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Finland

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Area:338,424 km2
Museums in region:
Name(s) in local language(s):Suomi


Finland consists of 19 regions called maakunta in Finnish and landskap in Swedish.
Regions represent dialectal, cultural and economic variations better than the former provinces, which were purely administrative divisions of the central government. Historically, regions are divisions of historical provinces of Finland, areas which represent dialects and culture more accurately.

Six Regional State Administrative Agencies were created by the state of Finland in 2010, each of them responsible for one of the regions called alue in Finnish and region in Swedish; in addition, Åland was designated a seventh region. These take over some of the tasks of the earlier Provinces of Finland (the läänis), which were abolished.

The fundamental administrative divisions of the country are the municipalities, which may also call themselves towns or cities.


Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Actinolite

Aegirine

Aegirine-augite

Aenigmatite

Alabandite

Albite

var: Andesine

var: Cleavelandite

var: Oligoclase

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

'Alkali Feldspar'

Allanite-(Ce)

var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)

'Allanite Group'

Allanite-(La)

Allanite-(Y)

Allargentum

Alloclasite

Alluaudite

'Alluaudite-NaNa'

Almandine

'Almandine-Spessartine Series'

'α-Brass'

Alstonite

Altaite

Amblygonite

'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'

Amesite

Amphibole Supergroup

var: Uralite

Analcime

Anatase

'Ancylite'

Ancylite-(Ce)

Ancylite-(La)

Andalusite

'Andorite'

Andradite

'Andradite-Grossular Series'

Anduoite

Anglesite

Anhydrite

Ankerite

Annabergite

Annite

Anorthite

var: Bytownite

Anthophyllite

Antigorite

Antimony

'Apatite'

Aragonite

Arfvedsonite

'Argentian Pentlandite'

Argentopentlandite

Argentopyrite

Arrojadite-(BaFe)

Arrojadite-(KFe)

Arsenic

Arsenolite

Arsenopalladinite

Arsenopyrite

'Asbestos'

Atelestite

Atokite

Augelite

Augite

'Auralite'

Aurostibite

Autunite

Awaruite

Axinite-(Fe)

Axinite-(Mn)

Azurite

Baddeleyite

Banalsite

Barićite

Baryte

Barytocalcite

Barytolamprophyllite

'Bastnäsite'

Bastnäsite-(Ce)

Bastnäsite-(Y)

Bavenite

Berdesinskiite

Berthierine

Berthierite

Bertrandite

Beryl

var: Aquamarine

Beryllonite

Beudantite

Beusite

Bijvoetite-(Y)

'Biotite'

Birnessite

Bismite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

'Bitumen'

Bityite

Bohdanowiczite

Böhmite

Bornite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

'Brabantite'

Braggite

Brannerite

Braunite

'Bravoite'

Brazilianite

Breithauptite

Britholite-(Ce)

Britholite-(Y)

Brochantite

Brockite

Brookite

Brucite

Brushite

Burbankite

Ca-Huréaulite

Calaverite

'Calcioancylite'

Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Calcite

'Calcite Group'

Calzirtite

Cancrinite

Carbocernaite

Carrollite

Cassiterite

var: Ainalite

Cattierite

Celestine

Celsian

Cerianite-(Ce)

Cerite-(Ce)

Cerussite

Cervelleite

'Chabazite'

Chalcocite

Chalcopyrite

var: Argentian Chalcopyrite

Chalcostibite

Chamosite

Chaoite

Cheralite

'Cheralite-(Ce)'

Chernovite-(Y)

Chesterite

Childrenite

'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'

Chlorapatite

'Chlorite Group'

Chloritoid

Chondrodite (TL)

'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'

Chromite

Chrysoberyl

Chrysotile

Clausthalite

'Clausthalite-Galena Series'

'Clays'

Clinochlore

var: Chromian Clinochlore

var: Pennine

Clinohumite

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Clinosafflorite

Clinozoisite

Clintonite

Cobaltarthurite

Cobaltite

Cobaltpentlandite (TL)

Coesite

Coffinite

Cohenite

Coloradoite

Columbite-(Fe)

'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'

'Columbite Group'

Columbite-(Mn)

'Columbite-Tantalite'

Cookeite

Cooperite

Copper

Cordierite

Corrensite

Corundum

Cosalite

Costibite

Coulsonite

Covellite

Crandallite

var: Strontian Crandallite

Cubanite

Cummingtonite

Cuprite

Cuproiridsite

Cuprorhodsite

Curite

Danalite

Datolite

Daubréelite

'Davidite'

Davidite-(La)

Diamond

Diaspore

Dickite

Digenite

Diopside

var: Chromian Diopside

Dissakisite-(Ce)

Djerfisherite

Djurleite

Dolomite

var: Ferroan Dolomite

Dravite

var: Chromian Dravite

Dumortierite

Dyscrasite

Eckermannite

Eclarite

Edenite

Elbaite

'Electrum'

Emplectite

Empressite

Enstatite

var: Bronzite

Eosphorite

Epidote

var: Tawmawite

var: Yttroepidote

'Erionite'

Erlichmanite

Ernstite

Erythrite

Eskolaite (TL)

Euclase

Eucryptite

Euxenite-(Y)

Fairfieldite

Fayalite

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'

'Feldspar Group'

'var: Perthite'

Ferberite

'Ferberite-Hübnerite Series'

'Fergusonite'

Fergusonite-(Y)

Fergusonite-(Y)-β

Ferrihydrite

Ferrimolybdite

Ferrisicklerite

'Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series'

Ferroalluaudite

Ferro-gedrite

Ferro-hornblende

Ferronigerite-6N6S (TL)

Ferrorhodsite

Ferroselite

Ferrosilite

Ferrotaaffeite-6N'3S (TL)

'Ferro-winchite'

Ferrowodginite (TL)

Fletcherite

'Florencite'

Florencite-(Ce)

'Fluocerite'

Fluocerite-(Ce)

Fluorapatite

var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite

var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite

var: Strontian Apatite

Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Fluorapophyllite-(Na)

Fluorcalciomicrolite

var: Titan-uranoan Fluorcalciomicrolite

Fluorite

Fluornatromicrolite

Fluoro-cannilloite (TL)

Fluoro-edenite

Fluoro-pargasite

Formanite-(Y)

Forsterite

Freibergite

Freieslebenite

Frohbergite

Frondelite

Froodite

'Gadolinite'

Gadolinite-(Y)

Gahnite

Galena

var: U-Galena

'Garnet'

'Garnet Structural Group'

Gearksutite

Gedrite

Geikielite

Genthelvite

Geocronite

Germanite

Gersdorffite

var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite

Geversite

Gibbsite

'Gigantolite'

Glaucodot

Glaucophane

Goethite

Gold

var: Palladian Gold

Gorceixite

Graftonite

Graphite

Greenalite

Greenockite

Greigite

Grossular

'Grossular-Hibschite Series'

Grunerite

Gudmundite

'Gummite'

Gustavite

Guyanaite

Gypsum

Haapalaite (TL)

Halite

'Halloysite'

Halloysite-10Å

Halotrichite

Harmotome

Hastingsite

Hausmannite

Heazlewoodite

Hedenbergite

Hedleyite

Hematite

var: Martite

Hemimorphite

Hercynite

Herzenbergite

Hessite

Heterosite

'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'

'Heulandite'

Hibbingite

Hisingerite

var: Degeroite

'Högbomite'

Hollandite

Hollingworthite

Hongshiite

'Hornblende'

Humite

'Humite Group'

Hunchunite

Hureaulite

Hurlbutite

Huttonite

var: Cerphosphorhuttonite

Hydrokenoralstonite

Hydroniumjarosite

Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)

Hydroxycalciomicrolite

Hydroxylapatite

Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)

Hydroxylherderite

'Hypersthene'

Ice

Idaite

'Iddingsite'

Ikunolite

Ilmenite

var: Picroilmenite

Iodargyrite

Irarsite

Iridarsenite

Iridium

Iron

var: Kamacite

var: Martensite

Isocubanite

Isoferroplatinum

Isomertieite

Ixiolite (TL)

'Jahnsite'

Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)

Jaipurite

Jamesonite

Jarosite

Jaskólskiite

Jimthompsonite

Johnsomervilleite

Jonassonite

Jordanite

'Joséite'

Joséite-B

Kaatialaite (TL)

Kaersutite

Kainosite-(Y)

Kanoite

Kaolinite

Karelianite (TL)

Kasolite

Kawazulite

Keithconnite

var: Plumbian Keithconnite

Kermesite

Kesterite

'K Feldspar'

'var: Adularia'

Kinoshitalite

Kitagohaite

Kitkaite (TL)

Klockmannite

Konderite

Kornerupine

Kostovite

Kotulskite

Krennerite

Kullerudite (TL)

Kutnohorite

Kyanite

Kyzylkumite

'Labradorite'

Lacroixite

Laflammeite (TL)

Laitakarite (TL)

'Lanthanite'

Laueite

Laumontite

Laurite

Lazulite

Lead

Lepidocrocite

'Lepidolite'

Leucoxene

Libethenite

Lillianite

'Limonite'

Linnaeite

Lithiophilite

'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'

Lizardite

Lokkaite-(Y) (TL)

Löllingite

Lonsdaleite

Loveringite

Luberoite

Ludlamite

Ludwigite

Mackinawite

Magnesio-arfvedsonite

Magnesiochromite

'Magnesio-ferri-hornblende' (FRL)

Magnesio-hornblende

Magnesite

var: Ferroan Magnesite

Magnetite

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

Majakite

Mäkinenite (TL)

Malachite

Malanite

Maldonite

Manganite

'Manganocummingtonite'

Manganogrunerite

Marcasite

Margarite

Marialite

Maslovite

Masuyite

Matildite

Mattagamite

Maucherite

Meionite

Melanterite

var: Cuprian Melanterite

'Melnikovite'

Melonite

var: Palladian Melonite

Meneghinite

Merenskyite

Merrillite

'Mertieite'

Mertieite-I

Mertieite-II

Mesolite

Messelite

Meta-autunite

Metaborite

Metaswitzerite

Metavivianite

Miargyrite

'Mica Group'

Michenerite

Microcline

var: Amazonite

var: Hyalophane

Microlite Group

var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)

Miessiite (TL)

Milarite

Millerite

Mimetite

Minnesotaite

Mitridatite

Molybdenite

'Molybdenite Group'

Molybdite

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

Monazite-(La)

Monazite-(Nd)

Moncheite

Montbrayite

Montebrasite

Monticellite

Montmorillonite

'Moonstone'

Moraesite

Mordenite

Morinite

Muscovite

var: Fuchsite

var: Illite

var: Sericite

Muthmannite

Nacrite

Nahcolite

Natrolite

Naumannite

Neotocite

Nepheline

Nickel

Nickelhexahydrite

Nickeline

Niningerite

Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)

Nioboaeschynite-(Y)

Nisbite

Nolanite

Nontronite

Norbergite

'Nuummite'

Offretite

Oldhamite

Olenite

'Olivine'

Opal

Orcelite

Orthoclase

'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'

Osarsite

Osbornite

Osmium

Oxyplumboroméite

Oxystannomicrolite (TL)

Pääkkönenite (TL)

Pachnolite

Palarstanide

Palladoarsenide

Palladseite

Palygorskite

Paolovite

Paradocrasite

Paragonite

Paraguanajuatite

Parasymplesite

Pargasite (TL)

'Parisite'

Parisite-(Ce)

Parkerite

Patrónite

Pectolite

Penroseite

Pentlandite

Perovskite

var: Dysanalyte

Perrierite-(Ce)

Perryite

Petalite

Petrukite

Petzite

Phenakite

Phlogopite

Phosphosiderite

Pickeringite

Piemontite

Pigeonite

Pilsenite

'Pinite'

Platarsite

Platinum

'Plessite'

Plumbojarosite

'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'

Plumbonacrite

Pollucite

Polycrase-(Y)

Polydymite

Potassic-chloro-hastingsite

Potassic-pargasite (TL)

Powellite

Prehnite

Prosopite

Pseudobrookite

'Psilomelane'

'Pumpellyite'

Purpurite

Pyrargyrite

Pyrite

var: Cobaltoan Pyrite

Pyroaurite

'Pyrobitumen'

'var: Thucholite'

'Pyrochlore'

Pyrochlore Group

Pyrochlore Supergroup

var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)

Pyrolusite

Pyromorphite

Pyrope

Pyrophanite

Pyrophyllite

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyroxferroite

Pyroxmangite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Agate

var: Amethyst

var: Jasper

var: Rose Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Ramdohrite

Rammelsbergite

Ramsdellite

Ranciéite

Rectorite

Reddingite

Retgersite

'Rhabdophane'

Rhodochrosite

Rhodonite

Richetite

Richterite

Riebeckite

Rockbridgeite

Romanèchite

Roquesite

Roscoelite

Rowlandite-(Y)

Roxbyite

Rozenite

Ruarsite

'Rubellite'

Rubicline

Rucklidgeite

Rustenburgite

Rutheniridosmine

Rutile

var: Ilmenorutile

var: Strüverite

Safflorite

Samarskite-(Y)

Sanidine

Saponite

var: Bowlingite

Sapphirine

Sarcopside

'Saussurite'

Sayrite

'Scapolite'

Schapbachite

Scheelite

Schorl

Schorlomite

Schreibersite

Schwertmannite (TL)

Scorodite

Sederholmite (TL)

Seinäjokite (TL)

Sekaninaite

Selenium

Seligmannite

Senarmontite

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Shcherbinaite

Sicklerite

Siderite

Siderophyllite

'Siderophyllite-Polylithionite Series'

Siegenite

Sillimanite

Silver

var: Kongsbergite

var: Küstelite

Sinnerite

Sinoite

Skaergaardite

'Smectite Group'

Smithsonite

Sobolevskite

Sodalite

'Sodic-ferrogedrite'

Sonolite

Sperrylite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

Spinel

var: Pleonaste

Spodumene

var: Hiddenite

var: Kunzite

Stannite

Stannoidite

Staurolite

Stellerite

Stephanite

Sternbergite

Stibarsen

'Stibiconite'

Stibiopalladinite

Stibnite

'Stilbite'

Stillwaterite

Stilpnomelane

Strengite

Stronalsite

Strontianite

'Strontiapatite'

Strunzite

Sudburyite

Sulphotsumoite

Sulphur

Svanbergite

Switzerite

Sylvanite

Sylvite

Symplesite

Synchysite-(Nd)

Synchysite-(Y)

Szomolnokite

Taenite

Tainiolite

Talc

var: Steatite

Talnakhite

'Tantalite'

Tantalite-(Fe)

Tantalite-(Mn)

'Tapiolite'

Tapiolite-(Fe) (TL)

Tapiolite-(Mn) (TL)

Taramellite

Tarkianite (TL)

Teallite

Tellurantimony

Tellurium

Tellurobismuthite

Tengerite-(Y)

Tennantite

'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'

Tenorite

Tephroite

Tetradymite

Tetraferriphlogopite

Tetrahedrite

Tetrataenite

Thalénite-(Y)

Thomsenolite

Thomsonite-Ca

Thorianite

Thorite

Thortveitite

Tin

Titanite

Tochilinite

'Tongxinite'

Topaz

Törnroosite (TL)

'Tourmaline'

Tremolite

var: Chrome-Tremolite

Tridymite

Trilithionite

Triphylite

Triplite

Triploidite

Troilite

Trüstedtite (TL)

Tschermakite

Tsumoite

Ullmannite

Ulvöspinel

'UM1970-24-S:CuFe'

'UM1976-29-Te:BiNi'

'UM1982-01-As:CuPd' (FRL)

'UM1982-02-AsO:CuNiPd' (FRL)

'UM1982-05-Bi:PdTe' (FRL)

'UM1982-25-Te:BiPd'

'UM1986-01-As:AuPdTe'

'UM1986-04-As:PdTe'

'UM1986-07-Bi:PbPdPtRhTe'

'UM1986-37-S:AsCuFePdRh'

'UM1986-38-S:AsPdPtRh'

'UM1986-52-Sb:AsPd'

'UM1986-66-Te:AsAuPd'

'UM1992-13-O:IrPt'

'UM1999-17:O:PbV'

'UM2005-35-VO:CaFePSiTh'

'UM2005-//-E:CuPbPdPt'

'Unnamed (Ag Antimonide)'

'Unnamed (Au-Bi Alloy)'

'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Konderite)'

'Unnamed (Ir Oxide I)'

'Unnamed (Ni-Ag-Sb Alloy)'

'Unnamed (Pd-Pb Oxide)'

'Unnamed (Pd Plumbostannotelluro-Arsenide)'

'Unnamed (Rh-Ni Sulphide)'

Uraninite

var: Pitchblende

Uranophane

Uranophane-β

'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'

Uvarovite

Uvite (OH-dominant end-member)

'Uvite Series'

Vaesite

Valentinite

Valleriite

Vanadinite

Varulite

Väyrynenite (TL)

'Verdelite'

Vermiculite

Vesuvianite

var: Frugardite

Viitaniemiite (TL)

Vincentite

Violarite

Vivianite

Volynskite

Vuorelainenite

Vysotskite

'Wad'

Wardite

Wavellite

Weberite

'Wehrlite (of Huot)'

Westerveldite

Whewellite

Widenmannite

Wilkmanite (TL)

Willemite

Willyamite

Witherite

Wittichenite

Wodginite

'Wolframite'

Wollastonite

Wurtzite

'Xenotime'

Xenotime-(Y)

Xingzhongite

Xonotlite

Yttrialite-(Y)

'Yttromicrolite (of Hogarth)'

Yttrotantalite-(Y)

Zektzerite

'Zeolite Group'

Zincochromite

'Zinconigerite-2N1S'

'Zinconigerite-6N6S'

Zinkenite

'Zinnwaldite'

Zircon

var: Cyrtolite

var: Hafnian Zircon

var: Malacon

Zirconolite

Zirkelite

Zoisite

Zvyagintsevite

Zwieselite


688 valid minerals. 33 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 4 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Precambrian : 2858 Ma to 1850 ± 2 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Paleoproterozoic
   Orosirian
ⓘ Monazite (youngest age)1850 ± 2 MaKutemajärvi mine, Orivesi, Western and Inner Finland Region, Finland
ⓘ Galena (youngest age)1883 MaKutemajärvi mine, Orivesi, Western and Inner Finland Region, Finland
ⓘ Galena (oldest age)1893 MaKutemajärvi mine, Orivesi, Western and Inner Finland Region, Finland
ⓘ Monazite (oldest age)1906 MaKutemajärvi mine, Orivesi, Western and Inner Finland Region, Finland
    
  
 Archean
  Neoarchean
ⓘ Pyrite (youngest age)2683 MaKuittila prospect, Ilomantsi, Eastern Finland Region, Finland
ⓘ Molybdenite (youngest age)2760 MaKivisuo prospect, Ilomantsi, Eastern Finland Region, Finland
  Mesoarchean
ⓘ Molybdenite (oldest age)2803 MaKivisuo prospect, Ilomantsi, Eastern Finland Region, Finland
ⓘ Pyrite (oldest age)2858 MaKuittila prospect, Ilomantsi, Eastern Finland Region, Finland

Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Nordenskiöld, A. E.(1863): Beskrifning över de i Finland funna Mineralier. Helsingfors, Finska Litteratur-sällskapets tryckeri, 1863. P. Th. Stolpes förlag. 177p. (in Swedish).
Aurola, E.(Ed): (1954): The Mines and Quarries of Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Geoteknillisiä julkaisuja. 55, 1-123
Laitakaari, A. (comp. by) (1967): Suomen mineraalien hakemisto. Index to Finnish minerals with bibliography. Bulletin de la Commission Géologique de Finlande 230. Geologinen tutkimuslaitos. 842 s. (in Finnish)
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp. (in German)
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp. (in Finnish) - Mineralogy of Finland
V. Juhani Ojala, Pär Weihed, Pasi Eilu and Markku Iljina (Eds.) (2007): Metallogeny and tectonic evolution of the Northern Fennoscandian Shield: Field trip guidebook. Geological Survey Of Finland, Guide 54, 102 pp. [http://tupa.gtk.fi/julkaisu/opas/op_054.pdf]
Maier, W.D., Lahtinen, R. & O’Brien, H. (Eds.) (2015): Mineral deposits of Finland. Elsevier, 792 pp.

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