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Finland

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Key
Lock Map
Area:338,424 km2
Locality type:Country
Museums in region:
Name(s) in local language(s):Suomi


Finland consists of 19 regions called maakunta in Finnish and landskap in Swedish.
Regions represent dialectal, cultural and economic variations better than the former provinces, which were purely administrative divisions of the central government. Historically, regions are divisions of historical provinces of Finland, areas which represent dialects and culture more accurately.

Six Regional State Administrative Agencies were created by the state of Finland in 2010, each of them responsible for one of the regions called alue in Finnish and region in Swedish; in addition, Åland was designated a seventh region. These take over some of the tasks of the earlier Provinces of Finland (the läänis), which were abolished.

The fundamental administrative divisions of the country are the municipalities, which may also call themselves towns or cities.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

693 valid minerals. 34 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 4 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na2Fe2+5Ti(Si6O18)O2
'commodity:Aggregates'
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 120 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Allanite-(Ce) var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Allanite-(La)
Formula: {CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)
Formula: {CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allargentum
Formula: (Ag1-xSbx)
Alloclasite
Formula: Co1-xFexAsS
Alluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Alluaudite-NaNa'
Formula: Na4Na4Mn2+4 Fe3+8(PO4)12
Almandine
Formula: Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'α-Brass'
Formula: Cu3Zn
Alstonite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Amblygonite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)F
'Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series'
Amesite
Formula: Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Amphibole Supergroup
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Amphibole Supergroup var: Uralite
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Amphibolite'
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Ancylite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ancylite-(La)
Formula: LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Andorite'
Formula: AgPbSb3S6
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Andradite-Grossular Series'
Anduoite
Formula: (Ru,Os)As2
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Annite
Formula: KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Antigorite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 70 localities in this region.
'Aplite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Argentopentlandite
Formula: Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Argentopyrite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Arrojadite-(BaFe)
Formula: {Ba◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arrojadite-(KFe)
Formula: {KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arsenolite
Formula: As2O3
Arsenopalladinite
Formula: Pd8(As,Sb)3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 111 localities in this region.
'Asbestos'
Atelestite
Formula: Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Atokite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)3Sn
Augelite
Formula: Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Auralite'
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Awaruite
Formula: Ni3Fe
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)
Formula: Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baddeleyite
Formula: ZrO2
Banalsite
Formula: Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Barićite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Barytocalcite
Formula: BaCa(CO3)2
Barytolamprophyllite
Formula: (Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
'Bastnäsite'
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Bastnäsite-(Y)
Formula: Y(CO3)F
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Berdesinskiite
Formula: V3+2TiO5
Berthierine
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Beryl var: Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Beryllonite
Formula: NaBePO4
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Bijvoetite-(Y)
Formula: Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
'Biotite'
Localities: Reported from at least 118 localities in this region.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 61 localities in this region.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
'Bitumen'
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Bohdanowiczite
Formula: AgBiSe2
Böhmite
Formula: AlO(OH)
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Brabantite'
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
Braggite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Brannerite
Formula: (U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
'Bravoite'
Formula: (Fe,Ni)S2
Brazilianite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Breithauptite
Formula: NiSb
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Britholite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brockite
Formula: (Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Burbankite
Formula: (Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
'Ca-Huréaulite'
Formula: CaMn5(PO4)4 · 4H2O
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Calcioancylite'
Calcioancylite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 112 localities in this region.
'Calcite-carbonatite'
'Calcite Group'
Formula: AXO3
Calzirtite
Formula: CaZr3TiO9
Cancrinite
Formula: (Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Carbocernaite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
'Carbonatite'
Carrollite
Formula: Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Cassiterite var: Ainalite
Formula: SnO2
Cattierite
Formula: CoS2
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Cerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cervelleite
Formula: Ag4TeS
'Chabazite'
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bowie S. H. U., Kvalheim A., Haslam H. W. (eds.): Mineral Deposits of Europe, Vol. 1; The Inst. of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mineralogical Society, London, 1978, S. 73 ff.
Chalcopyrite var: Argentian Chalcopyrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)FeS2
Chalcostibite
Formula: CuSbS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chaoite
Formula: C
Cheralite
Formula: CaTh(PO4)2
'Cheralite-(Ce)'
Chernovite-(Y)
Formula: Y(AsO4)
Chesterite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6
Childrenite
Formula: Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
'Childrenite-Eosphorite Series'
Chlorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 95 localities in this region.
Chloritoid
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chondrodite (TL)
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Reference: Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp; Niedermayr, (2008): Für den Sammler- Informationen für den Sammler – Ausgabe 2008. Carinthia II. 118, 275–290 (p.283)
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'Clausthalite-Galena Series'
'Clays'
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Clinochlore var: Chromian Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Pennine
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite
Formula: Mg9(SiO4)4F2
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Clintonite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Cobaltarthurite
Formula: (Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
Cobaltpentlandite (TL)
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Reference: American Mineralogist (1959), 44, 897-900
Coesite
Formula: SiO2
Coffinite
Formula: U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cohenite
Formula: Fe3C
Coloradoite
Formula: HgTe
Columbite-(Fe)
Formula: FeNb2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Columbite Group'
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Columbite-Tantalite'
Cookeite
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
'commodity:Copper'
Formula: Cu
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Corrensite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Costibite
Formula: CoSbS
Coulsonite
Formula: Fe2+V3+2O4
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Crandallite var: Strontian Crandallite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Bowie S. H. U., Kvalheim A., Haslam H. W. (eds.): Mineral Deposits of Europe, Vol. 1; The Inst. of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mineralogical Society, London, 1978, S. 73 ff.
Cummingtonite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuproiridsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Cuprorhodsite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Curite
Formula: Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Danalite
Formula: Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Daubréelite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2S4
'Davidite'
Davidite-(La)
Formula: (La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Diamond
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'commodity:Diamond'
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'commodity:Dimension Stone'
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Diopside var: Chromian Diopside
Formula: Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dissakisite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Djerfisherite
Formula: K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: E. Aurola: The Mines and Quarries of Finland; Helsinki, 1954; S. 62 ff
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Dolomite-carbonatite'
'Dolostone'
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Dravite var: Chromian Dravite
Formula: Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite
Formula: (Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Eckermannite
Formula: NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Eclarite
Formula: (Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'EL6 chondrite meteorite'
Elbaite
Formula: Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Emplectite
Formula: CuBiS2
Empressite
Formula: AgTe
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Enstatite var: Bronzite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Eosphorite
Formula: Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 58 localities in this region.
Epidote var: Tawmawite
Formula: {Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote var: Yttroepidote
Formula: {(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Erionite'
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Ernstite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Eskolaite (TL)
Formula: Cr2O3
Reference: Am Min 43 (1958), 1098
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Eucryptite
Formula: LiAlSiO4
'Eulysite'
Formula: FeSiO3
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Fairfieldite
Formula: Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
'commodity:Feldspar'
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Ferberite-Hübnerite Series'
'Fergusonite'
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Fergusonite-(Y)-β
Formula: YNbO4
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Ferrisicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
'Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series'
Ferroalluaudite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Ferro-gedrite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferronigerite-6N6S (TL)
Formula: (Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
Reference: T. Armbruster (2002) Revised nomenclature of högbomite, nigerite, and taaffeite minerals.- Eur. Journ. Mineralogy 14, 389-395
'Ferrorhodsite'
Formula: (Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Ferroselite
Formula: FeSe2
Ferrosilite
Formula: FeSiO3
Ferrotaaffeite-6N'3S (TL)
Formula: (Be,Zn,Mg)FeAl4O8
Reference: Burke, E. A. J. and Lustenhouwer, W. J. (1981): Pehrmanite, a new beryllium mineral from Rosendal Pegmatite, Kemio Island, southwestern Finland. Canadian Mineralogist. 19, 311-314
'Ferro-winchite'
Formula: ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferrowodginite (TL)
Formula: Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Reference: Ercit, T.S., Černý, P. & Hawthorne, F.C. (1992): The wodginite group; II, Classification and new species. Canadian Mineralogist. 30:633-638
Fletcherite
Formula: Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
'Florencite'
Florencite-(Ce)
Formula: CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
'Fluocerite'
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Localities: Reported from at least 33 localities in this region.
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorapatite var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
Fluorapatite var: Strontian Apatite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorapophyllite-(Na)
Formula: NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Fluorcalciomicrolite
Formula: (Ca,Na)2(Ta,Nb)2O6F
Fluorcalciomicrolite var: Titan-uranoan Fluorcalciomicrolite
Formula: (Ca,Na,U)2(Ta,Ti,Nb)2O6(F,OH)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Localities: Reported from at least 48 localities in this region.
Fluornatromicrolite
Formula: (Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Fluoro-cannilloite (TL)
Formula: {Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Reference: Hawthorne, F. C., Oberti, R., Ungaretti, L., Grice, J. D. (1996): A new hyper-calcic amphibole with Ca at the A site: Fluor-cannilloite from Pargas, Finland. American Mineralogist. 81, 995-1002
Fluoro-edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Formanite-(Y)
Formula: YTaO4
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Frohbergite
Formula: FeTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Frondelite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Froodite
Formula: α-PdBi2
'Gabbro'
'Gadolinite'
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 100 localities in this region.
Galena var: U-Galena
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 49 localities in this region.
Garnet Supergroup
Formula: X3Z2(TO4)3
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Gedrite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Geikielite
Formula: MgTiO3
Genthelvite
Formula: Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Geocronite
Formula: Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Germanite
Formula: Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Gersdorffite var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite
Formula: (Ni,Co)AsS
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
'Gigantolite'
Glaucodot
Formula: (Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Glaucophane
Formula: ◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
'Gneiss'
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 127 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 127 localities in this region.
Gold var: Palladian Gold
Formula: (Au,Pd)
'commodity:Gold'
Formula: Au
Gorceixite
Formula: BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graftonite
Formula: Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
'Granite'
'commodity:Granite'
'Granodiorite'
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Graphite
Formula: C
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
'commodity:Graphite'
'commodity:Graphite'
Greenalite
Formula: (Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
'Greisen'
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Grossular-Hibschite Series'
Grunerite
Formula: ☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Gudmundite
Formula: FeSbS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Gummite'
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Guyanaite
Formula: CrO(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Haapalaite (TL)
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Reference: Bul. Geol. Soc. Fin. 45 (1973)
Halite
Formula: NaCl
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Heazlewoodite
Formula: Ni3S2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 55 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Martite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Herzenbergite
Formula: SnS
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Heterosite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Heterosite-Purpurite Series'
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hibbingite
Formula: Fe2+2(OH)3Cl
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Hisingerite var: Degeroite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Högbomite'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2(Al,Ti)5O10
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Hongshiite
Formula: PtCu
'Hornblende'
Localities: Reported from at least 31 localities in this region.
'Howardite meteorite'
Humite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
'Humite Group'
Hunchunite
Formula: Au2Pb
Hureaulite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hurlbutite
Formula: CaBe2(PO4)2
Huttonite
Formula: ThSiO4
Huttonite var: Cerphosphorhuttonite
Formula: (Ce,LREE)Th[PO4]SiO4
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Hydroniumjarosite
Formula: (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Hydroxycalciomicrolite
Formula: Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)(OH)
Hydroxylherderite
Formula: CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
Ice
Formula: H2O
Idaite
Formula: Cu5FeS6
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Ikunolite
Formula: Bi4(S,Se)3
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 105 localities in this region.
Ilmenite var: Picroilmenite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Iridarsenite
Formula: (Ir,Ru)As2
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron
Formula: Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Iron var: Kamacite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Iron var: Martensite
Formula: Fe
'commodity:Iron'
Formula: Fe
'Iron meteorite'
Isocubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Isoferroplatinum
Formula: Pt3Fe
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Isomertieite
Formula: Pd11Sb2As2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ixiolite (TL)
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Reference: Nordenskiöld, A.E. (1857): Beitrag zu Finnlands Mineralogie. Ann.Phys.Chem.(Poggendorf),(1857) 4th ser., 11, 625-634; Nickel, E.H., Rowland, J.F. & McAdam, R.C. (1963): Ixiolite- a columbite substructure. American Mineralogist. 48, 961-979.
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)
Formula: {Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
'Jahnsite Group'
Formula: XM1M22M32(H2O)8(OH)2(PO4)4
Jaipurite
Formula: CoS
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jaskólskiite
Formula: CuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)
Jimthompsonite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2
Johnsomervilleite
Formula: Na10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
Jonassonite
Formula: AuBi5S4
Jordanite
Formula: Pb14(As,Sb)6S23
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Kaatialaite (TL)
Formula: Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Raade et al.(1984): Kaatialaite, a new ferric arsenate mineral from Finland. American Mineralogist. 69, 383-387
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kanoite
Formula: Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Karelianite (TL)
Formula: V3+2O3
Reference: J.V.P. Long, Y. Vuorelainen, O. Kouvo: Amer. Mineral. 48:33-41 (1963)
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Kawazulite
Formula: Bi2Te2Se
Keithconnite
Formula: Pd20Te7
Keithconnite var: Plumbian Keithconnite
Formula: (Pd,Pb)20Te7
Kermesite
Formula: Sb2S2O
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
'K Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
'Kimberlite'
Kinoshitalite
Formula: (Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Kitagohaite
Formula: Pt7Cu
Kitkaite (TL)
Formula: NiTeSe
Reference: AM 50 (1965), 581; HB1 (1990)
Klockmannite
Formula: CuSe
Konderite
Formula: Cu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16
Kornerupine
Formula: Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kostovite
Formula: CuAuTe4
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Krennerite
Formula: Au3AgTe8
Kullerudite (TL)
Formula: NiSe2
Reference: Vuorelainen Y., Huhma A., Häkli A. (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125.
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Kyzylkumite
Formula: V3+Ti2O5(OH)
'L6 chondrite meteorite'
'Labradorite'
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Labradorite var: Spectrolite'
Lacroixite
Formula: NaAl(PO4)F
Laflammeite (TL)
Formula: Pd3Pb2S2
Reference: BARKOV, A.Y., MARTIN, R.F., HALKOAHO, T.A.A. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (2002) Laflammeite, Pd3Pb2S2, a new platinum-group mineral species from the Penikat layered complex, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 671-678.
Laitakarite (TL)
Formula: Bi4Se2S
Reference: Geologi (1959) 3, 11 (in Finnish); Amer. Mineral. (1959) 44, 908 (abs); Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
'Lanthanite'
Laueite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Lazulite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Lead
Formula: Pb
'commodity:Lead'
Formula: Pb
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Leucoxene
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Lillianite
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
'Limestone'
'commodity:Limestone'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Lithiophilite
Formula: LiMn2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Lithiophilite-Triphylite Series'
Lizardite
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
'L/LL4 chondrite meteorite'
Lokkaite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Reference: Am Min 71 (1986), 1028; Perttunen 1971 Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 43
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 42 localities in this region.
Lonsdaleite
Formula: C
Loveringite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Luberoite
Formula: Pt5Se4
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Ludwigite
Formula: Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 32 localities in this region.
Magnesio-arfvedsonite
Formula: {Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesiochromite
Formula: MgCr2O4
'Magnesio-ferri-hornblende' (FRL)
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Zarubina, E.S., Aksenov, S.M., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K. (2016): Crystal Structure of Magnesio-Ferri-Hornblendite □Ca2(Mg4Fe3+)[(Si7Al)O22](OH)2 as a Potentially New Mineral of the Amphibole Supergroup. Doklady Chemistry: 470: 245–251
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Magnesite var: Ferroan Magnesite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)CO3
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 129 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Majakite
Formula: PdNiAs
Mäkinenite (TL)
Formula: γ-NiSe
Reference: Vuorelainen Y., Huhma A., Häkli A. (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Malanite
Formula: Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Maldonite
Formula: Au2Bi
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Manganogrunerite
Formula: ☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'commodity:Marble'
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Marialite
Formula: Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Maslovite
Formula: PtBiTe
Masuyite
Formula: Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Mattagamite
Formula: CoTe2
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
'Melnikovite'
Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Melonite var: Palladian Melonite
Formula: NiTe2
Meneghinite
Formula: Pb13CuSb7S24
Merenskyite
Formula: (Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Merrillite
Formula: Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
'Mertieite'
Mertieite-I
Formula: Pd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II
Formula: Pd8Sb2.5As0.5
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Messelite
Formula: Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Meta-autunite
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metaborite
Formula: HBO2
Metaswitzerite
Formula: Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Metavivianite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
'Mica Group'
'Mica schist'
Michenerite
Formula: PdBiTe
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 53 localities in this region.
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Microlite Group
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Microlite Group var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
Miessiite (TL)
Formula: Pd11Te2Se2
Reference: Kojonen, K.K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A.C., Törnroos, R., Heidrich, S. (2007): Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, (in press); 33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland; Kojonen, K. K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A. C., Törnroos, R., & Heidrich, S. (2007). Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1221-1227.; Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minnesotaite
Formula: Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Mitridatite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Georg Graf Collection, 1994.
'Molybdenite Group'
Molybdite
Formula: MoO3
'Monazite'
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Monazite-(La)
Formula: La(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)
Formula: Nd(PO4)
Moncheite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Montbrayite
Formula: (Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Montebrasite
Formula: LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Monticellite
Formula: CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Moonstone'
Moraesite
Formula: Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
Morinite
Formula: NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 123 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 50 localities in this region.
Muthmannite
Formula: AuAgTe2
'Mylonite'
Nacrite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Nahcolite
Formula: NaHCO3
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Neotocite
Formula: (Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nickel
Formula: Ni
'commodity:Nickel'
Formula: Ni
Nickelhexahydrite
Formula: (Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Niningerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
'commodity:Niobium (Columbium)'
Formula: Nb
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Nioboaeschynite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca,Th,Fe)(Nb,Ti,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Nisbite
Formula: NiSb2
Nolanite
Formula: (V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Nuummite'
Offretite
Formula: KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Oldhamite
Formula: (Ca,Mg)S
Olenite
Formula: Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orcelite
Formula: Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
'Ortho-amphibolite'
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Osarsite
Formula: (Os,Ru)AsS
Osbornite
Formula: TiN
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Oxyplumboroméite
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Oxystannomicrolite (TL)
Formula: Sn2Ta2O6O
Reference: Vorma, A. & Siivola, J. (1967): Sukulaite - Ta2Sn2O7 - and wodginite as inclusions in cassiterite in the granite pegmatite in Sukula, Tammela in SW Finland. Bulletin de la Commission géologique de Finlande. 229, 173-187.; Hogarth, D.D. (1977): Classification and nomenclature of the pyrochlore group. American Mineralogist. 62: 407-410. Atencio D., Andrade M.B., Christy A.G., Giere R., Kartashov P.M. (2010): The pyrochlore supergroup of minerals: nomenclature. Canadian Mineralogist, 48, 569-594.
Pääkkönenite (TL)
Formula: Sb2AsS2
Reference: ZVMO,(1981) 110, 480-487; Geological Survey of Finland website; Yu. S. Borodayev (1982) Paakkonenite, Sb2AsS2, a new mineral from Seinäjoki ore region in Finland. International Geology Review 24:1234-1240
Pachnolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Palarstanide
Formula: Pd5(Sn,As)2
Palladoarsenide
Formula: Pd2As
Palladseite
Formula: Pd17Se15
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Pampaloite (TL)
Formula: AuSbTe
Reference: Vymazalová, A., Kojonen, K., Laufek, F., Johanson, B., Stanley, C.J., Plášil, J. and Halodová, P. (2018) Pampaloite, IMA 2017-096. CNMNC Newsletter No. 41, February 2018, page 184; European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 183-186.
Paolovite
Formula: Pd2Sn
Paradocrasite
Formula: Sb3As
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Paraguanajuatite
Formula: Bi2Se3
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pargasite (TL)
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine, April 1997, Vol. 61, pp. 295-321
'Parisite'
Parisite-(Ce)
Formula: CaCe2(CO3)3F2
Parkerite
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Patrónite
Formula: VS4
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
'Pegmatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 29 localities in this region.
'Pegmatitic granite'
Penroseite
Formula: (Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pentlandite
Formula: (FexNiy)Σ9S8
Localities: Reported from at least 66 localities in this region.
Pentlandite var: Argentian Pentlandite
Formula: (Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
Perovskite
Formula: CaTiO3
Perovskite var: Dysanalyte
Formula: CaTiO3
Perrierite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
Perryite
Formula: (Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Petalite
Formula: LiAl(Si4O10)
Petrukite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4
Petzite
Formula: Ag3AuTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
'commodity:Phosphate Rock'
Phosphosiderite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
'Phyllite'
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Piemontite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pilsenite
Formula: Bi4Te3
'Pinite'
Platarsite
Formula: PtAsS
Platinum
Formula: Pt
'Plessite'
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Plumbonacrite
Formula: Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Pollucite
Formula: (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Polydymite
Formula: Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Potassic-chloro-hastingsite
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
Potassic-pargasite (TL)
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Robinson, G.W., Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A, and Lalonde, A.E. (1997): Potassicpargasite, a new member of the amphibole group from Pargas, Turku-Pori, Finland. Canadian Mineralogist. 35, 1535–1540.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Prosopite
Formula: CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
'Psilomelane'
'Pumpellyite'
Purpurite
Formula: (Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bowie S. H. U., Kvalheim A., Haslam H. W. (eds.): Mineral Deposits of Europe, Vol. 1; The Inst. of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mineralogical Society, London, 1978, S. 73 ff.
Pyrite var: Cobaltoan Pyrite
Formula: (Fe,Co)S2
Pyroaurite
Formula: Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
'Pyrobitumen'
'Pyrobitumen var: Thucholite'
'Pyrochlore'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Pyrochlore Group
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrochlore Supergroup
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrochlore Supergroup var: Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1+w
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pyrope
Formula: Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Pyrophanite
Formula: Mn2+TiO3
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyroxferroite
Formula: (Fe,Mn,Ca)SiO3
Pyroxmangite
Formula: MnSiO3
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Bowie S. H. U., Kvalheim A., Haslam H. W. (eds.): Mineral Deposits of Europe, Vol. 1; The Inst. of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mineralogical Society, London, 1978, S. 73 ff.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Georg Graf Collection, 1994.
Quartz var: Agate
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Rose Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Georg Graf Collection, 1994.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Quartz-diorite'
'Quartzite'
Ramdohrite
Formula: Pb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Ramsdellite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
'Rapakivi granite'
Rectorite
Formula: (Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reddingite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Retgersite
Formula: NiSO4 · 6H2O
'Rhabdophane'
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Richetite
Formula: (Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Richterite
Formula: {Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Roquesite
Formula: CuInS2
Roscoelite
Formula: K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rowlandite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Roxbyite
Formula: Cu9S5
Rozenite
Formula: FeSO4 · 4H2O
Ruarsite
Formula: (Ru,Os)AsS
'Rubellite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Rubicline
Formula: Rb(AlSi3O8)
Rucklidgeite
Formula: PbBi2Te4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Rustenburgite
Formula: (Pt,Pd)3Sn
Rutheniridosmine
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 79 localities in this region.
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Samarskite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
'Sandstone'
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite var: Bowlingite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Sarcopside
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
'Saussurite'
Sayrite
Formula: Pb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Scapolite'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Schapbachite
Formula: Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
'Schist'
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
Schorlomite
Formula: Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Schreibersite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)3P
Schwertmannite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1994) 58, 641-648
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Sederholmite (TL)
Formula: beta-NiSe
Reference: Vuorelainen Y., Huhma A., Häkli A. (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125.
Seinäjokite (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
Reference: Borodaev, Y., Mozgova, N., Ozerova, N., Bortnikov, N. Oivanen, P., Iletuinen, O. (1983): Associations Of Ore Minerals In The Deposits Of The Seinajöki District And The Discussion On The Ore Formation, Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland. 55 (1), 3-23
Sekaninaite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Selenium
Formula: Se
Seligmannite
Formula: PbCuAsS3
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Serpentinite'
Shcherbinaite
Formula: V5+2O5
Sicklerite
Formula: Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Siderophyllite-Polylithionite Series'
Siegenite
Formula: CoNi2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Silver var: Kongsbergite
Formula: (Ag,Hg)
Silver var: Küstelite
Formula: Ag
'commodity:Silver'
Formula: Ag
Sinnerite
Formula: Cu6As4S9
Sinoite
Formula: Si2N2O
Skaergaardite
Formula: PdCu
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sobolevskite
Formula: Pd(Bi,Te)
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
'Sodic-ferrogedrite'
Formula: {Na}{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Sonolite
Formula: Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Sperrylite
Formula: PtAs2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bowie S. H. U., Kvalheim A., Haslam H. W. (eds.): Mineral Deposits of Europe, Vol. 1; The Inst. of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mineralogical Society, London, 1978, S. 73 ff.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Spodumene
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Spodumene var: Hiddenite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Spodumene var: Kunzite
Formula: LiAlSi2O6
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Stannoidite
Formula: Cu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Sternbergite
Formula: AgFe2S3
Stibarsen
Formula: AsSb
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Stibiopalladinite
Formula: Pd5Sb2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Stillwaterite
Formula: Pd8As3
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Stronalsite
Formula: Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
'Strontiapatite'
Strunzite
Formula: Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Sudburyite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)Sb
Sulphotsumoite
Formula: Bi3Te2S
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sulvanite
Formula: Cu3VS4
Svanbergite
Formula: SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Switzerite
Formula: (Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Sylvanite
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Synchysite-(Nd)
Formula: CaNd(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Taenite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tainiolite
Formula: KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 43 localities in this region.
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'commodity:Talc'
Talnakhite
Formula: Cu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: FeTa2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: MnTa2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
'Tapiolite'
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tapiolite-(Fe) (TL)
Formula: (Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Nordenskiöld A E (1863): Om tantalitartade mineralier från nejden af Torro. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar, 20, 443-453
Tapiolite-(Mn) (TL)
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Reference: Lahti, S.I., Johanson, B. & Virkkunen, M. (1983): Contribution to the chemistry of tapiolite – manganotapiolite, a new mineral. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland. 55, 101-109.
Taramellite
Formula: Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Tarkianite (TL)
Formula: (Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
Reference: K.K. Kojonen et al.: Can. Mineral. 42:539-544 (2004)
Teallite
Formula: PbSnS2
Tellurantimony
Formula: Sb2Te3
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Tellurobismuthite
Formula: Bi2Te3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Tengerite-(Y)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tephroite
Formula: Mn2+2SiO4
Tetradymite
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Tetraferriphlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Tetrataenite
Formula: FeNi
Thalénite-(Y)
Formula: Y3Si3O10F
Thomsenolite
Formula: NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorianite
Formula: ThO2
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Tin
Formula: Sn
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 64 localities in this region.
Tochilinite
Formula: Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
'Tonalite'
'Tongxinite'
Formula: Cu2Zn
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Törnroosite (TL)
Formula: Pd11As2Te2
Reference: Kari K. Kojonen, Andrew M. McDonald, Chris J. Stanley, and Bo Johanson (2011) Törnroosite, Pd11As2Te2, A New Mineral Species Related to Isomertieite from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Can Mineral 49:1643-1651; Kari Kojonen (2012) PGE ore potential in the southwestern granulite belt of Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Report of Investigation 207 pp 64-67
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 52 localities in this region.
Tremolite var: Chrome-Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Trilithionite
Formula: K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Triphylite
Formula: LiFe2+PO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Triplite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Triploidite
Formula: (Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
Troilite
Formula: FeS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Trüstedtite (TL)
Formula: Ni3Se4
Reference: Compt.Rend.Soc.Geol.Finland,(1964) 36, 113-125
Tschermakite
Formula: ☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tsumoite
Formula: BiTe
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Ullmannite
Formula: NiSbS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Ulvöspinel
Formula: TiFe2O4
'UM1970-24-S:CuFe'
Formula: (Fe,Cu)S
'UM1976-29-Te:BiNi'
Formula: (Ni,Pd)5(Te,Bi)8
'UM1982-01-As:CuPd' (FRL)
Formula: (Pd,Cu)7As2
Reference: Vuorelainen, Y., Häkli, T.A., Hänninen, E., Papunen, H., Reino, J., Törnroos, R (1982): Isomertieite and other platinum-group minerals from the Konttijärvi layered mafic intrusion, northern Finland. Econ. Geol.: 77: l5ll-1518; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, L.J., Pabst, A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 409
'UM1982-02-AsO:CuNiPd' (FRL)
Formula: (Pd,Cu,Ni)18AsO4•4H2O
Reference: Vuorelainen, Y., Häkli, T.A., Hänninen, E., Papunen, H., Reino, J., Törnroos, R (1982): Isomertieite and other platinum-group minerals from the Konttijärvi layered mafic intrusion, northern Finland. Econ. Geol.: 77: l5ll-1518; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, L.J., Pabst, A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 409
'UM1982-05-Bi:PdTe' (FRL)
Formula: Pd7(Bi,Te)8
Reference: Vuorelainen, Y., Häkli, T.A., Hänninen, E., Papunen, H., Reino, J., Törnroos, R (1982): Isomertieite and other platinum-group minerals from the Konttijärvi layered mafic intrusion, northern Finland. Econ. Geol.: 77: l5ll-1518; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Ferraiolo, J.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Mueller, W., Shigley, J.E., Puziewicz, J., Vanko, D.A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 1195
'UM1982-25-Te:BiPd'
Formula: Pd7(Te,Bi)8
'UM1986-01-As:AuPdTe'
Formula: ~(Pd,Au)4(As,Te)
'UM1986-04-As:PdTe'
Formula: Pd3As
'UM1986-07-Bi:PbPdPtRhTe'
Formula: (Pd,Rh,Pt)3Pb(Bi,Te)
'UM1986-37-S:AsCuFePdRh'
Formula: CuFe(Pd,Rh)(S,As)4
'UM1986-38-S:AsPdPtRh'
Formula: (Pt,Rh,Pd)(As,S)2
'UM1986-52-Sb:AsPd'
Formula: ~Pd3(Sb,As)
'UM1986-66-Te:AsAuPd'
Formula: ~(Pd,Au)8(Te,As)
'UM1992-13-O:IrPt'
Formula: (Ir,Pt)O2
'UM1999-17:O:PbV'
Formula: Pb4(VO4)2O
'UM2005-35-VO:CaFePSiTh'
Formula: (Th,Ca)(VO4,SiO4,PO4)
'UM2005-//-E:CuPbPdPt'
Formula: (Pd,Pt)3(Pb,Cu)
'Unnamed (Ag Antimonide)'
Formula: Ag4Sb
'Unnamed (Au-Bi Alloy)'
Formula: Au0.53Bi0.47
'Unnamed (Fe-analogue of Konderite)'
Formula: (Cu,Ni,Fe)3+x(Fe,Pb)(Rh,Ir,Pd)8-xS16, where x < 0.5
'Unnamed (Ni-Ag-Sb Alloy)'
Formula: Ni-Ag-Sb
'Unnamed (Pd-Pb Oxide)'
Formula: Pd9PbO10
'Unnamed (Pd Plumbostannotelluro-Arsenide)'
Formula: Pd5(As,Te,Sn,Pb)2
'Unnamed (Rh-Ni Sulphide)'
Formula: Rh1-x(Ni,Fe,Cu)2+xS3
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Localities: Reported from at least 38 localities in this region.
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
Uranophane
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β
Formula: Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
'Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: (Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
'Ureilite meteorite'
Uvarovite
Formula: Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Uvite (OH-dominant end-member)'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vaesite
Formula: NiS2
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Valleriite
Formula: (Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Varulite
Formula: NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Väyrynenite (TL)
Formula: Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Reference: Mrose, M. E., Von Knorring, O. (1959) The mineralogy of väyrynenite, (Mn,Fe)Be(PO4)(OH). Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 112: 275-288
'Verdelite'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Vesuvianite var: Frugardite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Viitaniemiite (TL)
Formula: Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Reference: Lahti, S. I. (1981): On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 314, 51-56
Vincentite
Formula: Pd3As
Violarite
Formula: Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Volynskite
Formula: AgBiTe2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Vuorelainenite
Formula: Mn2+V3+2O4
Vysotskite
Formula: (Pd,Ni)S
'Wad'
Wagnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Wardite
Formula: NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Weberite
Formula: Na2Mg[AlF6]F
'Wehrlite (of Huot)'
Westerveldite
Formula: (Fe,Ni,Co)As
Whewellite
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Widenmannite
Formula: Pb2(OH)2[(UO2)(CO3)2]
Wilkmanite (TL)
Formula: Ni3Se4
Reference: Vuorelainen Y., Huhma A., Häkli A. (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125.
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Willyamite
Formula: (Co,Ni)SbS
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Wittichenite
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Wodginite
Formula: Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
'Xenotime'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Xingzhongite
Formula: (Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4
Xonotlite
Formula: Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Yttrialite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Th)2Si2O7
'Yttromicrolite (of Hogarth)'
Formula: (Ca,Y3+,U,Na)2-x(Ta,Nb,Ti,Fe3+)2O7
Yttrotantalite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Zektzerite
Formula: LiNaZrSi6O15
'Zeolite Group'
Zincochromite
Formula: ZnCr2O4
Zinconigerite-2N1S
Formula: (Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
'Zinconigerite-6N6S'
Formula: (Zn,Mg,Al)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 77 localities in this region.
Zircon var: Cyrtolite
Formula: Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
Zircon var: Hafnian Zircon
Formula: (Zr,Hf)SiO4
Zircon var: Malacon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zirconolite
Formula: CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite
Formula: (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zvyagintsevite
Formula: Pd3Pb
Zwieselite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Atokite1.AG.10(Pd,Pt)3Sn
Awaruite1.AE.20Ni3Fe
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Chaoite1.CB.05bC
Cohenite1.BA.05Fe3C
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Diamond1.CB.10aC
Electrum1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
var: Palladian Gold1.AA.05(Au,Pd)
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Hongshiite1.AG.45PtCu
Hunchunite1.AA.25Au2Pb
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Iron1.AE.05Fe
var: Kamacite1.AE.05(Fe,Ni)
var: Martensite1.AE.05Fe
Isoferroplatinum1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Lonsdaleite1.CB.10bC
Nickel1.AA.05Ni
Osbornite1.BC.15TiN
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
Paolovite1.AG.20Pd2Sn
Paradocrasite1.CA.15Sb3As
Perryite1.BB.10(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
Rustenburgite1.AG.10(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Rutheniridosmine1.AF.05(Ir,Os,Ru)
Schreibersite1.BD.05(Fe,Ni)3P
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Silver1.AA.05Ag
var: Kongsbergite1.AA.05(Ag,Hg)
var: Küstelite1.AA.05Ag
Sinoite1.DB.10Si2N2O
Skaergaardite1.AG.45PdCu
Stibarsen1.CA.05AsSb
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Taenite1.AE.10(Fe,Ni)
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Tetrataenite1.AE.10FeNi
'Tin'1.AC.10Sn
Tongxinite1.AB.10bCu2Zn
Zvyagintsevite1.AG.10Pd3Pb
α-Brass1.AB.10aCu3Zn
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Allargentum2.AA.30(Ag1-xSbx)
Alloclasite2.EB.10bCo1-xFexAsS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Anduoite2.EB.15a(Ru,Os)As2
Argentopentlandite2.BB.15Ag(Fe,Ni)8S8
Argentopyrite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Arsenopalladinite2.AC.10cPd8(As,Sb)3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bohdanowiczite2.JA.20AgBiSe2
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Braggite2.CC.35a(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Breithauptite2.CC.05NiSb
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Carrollite2.DA.05Cu(Co,Ni)2S4
Cattierite2.EB.05aCoS2
Cervelleite2.BA.60Ag4TeS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
var: Argentian Chalcopyrite2.CB.10a(Cu,Ag)FeS2
Chalcostibite2.HA.05CuSbS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Clinosafflorite2.EB.15aCoAs2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cobaltpentlandite (TL)2.BB.15(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Coloradoite2.CB.05aHgTe
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Costibite2.EB.10dCoSbS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Cuproiridsite2.DA.05(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
Cuprorhodsite2.DA.05(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
Daubréelite2.DA.05Fe2+Cr3+2S4
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djerfisherite2.FC.05K6(Fe,Cu,Ni)25S26Cl
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Eclarite2.HB.10c(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
Emplectite2.HA.05CuBiS2
Empressite2.CB.80AgTe
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Ferrorhodsite2.DA.05(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4
Ferroselite2.EB.10aFeSe2
Fletcherite2.DA.05Cu(Ni,Co)2S4
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Freieslebenite2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Frohbergite2.EB.10aFeTe2
Froodite2.AC.45aα-PdBi2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: U-Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geocronite2.JB.30aPb14(Sb,As)6S23
Germanite2.CB.30Cu13Fe2Ge2S16
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
var: Cobaltoan Gersdorffite2.EB.25(Ni,Co)AsS
Geversite2.EB.05aPtSb2
Glaucodot2.EB.10c(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Gudmundite2.EB.20FeSbS
Gustavite2.JB.40aAgPbBi3S6
Haapalaite (TL)2.FD.30(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Heazlewoodite2.BB.05Ni3S2
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Herzenbergite2.CD.05SnS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Idaite2.CB.15aCu5FeS6
Ikunolite2.DC.05Bi4(S,Se)3
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Iridarsenite2.AC.45b(Ir,Ru)As2
Isocubanite2.CB.55bCuFe2S3
Isomertieite2.AC.15aPd11Sb2As2
Jaipurite2.CC.05CoS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Jaskólskiite2.HB.05cCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)
Jonassonite2.LA.65AuBi5S4
Jordanite2.JB.30aPb14(As,Sb)6S23
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Kawazulite2.DC.05Bi2Te2Se
Keithconnite2.BC.20Pd20Te7
var: Plumbian Keithconnite2.BC.20(Pd,Pb)20Te7
Kermesite2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Kitkaite (TL)2.EA.20NiTeSe
Klockmannite2.CA.05bCuSe
Konderite2.DA.20Cu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16
Kostovite2.EA.15CuAuTe4
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Krennerite2.EA.15Au3AgTe8
Kullerudite (TL)2.EB.10aNiSe2
Kësterite 2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
Laflammeite (TL)2.BC.60Pd3Pb2S2
Laitakarite (TL)2.DC.05Bi4Se2S
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Lillianite2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Luberoite2.BC.35Pt5Se4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Majakite2.AC.25ePdNiAs
Malanite2.DA.05Cu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
Maldonite2.AA.40Au2Bi
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maslovite2.EB.25PtBiTe
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Mattagamite2.EB.10aCoTe2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
var: Palladian Melonite2.EA.20NiTe2
Meneghinite2.HB.05bPb13CuSb7S24
Merenskyite2.EA.20(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Mertieite-I2.AC.15bPd11(Sb,As)4
Mertieite-II2.AC.10bPd8Sb2.5As0.5
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Michenerite2.EB.25PdBiTe
Miessiite (TL)2.AC.15aPd11Te2Se2
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Moncheite2.EA.20(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
Montbrayite2.DB.20(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38
Muthmannite2.CB.85AuAgTe2
Mäkinenite (TL)2.CC.20γ-NiSe
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Niningerite2.CD.10(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
Nisbite2.EB.15aNiSb2
Oldhamite2.CD.10(Ca,Mg)S
Orcelite2.AB.10Ni5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25
Osarsite2.EB.20(Os,Ru)AsS
Palarstanide2.AC.20bPd5(Sn,As)2
Palladoarsenide2.AC.25aPd2As
Palladseite2.BC.05Pd17Se15
Paraguanajuatite2.DC.05Bi2Se3
Parkerite2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Patrónite2.EC.10VS4
Penroseite2.EB.05a(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
Pentlandite2.BB.15(FexNiy)Σ9S8
var: Argentian Pentlandite2.BB.15(Ni,Fe,Ag)9S8
'Petrukite'2.KA.05(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)3(Sn,In)S4
'Petzite'2.BA.75Ag3AuTe2
Pilsenite2.DC.05Bi4Te3
Platarsite2.EB.25PtAsS
Polydymite2.DA.05Ni2+Ni3+2S4
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cobaltoan Pyrite2.EB.05a(Fe,Co)S2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Pääkkönenite (TL)2.DB.05Sb2AsS2
Ramdohrite2.JB.40aPb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Roquesite2.CB.10aCuInS2
Roxbyite2.BA.05Cu9S5
Ruarsite2.EB.20(Ru,Os)AsS
Rucklidgeite2.GC.40cPbBi2Te4
Safflorite2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Schapbachite2.JA.15Ag0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
Sederholmite (TL)2.CC.05beta-NiSe
Seinäjokite (TL)2.EB.15b(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
Seligmannite2.GA.50PbCuAsS3
Siegenite2.DA.05CoNi2S4
Sinnerite2.GC.10Cu6As4S9
Sobolevskite2.CC.05Pd(Bi,Te)
'Sperrylite'2.EB.05aPtAs2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
'Stannite'2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
'Stannoidite'2.CB.15cCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Sternbergite2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Stibiopalladinite2.AC.20aPd5Sb2
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stillwaterite2.AC.10aPd8As3
Sudburyite2.CC.05(Pd,Ni)Sb
Sulphotsumoite2.DC.05Bi3Te2S
Sulvanite2.CB.70Cu3VS4
Sylvanite2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Talnakhite2.CB.10bCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
Tarkianite (TL)2.DB.30(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
Teallite2.CD.05PbSnS2
Tellurantimony2.DC.05Sb2Te3
Tellurobismuthite2.DC.05Bi2Te3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tochilinite2.FD.35Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Troilite2.CC.10FeS
Trüstedtite (TL)2.DA.05Ni3Se4
Tsumoite2.DC.05BiTe
Ullmannite2.EB.25NiSbS
Vaesite2.EB.05aNiS2
Valleriite2.FD.30(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Vincentite2.AC.05bPd3As
Violarite2.DA.05Fe2+Ni3+2S4
Volynskite2.JA.20AgBiTe2
Vysotskite2.CC.35a(Pd,Ni)S
Westerveldite2.CC.15(Fe,Ni,Co)As
Wilkmanite (TL)2.D0.15Ni3Se4
Willyamite2.EB.25(Co,Ni)SbS
Wittichenite2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Xingzhongite2.DA.05(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hibbingite3.DA.10aFe2+2(OH)3Cl
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Pachnolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Prosopite3.CD.10CaAl2F4[(OH)4-xFx], x = 0.0–1.0
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Thomsenolite3.CB.40NaCa[AlF6] · H2O
Weberite3.CB.25Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Arsenolite4.CB.50As2O3
Baddeleyite4.DE.35ZrO2
Berdesinskiite4.CB.30V3+2TiO5
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brannerite4.DH.05(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Böhmite4.FE.15AlO(OH)
Calzirtite4.DL.10CaZr3TiO9
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
var: Ainalite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Coesite4.DA.35SiO2
Columbite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeNb2O6
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Coulsonite4.BB.05Fe2+V3+2O4
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Curite4.GB.55Pb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
Davidite-(La)4.CC.40(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Eskolaite (TL)4.CB.05Cr2O3
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Fergusonite-(Y)-β4.DG.10YNbO4
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Ferronigerite-6N6S (TL)4.FC.20(Al,Fe,Zn)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
Ferrotaaffeite-6N'3S (TL)4.00.(Be,Zn,Mg)FeAl4O8
Ferrowodginite (TL)4.DB.40Fe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Fluornatromicrolite4.DH.15(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6F
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Geikielite4.CB.05MgTiO3
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Guyanaite4.FD.10CrO(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Martite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Ice4.AA.05H2O
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Picroilmenite4.CB.05(Fe2+,Mg)TiO3
Ixiolite (TL)4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Karelianite (TL)4.CB.05V3+2O3
Kyzylkumite4.CB.75V3+Ti2O5(OH)
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Loveringite4.CC.40(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)18O38
Magnesiochromite4.BB.05MgCr2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Masuyite4.GB.35Pb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
Microlite Group4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
var: Uranmicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Molybdite4.E0.10MoO3
Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)4.DF.05(Ce,Ca)(Nb,Ti)2(O,OH)6
Nioboaeschynite-(Y)4.DF.05(Y,REE,Ca,Th,Fe)(Nb,Ti,Ta)2(O,OH)6
Nolanite4.CB.40(V3+,Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti)10O14(OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Oxyplumboroméite4.DH.Pb2Sb2O6O
Perovskite4.CC.30CaTiO3
var: Dysanalyte4.CC.30CaTiO3
Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)4.DH.15
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Pyrochlore Group4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Pyrophanite4.CB.05Mn2+TiO3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rose Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Ramsdellite4.DB.15aMn4+O2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Richetite4.GB.15(Fe3+,Mg)Pb 8.6(UO2)36O36(OH)24•41H2O
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Samarskite-(Y)4.DB.25(Y,Fe3+,Fe2+,U,Th,Ca)2(Nb,Ta)2O8
Sayrite4.GB.50Pb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
Shcherbinaite4.HE.10V5+2O5
'Spinel'4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Stibiconite4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeTa2O6
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35MnTa2O6
Tapiolite-(Fe) (TL)4.DB.10(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tapiolite-(Mn) (TL)4.DB.10(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Thorianite4.DL.05ThO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Ulvöspinel4.BB.05TiFe2O4
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)4.DH.15(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Vuorelainenite4.BB.05Mn2+V3+2O4
Wodginite4.DB.40Mn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
Yttrotantalite-(Y)4.DG.10(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Zincochromite4.BB.05ZnCr2O4
Zinconigerite-2N1S4.FC.20(Zn,Al,Mg)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)
Zinconigerite-6N6S4.FC.20(Zn,Mg,Al)3(Al,Sn,Fe)8O15(OH)
Zirconolite4.DH.30CaZrTi2O7
Zirkelite4.DL.05(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Alstonite5.AB.35BaCa(CO3)2
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ancylite-(La)5.DC.05LaSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Barytocalcite5.AB.45BaCa(CO3)2
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bastnäsite-(Y)5.BD.20aY(CO3)F
Bijvoetite-(Y)5.EB.20Y8(UO2)16(CO3)16O8(OH)8 · 39H2O
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Burbankite5.AC.30(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Calcioancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05(Ce,Ca,Sr)CO3(OH,H2O)
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Carbocernaite5.AB.50(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)(OH)
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Lokkaite-(Y) (TL)5.CC.15Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
var: Ferroan Magnesite5.AB.05(Mg,Fe)CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nahcolite5.AA.15NaHCO3
Parisite-(Ce)5.BD.20bCaCe2(CO3)3F2
Plumbonacrite5.BE.15Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Pyroaurite5.DA.50Mg6Fe3+2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Synchysite-(Nd)5.BD.20cCaNd(CO3)2F
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Tengerite-(Y)5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Widenmannite5.ED.40Pb2(OH)2[(UO2)(CO3)2]
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 6 - Borates
Ludwigite6.AB.30Mg2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Metaborite6.GD.10HBO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Formanite-(Y)7.GA.10YTaO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Hydroniumjarosite7.BC.10(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var: Cuprian Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Nickelhexahydrite7.CB.25(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
'Pickeringite'7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Retgersite7.CB.30NiSO4 · 6H2O
Rozenite7.CB.15FeSO4 · 4H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schwertmannite (TL)7.DE.15Fe3+16(OH,SO4)12-13O16 · 10-12H2O
Szomolnokite7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Alluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Amblygonite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)F
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Arrojadite-(BaFe)8.BF.05{Ba◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arrojadite-(KFe)8.BF.05{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Atelestite8.BO.15Bi2(AsO4)O(OH)
Augelite8.BE.05Al2(PO4)(OH)3
Autunite8.EB.05Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
Barićite8.CE.40(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Beryllonite8.AA.10NaBePO4
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Beusite8.AB.20Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Brazilianite8.BK.05NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Brockite8.CJ.45(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2O
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Cheralite8.AD.50CaTh(PO4)2
Chernovite-(Y)8.AD.35Y(AsO4)
Childrenite8.DD.20Fe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Chlorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Cobaltarthurite8.DC.15(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Crandallite8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
var: Strontian Crandallite8.BL.10(Ca,Sr)Al3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Eosphorite8.DD.20Mn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Ernstite8.DD.20(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fairfieldite8.CG.05Ca2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Ferrisicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Fe3+xFe2+1-x)PO4
Ferroalluaudite8.AC.10(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Florencite-(Ce)8.BL.13CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
var: Mn-bearing Fluorapatite8.BN.05(Ca,Mn2+)5(PO4)3(F,Cl,OH) or Ca5([P,Mn5+]O4)3(F,Cl,OH)
var: Strontian Apatite8.BN.05(Ca,Sr)5(PO4)3F
Frondelite8.BC.10Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Gorceixite8.BL.10BaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Graftonite8.AB.20Fe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2
Heterosite8.AB.10(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
Hureaulite8.CB.10(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
Hurlbutite8.AA.15CaBe2(PO4)2
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Hydroxylherderite8.BA.10CaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)8.DH.15{Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
Johnsomervilleite8.AC.50Na10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
Kaatialaite (TL)8.CC.10Fe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
Lacroixite8.BH.10NaAl(PO4)F
Laueite8.DC.30Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Lazulite8.BB.40(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Lithiophilite8.AB.10LiMn2+PO4
Ludlamite8.CD.20Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Merrillite8.AC.45Ca9NaMg(PO4)7
Messelite8.CG.05Ca2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
Meta-autunite8.EB.10Ca(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
Metaswitzerite8.CE.25Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Metavivianite8.DC.25Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mitridatite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Monazite-(La)8.AD.50La(PO4)
Monazite-(Nd)8.AD.50Nd(PO4)
Montebrasite8.BB.05LiAl(PO4)(OH)
Moraesite8.DA.05Be2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
Morinite8.DM.05NaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
Parasymplesite8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Phosphosiderite'8.CD.05FePO4 · 2H2O
Purpurite8.AB.10(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reddingite8.CC.05(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Sarcopside8.AB.15(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Sicklerite8.AB.10Li1-x(Mn3+xMn2+1-x)PO4
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Strunzite8.DC.25Mn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Svanbergite8.BL.05SrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Switzerite8.CE.25(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Symplesite8.CE.45Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Triphylite8.AB.10LiFe2+PO4
Triplite8.BB.10(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
Triploidite8.BB.15(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
UM1999-17:O:PbV8.FA.15Pb4(VO4)2O
UM2005-35-VO:CaFePSiTh8.AD.50(Th,Ca)(VO4,SiO4,PO4)
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Varulite8.AC.10NaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3
Viitaniemiite (TL)8.BL.15Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Väyrynenite (TL)8.BA.05Mn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
Wagnerite8.BB.15(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Wardite8.DL.10NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
Wavellite8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Zwieselite8.BB.10(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Aegirine'9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
'Aegirine-augite'9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
'Aenigmatite'9.DH.40Na2Fe2+5Ti(Si6O18)O2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Chromian Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{(Al,Cr)2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(La)9.BG.05b{CaLa}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Allanite-(Y)9.BG.05b{CaY}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Almandine9.AD.25Fe2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Amesite9.ED.15Mg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Annite9.EC.20KFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Anthophyllite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Antigorite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Axinite-(Mn)9.BD.20Ca2Mn2+Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Banalsite9.FA.60Na2BaAl4Si4O16
Barytolamprophyllite9.BE.25(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Berthierine9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
Bityite9.EC.35LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Braunite9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Britholite-(Ce)9.AH.25(Ce,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Britholite-(Y)9.AH.25(Y,Ca)5(SiO4)3OH
Cancrinite9.FB.05(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Cerite-(Ce)9.AG.20(Ce,Ca)9(Mg,Fe)(SiO4)3(HSiO4)4(OH)3
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Chesterite9.DF.05(Mg,Fe)17Si20O54(OH)6
Chloritoid9.AF.85(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
Chondrodite (TL)9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clino-suenoite9.DE.□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Chromian Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5(Al,Cr)2Si3O10(OH)8
var: Pennine9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinohumite9.AF.55Mg9(SiO4)4F2
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clintonite9.EC.35Ca(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
Coffinite9.AD.30U(SiO4) · nH2O
Cookeite9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Corrensite9.EC.60(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
Cummingtonite9.DE.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Danalite9.FB.10Be3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
var: Chromian Diopside9.DA.15Ca(Mg,Cr)Si2O6
Dissakisite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Mg}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
var: Chromian Dravite9.CK.05Na((Mg,Cr)3)(Al,Cr)6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Dumortierite9.AJ.10(Al,Fe3+)7(SiO4)3(BO3)O3
Eckermannite9.DE.25NaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Elbaite9.CK.05Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
var: Bronzite9.DA.05(Mg,Fe2+)2[SiO3]2
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Tawmawite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{(Al,Fe3+,Cr)3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
var: Yttroepidote9.BG.05a{(Ca,Y)2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Eucryptite9.AA.05LiAlSiO4
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-gedrite9.DD.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ferro-winchite9.DE.20 ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ferrosilite9.DA.05FeSiO3
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Fluorapophyllite-(Na)9.EA.15NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
Fluoro-cannilloite (TL)9.DE.10{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
Fluoro-pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gedrite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Genthelvite9.FB.10Be3Zn4(SiO4)3S
Glaucophane9.DE.25◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
Greenalite9.ED.15(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grunerite9.DE.05☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Halloysite9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
var: Degeroite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Humite9.AF.50(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
Huttonite9.AD.35ThSiO4
var: Cerphosphorhuttonite9.AD.35(Ce,LREE)Th[PO4]SiO4
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Jimthompsonite9.DF.05(Mg,Fe)5Si6O16(OH)2
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kanoite9.DA.10Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Kinoshitalite9.EC.35(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Kornerupine9.BJ.50Mg3Al6(Si,Al,B)5O21(OH)
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'var: Spectrolite'9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lizardite9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Magnesio-arfvedsonite9.DE.25{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Marialite9.FB.15Na4Al3Si9O24Cl
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Hyalophane9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Minnesotaite9.EC.05Fe2+3Si4O10(OH)2
Monticellite9.AC.10CaMgSiO4
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nacrite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Neotocite9.ED.20(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Offretite9.GD.25KCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
Olenite9.CK.05Na(Al3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3O3(OH)
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pargasite (TL)9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Perrierite-(Ce)9.BE.70Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
'Petalite'9.EF.05LiAl(Si4O10)
'Phenakite'9.AA.05Be2SiO4
'Phlogopite'9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Piemontite9.BG.05{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Pigeonite9.DA.10(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Pollucite9.GB.05(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Potassic-chloro-hastingsite9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
Potassic-pargasite (TL)9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrope9.AD.25Mg3Al2(SiO4)3
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Pyroxferroite9.DO.05(Fe,Mn,Ca)SiO3
Pyroxmangite9.DO.05MnSiO3
Rectorite9.EC.60(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Richterite9.DE.20{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Roscoelite9.EC.15K(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Rowlandite-(Y)9.HG.20(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
Rubicline9.FA.30Rb(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Bowlingite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorlomite9.AD.25Ca3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
Sekaninaite9.CJ.10(Fe,Mg)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Siderophyllite9.EC.20KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sodic-ferrogedrite9.DD.05{Na}{Fe2+2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Sonolite9.AF.55Mn2+9(SiO4)4(OH)2
'Spessartine'9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
'Spodumene'9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Hiddenite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
var: Kunzite9.DA.30LiAlSi2O6
'Staurolite'9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Stronalsite9.FA.60Na2SrAl4Si4O16
Tainiolite9.EC.15KLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Taramellite9.CE.20Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Tephroite9.AC.05Mn2+2SiO4
Tetraferriphlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
Thalénite-(Y)9.BJ.20Y3Si3O10F
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
var: Chrome-Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Trilithionite9.EC.20K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Tschermakite9.DE.10☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Uranophane9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uranophane-β9.AK.15Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2 · 5H2O
Uvarovite9.AD.25Ca3Cr2(SiO4)3
Uvite Series9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
var: Frugardite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Xonotlite9.DG.35Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Yttrialite-(Y)9.BC.05(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Zektzerite9.DN.05LiNaZrSi6O15
Zeolite Group9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Cyrtolite9.AD.30Zr[(SiO4),(OH)4]
var: Hafnian Zircon9.AD.30(Zr,Hf)SiO4
var: Malacon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Whewellite10.AB.45Ca(C2O4) · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Albite-Anorthite Series-
Alkali Feldspar-
Allanite Group-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alluaudite-NaNa-Na4Na4Mn2+4 Fe3+8(PO4)12
Almandine-Spessartine Series-
Amblygonite-Montebrasite Series-
Amphibole Supergroup-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
var: Uralite-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Amphibolite-
Ancylite-
Andorite-AgPbSb3S6
Andradite-Grossular Series-
Apatite-
Aplite-
Asbestos-
Auralite-
Bastnäsite-
Biotite-
Bitumen-
Brabantite-CaTh(PO4)2
Bravoite-(Fe,Ni)S2
Ca-Huréaulite-CaMn5(PO4)4 · 4H2O
Calcioancylite-
Calcite Group-AXO3
Calcite-carbonatite-
Carbonatite-
Chabazite-
Cheralite-(Ce)-
Childrenite-Eosphorite Series-
Chlorite Group-
Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)-
Clausthalite-Galena Series-
Clays-
Clinopyroxene Subgroup-
Columbite Group-
Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series-
Columbite-Tantalite-
Davidite-
Dolomite-carbonatite-
Dolostone-
EL6 chondrite meteorite-
Erionite-
Eulysite-FeSiO3
Fayalite-Forsterite Series-
Feldspar Group-
'var: Perthite'-