams, editors). Chapman & Hall, London, U.K. (193-225).
'Scapolite'
Reference: Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Lapis 29(1), 37-38 (2004); Cairncross, B. (2002). Aegirine and Associated Minerals from Mount Malosa, Malawi. Rocks & Minerals, 77(1), 31-37.
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Reference: Klaus Keil (1968). Mineralogical and Chemical Relationships among the Enstatite Chondrites. Journal of Geophysical Research 73, #22, 6945-6976.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
'Synchysite'
Synchysite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Reference: Chapola, L. S. (1991) A preliminary report of the Chisenga iron meteorite. J. African Earth Sci. 12(4): 533-536.; Wasson, J. T., Choi, B-G., Jerde, E. A. & Ulff-Møller, F. (1998) Chemical Classification of Iron Meteorites: XII. New Members of the Magmatic Groups. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 62 (4): 715-724. (Feb 1998).
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Reference: Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Haslam, H.W. (1980): Grandidierite from a metamorphic aureole near Mchinji, Malawi. Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 822-823
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Brian Mason (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30.
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Reference: Brian Mason (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30.
'UM1983-18-SiO:AlFeHMg'
Formula: ~(Mg,Fe)Al4Si4O12(OH)8
Reference: Haslam, H.W. (1983): An isotropic alteration of cordierite. Mineralogical Magazine: 47: 238-240; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Ferraiolo, J.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Mueller, W., Shigley, J.E., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1985): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 1195
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Reference: H.G. Dill, A review of mineral resources in Malawi: With special reference to aluminium variation in mineral deposits, Journal of African Earth Sciences, Volume 47, Issue 3, March 2007, Pages 153-173, ISSN 1464-343X, 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2006.12.006.
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: http://www.uoguelph.ca/~geology/rocks_for_crops/35malawi.PDF
Wöhlerite
Formula: NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Reference: Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Knut Eldjarn Collection
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Zektzerite
Formula: LiNaZrSi6O15
Reference: Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., & Zorzi, F. (2008). Neufunde aus Alkalipegmatiten am Mount Malosa, Malawi: Die weltbesten Zektzeritkristalle und interessante Pseudomorphosen. MINERALIEN MAGAZIN LAPIS, 33(3), 38.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
Perryite1.BB.10(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Djerfisherite (TL)2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Niningerite2.CD.10(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Padparadscha4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Ruby4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
'Pyrochlore Group'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Blue Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Niobian Rutile4.DB.05(Ti,Nb)O2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cordylite-(Ce)5.BD.05NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Daqingshanite-(Ce)5.BF.15(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Ce)5.BD.20cCaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Churchite-(Y)8.CJ.50Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Goyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rhabdophane-(Ce)8.CJ.45Ce(PO4) · H2O
Rhabdophane-(La)8.CJ.45La(PO4) · H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Astrophyllite9.DC.05K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Barylite9.BB.15Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Caysichite-(Y)9.DJ.15Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinoenstatite9.DA.10MgSiO3
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Dingdaohengite-(Ce)9.BE.70(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Elpidite9.DG.65Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epididymite9.DG.55Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Eudialyte9.CO.10Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Eudidymite9.DG.60Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-katophorite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-richterite9.DE.20{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Genthelvite9.FB.10Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Grandidierite9.AJ.05(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kupletskite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Låvenite9.BE.17(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Manganoneptunite ?9.EH.05Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Niobophyllite9.DC.05(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite9.EC.20KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Roedderite9.CM.05(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Rosenbuschite9.BE.22Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Wöhlerite9.BE.17NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Zektzerite9.DN.05LiNaZrSi6O15
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Bastnäsite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Florencite'-
'Fluocerite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Monazite'-
'Parisite'-
'Plessite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Scapolite'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1983-18-SiO:AlFeHMg'-~(Mg,Fe)Al4Si4O12(OH)8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Iron
var: Kamacite
1.1.11.1(Fe,Ni)
Perryite1.1.22.1(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Schreibersite1.1.21.2(Fe,Ni)3P
Taenite1.1.11.2(Fe,Ni)
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Troilite2.8.9.1FeS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Daubréelite2.10.1.11Fe2+Cr3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Chlor-sulfides
Djerfisherite (TL)2.15.2.1K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Perovskite4.3.3.1CaTiO3
Pyrophanite4.3.5.3Mn2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup
var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
8.2.3.1A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.7(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
AB2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Cordylite-(Ce)16a.1.7.1NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Parisite-(Ce)16a.1.5.1CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Synchysite-(Ce)16a.1.3.1CaCe(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Daqingshanite-(Ce)17.1.10.1(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Churchite-(Y)40.4.6.1Y(PO4) · 2H2O
Rhabdophane-(Ce)40.4.7.1Ce(PO4) · H2O
Rhabdophane-(La)40.4.7.2La(PO4) · H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Goyazite42.7.3.3SrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Monticellite51.3.2.1CaMgSiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Almandine51.4.3a.2Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Britholite-(Ce)52.4.9.1(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Uranophane53.3.1.2Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with (BO3)
Grandidierite54.1.1.1(Mg,Fe2+)(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)(BO3)O2
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [4] and higher coordination
Barylite55.1.1.1Be2Ba(Si2O7)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Dingdaohengite-(Ce)56.2.13.9(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Låvenite56.2.4.4(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Rosenbuschite56.2.4.8Na6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
Wöhlerite56.2.4.5NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Roedderite63.2.1a.14(Na,K)2(Mg,Fe)5Si12O30
Group 64 - CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Eudialyte64.1.1.1Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Clinoenstatite65.1.1.1MgSiO3
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
Epididymite66.3.1.4Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Eudidymite66.3.1.3Na2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Zektzerite66.3.4.2LiNaZrSi6O15
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
Astrophyllite69.1.1.1K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
Kupletskite69.1.1.2(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Niobophyllite69.1.1.4(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Caysichite-(Y)70.1.2.2Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Column or Tube Structures with linked chains forming cages
Manganoneptunite ?70.4.1.2Na2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Annite71.2.2b.3KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite71.2.2b.8KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with corrugated and complex layers
Elpidite72.5.4.2Na2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Cancrinite76.2.5.3(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Genthelvite76.2.4.3Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
'Bastnäsite'-
Beryl
var: Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
'Biotite'-
'Chevkinite Group'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
Corundum
var: Padparadscha
-Al2O3
var: Ruby-Al2O3
var: Sapphire-Al2O3
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Ferro-katophorite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
Ferro-richterite-{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Florencite'-
'Fluocerite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Hornblende'-
Iron-Fe
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Monazite'-
Niningerite-(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Oldhamite-(Ca,Mg)S
'Parisite'-
'Plessite'-
'Pyrochlore'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Blue Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rutile
var: Niobian Rutile
-(Ti,Nb)O2
'Scapolite'-
'Synchysite'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'UM1983-18-SiO:AlFeHMg'-~(Mg,Fe)Al4Si4O12(OH)8
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

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HHydrogen
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
H EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
H ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EudialyteNa15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
H Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
H Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
H Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
H Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
H AstrophylliteK2NaFe72+Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
H Britholite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H Rhabdophane-(Ce)Ce(PO4) · H2O
H Rhabdophane-(La)La(PO4) · H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
H Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H UranophaneCa(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
H UM1983-18-SiO:AlFeHMg~(Mg,Fe)Al4Si4O12(OH)8
LiLithium
Li PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Li ZektzeriteLiNaZrSi6O15
Li ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn22+Ti2Si8O24
BeBeryllium
Be EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Be EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be BaryliteBe2Ba(Si2O7)
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O